SlideShare une entreprise Scribd logo

Challenges to the Idea of a Federal Philippines

Challenges to the Idea of a Federal Philippines by Atty. Rommel Bagares. Presentation for the HSF-PPI Seminar on Understanding Federalism for Media Practitioners.

1  sur  8
Télécharger pour lire hors ligne
Challenges to the Idea of a Federal
Philippines
Hans Siedel Stiftung-PPI Seminar
VIP Hotel, CDO
8 September 2018
Atty. Romel Regalado Bagares
Executive Director (on sabbatical)
Center for International Law
Preliminary Remarks
• My remarks are not a rejection of the Federal idea per
se;
• Rather, they point to key challenges to making a good
idea into concrete reality
• The challenges may be just a question of when, rather
than being wholly ideological in orientation
• Three main points: philosophical/foundational, pre-
conditions, economic
I. Philosophical and Foundational
Challenges
• Johannes Althusius (1557-
1638)
• German jurist from Emden
who was a colleague of Jean
Calvin and Theodor Beza
• Wrote Politica (1603), which
is considered the first
systematic exposition of the
philosophical and legal
foundations of federalism
Philosophical and Foundational
Challenges
• government from below
• “bottom up” versus “top
down”
KEY IDEAS
• politics as symbiotic
• the idea of consociatio –
strong mutual social and
political bonds founded
on mutual
communication on many
fronts and across groups,
bodies, associations, and
not just the government
Philosophical and Foundational
Challenges
• gradual and natural development
and not an arbitrary imposition
(the development of a political
culture friendly to a federated
state)
• European experience took a long
time from Althusius’ era (17th
century)
TAKE AWAY:
consociatio: federalism unites, not
divides: but current political
situation is toxic
SWS survey: 75 % of Pinoys not
aware of federalism (March 2018)
To begin with: is this “awareness”
equivalent to a deep understanding?
Where is the requisite of mutual
communication?
II. Preconditions
• These should all happen
before the shift!
• a government of equitable
opportunities and
meritocracy, not an
oligarchy
• NEDA itself proposes a 15-
year transition period
• IDEALLY: at least a
“gestation” period for a
generation (20-25 years)?
Requisite political and
electoral reforms
• Anti-dynasty law
• Campaign finance reform
law
• guarantees for a
development and growth of
a strong, genuine political
party system against
capture of federal states by
local oligarchies

Recommandé

Institutions and Development
Institutions and DevelopmentInstitutions and Development
Institutions and DevelopmentMercatus Center
 
Development Policy
Development PolicyDevelopment Policy
Development PolicyHeidiCorrea
 
Module 6 power point final Luxottica
Module 6 power point final LuxotticaModule 6 power point final Luxottica
Module 6 power point final LuxotticaBrandon Dickens
 
Institutions and economic development
Institutions and economic developmentInstitutions and economic development
Institutions and economic developmentMajd Zghayar
 
KeneuoeMphutlaneSeniorSeminar
KeneuoeMphutlaneSeniorSeminarKeneuoeMphutlaneSeniorSeminar
KeneuoeMphutlaneSeniorSeminarKeneuoe Mphutlane
 
A6 b6 advocacy_sean_laird_2011 ocasi ed
A6 b6 advocacy_sean_laird_2011 ocasi edA6 b6 advocacy_sean_laird_2011 ocasi ed
A6 b6 advocacy_sean_laird_2011 ocasi edocasiconference
 
Political Environment
Political EnvironmentPolitical Environment
Political EnvironmentBJVM
 

Contenu connexe

Tendances

288 33 powerpoint-slides_chapter-8-political-legal-environment
288 33 powerpoint-slides_chapter-8-political-legal-environment288 33 powerpoint-slides_chapter-8-political-legal-environment
288 33 powerpoint-slides_chapter-8-political-legal-environmentKAMALIYA PANKAJ
 
