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Transforming FRBR
into FRBROO
Ciclo “Biblioteche, libri, documenti: dall’informazione alla conoscenza”
organizzato dalla p...
INTRODUCTION
Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
FRBR:
A Model
for the 19th
century?
Charles A. Cutter,
Catalogue of the Library
of the Boston Athenæum
(1874-82)
FRBR: A Model
for the 21st century?
• 2009: International Cataloguing Principles, ICP
(replacing the ‘Paris Principles’)
•...
FRBR: A Family of Models
• 1998: Functional Requirements for
Bibliographic Records, FRBR
• 2009: Functional Requirements f...
FRBR: A Model
from the Librarians’ Community
• In the meantime, in museums…
 1995: development of ICOM’s CIDOC CRM
ICOM:...
FRBR + CIDOC CRM = FRBROO
• 2003: International Working Group on
FRBR and CIDOC CRM Harmonization
• 2009: FRBROO version 1...
QUICK REMINDER ON THE
‘FR FAMILY’
Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
Thema Nomen
Rules Agency
is governed by creates/
modifies
applies
is about
Person
Corporate Body
Family
Item
Manifestation...
BRIEF PRESENTATION OF
CIDOC CRM
Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
E39 Actor E28 Conceptual Object
E18 Physical Thing
E52 Time-Span E53 Place
E55 TypeE41 Appellation
involves affects
occurs...
‘IF THERE’S A DATE,
THERE’S AN EVENT!’
Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
Publication Date vs. Printing Date
F30 Publication
Event
P4 has time-span
F32 Carrier
Production Event
F19 Publication
Wor...
Externalizing an Expression
F28 Expression
Creation
R17 created
E65 Creation E12 Production
F2 Expression
F4 Manifestation...
Summary so far
F30 Publication
Event
F32 Carrier
Production Event
F24 Publication
Expression
F5 Item
R6 carries
R24 create...
FRBR: ‘The date of the work is
the date (normally the year) the
work was originally created’
When was a Work
‘originally created’?
• = Earliest known Expression?
• = Earliest known Manifestation Singleton?
• But, th...
From ‘the date the Work
was originally created’…
• … to:
‘the date the Work was originally conceived’
• Controversial:
 H...
Work Conception
P4 has time-span
E52 Time-Span
E50 Date
P78 is identified by
P4 has time-span
E52 Time-Span
E50 Date
P78 i...
Further Dates, Further Events
F29 Recording
Event
P4 has time-span
E52 Time-Span
E50 Date
P78 is identified by
F31 Perform...
‘Date’ Attribute for a Person
F51 Pursuit
P4 has time-span
E52 Time-Span
E50 Date
P78 is identified by
E21 Person
P14 carr...
‘Date’ Attribute for a Family
(declared, but not defined, in FRAD)
F51 Pursuit
P4 has time-span
E52 Time-Span
E50 Date
P78...
‘Date’ Attribute
for a Corporate Body
Date of meeting,
conference, etc.
Date of establishment,
dates of existence
E7 Activ...
FRAD: ‘Dates of Usage’
Attribute for a Name
P4 has time-span
E52 Time-Span
E50 Date
P78 is identified by
(of usage)
F52 Na...
A MODEL
FOR AUTHORITY WORK
Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
F35 Nomen Use
Statement
F52 Name Use
Activity
E1 CRM Entity
(i.e., anything in
the real world)
F50 Controlled
Access Point...
WHAT ABOUT THE ‘WEMI’
CLASSES IN FRBROO?
Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
Work
F1 Work
F14 Individual
Work
F15 Complex
Work
F21 Recording
Work
F16 Container
Work
F17 Aggregation
Work
F19 Publicati...
Expression
F2 Expression
is a subclass of
F22 Self-Contained
Expression
F23 Expression
Fragment
F24 Publication
Expression...
Manifestation
F24 Publication
Expression
F3 Manifestation
Product Type
CLR6 should carry
F4 Manifestation
Singleton
F3 Man...
Item
F5 Item
WHO USES FRBROO?
Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
BY WAY OF CONCLUSION
Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
By Way of Conclusion
• No need to make FRBROO visible by end-users
• No need to make FRBROO visible by cataloguers
• FRBRO...
