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Finals of the BizTech quiz conducted at IIT Delhi during its annual cultural fest Rendezvous by Me and Ashish Kumar Rai. They are a good balance of Business and Tech with a few Eco questions in between.
By Piyush Gupta and Aashish Kumar Rai
1. Give X and Y
• Bodega is a startup company launched by former Google employees
Paul MacDonald and Ashwath Rajan. The idea behind the company is
to build X’s that deal in certain items similar to those found in a Y.
• The word ‘bodega’ itself means a Y in Spanish and the it is commonly
used in Hispanic neighborhoods for Y’s.
• Currently, the company has installed fifty locations in San Francisco.
Plans are to put the X’s in places like gyms, apartment lobbies, and
offices, and to build enough X’s that a customer is always within 100
feet of one and ‘adapt’ according to each location through AI/ML.
• The company has made the news for receiving online backlash for
putting traditional Y’s out of business and being culturally insensitive.
2. Connect all and Differentiate the two lists
(both are inexhaustive lists)
• Snap Inc
• Legendary Entertainment
Former unicorns; exit by IPO/acquisition
• All the companies listed are a part of a list of companies that were
• The ones on the left exited by releasing an IPO whereas the ones on
the left were acquired thus relieving them of their unicorn status
3. ID X
• X was founded by Hans Wilsdorf in 1905. He wanted it to survive and
thrive after his death, but did not have any children to take over, so
he found an ingenious solution: he set up a trust, called the Hans
Wilsdorf Foundation, and gave the shares to the trust. The main
objective of the trust is to perpetuate the company, although it does
also have a mandate for some minor charity work.
• X is a globally successful company which generates 4 billion in sales
annually, that does not pay any corporate taxes given it’s a non-profit,
even though they generate huge profits from their premium and high-
margin product sales.
X – Rolex SA
(parent company of luxury watch brands ROLEX and TUDOR)
4. ID X
• Deadly Deception exposes the terrifying human and
environmental cost of X's role in nuclear weapons
• X’s workers have been poisoned by radiation and asbestos
at highly secret facilities like the Knolls Atomic Power
Laboratory in upstate New York.
• Released in 1991, it won an Academy Award in 1992 for
depicting boycott of X and Nuclear Weaponmakers
Campaign, a grassroots movement that pressured X to get
out of the nuclear weapons business.
• It parodied the company’s famous ad campaign with the
tagline ‘We bring good things to life’.
• X finally sold its Aerospace Division in 1993, removing a
powerful influence on nuclear weapons policymaking.
5. ID X
• In 2009, there was an email rumor claiming that X "has been openly
anti-Semitic for a long time" and contained a picture of a handbag
that featured a swastika symbol. The Anti-Defamation League
addressed the email and said X is not and that the handbag was
produced by an India-based supplier and the swastika is a religious
symbol for Hindus and Buddhists.
• In August 2014, X received criticism for selling a toddler T-shirt for
closely resembling uniforms worn by Jewish concentration camp
inmates. The T-shirt was striped and featured a yellow star similar to
the Star of David. They said that the design of the shirt was inspired
by "the sheriff's stars from the classic western films.” but received flak
as they were on display in Israel where there are no sheriffs.
• Back in 1200’s, the Czech city of České Budějovice known as _______ in German
was one of the few places allowed to make something that became popular later
on after being renamed to X, by which we know it today.
• During an tour in 1870’s a person by the name of Busch discovered and was
impressed by this, and later decided to introduce the concoction in the US in by
the name X also, unaware that the Czech product was also called the same then.
• Shortly thereafter, the two learned about one another. And since then, the two
have been at odds over the name. Both have filed lawsuits around the world,
hoping to own the “X” name.
• The two have had to find a way to co-exist while not running afoul of each other’s
intellectual property rights — rights which vary based on where you are. While
there are exceptions, in much of Europe, [the Czech company] has the rights to
the name X, forcing the American one to use a three letter abbreviation instead.
X – Budweiser (Abbreviated to ‘Bud’ in the US)
7. ID X and Y
• The merger of X and Y is widely considered the worst deal ever.
• At the time, X was at the head of the pack as the ‘dominant’ player. Its
sky-high stock market valuation, bid up by investors looking for a
windfall, made the young company more valuable in market cap
terms than many blue chips.
• On the other side, Y anxiously tried, and failed, to establish an online
presence before the merger. And here, in one fell swoop, was a
solution. The strategy sounded compelling.
• A few scant months after the deal closed, a certain event happened
and things went really south leading to massive devaluation of X and
thus giving Y the really short end of the stick.