The Economics of Justice presentation to the European Economic Summit 7sep2016
The Economics of Justice presentation to the European Economic Summit 7sep2016The Economics of Justice presentation to the European Economic Summit 7sep2016
The Economics of Justice presentation to the European Economic Summit 7sep2016Prabhu Guptara
 
International political environment - class material
International political environment - class materialInternational political environment - class material
International political environment - class materialErnesto Luna
 
Mgnt4670 Ch 2 Differences In Political Economy
Mgnt4670 Ch 2  Differences In Political EconomyMgnt4670 Ch 2  Differences In Political Economy
Mgnt4670 Ch 2 Differences In Political Economyknksmart
 
Political environment
Political environmentPolitical environment
Political environmentNikita
 
Global Politics & Global Business Group Presentation
Global Politics & Global Business Group PresentationGlobal Politics & Global Business Group Presentation
Global Politics & Global Business Group Presentationsimonho8
 
Finance, ethics and trust (abstract) - Maverlinn
Finance, ethics and trust (abstract) - MaverlinnFinance, ethics and trust (abstract) - Maverlinn
Finance, ethics and trust (abstract) - MaverlinnOlivier Coispeau
 
Political and legal environment of Business
Political  and  legal environment of BusinessPolitical  and  legal environment of Business
Political and legal environment of BusinessRucha Kularkar
 
Political and legal environment
Political and legal environmentPolitical and legal environment
Political and legal environmentRohit Raina
 
Political environment
Political environmentPolitical environment
Political environmentRajThakuri
 
Political Environment - International Business - Manu Melwin Joy
Political Environment - International Business - Manu Melwin JoyPolitical Environment - International Business - Manu Melwin Joy
Political Environment - International Business - Manu Melwin Joymanumelwin
 
Tax-Exempt Organizations:The Basics
Tax-Exempt Organizations:The Basics Tax-Exempt Organizations:The Basics
Tax-Exempt Organizations:The Basics Quarles & Brady
 
Venture capital
Venture capitalVenture capital
Venture capitalOla Brown
 
Political Environment[1]
Political Environment[1]Political Environment[1]
Political Environment[1]pratiksjain
 
Defining Economic Freedom
Defining Economic FreedomDefining Economic Freedom
Defining Economic FreedomMiqui Mel
 
AIC 2017 Spring Report
AIC 2017 Spring ReportAIC 2017 Spring Report
AIC 2017 Spring ReportShibfilet
 

Tendances (20)

288 33 powerpoint-slides_chapter-8-political-legal-environment
288 33 powerpoint-slides_chapter-8-political-legal-environment288 33 powerpoint-slides_chapter-8-political-legal-environment
288 33 powerpoint-slides_chapter-8-political-legal-environment
 
The Economics of Justice presentation to the European Economic Summit 7sep2016
The Economics of Justice presentation to the European Economic Summit 7sep2016The Economics of Justice presentation to the European Economic Summit 7sep2016
The Economics of Justice presentation to the European Economic Summit 7sep2016
 
Free Market Road Show 2013 | Dan Mitchell
Free Market Road Show 2013 |  Dan MitchellFree Market Road Show 2013 |  Dan Mitchell
Free Market Road Show 2013 | Dan Mitchell
 
Free Market Road Show 2013 | Gia Jandieri
Free Market Road Show 2013 |  Gia JandieriFree Market Road Show 2013 |  Gia Jandieri
Free Market Road Show 2013 | Gia Jandieri
 
Ch01 envir
Ch01 envirCh01 envir
Ch01 envir
 
International political environment - class material
International political environment - class materialInternational political environment - class material
International political environment - class material
 
Mgnt4670 Ch 2 Differences In Political Economy
Mgnt4670 Ch 2  Differences In Political EconomyMgnt4670 Ch 2  Differences In Political Economy
Mgnt4670 Ch 2 Differences In Political Economy
 
Political environment
Political environmentPolitical environment
Political environment
 
Global Politics & Global Business Group Presentation
Global Politics & Global Business Group PresentationGlobal Politics & Global Business Group Presentation
Global Politics & Global Business Group Presentation
 
