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Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
EMERGENCY
FURNISHING
Aircraft Cabin Interior
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
EMERGENCY FURNISHING
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
„Safety or Emergency Equipment‟ refers to the following:
• Hand operated fire e...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
LOOSE & EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
The equipment are as follows (but not limited to):
...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Fire Extinguisher
- Halon1211 - Red
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
SURVIVAL PACK
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Hand Held Fire Extinguishers
• A minimum number of hand held fire extinguishers...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Aircraft Interior Fire Extinguishers
Water Extinguishers
• Water extinguishers ...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Aircraft Interior Fire Extinguishers
Halogenated hydrocarbon extinguishers
- Ha...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Aircraft Interior Fire Extinguishers
Halon-1211 more expensive than dry chemica...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Hand Held Fire Extinguishers Inspection
• checked by weighing, some bottle have...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Hand Held Fire Extinguishers Inspection (cont)
• Written on the side of the ext...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
EMERGENCY FURNISHING
LIFE JACKETS
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Lifejackets
-An aircraft operating over water beyond gliding
distance from land...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Servicing of Life Jackets
- is stored or is use must be inspected and tested as...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
LIFE RAFT
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Life-raft
# form of a survival pack, items packed with are:
• A means of mainta...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
• packed in a stowage and when required it is pushed
away from the aircraft on ...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology LIFE RAFT
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
LIFE RAFT STOWAGE
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
LIFE RAFT STOWAGE
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
LIFE RAFT
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Inspection and Servicing
Life-rafts are subject to general deterioration, in
ad...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Inflation Testing of Life-rafts
If the raft appears to be in good condition:
• ...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Repairs to Life-rafts
• When leaks occur due to tears, abrasions or
punctures, ...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Storage Preparation
Follow the manufacturers instructions.
• Lifejackets and ra...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Storage of Life-jackets and Life-rafts
-must be stored under the following cond...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Storage Preparation (cont)
Tie a label on the item on which is written the foll...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Storage Limit Period
• Normal storage period is six months, after that time,
ei...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
SURVIVAL PACK
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
SURVIVAL PACKS
• items for the survival of passengers after they have
been evac...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Survival Packs Description
• Vary in size from aircraft to aircraft but must be...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Certain minimum requirements:
• Marine type pyrotechnical flares.
• A means of ...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Servicing
• The opening, inspection and re-packing of
the contents of survival ...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Servicing of First-Aid Kits
• At times specified in the Approved Maintenance
Sc...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Servicing of First-Aid Kits (cont)
• Metal items, such as scissors, forceps, sa...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
EMERGENCY FURNISHING
Inflatable Escape Slides
or Chutes
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Inflatable Escape Slides
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Inflatable Escape Slides
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
EMERGENCY FURNISHING
LIFE-RAFT
Inflatable Escape Slides
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Inflatable Escape Slides
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Inflatable Escape Slides or Chutes
These are required by Scale A of the 4th Sch...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
ESCAPE SLIDE REQUIREMENT
• Escape must be provided to allow
all passenger to ev...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
- Each passenger and galley door serves
as an emergency exit, and is fitted wit...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
General Description (cont)
• Slide pack is held on the door by a harness and
su...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Slide
assembly
Pressure
gauge
Manual inflation
handle
Decorative
cover
Cover
re...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
General Description (cont)
• Indicator is red lined for pressures below 2750 p....
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Escape Slide
Floor Bracket
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Inadvertent deployment
• prevent by sounding an audible alert (voice)
when the ...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Emergency ESCAPE Window
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
General Description
• The inflation system consists of a slide inflation
pressu...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
General Description (cont)
• Escape slide must be disengaged before the door is...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
General Description (cont)
• If an emergency evacuation is needed on landing,
a...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Escape Slide Operation
• door is armed, the girt bar is locked to brackets fixe...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Manual Escape Slide Operation
• Should the automatic
system fail, the manual
in...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Aspirator
• The slide inflation system incorporates an aspirator,
a form of jet...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
INSPECTIONS
Inspections in situ consist of:
– checking the inflation bottle pre...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
MAINTENANCE
• Airworthiness Notice require that all inflatable
escape slides wh...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
MAINTENANCE
• This is provided that on each aircraft type the
sample is such th...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Escape Slide Removal and Installation
• Always refer to the aircraft maintenanc...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Escape Slide Removal and Installation
– Great care is required in removing and ...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
OVERHAUL OF SLIDES
• At specified intervals, the slide will be unpacked
and tho...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Conversion of Escape Slide to Life-raft
• Very similar to a life-raft in constr...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
SMOKE HOOD
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
SMOKE HOOD
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Smoke Hood
• As per authority requirement smoke hoods be
provided for all membe...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Smoke Hood (cont)
• a protective device similar to a gas mask.
