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March 2011 Apwa Presentation

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March 2011 Apwa Presentation

  1. 1. Broward County Recycling and Solid Waste Management: 2011 UpdatePresented to American Public Works Association, South Florida ChapterBy Phil Bresee, Recycling Program Manager, Broward CountyMarch 24, 2011<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Overview of Solid Waste and Recycling in Broward County<br />2<br />Broward cities provide for solid waste (MSW) and recycling collection services within their jurisdictions.<br />Municipal Franchise agreements (exclusive and non-exclusive)<br />Municipal fleet collections<br />Disposal capacity includes WTE plants, WM’s Central Disposal Landfill, Reuters MSW transfer operation.<br />Recyclables processed primarily through Reuters MRF; other independent MRFs.<br />All cities provide some level of residential recycling service<br />Large C&D debris collection and processing infrastructure.<br />Office of Waste and Recycling Services – provides programs and services for Resource Recovery System (RRS) cities; provides non-RRS services including School Board recycling and state MSW reports.<br />Photo courtesy of City of Fort Lauderdale<br />
  3. 3. Recent MSW and Recycling Trends in Broward County<br />* WTE = Gross amount combusted<br />3<br />
  4. 4. How Should We Manage our Solid Waste?<br />4<br />U.S. EPA created MSW management hierarchy in late 1980s.<br />Source, or waste reduction means minimizing or not creating waste in the first place. <br />Reuse and then recycling are preferred way to manage materials.<br />
  5. 5. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Contributions to GHG Emissions<br />5<br />= GHG emissions from “stuff” that becomes waste<br />Source: Governor’s Climate Action Team, 2008<br />Source: U.S. EPA, September 2009<br />
  6. 6. Environmental Benefits of Recycling <br />6<br />Greenhouse gases (GHG) are emitted during product life-cycles. <br />Recycling and waste reduction can be effective tools for reducing GHG by:<br /><ul><li>Reducing / eliminating emissions from raw materials extraction
  7. 7. Reducing emissions from energy consumption during manufacturing
  8. 8. Increases carbon sequestration (paper recycling)
  9. 9. Reducing methane emissions from landfills</li></ul>Illustration courtesy of U.S. EPA<br />
  10. 10. Environmental Benefits of Recycling & Waste Reduction (cont.)<br />7<br />US EPA and ICLEI (Local Governments for Sustainability) have developed models that allows communities to calculate GHG reduction benefits of recycling.<br />Based on nationwide recycling rate of 33% of MSW in 2007, estimated benefits were equivalent to: <br /><ul><li>Reduced GHG emissions of 193 million metric tons of CO2e
  11. 11. Removing 35 million cars from the road
  12. 12. 930,000 railcars of coal burned
  13. 13. Annual electricity usage by about 23.5 million households.
  14. 14. Saving the use of 240 million barrels of oil</li></ul>Source: US EPA; E. Dorn, RW Beck, 2008.<br />
  15. 15. Economic Benefits of Recycling<br />8<br />Recycling is value-added, creating more jobs per ton handled than disposal.<br />According to national economic study in 2001, US recycling and reuse industry accounted for:<br /><ul><li>$236 billion in annual revenues.
  16. 16. 56,000+ recycling & reuse establishments.
  17. 17. Employment of 1.1 million with annual payroll of $37 billion.</li></ul>Florida study determined:<br /><ul><li>$4.4 billion in annual revenues.
  18. 18. 3,700 recycling and reuse establishments.
