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Ancient Greece<br />Early European Civilization<br />
Geography and Economy<br /><ul><li>Mountains covered almost three-fourths of the land of the Greeks. As a result, Greek organized independent city states.
Fertile valleys provided the Greeks productive land for farming and pasture.
The sea surrounding almost the whole country developed the Greeks into seafarers with a fierce love for freedom and adventure.
The gorgeous landscapes of Greece, its bright skies and its blue seas inspired the people to love beauty. This found eloquent expression in Greek art and literature.</li></li></ul><li>People<br /><ul><li>Greeks called themselves Hellenes after Hellen and Hellas, the name for Greece
Greeks believed that man is a rational being. If he uses his intelligence and physical abilities, he can achieve great things.
The ancient Greeks believed that there are natural causes for everything that happens.</li></li></ul><li>Greek Contributions to Conntemporary Civilization<br /><ul><li>Democracy but Athenian Democracy was the pure and direct type. All citizens have the right to discuss matters and vote at a popular assembly.
Philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. The Greeks were inquisitive people.
In the science of medicine, Hippocrates, known as the “Father of Medicine,” discovered that diseases are caused by natural causes rather than by gods or evil spirits.
Herophilus discovered that blood is being pumped by the heart and that nerves are affected by the brain.
Euclid came up with certain principles in geometry.
Archemides was the first to describe the importance of a lever. He also discovered an important principle of gravity.
Erastothenescalculated the length of the earth’s equator.
Leucippus and Democritus first advanced the theory that matter is made up of atoms.
Anaximander made the first map and accurately deduced that there had been other forms of life on earth millions of years before man.</li></li></ul><li>Greek Contributions to Conntemporary Civilization<br /><ul><li>The Greeks sought the ideal form rather than the lifelike imitation. (Ex. Discus Thrower-this piece of marble sculpture has been described as classical, something that is used to describe any work of art that is a perfect example of its kind)
In Greek architecture, the Greeks built the Parthenon dedicated to the goddess Athena.
Aeschylus was known as the “Father of Greek Tragedy”. One of his greatest plays was Agamemnon. Another famous Greek dramatist was Sophocles.
Greeks had a wealth of myths and legends. Myths are accounts of the beginnings of the world and tell about gods and the earlier people.
Iliad (tells about the invasion and destruction of Troy by the Greeks) and Odyssey (tells about the adventures of Odysseus) was written by the poet Homer.
Herodutos is regarded as the “Father of History”.
In education, the Greeks trained “the whole man instead of only parts of him.</li></li></ul><li>Source<br />Quirante Radford, Josefa L., World History. Quezon City. Phoenix Publishing House, Inc., 1986.<br />