Finance, ethics and trust (abstract) - Maverlinn
Finance, ethics and trust (abstract) - MaverlinnFinance, ethics and trust (abstract) - Maverlinn
Finance, ethics and trust (abstract) - Maverlinn
 
Political and legal environment of Business
Political  and  legal environment of BusinessPolitical  and  legal environment of Business
Political and legal environment of Business
 
Political and legal environment
Political and legal environmentPolitical and legal environment
Political and legal environment
 
Political environment
Political environmentPolitical environment
Political environment
 
Political Environment - International Business - Manu Melwin Joy
Political Environment - International Business - Manu Melwin JoyPolitical Environment - International Business - Manu Melwin Joy
Political Environment - International Business - Manu Melwin Joy
 
Tax-Exempt Organizations:The Basics
Tax-Exempt Organizations:The Basics Tax-Exempt Organizations:The Basics
Tax-Exempt Organizations:The Basics
 
Venture capital
Venture capitalVenture capital
Venture capital
 
Political Environment[1]
Political Environment[1]Political Environment[1]
Political Environment[1]
 
Informalpaper
InformalpaperInformalpaper
Informalpaper
 
Defining Economic Freedom
Defining Economic FreedomDefining Economic Freedom
Defining Economic Freedom
 
AIC 2017 Spring Report
AIC 2017 Spring ReportAIC 2017 Spring Report
AIC 2017 Spring Report
 

Similaire à Challenges to the Idea of a Federal Philippines

Social Policy Analysis - Political Economy of Welfare
Social Policy Analysis - Political Economy of WelfareSocial Policy Analysis - Political Economy of Welfare
Social Policy Analysis - Political Economy of WelfareUniversity of York
 
Investment treaties: What they are and why they matter
Investment treaties: What they are and why they matterInvestment treaties: What they are and why they matter
Investment treaties: What they are and why they matterIIED
 
Free A Billion: The Constitution is Broken
Free A Billion: The Constitution is BrokenFree A Billion: The Constitution is Broken
Free A Billion: The Constitution is BrokenFAB2020
 
Public, private, politics
Public, private, politicsPublic, private, politics
Public, private, politicsNathan Loynes
 
Rodrik_Feasible_GlobalizationsFEASIBLE GLOBALIZATIONS .docx
Rodrik_Feasible_GlobalizationsFEASIBLE GLOBALIZATIONS  .docxRodrik_Feasible_GlobalizationsFEASIBLE GLOBALIZATIONS  .docx
Rodrik_Feasible_GlobalizationsFEASIBLE GLOBALIZATIONS .docxhealdkathaleen
 
China Unbalanced Essay
China Unbalanced EssayChina Unbalanced Essay
China Unbalanced EssayGina Alfaro
 
Practical Economics NICVA June 2014 - Markets and the Financial Crash
Practical Economics NICVA June 2014 - Markets and the Financial CrashPractical Economics NICVA June 2014 - Markets and the Financial Crash
Practical Economics NICVA June 2014 - Markets and the Financial CrashConor McCabe
 
Economic Systems Essay
Economic Systems EssayEconomic Systems Essay
Economic Systems EssayAndrea Lee
 
Pest (political)
Pest (political)Pest (political)
Pest (political)BIJOYA
 
Pest (political)
Pest (political)Pest (political)
Pest (political)BIJOYA
 

Similaire à Challenges to the Idea of a Federal Philippines (20)

Social Policy Analysis - Political Economy of Welfare
Social Policy Analysis - Political Economy of WelfareSocial Policy Analysis - Political Economy of Welfare
Social Policy Analysis - Political Economy of Welfare
 
Investment treaties: What they are and why they matter
Investment treaties: What they are and why they matterInvestment treaties: What they are and why they matter
Investment treaties: What they are and why they matter
 
Political and Social Considerations
Political and Social ConsiderationsPolitical and Social Considerations
Political and Social Considerations
 
Institutions & Economic Development
Institutions & Economic DevelopmentInstitutions & Economic Development
Institutions & Economic Development
 
