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Chapter 12, the british invasion

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Chapter 12, the british invasion

  1. 1. THE BRITISH INVASION By: Keith R. Castillo Eljorie Q. Daran
  2. 2. The Philippines became a British colony for only two years (1762-1764)
  3. 3. Why did the British came? • Part of the seven years war between Britain and France. • France was supported by Spain • The British used this war as an excuse to invade the Philippines and to colonize it.
  4. 4. Arrival of the British invaders: • Admiral Samuel Cornish • General William Draper • The British expedition had 13 ships and 6,830 men. • September 22 1762 the British entered manila bay.
  5. 5. September 23 they presented a demand for the surrender of the city to Spanish governor. Archbishop Manuel Antonio Rojo
  6. 6. Surrender of Manila to the British: • Two attempts by the Spanish defenders to save the city failed. • Cesar Fallet and Manalastas the two people who led a fight for the enemy.
  7. 7. October 5 the fierce fighting began in the street of intramuros. To put a stop, Archbishop Rojo raised a white flag as a sign of surrender . OCTOBER 5 1762 Manila fell to the British invaders. OCTOBER 6 Spanish authorities signed a terms of surrender.
  8. 8. After the surrender, for more than 30 hours The wild soldiers went into private homes and public buildings and they stole precious art ,valuables and anything else they wanted, this treasures was worth 1,ooo,ooo pesos.
  9. 9. They burned 400 household in Binondo and Tondo. They opened the graves of important officials like Legaspi and Salcedo in Augustinian church.
  10. 10. The Three Governors General: 1. Dawsonne Drake and Alexander Dalrymple , British governor 2. Archbishop Antonio Manuel Rojo, acting Spanish governor general 3. Simon de Anda, rebel governor.
  11. 11. The Filipino remained loyal to Spain • The British only conquered Manila, Cavite, and some nearby provinces like Cainta, Taytay, and Pasig.
  12. 12. Filipinos did not welcome the British for two reasons: 1. They were shocked by the horrible looting in manila after it was surrendered to British. 2. Spanish priests warned them that the British were protestants who do not believe to the Catholic Religion.
  13. 13. End of the British invasion: • The European big powers signed the Treaty on Paris on February 10 1763 to end the war.
  14. 14. The Treaty of Paris, AKA the Peace of Paris and the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Britain's victory over France and Spain during the Seven Years' War. The signing of the treaty formally ended the Seven Years' War.
  15. 15. May 31, 1764 at the patio of Santa Cruz church, Anda and his troops entered manila and the people had a salute of guns and sound of music.
  16. 16. Historical Values of the British invasion: • They opened the Philippines into the outside world . • They allowed direct trade from china, India and other countries. • Indian rupee, circulated in manila.
  17. 17. • For the first time, Europeans looked at maps and found out that manila is the capital of Philippines. • The British showed us that the Spaniards could be beaten. • They introduced the English language and free local elections.
  18. 18. • The British brought their lively music and dances such as the brass bands, play marching tunes during fiestas and we dance the Polka Ingles and square dance. • They taught us to shake hands with men in public.
  19. 19. Thanks for Listening…