• It is the status of being a citizen possessed
with all the rights and privileges.
• Accorded with full civil and political rights.
• Citizens were expected of allegiance to their
• Citizens – members of a community who have
associated and submitted themselves to the
authority of a government for the promotion
of their welfare and protection of their rights
from within and outside the territory of a
6. Four Classes of Philippine
• 1. Those who are citizens of the
Philippines at the adoption of the
• 2. Those whose fathers or
mothers are citizens of the
Philippines (jus sanguinis)
7. Four Classes of Philippine
• 3. Those born before January 17,
1973 of Filipino mothers, who
elect Philippine citizenship after
reaching the age of majority.
• 4. Those who are naturalized in
accordance with law.
19. Citizenship by Naturalization
Types of Naturalization:
An alien wishes to acquire citizenship of a
country other than his own.
Citizens of a territory of a colonizer-state may
be collectively naturalized as citizens of a
21. Citizenship by Naturalization
Can be by:
1. By Judicial Process
A foreigner is required to possess certain
prescribed qualifications such as: age, residence, good
moral character and other qualification.
2. By Legislation
By means of a statute a foreigner becomes a
citizen of the country. Either the foreigner has made a
noble contribution to the state.
22. Filipino Naturalization Process
• 1. Filing of declaration of intention one year
prior to the Office of the Solicitor General
• 2. Filing of the petition, with affidavit of two
credible Filipino citizens
• 3. Publication of the petition
• 4. Actual residence in the Philippines
23. Filipino Naturalization Process
• 5. Hearing of the Petition.
• 6. Promulgation of the Decision.
• 7. Hearing after 2 years.
• 8. Oath-taking and issuance of the certificate
28. Can a Citizenship be Lost?
1. Naturalization in a foreign
2. Expressed renunciation of
3. By service in the armed forces of
29. Can a Citizenship be Lost?
4. Declaration by a competent
authority of being a deserter from
the armed forces of his country.
5. By cancellation of the certificate of
6. Swearing allegiance to another
country by 21 years old.
30. ‘John is a natural-born Filipino. He
went to America to look for a job.
He went on to work for 3 years.
After 5 more years, he applied for
naturalization in the US. But a year
after, he wanted to revert back to
being a Filipino.’
Can John reacquire his citizenship?
35. Roles of Citizens
• 1. Loyalty to the Country
• 2. Defense of the State
• 3. Participation in the Devleopment and Welfare
of the State
• 4. Upholding the Constitution and Obedience to
the Laws of the Land
• 5. Exercise of Suffrage and Participation in the