8. ID X and Y
• In January 2011, X and Y announced plans to begin opening X
locations in India. Despite a false start in 2007, in January 2012 X
finally announced a 50:50 joint venture with a subsidiary of X, which
would own and operate outlets branded ”X, A Y Alliance".
• On 19 October 2012, X opened its first store in India, measuring 4500
sq ft in Elphinstone Building, Horniman Circle, Mumbai.
• At the X annual shareholders meet in March 2014, then CEO of the
joint venture Avani Davda stated, "With 40 stores in four cities (in 17
months) and nearly 1,000 partners, India is the fastest growing
market in X history."
9. ID X
• The X Years is the thirty-sixth studio album by Canadian singer-songwriter Neil Young and
American rock group Promise of the Real, released on June 29, 2015 on Reprise Records.
A concept album criticizing the ____-business X. Album art can be seen on the next slide.
• Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic.com gave the album 3,5 stars out of 5 claiming that: "Young
uses his sturdy footing to lash out at what he perceives as destructive forces -- to our
dinner tables and social fabric -- and if the individual message may wind up fading like
yesterday's newspapers, the music will keep The X Years burning bright”
• Billboard solicited the opinions of corporations criticized on the album, including X,
whose representative said: "Many of us at X have been and are fans of Neil Young.
Unfortunately, for some of us, his current album may fail to reflect our strong beliefs in
what we do every day to help make _______ more sustainable. We recognize there is a
lot of misinformation about who we are and what we do—and unfortunately several of
those myths seem to be captured in these lyrics."
10. ID X
• The company began as the National Manufacturing Company of Dayton,
Ohio, was established to manufacture and sell the first mechanical ____
______ invented in 1879 by James Ritty. In 1884, the company and patents
were bought by John Henry Patterson and his brother Frank Jefferson
Patterson, and the firm was renamed the National ___ ______ Company.
The initials of the company gave rise to the name X, which is an acronymn
from which it is known today.
• X was founded in 1884 and acquired by AT&T in 1991. A restructuring of
AT&T in 1996 led to X’s re-establishment January 1,1997 as a separate
company and involved the spin-off of Lucent Technologies from AT&T.
• X is known as one of the world’s largest manufacturers of something that
caused a great deal of inconvenience to all of us here a year back.
11. ID X
• Although known for being a great investor, X had a few failures –
• In 1900, the inventor Nikola Tesla convinced X agreed to give him $150,000 to build
his trans-Atlantic wireless comm. system in return for a 51% control of the patents.
The deal went sour when Tesla instead started working on his wireless power
transmission system thus voiding the contract.
• X suffered a rare business defeat in 1902 when he attempted to enter the London
Underground field and his efforts were thwarted by transit magnate Charles Tyson
Yerkes, X going on to call Yerkes' coup "the greatest rascality and conspiracy I ever
• In 1902, X’s company financed the formation of International Mercantile Marine
Company (IMMC), an Atlantic shipping company which absorbed several major
American and British lines in an attempt to monopolize the shipping trade. One of
IMMC's subsidiaries was the White Star Line, which owned the RMS Titanic. The
ship's famous sinking in 1912, the year before X’s death, was a financial disaster for
IMMC, which was forced to apply for bankruptcy in 1915.
12. ID X
• X is over eighty years old. It paired well with deep-dish pizza in Chicago and Moon
Pies in the South. And X was still eclipsed by the only two rival companies that we
associate with ____. It’s still around, yet the brand doesn’t spend all that much on
promotion, relatively, and it stays out of the “____ wars.”
• But the number of X drinkers could have been much, much higher. In an
alternate—and completely plausible—universe, it would have given their
competitors a run for their money. X used to be one of the most innovative
companies in its industry. It was the first to come out with certain concepts that
are ubiquitous today like taste-tests, cans, low-sugar etc.
• Given its long and pioneering history, X deserved to be more than the middling
____ brand it is today. In an industry that lives and dies by marketing, X didn’t do
nearly enough. But its failure wasn’t just due to lack of initiative. It was also a
case of supremely bad luck, bad judgment, and a fateful ingredient known as
13. ID X
• X was an American industrialist, founder of an eponymous Oil Company,
and one of the richest Americans at the time of his demise.
• Despite his wealth, X was notably frugal. He famously negotiated his
grandson's ransom. The kidnapper’s demand threatened that he would be
further mutilated unless the they paid $3.2 million. X declined
straightaway. When the kidnappers finally reduced their demands to $3
million, X agreed to pay no more than $2.2 million—the maximum that
would be tax deductible.
• The abduction of X’s grandson is the basis of an upcoming crime drama
film, All the Money in the World, directed by Ridley Scott.
