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112 technopreneurship education; teach and train the youths

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technopreneurship education; teach and train the youths

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112 technopreneurship education; teach and train the youths

  1. 1. Asian J. Management; 8(4): October -December, 2017 1173 ISSN 0976-495X (Print) www.anvpublication.org 2321-5763 (Online) RESEARCH ARTICLE Technopreneurship Education: Teach and Train the Youths Dr. C. Paramasivan1 , M. Selladurai2 1 Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce, Periyar E.V.R. College (Autonomous), Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu 2 Doctoral Research Scholar, Department of Commerce, Periyar E.V.R. College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu *Corresponding Author E-mail: paramselp@yahoo.in, m.selladurai@gmail.com ABSTRACT: Most of the developing countries like Singapore, Malaysia, Iran, Philippines have already implemented (and having successful schedules) the technical education to the graduated students and youth of their nation. But, India is still lack in this process and now the new government initiated some steps to build a strong technical education to the young generations of our native. This study has formulated and framed to find the institutions which are ready to teach and train the youths and seed the intention to become a technical oriented entrepreneur. This paper attempts to point out the teaching and training of technical entrepreneurship in theoretical aspects. KEY WORDS: Technical entrepreneurship, Technopreneurship education, Entrepreneurship intention, Incubation centres. INTRODUCTION: Education and teaching is an important factor that boosts up the economic status of the nation. Proper training and conducting awareness programs were the keys to determine the entrepreneurial intention in every individual. Formal education and regular training with some promotional activities will surely encourage the entrepreneurs with technical upgrade. Education and training were plays the lead role to shape the nascent entrepreneurs to get a proper place and economically contributes to compete with global challengers. In India, unfortunately the present entrepreneurship education is just focused to feed the candidates with some basic tricks in a narrow way. The entrepreneurship education and training were similar with the management education and practicing the corporate difficulties. Received on 15.06.2017 Modified on 19.07.2017 Accepted on 28.08.2017 © A&V Publications all right reserved Asian J. Management; 2017; 8(4):1173-1176. DOI: 10.5958/2321-5763.2017.00178.0 But the management education has no attraction and inspiration and it doesn’t influence any individual to become an entrepreneur. Indian ministries and department of science and technology jointly conducting many training and awareness programs to promote the entrepreneurial activities across the nation. Even though, there is a huge demand and supply gap occurs while trying to satisfy the needs of the trainees and who are all ready to attend the training programmes. The contents and teaching methods and teaching aids used by the development centres were more traditional in nature. It should be innovative with some updated applications may differentiate the policy and it will induce the candidates to take part in the practical sessions. Technopreneurship education is a new breed to train the entrepreneurial ventures in the technical world. Entrepreneurship education is so familiar to the peoples, but the term technopreneurship is so fresh and very new concept to the peoples (RituparnaBasu, 2014). Simply we can mean that, those who are all ready to incorporate the innovation and creativity in their business process with the help of technical background is generally called as technopreneurs.