Short Review
Short ReviewShort Review
Short Review
 
Free A Billion: The Constitution is Broken
Free A Billion: The Constitution is BrokenFree A Billion: The Constitution is Broken
Free A Billion: The Constitution is Broken
 
Political Environment
Political EnvironmentPolitical Environment
Political Environment
 
Public, private, politics
Public, private, politicsPublic, private, politics
Public, private, politics
 
Taxation Summary
Taxation SummaryTaxation Summary
Taxation Summary
 
Rodrik_Feasible_GlobalizationsFEASIBLE GLOBALIZATIONS .docx
Rodrik_Feasible_GlobalizationsFEASIBLE GLOBALIZATIONS  .docxRodrik_Feasible_GlobalizationsFEASIBLE GLOBALIZATIONS  .docx
Rodrik_Feasible_GlobalizationsFEASIBLE GLOBALIZATIONS .docx
 
What is earth worth
What is earth worthWhat is earth worth
What is earth worth
 
China Unbalanced Essay
China Unbalanced EssayChina Unbalanced Essay
China Unbalanced Essay
 
Essay On Raising Capital
Essay On Raising CapitalEssay On Raising Capital
Essay On Raising Capital
 
The Illusory Lure of “Good Governance” and the hard realities of growth in po...
The Illusory Lure of “Good Governance” and the hard realities of growth in po...The Illusory Lure of “Good Governance” and the hard realities of growth in po...
The Illusory Lure of “Good Governance” and the hard realities of growth in po...
 
Practical Economics NICVA June 2014 - Markets and the Financial Crash
Practical Economics NICVA June 2014 - Markets and the Financial CrashPractical Economics NICVA June 2014 - Markets and the Financial Crash
Practical Economics NICVA June 2014 - Markets and the Financial Crash
 
Fairfield.ppt
Fairfield.pptFairfield.ppt
Fairfield.ppt
 
Economic Systems Essay
Economic Systems EssayEconomic Systems Essay
Economic Systems Essay
 
Pest (political)
Pest (political)Pest (political)
Pest (political)
 
Pest (political)
Pest (political)Pest (political)
Pest (political)
 
Node health seminar 8 april 2015_graeme hodge
Node health seminar 8 april 2015_graeme hodgeNode health seminar 8 april 2015_graeme hodge
Node health seminar 8 april 2015_graeme hodge
 

Plus de Philippine Press Institute

The puno con com constitution, democracy and media by christian s. monsod
The puno con com constitution, democracy and media by christian s. monsodThe puno con com constitution, democracy and media by christian s. monsod
The puno con com constitution, democracy and media by christian s. monsodPhilippine Press Institute
 
Consultative committee on federalism by nene pimentel
Consultative committee on federalism by nene pimentelConsultative committee on federalism by nene pimentel
Consultative committee on federalism by nene pimentelPhilippine Press Institute
 
Caliba autonomy as a mechanism to address exclusion and enhance participation...
Caliba autonomy as a mechanism to address exclusion and enhance participation...Caliba autonomy as a mechanism to address exclusion and enhance participation...
Caliba autonomy as a mechanism to address exclusion and enhance participation...Philippine Press Institute
 
A Personal View on the Draft Charter on Philippine Federalism
A Personal View on the Draft Charter on Philippine FederalismA Personal View on the Draft Charter on Philippine Federalism
A Personal View on the Draft Charter on Philippine FederalismPhilippine Press Institute
 
Going Beyond Concepts: The Consultative Committee Draft Federal Philippine Co...
Going Beyond Concepts: The Consultative Committee Draft Federal Philippine Co...Going Beyond Concepts: The Consultative Committee Draft Federal Philippine Co...
Going Beyond Concepts: The Consultative Committee Draft Federal Philippine Co...Philippine Press Institute
 