• He was also an avid art collector and his art collection formed the basis of
a famous museum in Los Angeles, also named after him.
X – J. Paul Getty (and the J. Paul Getty Museum)
14. ID X
• Future founder William Rosenberg started his life in the food service
industry as a lunch caterer to industrial workers. He later raised some money
to launch ‘Industrial Luncheon Services’, and upon noticing that 40 percent
of his revenue came from just two products (coffee and _________),
Rosenberg had an epiphany and decided to open brick-and-mortal stores
going by the name X, as we know it today.
• As the company grew, Rosenberg made the controversial decision to
franchise. The concept was almost illegal in some states, and franchising was
so taboo that companies that mentioned the word weren’t allowed to
advertise in major newspapers. But Rosenberg wanted to turn the idea into
a respectable, money-making profession, and he did so by making X into one
of the biggest and most successful franchisees across the world till date.
15. This is someone talking about a recent
controversy she was involved in:
• From a very young age, I’ve been told, “You’re so pretty … for a dark-skinned girl.”
I am a Nigerian woman, born in London and raised in Atlanta. I’ve grown up very
aware of society’s opinion that dark-skinned people, especially women, would
look better if our skin were lighter.
• However, the experience I had with the ____ team was positive. I had an amazing
time. All of the women understood the concept and overarching objective – to
use our differences to highlight the fact that all ____ deserves gentleness.
• There is a lack of trust here, and I feel the public was justified in their initial
outrage. Having said that, I can also see that a lot has been left out. The narrative
has been written without giving consumers context on which to base an informed
• While I agree with ____’s response to unequivocally apologise for any offense
caused, they could have also defended their creative vision
16. Who are being talked about?
• While there are a whole bunch of problems that could originate from Brexit
affecting just about everyone involved, Emine Saner highlighted the
possible issues that could be faced by a particular ‘community’.
• At the moment, ________ programmes in Europe are overseen by EAZA,
and work efficiently thanks to shared resources and free movement.
• Zak Showell, involved with this procedure explains, “Computer software
does the matching. Each ________ programme has a coordinator who
monitors the populations, and if its time to move, because of loneliness or
old age, the parties involved cooperate to the fullest. No one is an owner,
its all towards a common cause.”
• But with restrictions following Brexit, the movement of this community is
expected to be severely hindered.
Endangered species of animals
European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA)
17. ID X
• For years the familiar X logotype on yellow was instantly recognizable
as the calling card of the premier player in its field. But in 2003 the
company decided to update their logo slightly. Their goal was to show
a greater emphasis on technological innovation and changing trends.
• The biggest change in the logo was the addition of a new graphic
element of sequential rays to the background. According to X, the
rays represent the future, and express X’s mission, will and future
• The typeface and basic color scheme of yellow and black stayed the
18. Tell me what these trucks are carrying and
where were they offloaded.
• This is a picture that was published in
Indian Express on 4th july, 1991. This
was the time when India was facing
severe balance of payments crisis and
prime minister Chandrashekhar was
under pressure to deal with it.
• The immediate solution that he and
his government came up with for the
problem is comparable to the reaction
of any basic Indian household when
faced with a financial issue. This was
nearly the same solution but on a
larger scale and hence these trucks.
19. Give X and FITB.
• This is what X said on Ellen’s show was his biggest regret in life:
• “ When I came out of college (being the best player of that draft class)
in 1979, a lot of companies (from a particular field) approached me
and offered me a lot of money, but there was a guy named ____
______” who came up to me and said that he could only offer me
stocks as they were still growing. Being from inner city, I didn’t know
what stocks were and thus went with the money. And boy o boy what
a big mistake that was.”
20. What is the pop culture example of this
tactic from around 50 years ago?
• This is the payoff matrix for the Hawk-
Dove problem (also called the chicken
problem). The name "Hawk-Dove" refers
to a situation in which there is a
competition for a shared resource and
the contestants can choose either
conciliation or conflict.
• One tactic in the game is for one party to
signal their intentions convincingly before
the game begins.
• For example, if one party were to
ostentatiously disable their steering
wheel just before the match, the other
party would be compelled to swerve. This
shows that, in some circumstances,
reducing one's own options can be a good
• The Russians sought to deter American attack by building a
"doomsday machine," a device that would trigger world annihilation
if Russia was hit by nuclear weapons or if any attempt were made to
disarm it. However, the Russians had planned to signal the
deployment of the machine a few days after having set it up, which,
because of an unfortunate course of events, turned out to be too late.
21. These lists are from the faculty directory of the Chicago Booth University. (The
left top blank is not part of the question, blanked out only because it could have
been a hint). You need to give me the other two blanked out names.
