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Broward County Recycling and Solid Waste Management: 2011 UpdatePresented to American Public Works Association, South Florida ChapterBy Phil Bresee, Recycling Program Manager, Broward CountyMarch 24, 2011<br />1<br />
Overview of Solid Waste and Recycling in Broward County<br />2<br />Broward cities provide for solid waste (MSW) and recycling collection services within their jurisdictions.<br />Municipal Franchise agreements (exclusive and non-exclusive)<br />Municipal fleet collections<br />Disposal capacity includes WTE plants, WM’s Central Disposal Landfill, Reuters MSW transfer operation.<br />Recyclables processed primarily through Reuters MRF; other independent MRFs.<br />All cities provide some level of residential recycling service<br />Large C&D debris collection and processing infrastructure.<br />Office of Waste and Recycling Services – provides programs and services for Resource Recovery System (RRS) cities; provides non-RRS services including School Board recycling and state MSW reports.<br />Photo courtesy of City of Fort Lauderdale<br />
Recent MSW and Recycling Trends in Broward County<br />* WTE = Gross amount combusted<br />3<br />
How Should We Manage our Solid Waste?<br />4<br />U.S. EPA created MSW management hierarchy in late 1980s.<br />Source, or waste reduction means minimizing or not creating waste in the first place. <br />Reuse and then recycling are preferred way to manage materials.<br />
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Contributions to GHG Emissions<br />5<br />= GHG emissions from “stuff” that becomes waste<br />Source: Governor’s Climate Action Team, 2008<br />Source: U.S. EPA, September 2009<br />
Environmental Benefits of Recycling <br />6<br />Greenhouse gases (GHG) are emitted during product life-cycles. <br />Recycling and waste reduction can be effective tools for reducing GHG by:<br /><ul><li>Reducing / eliminating emissions from raw materials extraction
Reducing emissions from energy consumption during manufacturing
Reducing methane emissions from landfills</li></ul>Illustration courtesy of U.S. EPA<br />
Environmental Benefits of Recycling & Waste Reduction (cont.)<br />7<br />US EPA and ICLEI (Local Governments for Sustainability) have developed models that allows communities to calculate GHG reduction benefits of recycling.<br />Based on nationwide recycling rate of 33% of MSW in 2007, estimated benefits were equivalent to: <br /><ul><li>Reduced GHG emissions of 193 million metric tons of CO2e
Annual electricity usage by about 23.5 million households.
Saving the use of 240 million barrels of oil</li></ul>Source: US EPA; E. Dorn, RW Beck, 2008.<br />
Economic Benefits of Recycling<br />8<br />Recycling is value-added, creating more jobs per ton handled than disposal.<br />According to national economic study in 2001, US recycling and reuse industry accounted for:<br /><ul><li>$236 billion in annual revenues.
Employment base of 32,000 with payroll of $765 million.</li></ul>Recyclables are commodities. (commodity prices have been impacted by global recession)<br />Illustration courtesy of US EPA.<br />
Residential Recycling<br />County assists curbside recycling in RRS cities through management of Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) contract.<br />Single-Stream, or “All-In-One” since 2009.<br />County staff led a series of workshops for cities in advance.<br />Increase of 12% in residential recyclables in FY 2010; on pace for further increases in FY 2011.<br />County rebates cities revenues earned from the MRF contract.<br />Residential recycling is typically backbone of overall recycling strategies.<br />9<br />
Residential Recycling - Multifamily<br />County and partner cities have begun to refocus efforts on condominium and apartment recycling programs.<br />About 45% of Broward County homes are considered multifamily.<br />Cities facilitate multifamily recycling through:<br /><ul><li>Part of solid waste & recycling collections contract
Outreach materials, events and city-wide workshops </li></ul>10<br />
Electronics and HHW Recycling<br />E-Cycling and Household Hazardous Waste programs managed jointly and include:<br />Resident drop-off at three permanent stations<br />12 HHW and E-cycling collection events with partner cities; E-Cycling only for Earth Day, America Recycles Day and other one day collection events<br />Electronics are recycled; HHW is either recycled or disposed of in HHW permitted facilities.<br />Both programs continue to see strong participation and growth (more than 3 million lbs. of material captured between them in FY 2011).<br />11<br />
Recycling at Broward County Public Schools<br />County provides service through ILA with the School Board (non-RRS program).<br />RCAD works to establish linkages between recycling at school and at home.<br />Combined with county government agencies = ~340 facilities.<br />School Board recycles nearly 2,500 tons of material per year, saving nearly $1 million through avoided disposal.<br />12<br />
Other County Programs and Services <br />County staff has helped guide new approaches through contract and program management, workshops, meetings, reports, program proposals, etc.<br />Increased E-Cycling opportunities<br />Single-stream recycling<br />RecycleBank<br />Technical assistance (standard contract language, sample RFPs)<br />Recycling assistance grants<br />Webinars through SWANA, U.S. EPA, etc.<br />County provides broader, RRS-based program outreach but has also added focus in recent years.<br />Partnerships with cities for event and workshops<br />Recycling outreach template materials for use by cities<br />13<br />
What’s in Broward County’s MSW?<br />14<br />Big targets for recycling remain in Broward’s MSW stream...<br />
“OK. What do we do now?”<br /><ul><li>City-County and State policy goals and operational realities have begun to converge:
Flat-lined overall recycling rates and state’s 75% Diversion goal
County Comp. Plan’s Solid Waste Element</li></ul>Increased recycling is common denominator.<br />15<br />
Florida’s 75% Recycling & Diversion Goal<br />16<br />Counties must meet in 2020 with incremental goals begin 2012 (40%).<br />Creates Recycling Business Assistance Council (RBAC).<br /><ul><li>Market development crucial</li></ul>Overall county C&D plan and pre-processing requirements<br />City expectations:<br /><ul><li>Design for recycling part of commercial C.O.
City and public entity recycling reporting requirements (to county)
“Renewable energy credits.” WTE formula creates 100%+ diversion rates…
Administrative rule-making suspended by governor in January; to be reviewed. </li></li></ul><li>Broward County Climate Change Action Plan Goals<br />17<br />Photo courtesy of San Francisco Dept. of the Environment<br />
Broward County Climate Change Action Plan Goals (cont.)<br />18<br />
Broward County Comprehensive Plan’s Solid Waste Element Goals<br />19<br />
Some Initial Steps Underway:<br /><ul><li>RecycleBank
Hollywood (February, 2010) has seen 130% increase in recyclables collected; Sunrise to begin Summer, 2011
Roll-out Carts for recycling (& automated MSW collections).
In Parkland, Hollywood, Coconut Creek, West Park…
Continued City-County Partnerships<br />21<br /><ul><li>Goals dependent on strong city-county relationships.
Ensure consistency among city and county goals.
Establish realistic goals and performance indicators.
Partnerships allows for better resource utilizationand economies of scale.
Cities manage “touch-point” elements – collections, outreach.
Cities can lead through new contract approaches, ordinances, etc. </li></li></ul><li>Conclusions<br />Recycling continues to be a “low-hanging fruit” for cities and counties to use to help reduce their carbon footprints. Uses infrastructure already in place.<br />Recycling is also seen as a “gateway” to other positive environmental behaviors.<br />Convergence of legislation, city and county goals, technology, economics present “green” opportunity to change Broward County’s MSW management paradigm.<br />Questions?<br />Contact: email@example.com<br />22<br />Graphic courtesy of Arlington County Virginia<br />