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DAPA programmes - Using logic diagrams (Full)

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This presentation was originally going to be given at the CABE Design and Planning Advice directorate away day on 23 March 2010 but there wasn't time. It sets out to briefly explain what logic models are, what they look like and how we can use them to enhance planning, management and evaluation in DAPA.

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DAPA programmes - Using logic diagrams (Full)

  1. 1. Using logic diagrams to aid critical reflection Paul Ducker, DAPA Day, 23 March 2010
  2. 2. What is a logic model? “If you don’t know where you’re going, how are you gonna’ know when you get there?” Yogi Berra, Former major league baseball player and manager • a logic model is a picture of how you believe your programme will work • it lays out what the programme is expected to achieve, based on an identified chain of events • it helps create shared understanding • it enables you to anticipate the data and resources you will need to achieve success
  3. 3. What do they look like?
  4. 4. What do they look like? INPUTS ACTIVITIES OUTPUTS OUTCOMES IMPACT
  5. 5. How are they used? “Most of the value in a logic model is in the process of creating, validating and modifying the model....” W.K.Kellogg Foundation Evaluation Handbook (1998) • during design and planning to help develop and communicate programme strategy • during programme implementation and management to focus energy • throughout development and delivery to ensure evaluation and strategic reporting are embedded and encourage reflection and learning.
  6. 6. Birthday greetings! A simple logic model
  7. 7. Paulʼs 2010 Birthday Greetings Campaign ASSUMPTIONS INPUTS ACTIVITIES OUTPUTS OUTCOMES
  8. 8. Paulʼs 2010 Birthday Greetings Campaign ASSUMPTIONS INPUTS ACTIVITIES OUTPUTS OUTCOMES There is a tradition of celebrating birthdays at CABE People need an excuse to celebrate Not everyone in DAPA knows how important it is to celebrate my birthday
  9. 9. Paulʼs 2010 Birthday Greetings Campaign ASSUMPTIONS INPUTS ACTIVITIES OUTPUTS OUTCOMES There is a That the majority tradition of of people in DAPA celebrating remember my birthdays at birthday and wish CABE me well! People need an 31 March is a little excuse to less serious than it celebrate would otherwise have been Not everyone in DAPA knows how important it is to celebrate my birthday
  10. 10. Paulʼs 2010 Birthday Greetings Campaign ASSUMPTIONS INPUTS ACTIVITIES OUTPUTS OUTCOMES There is a At least 20 That the majority tradition of members of DAPA of people in DAPA celebrating have heard me say remember my birthdays at that my birthday birthday and wish CABE coincides with the me well! end of the financial People need an year 31 March is a little excuse to less serious than it celebrate At least 20 people would otherwise say ʻHappy have been Not everyone in Birthday!ʼ to me on DAPA knows 31 March 2010 how important it is to celebrate my birthday
  11. 11. Paulʼs 2010 Birthday Greetings Campaign ASSUMPTIONS INPUTS ACTIVITIES OUTPUTS OUTCOMES There is a My time Opportunistic links At least 20 That the majority tradition of are (appropriately) members of DAPA of people in DAPA celebrating Advocacy of made between my have heard me say remember my birthdays at colleagues who birthday and year that my birthday birthday and wish CABE have worked end in meetings coincides with the me well! with me before and conversations end of the financial People need an year 31 March is a little excuse to Intranet Time limited less serious than it celebrate programme of At least 20 people would otherwise Internal meetings ingratiation have been say ʻHappy Not everyone in instigated: making Birthday!ʼ to me on DAPA knows tea, smiling, 31 March 2010 how important it offering is to celebrate compliments my birthday
  12. 12. Including assumptions • A logic model only has to be logical and sequential • It becomes more powerful when you say why you expect the desired change to happen • Adding the causal mechanism moves the model from programme logic to programme theory
  13. 13. “A logic model brings program concepts and dreams to life” W.K.Kellogg Foundation Logic Model Development Guide “These models help build a common understanding between managers and evaluation ... such agreement is a pre-requisite for evaluation work that is likely to be useful to management. [These models] display the key events (inputs, activities, outcomes) that could be monitored and the assumed causal linkages that could be tested in evaluations of the program” Joseph S. Wholey, Harry P. Haltry and K.E Newcomer quoted in W.K.Kellogg Foundation Logic Model Development Guide “The idea that evaluation should include conceptualising and testing a program’s theory of change emerged in the 1970s as part of a more general concern about assessing a program’s readiness for evaluation........ evaluability assessment was the evaluator’s version of foreplay: getting the program ready for the act itself - the act being evaluation” Micheal Quinn Patton, Utilization-Focused Evaluation
  14. 14. Limits of logic (criticisms of logic models) • Over simplifying complex problems clear how model relates to wider environment) (include assumptions, be • Encourages narrow, linear thinking based on past experience (start with need and desired outcomes, and then work back to activities) • All very well but .... (start from the premise that evaluation is about helping focus effort on the right things, not just be about reporting on progress to funders, otherwise it is not worth the effort)
  15. 15. For real Using the CABE template
  16. 16. The end Good luck

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