22. What ‘important’ thing is a product of this
• The selection for ‘Panel Banks’ is made every year by the ICE Benchmark
Administration (IBA) with assistance from the Foreign Exchange and Money
Markets Committee (FX&MMC). A panel is made up for each currency
consisting of at least 8 and a maximum of 16 banks which are deemed to
be representative for the ______ money market. Banks are assessed on
market volume, reputation and assumed knowledge of the currency
• On the morning of every working day, people from the information firm
‘Thomson Reuters’ call these banks at 11.00 am sharp (local time). Once
the required information has been collected, the highest and lowest 25% of
value are eliminated. An average is calculated of the 50% remaining ‘mid
23. ID X AND Y
• This is a chart which plots
‘precision’ and ‘confidence’
metrics for a certain thing, with
each version, around 2009.
• The hazy gray dots are
• The black dot is one superlative
X – Watson ; Y - Ken Jennings
• This is from the “AI behind Watson” article submitted by IBM Watson
24. How did Zimmerman subvert this threat?
• Phil Zimmermann wrote PGP(Pretty Good Privacy) in 1991. The American
nuclear weapons freeze activist wanted to create an encryption program
that would enable him to securely exchange information with other like-
minded individuals. His system quickly became very popular among
dissidents around the world.
• Given its use outside the United States, the US government launched an
investigation into Zimmermann during the 1990s for allegedly violating the
Arms Export Control Act. Prosecutors argued that making encryption
software of such complexity(military grade technology) available abroad
• To dodge prosecution he found a ‘loophole’ in the system after which the
laws of something had to be changed, in an old fashioned way.
Published code in a book
• Zimmermann responded by
publishing the source code as a
book, an act that was
constitutionally protected as
25. Give X
• Way back in 1996, Neal Stephenson managed to make a rather
mundane an uninteresting thing -- X installation -- into a clever,
engaging 56-page article. It is widely cited as one of the best _____
magazine blog article ever, and one of his best works too.
• In Mother Earth Mother Board, he declares himself the "hacker
tourist," as he "ventures forth across the wide and wondrous meat
space of three continents, chronicling the installation of the X on
• It is also worthy to note that blog it is published on is a nice
coincidence in terms of what it is about.
26. ID X
• X was referred to as "the ultimate thinking machine" by Forbes and as
a "restless genius" by The Wall Street Journal. PBS included him as
one of 16 "revolutionaries who made America" along with other
inventors of the past two centuries. Inc. magazine ranked him #8
among the "most fascinating" entrepreneurs in the United States and
called him "Edison's rightful heir".
• He has written seven books, five of which have been national
bestsellers. The Age of Spiritual Machines has been translated into 9
languages and was the #1 best-selling book on Amazon in science. X’s
book The Singularity Is Near was a New York Times bestseller, and has
been the #1 book on Amazon in both science and philosophy.
27. Give X
• Project Orion was a study of a spacecraft intended to be directly propelled
by a series of ‘events’ behind the craft aka X.
• Early versions of this vehicle were proposed to take off from the ground
with significant associated _____ ______; later versions were presented for
use only in space.
• Supporters of Project Orion felt that it had potential for cheap
interplanetary travel, but it lost political approval over concerns over the
______ after launch.
• As discussed by Arthur C. Clarke in his recollections of the making of 2001:
A Space Odyssey in The Lost Worlds of 2001, a X version of the "Discovery"
was considered. However the "Discovery" in the movie did not use this
idea as Stanley Kubrick thought it might be considered parody after making
one of his movies involving a similar subject.
X - Nuclear Propulsion
An artist's conception of the NASA reference
design for the Project Orion spacecraft
powered by nuclear propulsion.
28. ID X
• The X Museum is an online collection put together by Mikko
Hermanni Hyppönen, chief resource officer at Finnish tech firm,
featuring emulated versions of a number of MS-DOS ______ from the
1980s and 1990s.
• Visitors can download defanged versions of the _______ in question,
each of which has had a bit of code at its core removed, leaving only
the visual effects. Of those, the swirling colors of a _____ called
"LSD.COM" are perhaps the most impressive, but nothing captures
the spiteful spirit of the era like one piece of nefarious code that
simply displays the word "ha!" in flickering ASCII characters.
29. What equipment? How is it special?
• Doppler Labs is a startup that has raised 17 million dollars to create
certain audio equipment that perform a specific task which is unlike
any of the other similar audio devices.
• CEO Noah Kraft says his office isn't intentionally loud, but the blaring
car horns that drift up from the SoHo street below serve as a constant
reminder that the world isn't always sound-optimized. Kraft and his
team hope to change that with the ________ they are making, and he
calls it the first step toward bionic hearing.