Transforming FRBR into FRBRoo
Transforming FRBR into FRBRoo
Transforming FRBR into FRBRoo
Transforming FRBR into FRBRoo
Transforming FRBR into FRBRoo
Transforming FRBR into FRBRoo
Transforming FRBR into FRBRoo
Transforming FRBR into FRBRoo
Transforming FRBR into FRBRoo
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Transforming FRBR into FRBRoo

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Presentation given in Rome on May 10, 2013 (therefore somewhat outdated)

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Transforming FRBR into FRBRoo

  1. 1. Transforming FRBR into FRBROO Ciclo “Biblioteche, libri, documenti: dall’informazione alla conoscenza” organizzato dalla prof.ssa Maria Teresa Biagetti Rome, 10 May 2013 Patrick Le Boeuf, National Library of France
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
  3. 3. FRBR: A Model for the 19th century? Charles A. Cutter, Catalogue of the Library of the Boston Athenæum (1874-82)
  4. 4. FRBR: A Model for the 21st century? • 2009: International Cataloguing Principles, ICP (replacing the ‘Paris Principles’) • 2009: Regole italiane di catalogazione, REICAT (replacing RICA) • 2010: Resource Description and Access, RDA (replacing AACR)
  5. 5. FRBR: A Family of Models • 1998: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records, FRBR • 2009: Functional Requirements for Authority Data, FRAD • 2011: Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Data, FRSAD • 20..: on the agenda: a single model merging FRBR, FRAD, FRSAD
  6. 6. FRBR: A Model from the Librarians’ Community • In the meantime, in museums…  1995: development of ICOM’s CIDOC CRM ICOM: International Council of Museums CIDOC : International Committee for Documentation CRM: Conceptual Reference Model  2006: CIDOC CRM published as ISO 21127  Today: refinements still being made in the CIDOC CRM
  7. 7. FRBR + CIDOC CRM = FRBROO • 2003: International Working Group on FRBR and CIDOC CRM Harmonization • 2009: FRBROO version 1.0 (bibliographic data only) • 2012-2013: FRBROO version 2.0 (bibliographic + authority data)
  8. 8. QUICK REMINDER ON THE ‘FR FAMILY’ Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
  9. 9. Thema Nomen Rules Agency is governed by creates/ modifies applies is about Person Corporate Body Family Item Manifestation Expression Concept Object Event Place Work Controlled Access Point is basis for Name Identifier has appellation FRBR + FRAD + FRSAD
  10. 10. BRIEF PRESENTATION OF CIDOC CRM Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
  11. 11. E39 Actor E28 Conceptual Object E18 Physical Thing E52 Time-Span E53 Place E55 TypeE41 Appellation involves affects occurs during occurs in identifies any of serves to categorize any of E5 Event The Core of CIDOC CRM
  12. 12. ‘IF THERE’S A DATE, THERE’S AN EVENT!’ Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
  13. 13. Publication Date vs. Printing Date F30 Publication Event P4 has time-span F32 Carrier Production Event F19 Publication Work F24 Publication Expression F5 Item E52 Time-Span E50 Date E52 Time-Span E50 Date P4 has time-span P78 is identified by P78 is identified by (in FRBR: ‘Date of Manifestation’ attribute) (in FRBR: no attribute declared; would be ‘Date of Item’) R3 is realised in R6 carries R24 created R23 created a realisation of R28 produced
  14. 14. Externalizing an Expression F28 Expression Creation R17 created E65 Creation E12 Production F2 Expression F4 Manifestation Singleton P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by R18 created is a subclass of is a subclass of
  15. 15. Summary so far F30 Publication Event F32 Carrier Production Event F24 Publication Expression F5 Item R6 carries R24 created R28 produced F28 Expression Creation R17 created F2 Expression R14 incorporatesis a subclass of
  16. 16. FRBR: ‘The date of the work is the date (normally the year) the work was originally created’
  17. 17. When was a Work ‘originally created’? • = Earliest known Expression? • = Earliest known Manifestation Singleton? • But, then, Work Creation is in no way distinct from Expression Creation? How to model the notion of ‘earliest known …’ without using complex algorithms?