  2. 2. Asian J. Management; 8(4): October -December, 2017 1174 It is a tough task and ultimately a challenging one to transform our entrepreneurs into technopreneurial world, even though this is the perfect time to shape them to create a new atmosphere in the entrepreneurial field. If we are able to produce more technopreneurs, we can easily dominate the challengers with our technological entrepreneurs forever. This paper attempts to examine the evolution of technopreneurship education India and it discusses the importance and role of technopreneurship in Indian economy. It further examines the opportunities and challenges which are given to the people those who are willing to become a technopreneur. REVIEW OF LITERATURE: Ashok Kumar (2014), have concluded that embedding entrepreneurship in education and providing greater access are important steps for building an innovative culture and creating entrepreneurial individuals and organizations which in turn, can create economic growth and jobs and can help to improve quality of life around the world. Even though the incredible growth in entrepreneurship education, many challenges remain to face. Banerjee (2015), had explained that innovation is gaining prominence in all kinds of economic activity around the world. Not only advanced economies but also developing nations are finding that innovation is one of the main drivers of economic growth. This renewed understanding of the significance of innovation is having a growing impact on the course of policy formulation in many countries. Basu (2014), had narrated to develop a working framework for an entrepreneurship education ecosystem in India, supported by preliminary inputs and evidence, should therefore be considered as a conceptual beginning to work out an improvised design with further validation of the concepts. Future research ideas to facilitate the adoption and development of the framework with empirical results and confirmations. Brcic and Brodar (2012), had discussed the role of science and technology parks as generators of entrepreneurship development. Science and technology parks represents infrastructure in which it is easier for small enterprises to overcome difficulties inherent in the initial start-up period. Also reviewed that the recent research advantages and disadvantages of science parks over the last twenty years. Manjunatha and Nagesha (2013), has revealed that the growth rate of investment and employment with respect to tenant entrepreneurs is comparable to that of non- tenant entrepreneurs. Underutilization of incubation facilities and services are also observed. Then, the paper finds the factors driving an individual to become an entrepreneur, including the tenant and non-tenant entrepreneurs. Rehman and Elahi (2012), has made an attempt to explain the evolution of entrepreneurship education in India. Then they discusses the importance and role of entrepreneurship in Indian economy. It further discusses the challenges with regard to the role of educational programs and the delivery systems for disseminating these entrepreneurship education program. They tries to explain the role of B-schools in shaping and nurturing of future entrepreneurs in India. Jamil et al. (2015), had developed a theoretical paper to review the literature of business incubators particularly in developing countries context. The extensive literature in developing countries like China, India, Malaysia and Pakistan supports the concept of BIs as a part of their national innovation system and also for economic development. Also, it provides the useful information to policy makers, government, academicians and practitioners about the BIs. Technopreneurship Education: Technopreneur: In the simple way we can define that, “Technopreneurs are thinks like an engineer and acts like an entrepreneur”. In our nation most of the people hearing the word technopreneur as very first time (Paramasivan, 2016). But this is an oldest one when compared with our neighbour nations. United States and United Kingdom has started the technopreneurship process obviously in the 20th century. United States and United Kingdom has offering more opportunities to their technopreneurs from the very beginning. The developing countries like Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Iran etc., conducting a degree course called technopreneurship to their higher studied students. But in India, it is a new theme and it takes some sufficient time to reach the society. Ministry of India provides more promotional campaigns to induce the entrepreneurs to become a technopreneur. A special platform should be created for the welfare of the technopreneurs and it must be a working playground for them to examine their business thoughts. The ministry should make and launch a base where technopreneurship can be a successful one and where technopreneurs can implement their new ideas. After that, they are ready to make some better solutions for the needs of others. Technopreneur education needs to highlight the development of skills and talents required to generate a technical mind set and it leads to train the future leaders to solve the complicated business problems. Government needs to concentrate more on these kinds of activities not only in train the candidates and also to encourage them and non-governmental organizations should contribute somewhat better in attaining the basic information to the stake holders.