Fiscal Federalism and Comparative Analysis of Practices Regarding Political D...
Fiscal Federalism and Comparative Analysis of Practices Regarding Political D...Fiscal Federalism and Comparative Analysis of Practices Regarding Political D...
Fiscal Federalism and Comparative Analysis of Practices Regarding Political D...Philippine Press Institute
 
Challenges to the Idea of a Federal Philippines
Challenges to the Idea of a Federal PhilippinesChallenges to the Idea of a Federal Philippines
Challenges to the Idea of a Federal PhilippinesPhilippine Press Institute
 
PPI Board of Governors 1964 up to Present as of July 2018
PPI Board of Governors 1964 up to Present as of July 2018PPI Board of Governors 1964 up to Present as of July 2018
PPI Board of Governors 1964 up to Present as of July 2018Philippine Press Institute
 
Vera Files Fact Checking: A Guide to Debunking Falsehoods and Fake News
Vera Files Fact Checking: A Guide to Debunking Falsehoods and Fake News Vera Files Fact Checking: A Guide to Debunking Falsehoods and Fake News
Vera Files Fact Checking: A Guide to Debunking Falsehoods and Fake News Philippine Press Institute
 

Plus de Philippine Press Institute (20)

Team Geornie
Team GeornieTeam Geornie
Team Geornie
 
Face of Poverty (Kawing Kawing Group)
Face of Poverty (Kawing Kawing Group) Face of Poverty (Kawing Kawing Group)
Face of Poverty (Kawing Kawing Group)
 
Grandma joins 4Ps
Grandma joins 4PsGrandma joins 4Ps
Grandma joins 4Ps
 
Kabuhayan sa Gulayan na dapat tularan
Kabuhayan sa Gulayan na dapat tularanKabuhayan sa Gulayan na dapat tularan
Kabuhayan sa Gulayan na dapat tularan
 
Sambong
SambongSambong
Sambong
 
Understanding Poverty in the Philippines
Understanding Poverty in the PhilippinesUnderstanding Poverty in the Philippines
Understanding Poverty in the Philippines
 
The puno con com constitution, democracy and media by christian s. monsod
The puno con com constitution, democracy and media by christian s. monsodThe puno con com constitution, democracy and media by christian s. monsod
The puno con com constitution, democracy and media by christian s. monsod
 
Consultative committee on federalism by nene pimentel
Consultative committee on federalism by nene pimentelConsultative committee on federalism by nene pimentel
Consultative committee on federalism by nene pimentel
 
Caliba autonomy as a mechanism to address exclusion and enhance participation...
Caliba autonomy as a mechanism to address exclusion and enhance participation...Caliba autonomy as a mechanism to address exclusion and enhance participation...
Caliba autonomy as a mechanism to address exclusion and enhance participation...
 
A Personal View on the Draft Charter on Philippine Federalism
A Personal View on the Draft Charter on Philippine FederalismA Personal View on the Draft Charter on Philippine Federalism
A Personal View on the Draft Charter on Philippine Federalism
 
Going Beyond Concepts: The Consultative Committee Draft Federal Philippine Co...
Going Beyond Concepts: The Consultative Committee Draft Federal Philippine Co...Going Beyond Concepts: The Consultative Committee Draft Federal Philippine Co...
Going Beyond Concepts: The Consultative Committee Draft Federal Philippine Co...
 
Federalism overview by Atty. Barry Gutierrez
Federalism overview by Atty. Barry GutierrezFederalism overview by Atty. Barry Gutierrez
Federalism overview by Atty. Barry Gutierrez
 
Bangsamoro Organic Law
Bangsamoro Organic Law Bangsamoro Organic Law
Bangsamoro Organic Law
 
Fiscal Federalism and Comparative Analysis of Practices Regarding Political D...
Fiscal Federalism and Comparative Analysis of Practices Regarding Political D...Fiscal Federalism and Comparative Analysis of Practices Regarding Political D...
Fiscal Federalism and Comparative Analysis of Practices Regarding Political D...
 