• "We asked whether we could make the _______ sexy," Kraft quips.
Doppler came as close as anyone, with mega music festival Coachella
even buying 135,000 units to give to all its attendees.
30. ID X
• Verily is X's research organization devoted to the study of life sciences. The organization
was formerly a part of something else but after a major restructuring became an
independent subsidiary of X.
• Some of X’s projects are listed below-
• Contact lenses that allow people with diabetes to continually check their glucose levels using a
• A spoon for people with tremors.
• The Baseline Study, a project to collect genetic, molecular, and wearable device information from
enough people to create a picture of what a healthy human should be.
• A health-tracking wristband.
• A disease-detecting nanoparticle platform working with the wristband, a project called Tricorder.
• Advancements in surgical robotics, in partnership with Johnson & Johnson.
• Development and commercialization of bio-electronic medicines, in partnership with
• Development of miniaturized continuous glucose monitors (CGM) in partnership with Dexcom
31. What transition?
• Advocates of the transition pointed out the potential for the new line of
Mac systems to run four classes of software at native speeds: Mac OS X
binaries, Java/.NET applications, Unix applications, and Win32/x86
• Originally, emulation software such as DOSBox or Microsoft Virtual PC was
required to run x86 software on the Macintosh. Such software could now
enjoy much more success with near-native performance through
virtualization, such as is currently being done by Parallels Desktop for Mac
and VMware Fusion.
• For those customers wishing to achieve a more conventional environment,
a dual boot solution is possible on an x86 Apple device using Boot Camp
software (which includes Windows drivers for Mac hardware).
32. ID X and Y
• King of Glory is a multiplayer online battle arena published by X Games. In
July 2017, it was reported that the game had over 80 million daily active
players and 200 million monthly active players. It is the world's most
profitable (top grossing) game and most popular free-download app – only
by targeting a certain demographic.
• In addition to a PVE adventure mode, the game features PVP multiplayer
battles. The game features many similarities to Y which is produced by Riot
Games, a company also owned by X - making it a.
• On July 4, 2017, it was reported that the game owner’s X had suffered a
huge loss after a major paper criticized it as “poison” for young people,
calling the content “a twist of values and historical views” and addictive.
33. ID X and Y
• X serves the purpose of the ubiquitous Y, and at the same time,
assists in the digitization of books. X and Y differ by a 2 letter prefix.
• Through mass collaboration, X was helping to digitize books that are
too illegible to be scanned by computers, as well as translate books to
different languages, as of 2015.
• X's slogan was "Stop Spam, Read Books.", until the introduction of a
new version of the plugin in 2014; the slogan has now disappeared
from the website and from the classic version of the plugin due to a
newer form of Y’s getting popular, that involves a new tech.
34. ID X; What limits?
• In X technology, widely used today, the phrasing “COCOM Limits” is
also used to refer to a limit placed in X devices that should disable
when the device realizes itself to be under certain physical
• This was intended to avoid the use of X in certain type of non-
commercial and dangerous scenarios illegally.
• Some manufacturers apply this limit literally (disable when both limits
are reached), other manufacturers disable tracking when a single limit
GPS; Height and Speed Limits
• To prevent being used in ballistic intercontinental missiles.
35. ID X
• The ‘X Racing League’ is a professional league based in the United
States founded by Nicholas Horbaczewski, who previously served as the
Chief Revenue Officer at Tough Mudder
• Participants race first-person view X’s through unique courses at speeds
above 80 MPH.
• Started in 2015 and launched publicly in January 2016, the league’s
inaugural season featured five races across the United States and was
broadcast on ESPN, Sky Sports and ProSiebenSat.1 in Germany.
• It’s 2017 broadcast season began in June. The news publication Quartz
described it as feeling "like pod-racing from Stars Wars" with "hopes [of
becoming] the Formula 1, NASCAR and MotoGP of X racing."
36. ID X and Y
• X was a computer designed to perform a specific task and was initially
developed at Carnegie Mellon University and later at Z.
• It was second in the line of computers of a certain kind developed by Feng-
hsiung Hsu, starting with ChipTest and culminating into Y later on.
• X became the first computer to attain domination by virtue of a certain feat
it achieved in 1988, a benchmark so to say, that hadn’t been achieved by
any of it’s predecessors.
• It was however unsuccessful in the more herculean task, something which
was only achieved by Y in 1997, and is considered on of the milestones of
computing and also accused of being a façade by Z for publicity.
• It was named after a fictional computer in Douglas Adams' series, The
Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. The naming of the future iterations
continued in a similar fashion.