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Overview of Osteopathy By Dr. Patrick E. Muffley
Overview of OsteopathyAmerican physician Andrew Taylor Still founded osteopathy as abranch of medicine in the late 19th century. Osteopathy emphasizesthe role of the musculoskeletal structure in disease. Andrew TaylorStill developed the approach following the death of three childrenunder his care who were suffering from spinal meningitis. AndrewTaylor Still grew disillusioned by his inability to save the children,despite the fact that he had employed the latest advances in medicaltechnology available at the time.
Overview of OsteopathyA strong proponent of the scientific method, Still examined medicalpractices empirically, determining that many were ineffective or evenharmful. Consequently, Andrew Taylor Still developed an approachthat emphasizes the promotion of good health and the body’s abilityto heal itself.
Overview of OsteopathyThe four basic guiding principles of osteopathy are1) that the body functions as a whole and should be treatedholistically2) that the body uses self-regulatory mechanisms to heal itself3) that bodily structure and function are interrelated4) and that these three principles should form the basis of medicaltreatment.
Overview of OsteopathyOsteopathy involves the use of many manual manipulationtechniques aimed at treating pain-related disorders ranging fromlower back pain to menstrual cramps. In developing a treatmentplan, an osteopathic doctor will examine neurological, respiratory,circulatory, metabolic, biomechanical, and behavioral factors in orderto come up with a structural diagnosis of the condition.Subsequently, the doctor develops an osteopathic treatment plan.
Overview of OsteopathyOften, osteopathic treatments are combined with a range of otherapproaches, including diet, pharmacotherapy, and /or surgery. Themajority of osteopathic physicians practice in family medicine,internal medicine, pediatrics, and obstetrics and gynecology.