2. Path Goal Theory
Developed by House and Dressler (1974).
Based on Expectancy theory of motivation.
Views manager as coach or guide to workers to
choose the best “path”.
Provides cognitive(intellectual) approach to
3. What should leaders
do?(according to this theory)
Engage in different types of leadership behavior
depending on the nature and demand of a
Ensure that follower’s goals are congruent with
the organization goals.
Help employeees reach personal &
organizational goals by pointing out paths they
should follow and providing them means to do so.
4. What traits of followers can affect
the impact of leaders on them?
5. According to locus of
7. Directive Leadership
Task oriented behavior
Tells subordinates what they are expected to do,
how and when.
Includes: developing systems, procedures, rules
and regulations, et al.
8. Supportive Leadership
Shows genuine concern and support for
Courteous and friendly interactions, enquires
about the well-being, and needs, approachable,
9. Participative Leadership
Creates environment of trust, engages subordinates
in consultations, and encourages their participation
Shares work problem with team and takes
Evaluates the suggestions and accept/reject, taking
followers in confidence.
12. Application based on
how to do it)
Higher Effort &