Salient Points of ConCom Draft Charter
Salient Points of ConCom Draft CharterSalient Points of ConCom Draft Charter
Salient Points of ConCom Draft Charter
 
WhatisFederalism? Key Characteristics.
WhatisFederalism? Key Characteristics.WhatisFederalism? Key Characteristics.
WhatisFederalism? Key Characteristics.
 
Challenges to the Idea of a Federal Philippines
Challenges to the Idea of a Federal PhilippinesChallenges to the Idea of a Federal Philippines
Challenges to the Idea of a Federal Philippines
 
Salient Points of The Draft Charter
Salient Points of The Draft CharterSalient Points of The Draft Charter
Salient Points of The Draft Charter
 
PPI Board of Governors 1964 up to Present as of July 2018
PPI Board of Governors 1964 up to Present as of July 2018PPI Board of Governors 1964 up to Present as of July 2018
PPI Board of Governors 1964 up to Present as of July 2018
 
Vera Files Fact Checking: A Guide to Debunking Falsehoods and Fake News
Vera Files Fact Checking: A Guide to Debunking Falsehoods and Fake News Vera Files Fact Checking: A Guide to Debunking Falsehoods and Fake News
Vera Files Fact Checking: A Guide to Debunking Falsehoods and Fake News
 

Dernier

Partnerships for Resilient Prosperity in the Caribbean
Partnerships for Resilient Prosperity in the CaribbeanPartnerships for Resilient Prosperity in the Caribbean
Partnerships for Resilient Prosperity in the CaribbeanCaribbean Development Bank
 
Supporting Resilient Prosperity in the Caribbean
Supporting Resilient Prosperity in the CaribbeanSupporting Resilient Prosperity in the Caribbean
Supporting Resilient Prosperity in the CaribbeanCaribbean Development Bank
 
VAWC-RA-9262 Anti Violence Against Women and THeir Children
VAWC-RA-9262 Anti Violence Against Women and THeir ChildrenVAWC-RA-9262 Anti Violence Against Women and THeir Children
VAWC-RA-9262 Anti Violence Against Women and THeir Childrendilgpitogo2023
 
ONLINE RESORT BOOKING SYSTEM WEBSITE 1.pptx
ONLINE RESORT BOOKING SYSTEM WEBSITE 1.pptxONLINE RESORT BOOKING SYSTEM WEBSITE 1.pptx
ONLINE RESORT BOOKING SYSTEM WEBSITE 1.pptxDivyaPatel621561
 
Instructional Supervision - By Dr. Cherinet Aytenfsu Weldearegay.pdf
Instructional Supervision - By Dr. Cherinet Aytenfsu Weldearegay.pdfInstructional Supervision - By Dr. Cherinet Aytenfsu Weldearegay.pdf
Instructional Supervision - By Dr. Cherinet Aytenfsu Weldearegay.pdfaytenfsuc
 
KKrish - DOVE Leadership Program Concept
KKrish - DOVE Leadership Program ConceptKKrish - DOVE Leadership Program Concept
KKrish - DOVE Leadership Program ConceptKarthik Krishna
 
Space expansion: cultural considerations, long term perspectives, and spiritu...
Space expansion: cultural considerations, long term perspectives, and spiritu...Space expansion: cultural considerations, long term perspectives, and spiritu...
Space expansion: cultural considerations, long term perspectives, and spiritu...Giulio Prisco
 
AWS RDS Data API and CloudTrail. Who drop the table_.pdf
AWS RDS Data API and CloudTrail. Who drop the table_.pdfAWS RDS Data API and CloudTrail. Who drop the table_.pdf
AWS RDS Data API and CloudTrail. Who drop the table_.pdfVladimir Samoylov
 
Teams Nation 2024 - #Copilot & Teams or Just Premium.pptx
Teams Nation 2024 - #Copilot & Teams or Just Premium.pptxTeams Nation 2024 - #Copilot & Teams or Just Premium.pptx
Teams Nation 2024 - #Copilot & Teams or Just Premium.pptxKai Stenberg
 
