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A Basic Introduction to
FRBROO and PRESSOO
Patrick Le Boeuf
Performing Arts Department
National Library of France, Paris, ...
Introduction
• IFLA FRBR Review Group
 2003: Working Group
on FRBR/CRM Dialogue
• Outcome = an ‘object-oriented
formulati...
Introduction
• ISSN International Centre + National
Library of France in 2013
 What about continuing resources?
  2014:...
FORMALISM
USED IN FRBROO
Formalism used in FRBROO
• Common pattern for FRBR, FRAD, and
FRSAD Definitions:
 User tasks
 Entities
 Attributes
 Re...
User Tasks
• None.
• Implicit user tasks = ?
 Find
 Explore
 Trust
From entities to classes
• ‘Classes’
• ‘Instances’
 Labels for classes are not enough!
Read the Scope Notes!
F1
Work
F5
I...
From entities to classes
• Inheritance
F2
Expression
F23
Expression
Fragment
superclass of
subclass of
superclass of
subcl...
Attributes
• None.
• All FR.. attributes are dealt with
as class-to-class relationships
•  Many more classes in FRBROO th...
From relationships
to properties
F2
Expression
F23
Expression
Fragment
R15 has fragment
R15i is fragment of
R15 has fragme...
FRBROO as
an extension of CIDOC CRM
• CIDOC CRM = museum community’s model
 ICOM = International Council of Museums
 CID...
FRBROO as
an extension of CIDOC CRM
E1
CRM
Entity
E41
Appel-
lation
E55
Type
E62
String P1 is identified by
(identifies)
P...
FRBROO as
an extension of CIDOC CRM
E7
Activity
E70
Thing
E53
Place
E39
Actor
P12 occurred in the presence of
(was present...
HOW FRBROO MODELS
THE MAIN STRUCTURES
OF FRBR/FRAD/FRSAD
‘Work is realized through Expression’
• But also, if needed:
F1
Work
E55
Type
F22
Self-
Contained
Expression
R3 is realise...
‘Expression is embodied in Manifestation’
• Manifestation = a set of physical carriers
 A set may have 1 element (‘single...
‘Expression is embodied in Manifestation’
F4
Manifestation
Singleton
F2
Expression
F3
Manifestation
Product Type
F2
Expres...
‘Manifestation is exemplified by Item’
• Unique carriers: is both Manifestation
and Item
• Digital publishing:
(no instanc...
Group 1-to-Group 2 relationships
• ‘Work is created by (Person, Family, Corporate Body)’
‘Expression is realized by (Perso...
Group 1-to-Group 2 relationships
• ‘Manifestation is produced by (Person, Family, Corporate Body)’
• ‘Item is owned by (Pe...
Authorities
E1
CRM
Entity
F34
KOS
F35
Nomen
Use
Statement
F12
Nomen
F50
Controlled
Access
Point
IsA
R38 refers to thema
(i...
Aboutness
E1
CRM
Entity
F34
KOS
F35
Nomen
Use
Statement
F12
Nomen
F50
Controlled
Access
Point
IsA
R38 refers to thema
(is ...
PRESSOO
PRESSOO
Z1
Serial
Transformation
Y… F18
Serial
Work
Continuations
Replacements
Splits
Mergers
Z2
Absorption
Z3
Separation
...
CONCLUSION AND
FURTHER DEVELOPMENTS
Conclusion and further
developments
• DON’T PANIC!!!
 CIDOC CRM, FRBROO, PRESSOO
are not ‘complicated’…
 … they’re just ...
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207 le boeuf_en

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In addition to FRBR, FRAD, and FRSAD, two conceptual models for bibliographic information were developed these last years: FRBRoo (a reformulation of the FRBR/FRAD/FRSAD models) and PRESSoo (more specifically devoted to bibliographic information about continuing resources). This paper provides the explanation that is necessary for a good understanding of the formalism used in these two models. It then shows how some of the basic constructs of FRBR/FRAD/FRSAD are rendered in the FRBRoo model. In a very brief third section, it highlights some core aspects of PRESSoo.