• A transparent ...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Smoke Hood (cont)
• most important part is the filter that provides
protection ...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
A typical smoke hood is illustrated and has a
small life support pack fitted to...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Smoke Hood (cont)
• The life support pack is activated by pulling a
lanyard aft...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Smoke Hood (cont)
• The venturi ‘pumps’ the oxygen with filtered re-
circulated...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Smoke Hood (cont)
• A seal is fitted around the handle of the case and a
condit...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Megaphones
• The ANO Schedule 4, Scale Y requires that if the
aircraft’s total ...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
Megaphones (cont)
• Megaphones are not an
approval item, but they
must be servi...
Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
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2.aircraft Emergency Equipments

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2.aircraft Emergency Equipments

  1. 1. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology EMERGENCY FURNISHING Aircraft Cabin Interior
  2. 2. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology EMERGENCY FURNISHING
  3. 3. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology „Safety or Emergency Equipment‟ refers to the following: • Hand operated fire extinguishers and systems • Emergency breathing equipment • Passenger Life jackets • Life rafts and dinghies • Passenger escape chutes • Seat belts and harnesses • First Aid Kits
  4. 4. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology LOOSE & EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT The equipment are as follows (but not limited to): First Aid Kit. Oxygen Masks – Adult and Infant Crew Portable Oxygen Cylinders with Smoke Masks or any other Portable Oxygen System that is similar and approved (e.g. Protective Breathing Equipment). Portable Therapeutic Oxygen Cylinders. CO2 Fire Extinguishers. -Signal Flares Flashlights. - Asbestos Gloves. Smoke Goggles. - Crash Axe. Megaphone. - Life Jackets. Seat Belts including Extension and Infant seat belts. Emergency Transmitter. -Tie Wrap (Hand Cuffs)
  5. 5. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  6. 6. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Fire Extinguisher - Halon1211 - Red
  7. 7. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  8. 8. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology SURVIVAL PACK
  9. 9. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  10. 10. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Hand Held Fire Extinguishers • A minimum number of hand held fire extinguishers must be provided in the passenger cabin to be of the Halon 1211 type (BCF) and water extinguishers. • clearly identified with water in a red container and BCF is usually green • The bottle itself has a full disc which is pushed out as the trigger is depressed, giving indication of a partially of fully discharged bottle.
  11. 11. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  12. 12. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Aircraft Interior Fire Extinguishers Water Extinguishers • Water extinguishers are for use primarily on non electrical fires such as smoldering fabric • Works by removing the heat (cooling) • Should not be used on electrical fires because of the danger of electrocution • Not always the best option.
  13. 13. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Aircraft Interior Fire Extinguishers Halogenated hydrocarbon extinguishers - Halon 1211(cabin) and Halon 1301 • Liquid Halon(Freons)is the only fire extinguishers that won't choke you and won't damage aircraft • Numbered according to their chemical formulas with 5 digits number First digit – number of carbon atoms in the compound molecule Second digit – the number of fluorine atoms Third digit – the number of chlorine atoms Fourth digit – the number of bromine atoms Fifth digit – the number of iodine atoms
  14. 14. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Aircraft Interior Fire Extinguishers Halon-1211 more expensive than dry chemicals, but worth the difference in price. • Halon works to extinguish fires by using a liquid that turns to gas when it is sprayed into a fire. • The gas displaces oxygen to rob the fire of oxygen and cause it to go out. • If Halon sprayed into the air, it disappears almost as soon as it is sprayed, but is highly effective in closed areas
  15. 15. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Hand Held Fire Extinguishers Inspection • checked by weighing, some bottle have pressure gauge with green and red indicator segments. • Some have a test soft spot usually on the bottom if this can be pressed in with finger the bottle needs changing. • Bottle should checked for damage, ensure transit pin is removed, and the full disc or fired indicator is intact. • Ensure the validity of life date.