  3. 3. Asian J. Management; 8(4): October -December, 2017 1175 Trend on Technopreneur: In the early period of 21st century, India faced an unbreakable problem called “unemployment”. Many youngsters and degree holders with high potential skills are also unable to find a provisional job position. If so, they are not able to grab the correct salary for their effort. Indian government also made some initiative actions to solve unemployment in India. But, all the steps taken by the government leads it to the failure path. The young generations of India are helpless and restless with anger and blames the government that, they are useless and having no idea about to solve this issue (Kanchana, 2013). The officials were framed so many prospects, even though the problem was unsolvable one. In this occasion, the government concentrates more on the entrepreneurship education and also focuses on the main branches of the entrepreneurship stream. By this way technopreneurship, edupreneurship, social entrepreneurship, argopreneurship were developed with most advancement features. For this, the government receives financial assistance and manual support from Reserve Bank of India. By this, the entrepreneurship education was introduced with several offers and opportunities. Consequently, the technopreneurship education was exclusively provided in the form of training programmes, awareness campaigns, together exhibitions, competitions for the public and entrepreneurship events and courses are exclusively conducted for the school and college students. India established more training institutes and incubation centres exclusively for the career development of the technopreneurs. Technopreneurship education continues its focus on the training aimed to create more self- employment opportunities and business peoples throughout the nation. The education sector and the government officials plans to implement these programs to the welfare of the graduating students, for that they have planned more entrepreneurship orientation programs to the technical and management institutions. This drive inspires the other management and technical institutions to offer the technopreneurship education and similar courses relates to that. Some of the major institutions offering technopreneurship programmes are:  National Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Development Board  National Institute of Small Industry Extension and Training  Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Development  Institute for Entrepreneurship and Career Development  Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India  Department of Scientific and Industrial Research  Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Park  Department of Science and Technology  Technology Business Incubators Research and Educational Institutions: Educational Institution Location Year Thrust Area Tiruchirappalli Regional Engineering College –STEP National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli 1986 Embedded systems, Manufacturing Engineering, Energy Science and Technology Entrepreneurs Park Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 1986 IT software incl. Mobile applications, Hardware Society for Innovation and Development Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 1991 Bioinformatics, Image processing and Recognition Xavier Institute of Management and Entrepreneurship Xavier Institute of Management, Bangalore 1991 Sector agnostic The International Centre for Entrepreneurship and Technology iCreate, Ahmedabad 2000 IT, Electronics, Biotech and Nanotechnology, Robotics SIDBI Innovation and Incubation Centre Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 2000 Technology Engineering and All interdisciplinary areas Science and Technology Entrepreneurs Park JSS Academy of Technology Education, Noida 2000 IT software incl. Mobile applications, Hardware NS Raghavan Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore 2002 ICT, Clean technology and Embedded systems and design sectors Centre for Innovation, Incubation and Entrepreneurship Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad 2002 Agriculture, Cleantech, Healthcare, ICT AgriBusiness and Innovation Platform International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Hyderabad 2003 Agri-Business (Agri-Products) Technology Business Incubator Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore 2003 IT software incl. Mobile applications, Manufacturing Society for Innovation and Entrepreneurship Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai 2004 Technology Entrepreneurship Technology Business Incubator Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Hyderabad 2004 IT software incl. Mobile applications, Hardware National Design Business Incubator National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad 2005 Sector agnostic