  19. 19. Employment base of 32,000 with payroll of $765 million.</li></ul>Recyclables are commodities. (commodity prices have been impacted by global recession)<br />Illustration courtesy of US EPA.<br />
  20. 20. Residential Recycling<br />County assists curbside recycling in RRS cities through management of Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) contract.<br />Single-Stream, or “All-In-One” since 2009.<br />County staff led a series of workshops for cities in advance.<br />Increase of 12% in residential recyclables in FY 2010; on pace for further increases in FY 2011.<br />County rebates cities revenues earned from the MRF contract.<br />Residential recycling is typically backbone of overall recycling strategies.<br />9<br />
  21. 21. Residential Recycling - Multifamily<br />County and partner cities have begun to refocus efforts on condominium and apartment recycling programs.<br />About 45% of Broward County homes are considered multifamily.<br />Cities facilitate multifamily recycling through:<br /><ul><li>Part of solid waste & recycling collections contract
  22. 22. Ordinance
  23. 23. Hauler licensing</li></ul>Property managers/HOAs need ability to “right-size” garbage service levels.<br />County staff assists partner cities with:<br /><ul><li>Technical assistance
  24. 24. Site visits & inspections
  25. 25. Outreach materials, events and city-wide workshops </li></ul>10<br />
  26. 26. Electronics and HHW Recycling<br />E-Cycling and Household Hazardous Waste programs managed jointly and include:<br />Resident drop-off at three permanent stations<br />12 HHW and E-cycling collection events with partner cities; E-Cycling only for Earth Day, America Recycles Day and other one day collection events<br />Electronics are recycled; HHW is either recycled or disposed of in HHW permitted facilities.<br />Both programs continue to see strong participation and growth (more than 3 million lbs. of material captured between them in FY 2011).<br />11<br />
  27. 27. Recycling at Broward County Public Schools<br />County provides service through ILA with the School Board (non-RRS program).<br />RCAD works to establish linkages between recycling at school and at home.<br />Combined with county government agencies = ~340 facilities.<br />School Board recycles nearly 2,500 tons of material per year, saving nearly $1 million through avoided disposal.<br />12<br />
  28. 28. Other County Programs and Services <br />County staff has helped guide new approaches through contract and program management, workshops, meetings, reports, program proposals, etc.<br />Increased E-Cycling opportunities<br />Single-stream recycling<br />RecycleBank<br />Technical assistance (standard contract language, sample RFPs)<br />Recycling assistance grants<br />Webinars through SWANA, U.S. EPA, etc.<br />County provides broader, RRS-based program outreach but has also added focus in recent years.<br />Partnerships with cities for event and workshops<br />Recycling outreach template materials for use by cities<br />13<br />
  29. 29. What’s in Broward County’s MSW?<br />14<br />Big targets for recycling remain in Broward’s MSW stream...<br />
  30. 30. “OK. What do we do now?”<br /><ul><li>City-County and State policy goals and operational realities have begun to converge:
  31. 31. Flat-lined overall recycling rates and state’s 75% Diversion goal
  32. 32. City SW franchise agreement expirations
  33. 33. 2010 collection efficiencies workshops
  34. 34. City sustainability plans and initiatives
  35. 35. County Climate Change Action Plan
  36. 36. County Comp. Plan’s Solid Waste Element</li></ul>Increased recycling is common denominator.<br />15<br />
  37. 37. Florida’s 75% Recycling & Diversion Goal<br />16<br />Counties must meet in 2020 with incremental goals begin 2012 (40%).<br />Creates Recycling Business Assistance Council (RBAC).<br /><ul><li>Market development crucial</li></ul>Overall county C&D plan and pre-processing requirements<br />City expectations:<br /><ul><li>Design for recycling part of commercial C.O.
  38. 38. City and public entity recycling reporting requirements (to county)
  39. 39. Stay tuned:
  40. 40. “Renewable energy credits.” WTE formula creates 100%+ diversion rates…
  41. 41. Administrative rule-making suspended by governor in January; to be reviewed. </li></li></ul><li>Broward County Climate Change Action Plan Goals<br />17<br />Photo courtesy of San Francisco Dept. of the Environment<br />
  42. 42. Broward County Climate Change Action Plan Goals (cont.)<br />18<br />
  43. 43. Broward County Comprehensive Plan’s Solid Waste Element Goals<br />19<br />
  44. 44. Some Initial Steps Underway:<br /><ul><li>RecycleBank
  45. 45. Hollywood (February, 2010) has seen 130% increase in recyclables collected; Sunrise to begin Summer, 2011
  46. 46. Roll-out Carts for recycling (& automated MSW collections).
  47. 47. In Parkland, Hollywood, Coconut Creek, West Park…
  48. 48. Others to follow soon (Sunrise)
  49. 49. Green waste collections and public space recycling in Ft. Lauderdale.
  50. 50. Commercial Recycling in Deerfield Beach
  51. 51. City solid waste master planning including:
  52. 52. Coral Springs
  53. 53. Deerfield Beach
  54. 54. RRB Recycling “Stimulus” Funds (single-stream, carts)
  55. 55. Green waste/C&D RLI process</li></ul>20<br />
  56. 56. Continued City-County Partnerships<br />21<br /><ul><li>Goals dependent on strong city-county relationships.
  57. 57. Ensure consistency among city and county goals.
  58. 58. Establish realistic goals and performance indicators.
  59. 59. Partnerships allows for better resource utilizationand economies of scale.
  60. 60. Cities manage “touch-point” elements – collections, outreach.
  61. 61. Cities can lead through new contract approaches, ordinances, etc. </li></li></ul><li>Conclusions<br />Recycling continues to be a “low-hanging fruit” for cities and counties to use to help reduce their carbon footprints. Uses infrastructure already in place.<br />Recycling is also seen as a “gateway” to other positive environmental behaviors.<br />Convergence of legislation, city and county goals, technology, economics present “green” opportunity to change Broward County’s MSW management paradigm.<br />Questions?<br />Contact: pbresee@broward.org<br />22<br />Graphic courtesy of Arlington County Virginia<br />