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OpenStreetMap Support for Humanitarian Community

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How the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team and the OSM community are supporting humanitarian organizations

Publié dans : Technologie
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OpenStreetMap Support for Humanitarian Community

  1. 1. Pierre Béland OpenStreetMap Support for Humanitarian Community
  2. 2. OSM Digital Humanitarian Community ● ● Haiti showed the capacity of volunteer citizens to provide through internet Crowdsource geographic data from which UN planned the humanitarian response Typhoon Haiyan showed the capacity to scale further to respond to this major disaster
  3. 3. The OpenStreetMap Ecosystem Developpers and contributors meet through Internet ● Map of the world edited by more then a million Volunteers ● Opendata OdbL license ● Open Platform, Data interchange with ArgGIS, QGIS ● Rich community of OpenSource developpers – Map Editors, Navigation, Extraction tools, Online maps, Data Marts ● No other organization has the capacity to escalate mapping response like the OSM community does in context of emergency, free and OpenData ●
  4. 4. Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT) ● ● ● ● ● acts as a bridge between the OSM community and the Humanitarians Coordination with UN, International agencies such as Red Cross and humanitarian NGO's Offers various tools, learning material and services to support humanitarian organizations, Development projects in various countries In 2013, Humanitarian Responses for Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali, Syria and Philippines
  5. 5. Create the map From Aerial Imagery
  6. 6. Satellite, Aerial, UAV imagery Key factors to a rapid and effective response
  7. 7. Digitizing imagery provides the skeleton of OSM maps ● ● ● ● Where Bing Imagery is available, remote OSM CrowdMapping is immediately started In context of humanitarian response, various Satellite / Aerial imagery providers take care to provide Pre and PostDisaster imagery. For the Haiyan Typhoon, the OSM community participated to identify damaged buildings For Haiyan, some Civil Drone imagery were taken. In next activations they should play a role. They can complete the imagery available, and give for smaller zones a rapid and flexible response, provide more precise informations
  8. 8. Field Survey and other OpenData to complete the map ● Availability of OpenData is essential – – ● Names of Towns / Roads – ● Administrative boundaries Geolocation and Names of essential structures License problems for administrative data Field team from various Humanitarian NGO's start to play a greater role in the geolocalisation of infrastructures
  9. 9. Create the Map ● Priority Zones to map, Pre and Post-disaster ● Mapping instructions ● Coordinate the CrowdMapping effort
  10. 10. Tasking Manager – tasks.hotosm.org ● Scalability ● Coordinated and systematic mapping ● Monitor the progression
  11. 11. OSM Edits
  12. 12. Simple editing
  13. 13. Other ways to Edit / Create OpenData
  14. 14. Field Survey ● Field Papers ● GPS navigation data ● Smartphones Offline applications
  15. 15. Smartphones offer new possibilities ● Variety of Applications / Offline editing ● Can be adapted for humanitarians ● Possibility to share on a common platform ● FieldPaper on a Tablet to come ...
  16. 16. OsmAnd, Route Details
  17. 17. OsmAnd Navigation Android ● Search fo POI's ● Style plugins ex.Contour lines
  18. 18. Products and Services
  19. 19. Osmose : Validation
  20. 20. Overpass OSM Extract Queries ● Example : Color impassable roads
  21. 21. HOT Exports ● Exports in various formats for Gis Analysis
  22. 22. Map Styles That correspond o your thematic
  23. 23. Map Styles ● Tilemill editor ● MapCSS Stylesheet ● Various Styles for different purposes ● Same styles in JOSM facilitates edition ● ● Custom styles in JOSM can be used to highlight humanitarian infrastructures to update Humanitarian Style : More POI's and humanitarian related objects
  24. 24. OSM Styles
  25. 25. Derived OSM Maps
  26. 26. Umap POI's and dynamic url
  27. 27. Yolanda Geonode ● Road, Bridge damages (extract from OSM)
  28. 28. Crowdmap : Impact maps ● Gathers infos from SMS and other sources ● Helps prioritize mapping / Inform Humanitarians ● DHNetwork workflows to develop with OSM
  29. 29. Paper Maps “You should see people's faces light up when we arrive with a load of OpenStreetMap posters” Dale Kunce – American Red Cross American Red Cross. Used with permission https://twitter.com/RedCross/status/401088520481042432 Joe Lowry CCBYSA2.0 http://flic.kr/p/hHMxee
  30. 30. A common approch is necessary ● ● ● ● ● Geolocated data should be shared. Possibility to move from hierarchical structures to more interchange OSM plays the role of a common platform New Communication Networks and smarphones tools offer more flexibiliy Some experiences to Open the possibility for Field teams to share data with OpenData license
  31. 31. OSM Common Platform ● ● Humanitarian community data acquisition workflows to be revised to share data with others OSM do play this role of providing a Free, Open platform, a diversity of tools to manage and exploit data, learning material and support to humanitarian organisations. Pierre Béland Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team Board Director Leads Humanitarian Activations for HOT