  16. 16. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Hand Held Fire Extinguishers Inspection (cont) • Written on the side of the extinguisher will be the full weight at manufacture / overhaul. • The type of extinguishant, manufacturer, details of how to operate and the life date • The bracket will require inspection whenever the bottle is removed to ensure it is not damaged or corroded and that the quick release mechanism functions correctly
  17. 17. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology EMERGENCY FURNISHING LIFE JACKETS
  18. 18. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Lifejackets -An aircraft operating over water beyond gliding distance from land, a lifejacket for every person on board must be carried. - life jacket of an approved pattern must be equipped with a waterproof light and whistle - Lifejackets of a special design suitable for children under 3 years of age need not carry a whistle. - Stowage for lifejackets must be easily accessible and is usually stowed in a small valise in a pocket under each passenger seat.
  19. 19. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  20. 20. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Servicing of Life Jackets - is stored or is use must be inspected and tested as specified in the A/C MM. - may stipulate inspection after every 6 months of service life with a more comprehensive inspection after every 18 months, or it may stipulate a yearly inspection -Detailed instructions on the checks and inspection found in the MM.
  21. 21. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology LIFE RAFT
  22. 22. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Life-raft # form of a survival pack, items packed with are: • A means of maintaining buoyancy i.e. bellows, oral inflation, leak stoppers. – A sea anchor, to prevent drifting. – Lifelines, a means of joining one life raft to another. – Paddles, means of propulsion on water. – A means of protecting survivors from the elements, canopy(Wind, Salt, Cold and Heat). – A waterproof torch. – Survival radio beacon.
  23. 23. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology • packed in a stowage and when required it is pushed away from the aircraft on a static line attached to a solid part of the aircraft. • is inflated by a lanyard which operates the valve on a CO2 bottle and inflate automatically. • lines and rope ladders on the raft to enable persons to get inside without difficulty. • Because of the need to compress the packed life raft and its equipment into a small volume, there is a risk of damage to the creases due to vibration. LIFE RAFT
  24. 24. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology LIFE RAFT
  25. 25. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology LIFE RAFT STOWAGE
  26. 26. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology LIFE RAFT STOWAGE
  27. 27. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology LIFE RAFT
  28. 28. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  29. 29. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Inspection and Servicing Life-rafts are subject to general deterioration, in addition to the risk of damage due to vibration, and have to be inspected at specified intervals. Inspection of Life-raft Fabric • The fabric should be inspected for cuts, tears and other damage. CO2 Bottles • The correct charge of a CO2 is determined by weighing
  30. 30. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Inflation Testing of Life-rafts If the raft appears to be in good condition: • Remove all CO2 bottle (s). • Inflate the raft to 2 p.s.i. • Allow at least 1 hour for air pressure in the raft to adjust to ambient temperature. • Check pressure and re-adjust to 2 p.s.i if necessary. • Allow the life-raft to stand for 24 hours. • After that time the pressure should not have dropped below 1 p.s.i. • If the pressure is below 1 p.s.i. examine for leakage with soapy water solution.
  31. 31. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Repairs to Life-rafts • When leaks occur due to tears, abrasions or punctures, repairs may be made according to the manufacturers instruction manual. • Replace mildewed or weak attachment lanyards • Special attention must be paid to the lanyard that operates the CO2 bottle. • Metal parts must be checked for corrosion, clean, repair or replace if defective.
  32. 32. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Storage Preparation Follow the manufacturers instructions. • Lifejackets and rafts must be completely deflated. • Remove any easily detachable components and store separately. • Fit protection blanks or caps to inflation valves and other connectors. • Dust each jacket or raft with French chalk. • Fold loosely. • Wrap in waterproof paper; handling with care to avoid damage. • Place the items on shelves off the floors.
  33. 33. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Storage of Life-jackets and Life-rafts -must be stored under the following conditions: • Room temperature between 15.5ºC to 21ºC. • Free from strong sunlight. • Free from ozone. • A layer of corrugated card or other shock absorbent material between each layer of articles. • No more than 10 life-jackets on top of each other. • No more than 3 life-rafts on top of each other.
  34. 34. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Storage Preparation (cont) Tie a label on the item on which is written the followings: • Type, serial number of jacket or raft. • Date of inflation test or inspection. • Date of overhaul (Life). • Date of next inspection and/or test.