  4. 4. Asian J. Management; 8(4): October -December, 2017 1176 Centre for Entrepreneurship Development S.P. Jain Institute of Management and Research, Mumbai 2007 Sector agnostic Amity Innovation Incubator Amity University, Noida 2008 Technology Entrepreneurship Innovation Centre International Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore 2009 Information Technology Design Business Incubator Mudra Institute of Communications, Ahmedabad 2009 IT software incl. Mobile applications, Speciality sectors Incubation Cell Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai 2013 Technology and Knowledge based ventures Source: Entrepreneurship and Start-up Activities at Indian Higher Education Institutions, January 2016 These are the major institutions to provide technopreneurial education and technical oriented programmes for the welfare and development of the educated peoples. There are different kinds of entrepreneurship courses and career development activities were offering to the interested candidates with nominal fee. These training courses and incubation programmes were enlighten the life of unemployed and differently abled peoples to take over them in the entrepreneurial environment to lead their life alone without seeking support from the others. By this way the financial and economical level of both the candidate and the nation moves towards the achievement. Diploma in entrepreneurship, family managed business programmes, corporate venturing, social entrepreneurship, rural entrepreneurship, start your business programme are some of the peak courses and trainings offered by the research and educational institutions (Rehman, 2012). So many universities like Kamaraj University, Pondicherry University, and JN University are also hands together to provide these kinds of self-employment and career development programmes. CONCLUSION: This paper concludes that, the technopreneurial education system is an excellent service made by the government for the welfare of the young generation of the nation. With the support of research and educational training institutions the officials are endorsing and motivating the young employed and unemployed persons towards the entrepreneurship environment. By demonstrating so many real time examples of the succeed persons and exhibiting awareness campaigns on technopreneurship, can easily seed and develop the technopreneurial spirit in the individuals mind. The research training institutes and incubation centres are able to inspire the peoples to enroll and get proper guidance and education of the technical based entrepreneurship ventures. Even though, the higher educational institutions and the universities may improve their efficiency and productivity of technopreneurship education by concentrating on the weakness peoples to get better employment education towards the technopreneurship venture. Apart from this, the government also make some alterations in the amendment for the ease of doing business and make more attention on convincing the young people’s towards entrepreneurship and build the proper infrastructure and adequate financial opportunities for the young generations. If the technical plans were implemented, India may enlighten the lives of many individual’s and also create an energetic position in the global spot. REFERENCES: 1. Abdullah, Syahida, and Lahsasna Ahcene. "The Understanding of Technology Entrepreneurship According to Shariah Principles." Proceeding of International Conference on Business and Economics Research. 2011. 2. Balachandran, A. "Role of Business Incubation systems to facilitate Technology Transfer and Development." VIT University, India (2008) 3. Basu, Rituparna. "Entrepreneurship education in India: A critical assessment and a proposed framework." Technology Innovation Management Review 4.8 (2014) 4. Bulsara, Hemantkumar P., P. D. Porey, and Shailesh Gandhi. "Techno-Innovations to Techno-Entrepreneurship through Technology Business Incubation in India: A Comparative Study of Select Cases in Gujarat." Readings Book (2012): 64. 5. Harlanua, Muhammad, and AgusNugrohob. "The Importance of Technopreneurship Management Model for Vocational School." International Conference on Technical and Vocational Education and Training. 2015. 6. Kanchana, R. S., J. V. Divya, and A. AnsalnaBeegom. "Challenges faced by new entrepreneurs." International journal of current research and academic review 1.3 (2013): 71-78. 7. Levenburg, Nancy M., and Thomas V. Schwarz. "Entrepreneurial orientation among the youth of India the impact of culture, education and environment." Journal of Entrepreneurship 17.1 (2008): 15-35 8. Manjunatha, T., and N. Nagesha. "Role of Science and Technology Entrepreneurs’ Parks (STEPs) towards Entrepreneurship Development in India." Development 2.3 (2012): 795-798 9. Panigrahi, Ashok Kumar, and Vijay Joshi. "Entrepreneurship Education and Economic Development: An Indian Perspective." (2015) 10. Priyadharshini J, Selladurai M. “Technopreneurial Education and its Impact in India” Asian Journal of Multidimensional Research 11.5 (2016): 23-31 11. Ramakrishna, H., and H. Hulugappa. "Entrepreneurship Education in India: Emerging Trends and Concerns." Journal of Entrepreneurship and Management 2.1 (2013): 28 12. Rehman, A. U., and Yasir Arafat Elahi. "Entrepreneurship Education in India–Scope, challenges and Role of B-schools in Promoting Entrepreneurship Education" International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2.5 (2012): 5-14 13. Paramasivan, C., and M. Selladurai. "Emerging Trends in New Start-Up Technopreneurs." IJRDO-Journal of Business Management 2.7 (2016): 81-88 14. Selladurai M, Priyadharshini J. “Empowering India Through New Start-up Technopreneurs” Intercontinental Journal of Marketing Research Review 5.7 (2017): 267-274 15. Selladurai M, Priyadharshini J. “Opportunities and Challenges of Rural Entrepreneurship in India” International Journal of Multidisciplinary Educational Research 4.5(1) (2015):74-81 16. Selladurai, M. "Conceptual Framework on Technopreneurship." SELP Journal of Social Science 7.27 (2016): 92-97 17. Wunsch-Vincent, Sacha, Bruno Lanvin, and Soumitra Dutta. The Global Innovation Index 2015: Effective Innovation Policies for Development. No. id: 7491. 2015