  18. 18. From ‘the date the Work was originally created’… • … to: ‘the date the Work was originally conceived’ • Controversial:  How do we know?  What if a Work is conceived by A and realized by B? • However, useful in order to express the notion of ‘Creator of the Work’
  19. 19. Work Conception P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by F28 Expression Creation R17 createdF22 Self-Contained Expression F1 Work F27 Work Conception E21 Person E55 Type P14 carried out byP14.1 in role of E21 Person E55 TypeP14 carried out by P14.1 in role of R16 initiated R3 is realised in (e.g., ‘author’) (e.g., ‘translator’)
  20. 20. Further Dates, Further Events F29 Recording Event P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by F31 Performance P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by F33 Reproduction Event P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by (of recording) (of performance) (of reproduction)
  21. 21. ‘Date’ Attribute for a Person F51 Pursuit P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by E21 Person P14 carried out by E67 Birth P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by E69 Death P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by P98 brought into life P100 was death of (of birth) (of activity) (of death)
  22. 22. ‘Date’ Attribute for a Family (declared, but not defined, in FRAD) F51 Pursuit P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by F39 Family P14 carried out by (of activity)
  23. 23. ‘Date’ Attribute for a Corporate Body Date of meeting, conference, etc. Date of establishment, dates of existence E7 Activity P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by F11 Corporate Body P14 carried out by F51 Pursuit P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by F11 Corporate Body P14 carried out by E66 Formation P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by E68 Dissolution P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by P95 formed P99 dissolved (of meeting, conference, etc.) (of formation) (of activity) (of dissolution)
  24. 24. FRAD: ‘Dates of Usage’ Attribute for a Name P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span E50 Date P78 is identified by (of usage) F52 Name Use Activity E1 CRM Entity E41 Appellation P1 is identified by R63 named R64 used name
  25. 25. A MODEL FOR AUTHORITY WORK Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
  26. 26. F35 Nomen Use Statement F52 Name Use Activity E1 CRM Entity (i.e., anything in the real world) F50 Controlled Access Point E41 Appellation R32 is warranted by R37states R64usedname R8 consists of F34 KOS (i.e., authority file) R35 is specified by F40 Identifier Assignment F43 Identifier Rule R52 used ruleF44 Bibliographic Agency P14 carried out by R45assignedto e.g., saying: “Ciao tutti! mi chiamo Umberto Eco” e.g., Umberto Eco e.g., RICAe.g., ICCU e.g., Eco, Umberto e.g., statement in record ITICCU0000019852 e.g., SBN as of April 10, 2013 e.g., Authority work in FRBROO (simplified view) e.g., creating record ITICCU0000019852 E31 Document P70 documents e.g., Dizionario della letteratura…
  27. 27. WHAT ABOUT THE ‘WEMI’ CLASSES IN FRBROO? Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
  28. 28. Work F1 Work F14 Individual Work F15 Complex Work F21 Recording Work F16 Container Work F17 Aggregation Work F19 Publication Work F20 Performance Work F18 Serial Work is a subclass ofis a subclass of is a subclass of is a subclass of is a subclass of is a subclass of is a subclass of is a subclass of is a subclass of
  29. 29. Expression F2 Expression is a subclass of F22 Self-Contained Expression F23 Expression Fragment F24 Publication Expression F25 Performance Plan F26 Recording F34 KOS F35 Nomen Use Statement is a subclass of is a subclass of is a subclass of is a subclass of is a subclass of is a subclass of
  30. 30. Manifestation F24 Publication Expression F3 Manifestation Product Type CLR6 should carry F4 Manifestation Singleton F3 Manifestation Product Type CLR6 should carry e.g., hardcover e.g., paperbacka unique carrier, e.g., a manuscript
  31. 31. Item F5 Item
  32. 32. WHO USES FRBROO? Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
  33. 33. BY WAY OF CONCLUSION Transforming FRBR into FRBROO
  34. 34. By Way of Conclusion • No need to make FRBROO visible by end-users • No need to make FRBROO visible by cataloguers • FRBROO is not a display tool • FRBROO is a formalization of the meaning of the information embedded in catalogues • FRBROO is a tool to interpret and interconnect existing data sets • FRBROO may well be more widely used in the future outside libraries than within them

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