DAY 05 Book of Revelation 2-18-24 PPT.pptx
DAY 05 Book of Revelation 2-18-24 PPT.pptxDAY 05 Book of Revelation 2-18-24 PPT.pptx
DAY 05 Book of Revelation 2-18-24 PPT.pptxFamilyWorshipCenterD
 
Present and Future Requisites for Prosperity in the Caribbean
Present and Future Requisites for Prosperity in the CaribbeanPresent and Future Requisites for Prosperity in the Caribbean
Present and Future Requisites for Prosperity in the CaribbeanCaribbean Development Bank
 
1.2 Ingredients Used for Sandwiches 1.3 Culinary Terms.pptx
1.2 Ingredients Used for Sandwiches 1.3 Culinary Terms.pptx1.2 Ingredients Used for Sandwiches 1.3 Culinary Terms.pptx
1.2 Ingredients Used for Sandwiches 1.3 Culinary Terms.pptxNinia
 
Chapter 20 Firms in IGCSE economics presentation
Chapter 20  Firms in IGCSE  economics presentationChapter 20  Firms in IGCSE  economics presentation
Chapter 20 Firms in IGCSE economics presentationSamandarbekNumonov
 

Dernier (14)

Auditorium Session 1 - Connection - Inclusion
Auditorium Session 1 - Connection - InclusionAuditorium Session 1 - Connection - Inclusion
Auditorium Session 1 - Connection - Inclusion
 
Partnerships for Resilient Prosperity in the Caribbean
Partnerships for Resilient Prosperity in the CaribbeanPartnerships for Resilient Prosperity in the Caribbean
Partnerships for Resilient Prosperity in the Caribbean
 
Supporting Resilient Prosperity in the Caribbean
Supporting Resilient Prosperity in the CaribbeanSupporting Resilient Prosperity in the Caribbean
Supporting Resilient Prosperity in the Caribbean
 
VAWC-RA-9262 Anti Violence Against Women and THeir Children
VAWC-RA-9262 Anti Violence Against Women and THeir ChildrenVAWC-RA-9262 Anti Violence Against Women and THeir Children
VAWC-RA-9262 Anti Violence Against Women and THeir Children
 
ONLINE RESORT BOOKING SYSTEM WEBSITE 1.pptx
ONLINE RESORT BOOKING SYSTEM WEBSITE 1.pptxONLINE RESORT BOOKING SYSTEM WEBSITE 1.pptx
ONLINE RESORT BOOKING SYSTEM WEBSITE 1.pptx
 
Instructional Supervision - By Dr. Cherinet Aytenfsu Weldearegay.pdf
Instructional Supervision - By Dr. Cherinet Aytenfsu Weldearegay.pdfInstructional Supervision - By Dr. Cherinet Aytenfsu Weldearegay.pdf
Instructional Supervision - By Dr. Cherinet Aytenfsu Weldearegay.pdf
 
KKrish - DOVE Leadership Program Concept
KKrish - DOVE Leadership Program ConceptKKrish - DOVE Leadership Program Concept
KKrish - DOVE Leadership Program Concept
 
Space expansion: cultural considerations, long term perspectives, and spiritu...
Space expansion: cultural considerations, long term perspectives, and spiritu...Space expansion: cultural considerations, long term perspectives, and spiritu...
Space expansion: cultural considerations, long term perspectives, and spiritu...
 
AWS RDS Data API and CloudTrail. Who drop the table_.pdf
AWS RDS Data API and CloudTrail. Who drop the table_.pdfAWS RDS Data API and CloudTrail. Who drop the table_.pdf
AWS RDS Data API and CloudTrail. Who drop the table_.pdf
 
Teams Nation 2024 - #Copilot & Teams or Just Premium.pptx
Teams Nation 2024 - #Copilot & Teams or Just Premium.pptxTeams Nation 2024 - #Copilot & Teams or Just Premium.pptx
Teams Nation 2024 - #Copilot & Teams or Just Premium.pptx
 