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  1. 1. A Basic Introduction to FRBROO and PRESSOO Patrick Le Boeuf Performing Arts Department National Library of France, Paris, France IFLA WLIC 2015, Cape Town, 20 August 2015
  2. 2. Introduction • IFLA FRBR Review Group  2003: Working Group on FRBR/CRM Dialogue • Outcome = an ‘object-oriented formulation of FRBR’: FRBROO  2009: v. 1, 2013: v. 2  Admittedly…
  3. 3. Introduction • ISSN International Centre + National Library of France in 2013  What about continuing resources?   2014: PRESSOO v. 1  An extension of FRBROO for continuing resources
  4. 4. FORMALISM USED IN FRBROO
  5. 5. Formalism used in FRBROO • Common pattern for FRBR, FRAD, and FRSAD Definitions:  User tasks  Entities  Attributes  Relationships • And in FRBROO?
  6. 6. User Tasks • None. • Implicit user tasks = ?  Find  Explore  Trust
  7. 7. From entities to classes • ‘Classes’ • ‘Instances’  Labels for classes are not enough! Read the Scope Notes! F1 Work F5 Item
  8. 8. From entities to classes • Inheritance F2 Expression F23 Expression Fragment superclass of subclass of superclass of subclass of F22 Self- Contained Expression F23 Expression Fragment F23 Expression Fragment F26 Recording R15 has fragment (is fragment of) R15 has fragment (is fragment of) (inherited) R15 has fragment (is fragment of) (inherited) IsA IsA
  9. 9. Attributes • None. • All FR.. attributes are dealt with as class-to-class relationships •  Many more classes in FRBROO than entities in FRBR/FRAD/FRSAD!
  10. 10. From relationships to properties F2 Expression F23 Expression Fragment R15 has fragment R15i is fragment of R15 has fragment (is fragment of) Domain class Property Range class
  11. 11. FRBROO as an extension of CIDOC CRM • CIDOC CRM = museum community’s model  ICOM = International Council of Museums  CIDOC = International Committee for Documentation  CRM = Conceptual Reference Model • FRBROO reuses some basic constructs from CIDOC CRM
  12. 12. FRBROO as an extension of CIDOC CRM E1 CRM Entity E41 Appel- lation E55 Type E62 String P1 is identified by (identifies) P2 has type (is type of) P3 has note
  13. 13. FRBROO as an extension of CIDOC CRM E7 Activity E70 Thing E53 Place E39 Actor P12 occurred in the presence of (was present at) P7 took place at (witnessed) P14 carried out by (performed) E52 Time- Span E50 Date P4 has time-span (is time-span of) P78 is identified by (identifies)
  14. 14. HOW FRBROO MODELS THE MAIN STRUCTURES OF FRBR/FRAD/FRSAD
  15. 15. ‘Work is realized through Expression’ • But also, if needed: F1 Work E55 Type F22 Self- Contained Expression R3 is realised in (realises) R3.1 has type F14 Individual Work F22 Self- Contained Expression R9 is realised in (realises) F15 Complex Work R10 has member (is member of) F1 Work
  16. 16. ‘Expression is embodied in Manifestation’ • Manifestation = a set of physical carriers  A set may have 1 element (‘singleton’) • Expression: which one?  Authorial expression? Publisher’s expression?
  17. 17. ‘Expression is embodied in Manifestation’ F4 Manifestation Singleton F2 Expression F3 Manifestation Product Type F2 Expression F24 Publication Expression P165 incorporates (is incorporated in) CLR6 should carry (should be carried by) P128 carries (is carried by) Publication as a set Including cover art, paratext, page numbers, layout… Authorial text Unique carrier Signs
  18. 18. ‘Manifestation is exemplified by Item’ • Unique carriers: is both Manifestation and Item • Digital publishing: (no instance of F3 Manifestation Product Type) • Traditional publishing: F4 Manifestation Singleton F24 Publication Expression F53 Material Copy P128 carries (is carried by) F3 Manifestation Product Type F5 Item R7 is example of (has example)
  19. 19. Group 1-to-Group 2 relationships • ‘Work is created by (Person, Family, Corporate Body)’ ‘Expression is realized by (Person, Family, Corporate Body)’ F27 Work Conception F1 Work E39 Actor P14 carried out by (performed) R16 initiated (was initiated by) • Or (a preferable alternative): F28 Expression Creation F1 Work E39 Actor P14 carried out by (performed) R19 realised (was realised through) F2 Expression R17 created (was created by) E55 Type E55 Type P14.1 in the role of P2 has type (is type of) {major original contribution}
  20. 20. Group 1-to-Group 2 relationships • ‘Manifestation is produced by (Person, Family, Corporate Body)’ • ‘Item is owned by (Person, Family, Corporate Body)’ F30 Publication Event E39 Actor P14 carried out by (performed) R24 created (was created through) E55 Type P14.1 in the role of F3 Manifestation Product Type F24 Publication Expression CLR6 should carry (should be carried by) E39 Actor E8 Acquisition F5 ItemP51 has former or current owner (is former or current owner of) P22 transferred title to (acquired title through) P24 transferred title of (changed ownership through)
  21. 21. Authorities E1 CRM Entity F34 KOS F35 Nomen Use Statement F12 Nomen F50 Controlled Access Point IsA R38 refers to thema (is thema of) R37 states as nomen (is stated as nomen in) R35 is specified by (specifies)
  22. 22. Aboutness E1 CRM Entity F34 KOS F35 Nomen Use Statement F12 Nomen F50 Controlled Access Point IsA R38 refers to thema (is thema of) R37 states as nomen (is stated as nomen in) R35 is specified by (specifies) F1 Work P129 is about (is subject of)
  23. 23. PRESSOO
  24. 24. PRESSOO Z1 Serial Transformation Y… F18 Serial Work Continuations Replacements Splits Mergers Z2 Absorption Z3 Separation Z5 Issuing Rule Change Z12 Issuing Rule Y16 replaced (was replaced through) Y16 replaced with (was introduced through)
  25. 25. CONCLUSION AND FURTHER DEVELOPMENTS
  26. 26. Conclusion and further developments • DON’T PANIC!!!  CIDOC CRM, FRBROO, PRESSOO are not ‘complicated’…  … they’re just semantically rich!  You don’t have to use all classes and properties… just pick the right ones for you!  Or wait for our ‘core’ version (2016/2017)

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