  35. 35. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Storage Limit Period • Normal storage period is six months, after that time, either the item is: – opened up and inspected before further storage, or opened up, inspected and tested before being stowed for use in an aircraft. • Life-jackets and life-rafts not packed ready for use on an aircraft that are stored for more than 10 days since the last test must be tested again before being put into operational use on an aircraft.
  36. 36. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology SURVIVAL PACK
  37. 37. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology SURVIVAL PACKS • items for the survival of passengers after they have been evacuated from the aircraft must be stored in a separate container from the life-raft. • to survive until rescued in other hostile environments such as desert, arctic or jungle. • requirements for the contents of packs will vary according to the terrain over which the aircraft flies.
  38. 38. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Survival Packs Description • Vary in size from aircraft to aircraft but must be robust, portable, and give easy access to its contents for crew and passengers who may be shocked or injured. • A typical survival pack is approximately 24.5 kg in weight and its dimensions are approximately 51 x 40 x 20cm and the contents will vary according to the general terrain of operation. • a static line with a clip hook for attaching the pack to the life-raft, cover is made of PVC coated nylon, has two strong carrying handles.
  39. 39. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Certain minimum requirements: • Marine type pyrotechnical flares. • A means of making sea-water drinkable if the full amount of water detailed below is not carried. • 4 persons on board the life-raft ½ litre of fresh water in durable containers and 100 grams of toffee tablet. First aid equipment. • Survival Radio Beacons. • JAR. 25 paragraph 1415 requires that the survival pack in which the above equipment is kept must be attached to or stored adjacent to the life-raft.
  40. 40. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Servicing • The opening, inspection and re-packing of the contents of survival packs will be described in the manufacturers handbook. • packs contain life items such as water and food. • also contain pyrotechnics(signal flare) which can be lethal if mishandled.
  41. 41. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Servicing of First-Aid Kits • At times specified in the Approved Maintenance Schedule, after use or at anytime serviceability is in doubt (e.g. dampness), the aircraft first- aid kit must be removed and examined. • Carried out by the airfield medical staff or a good quality chemist. • Bandages and other similar items should be replaced, depending on their condition. • Life items, such as drugs must be replaced.
  42. 42. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Servicing of First-Aid Kits (cont) • Metal items, such as scissors, forceps, safety pins etc, should be checked for corrosion and function. • returned from servicing, should check that there are no items missing according to the inventory enclosed in the kit. • A label is then attached with the date, signature and authority of the inspector. • The kit is then sealed with sealing wax and returned to its stowage on the aircraft. • An entry is then made in the relevant inspection schedule sheet recording the servicing.
  43. 43. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology EMERGENCY FURNISHING Inflatable Escape Slides or Chutes
  44. 44. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Inflatable Escape Slides
  45. 45. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Inflatable Escape Slides
  46. 46. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology EMERGENCY FURNISHING LIFE-RAFT Inflatable Escape Slides
  47. 47. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Inflatable Escape Slides
  48. 48. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Inflatable Escape Slides or Chutes These are required by Scale A of the 4th Schedule of the ANO as amplified by JAR 25, paragraph. 809. - equipment must not impede the access of exits and entrances. - required to be fitted to all aircraft where the sill any exit is more than six feet (1.82m) above the ground in any undercarriage configuration.
  49. 49. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology ESCAPE SLIDE REQUIREMENT • Escape must be provided to allow all passenger to evacuate within 90 second. • Inflate slide must: - Inflate in 10 second - Inflate in 25kt wind and be held stable by no more than one person. - Be a double slide at type A exits.
  50. 50. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology - Each passenger and galley door serves as an emergency exit, and is fitted with an escape slide. -are made to fit particular doors, slides for the forward doors do not fit the aft door and vice versa. - are housed in fiberglass valises, contains an air bottle and a pressure indicator indicating bottle pressure. Escape Slide
  51. 51. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  52. 52. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  53. 53. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  54. 54. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  55. 55. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  56. 56. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology General Description (cont) • Slide pack is held on the door by a harness and support shelf. • slide pack contains an inflatable escape slide, inflation bottle and girt with a girt bar attached. • An ‘Arm/Disarm’ lever, labelled ‘Engage/Detach’ connected to the mode select mechanism locks the girt bar to the floor attachments.