DAY 05 Book of Revelation 2-18-24 PPT.pptx
DAY 05 Book of Revelation 2-18-24 PPT.pptxDAY 05 Book of Revelation 2-18-24 PPT.pptx
DAY 05 Book of Revelation 2-18-24 PPT.pptx
 
Present and Future Requisites for Prosperity in the Caribbean
Present and Future Requisites for Prosperity in the CaribbeanPresent and Future Requisites for Prosperity in the Caribbean
Present and Future Requisites for Prosperity in the Caribbean
 
1.2 Ingredients Used for Sandwiches 1.3 Culinary Terms.pptx
1.2 Ingredients Used for Sandwiches 1.3 Culinary Terms.pptx1.2 Ingredients Used for Sandwiches 1.3 Culinary Terms.pptx
1.2 Ingredients Used for Sandwiches 1.3 Culinary Terms.pptx
 
Chapter 20 Firms in IGCSE economics presentation
Chapter 20  Firms in IGCSE  economics presentationChapter 20  Firms in IGCSE  economics presentation
Chapter 20 Firms in IGCSE economics presentation
 

Challenges to the Idea of a Federal Philippines

  • 1. Challenges to the Idea of a Federal Philippines Hans Siedel Stiftung-PPI Seminar VIP Hotel, CDO 8 September 2018 Atty. Romel Regalado Bagares Executive Director (on sabbatical) Center for International Law
  • 2. Preliminary Remarks • My remarks are not a rejection of the Federal idea per se; • Rather, they point to key challenges to making a good idea into concrete reality • The challenges may be just a question of when, rather than being wholly ideological in orientation • Three main points: philosophical/foundational, pre- conditions, economic
  • 3. I. Philosophical and Foundational Challenges • Johannes Althusius (1557- 1638) • German jurist from Emden who was a colleague of Jean Calvin and Theodor Beza • Wrote Politica (1603), which is considered the first systematic exposition of the philosophical and legal foundations of federalism
  • 4. Philosophical and Foundational Challenges • government from below • “bottom up” versus “top down” KEY IDEAS • politics as symbiotic • the idea of consociatio – strong mutual social and political bonds founded on mutual communication on many fronts and across groups, bodies, associations, and not just the government
  • 5. Philosophical and Foundational Challenges • gradual and natural development and not an arbitrary imposition (the development of a political culture friendly to a federated state) • European experience took a long time from Althusius’ era (17th century) TAKE AWAY: consociatio: federalism unites, not divides: but current political situation is toxic SWS survey: 75 % of Pinoys not aware of federalism (March 2018) To begin with: is this “awareness” equivalent to a deep understanding? Where is the requisite of mutual communication?
  • 6. II. Preconditions • These should all happen before the shift! • a government of equitable opportunities and meritocracy, not an oligarchy • NEDA itself proposes a 15- year transition period • IDEALLY: at least a “gestation” period for a generation (20-25 years)? Requisite political and electoral reforms • Anti-dynasty law • Campaign finance reform law • guarantees for a development and growth of a strong, genuine political party system against capture of federal states by local oligarchies
  • 7. III. Economic Challenges • Mandanas case (2018), where the Supreme Court held that the IRA should be computed from all national taxes imposed • Arrears total P 500 billion (1992- 2012, or an additional P 50 billion per year) • seems to undercut arguments that federalism is necessary to bring more economic gains to LGUs • What may be needed is only a more equitable distribution and utilization of income, which will only require amendments to the Local Government Code P 300 billion (DOF) versus P 15 billion (DILG) • Which is which? It shows the proposal was not given proper thought • BAD TIMING – 6.7 percent inflation • Build, Build, Build project – where will the government get the money to pay for the gargantuan costs? • Example: Multi-Level, Multi-Court system provided in the draft Federal Constitution.
  • 8. CONCLUSION “And so was born, as it were, the need for communicating necessary and useful things, which communication was not possible except in social and political life. God therefore willed that each need the service and aid to others in order that friendship would bind all together, and no one would consider another to be valueless.” -Johannes Althusius, Politica (1603)