  57. 57. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Slide assembly Pressure gauge Manual inflation handle Decorative cover Cover release cable Girt bar Girt
  58. 58. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology General Description (cont) • Indicator is red lined for pressures below 2750 p.s.i. is the minimum safe pressure for operating at 70 F. Refer M.M. • When the slides are “armed”, a girt bar fits into brackets on the aircraft floor. • Opening the door will activate the slide. • Escape slide is armed when the doors are closed prior to taxiing by cabin crew.
  59. 59. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  60. 60. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  61. 61. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  62. 62. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Escape Slide Floor Bracket
  63. 63. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  64. 64. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  65. 65. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  66. 66. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Inadvertent deployment • prevent by sounding an audible alert (voice) when the door operator is about to open the door in the armed position. • constructed of urethane materials and impregnated or coated with an aluminized coating in order that the slide will survive for a short while even if fire is nearby. • Older slides are yellow and made of neoprene/nylon fabric.
  67. 67. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  68. 68. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Emergency ESCAPE Window
  69. 69. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  70. 70. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  71. 71. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  72. 72. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology General Description • The inflation system consists of a slide inflation pressure bottle; which is activated by a lanyard. The bottle is packed with the slide inside the pack. • A pressure gauge on the bottle is visible through a viewing window in the slide cover. The pressure should be within the green band. • An indicator light above the door will illuminates when the slide system is engaged or armed. • when the slide is armed, a block is mechanically moved outward to indicate that the slide is armed.
  73. 73. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  74. 74. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology General Description (cont) • Escape slide must be disengaged before the door is opened normally. • Opening the door using the external handle will automatically disarm the slide to prevent inadvertent slide deployment; always check this in the aircraft maintenance manual. • Before the aircraft taxies girt bar is fastened to brackets located on the floor of the aircraft. It remains there throughout the flight.
  75. 75. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology General Description (cont) • If an emergency evacuation is needed on landing, and the door is opened, the escape slide will deploy in the usual way. • For normal door operation, the girt bar is snapped into spring loaded retaining clips at the bottom of the door. • Incorrect stowage of the girt bar could result in inadvertent deployment of the slide.
  76. 76. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Escape Slide Operation • door is armed, the girt bar is locked to brackets fixed to the floor. • slide is deployed as the door is opened. At approximately 90 degrees of door movement, a lanyard attached to the support shelf latch releases, allowing the slide pack to drop out of the door cover. • As the door continues to rotate, the slide pack falls clear of and below the door opening, outside the aircraft. • The slide pack pulls the bottle inflation lanyard when it has fallen a small distance below the door sill and the slide inflates. Automatic inflation requires about five seconds.
  77. 77. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  78. 78. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  79. 79. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  80. 80. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Manual Escape Slide Operation • Should the automatic system fail, the manual inflation handle must be pulled completely clear of the slide to effect proper inflation. • Manual inflation handle is labelled ‘Pull’ and is visible when the slide is ejected from its container.
  81. 81. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Aspirator • The slide inflation system incorporates an aspirator, a form of jet pump. • As the compressed gas from the inflation bottle rushes past the aspirator inlets, atmospheric air is drawn in to speed up inflation of the slide. • When the rush of air ceases, the aspirator flap valve closes. Pressure relief valves prevent over inflation of the slide.
  82. 82. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  83. 83. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  84. 84. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology INSPECTIONS Inspections in situ consist of: – checking the inflation bottle pressure through the viewing window – examining the visible components for damage and security, and – functioning of the girt bar attach/detach mechanism.
  85. 85. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology MAINTENANCE • Airworthiness Notice require that all inflatable escape slides which are automatically deployed by the opening of doors, should be tested by automatic release and inflation of the slide at intervals not exceeding 18 months. • Where release and inflation tests on a sampling basis are already being performed as part of an agreed Maintenance Reliability Programme, the programme of tests may continue.
  86. 86. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology MAINTENANCE • This is provided that on each aircraft type the sample is such that 10 or 10% whichever is the greater, of all the exit/slide. • combinations in the fleet will have been tested within an elapsed period of not more than 2 years. • All deployment failures must be reported to the NAA (Airworthiness Division/Safety Regulation Group).
  87. 87. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Escape Slide Removal and Installation • Always refer to the aircraft maintenance manual. The following procedure is of a general nature. – Close and lock the door. Ensure ARM/DISARM lever in the disarm or detached position to withdraw the girt bar bolts from the floor brackets. – Remove the door slide cover. – Install the safety pin in the slide inflation bottle mechanism. The safety pin is stowed in a pocket on the slide pack.
  88. 88. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Escape Slide Removal and Installation – Great care is required in removing and installing the slide pack. Force must not be exerted on the girt. – Tensioning the girt pulls the pack cover release lanyards and releases the slide, requiring a repack. – Detach the girt bolts from the door brackets and rest the girt bar on the floor inboard of the attachments – Remove the slide pack from the door attachments – Installation of the slide pack is essentially the reverse of removal.
  89. 89. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology OVERHAUL OF SLIDES • At specified intervals, the slide will be unpacked and thoroughly inspected. • The slide and its components will be checked for serviceability. • A pressure test will be carried out to ensure that the slide does not leak more than an acceptable amount. • After inspection the slides are refitted in the aircraft or placed in storage. • Slides must be stored as specified by the manufacturer.
  90. 90. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Conversion of Escape Slide to Life-raft • Very similar to a life-raft in construction can be detached from the aircraft and converted into life- rafts capable of carrying a large number of persons. • To comply with the requirements of the Air Navigation Order the slide needs to be fitted with additional equipment and must not impede the primary function of the slide as a means of evacuation from the aircraft. • Escape slides are fitted with their own independent lighting system to facilitate evacuation during darkness.
  91. 91. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology SMOKE HOOD
  92. 92. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology SMOKE HOOD
  93. 93. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Smoke Hood • As per authority requirement smoke hoods be provided for all members of the flight crew. • be sufficient to protect the eyes, nose and mouth for not less than 15 minutes. • Eye protection only is required for aircraft restricted to 25,000 ft and below when the aircraft is capable of descending to 10,000 ft within 4 minutes.
  94. 94. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  95. 95. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Smoke Hood (cont) • a protective device similar to a gas mask. • A transparent airtight bag seals around the head of the wearer while an air filter held in the mouth connects to the outside atmosphere and is used to breathe. • to protect victims of fire from the effects of smoke inhalation. • High quality smoke hoods are generally constructed of heat resistant material like Kapton, and can withstand relatively high temperatures.
  96. 96. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Smoke Hood (cont) • most important part is the filter that provides protection from the toxic by-products of combustion. • designs utilize some form of activated charcoal filter and particulate filter to screen out corrosive fumes like ammonia and chlorine, as well as acid gases like hydrogen chloride and hydrogen sulfide. • an effective smoke hood is the ability to convert deadly carbon monoxide to relatively harmless carbon dioxide through a catalytic process.
  97. 97. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  98. 98. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology A typical smoke hood is illustrated and has a small life support pack fitted to the hood assembly which will provide at least 15 minutes supply of oxygen.
  99. 99. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology
  100. 100. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Smoke Hood (cont) • The life support pack is activated by pulling a lanyard after the hood has been removed from its sealed stowage case. • The user ensures that the hood covers the head and that the life support pack is behind the head. • Pulling the lanyard starts a chemical reaction which produces oxygen.
  101. 101. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Smoke Hood (cont) • The venturi ‘pumps’ the oxygen with filtered re- circulated air from the hood, back into the hood. • It ensures that oxygen is available for at least 15 minutes. • When the noise of the airflow stops, the oxygen generator has ceased operation and the hood must be removed immediately, some types of smoke hood, difficulty with inhalation indicates the end of the operating time.
  102. 102. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Smoke Hood (cont) • A seal is fitted around the handle of the case and a condition indicator is visible through a window. • The date of expiry of the smoke hood is also shown. • During maintenance checks ensure that the seal on the handle is intact, check the condition indicator and ensure that the smoke hood is not life expired.
  103. 103. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Megaphones • The ANO Schedule 4, Scale Y requires that if the aircraft’s total seating capacity exceeds 19 but does not exceed 149, one portable battery power megaphone must be provided for a member of the crew. • The megaphone is provided so that instructions can be clearly given to everyone in the passenger compartment. • Where the aircraft passenger seating capacity exceeds 149 but is less than 200, then, two megaphones are required. • If the passenger seating capacity exceeds 199, three megaphones must be carried.
  104. 104. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology Megaphones (cont) • Megaphones are not an approval item, but they must be serviced i.a.w the Manufacturers Maintenance Manual. • Megaphones must be stowed adequately so that they can withstand an inertia force of 9G without becoming loose.
  105. 105. Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology THE END
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Displays about emergency system in aircraft.

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