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What is Training and Development?The organizations require development throughoutthe ranks in order to survive, while training makes theorganization more effective and efficient in its day-to-day operations. Training is the formal and systematic modification ofbehavior through learning which occurs as a result ofeducation, instruction, development and plannedexperience. Development is any learning activity, which isdirected towards future needs rather than presentneeds and which is concerned more with career growththan immediate performance.
Training is given on four basic grounds: New candidates who join an organization are given training. Thistraining familiarize them with the organizationalmission, vision, rules and regulations and the working conditions. The existing employees are trained to refresh and enhancetheir knowledge. If any updates take place in technology, training is given tocope up with those changes. For instance, purchasing a newequipment, changes in technique of production, computerimpartment. The employees are trained about use of newequipment and work methods. When promotion and career growth becomes important.Training is given so that employees are prepared to share theresponsibilities of the higher level job.
The benefits of training can besummed up as: Improves morale of employees. Less supervision. Fewer accidents. Chances of promotion. Increased productivity.
Tata Group Founder’s Philosophy - A Legacy … “In a free enterprise, the community is not just another stake holder in the business but in fact the very purpose of its existence.” Mr. Jamshetji Tata (1839 – 1904)Hotels - 1902 Power - 1910 Airlines - 1932 Motors - 1945 IISC - 1911 Steel - 1907 Trusteeship, Integrity, Respect for Individuals, Credibility & Excellence
OVERVIEW• India’s largest business group• Diverse businesses in 7 sectors• Operations in over 80 countries• Products and services exported to 85 countries• Largest employer in private sector over 450,000 empolyees• Group revenue for year: 2011-12 $100.09 billion (around Rs475,721 crore)
Training and Development TATA GROUP• Grooming the managers of today into the leaders of tomorrow — thats the broad objective of the Tata groups leadership development programs and training processes.• The groups high-value, superior-quality training interventions are targeted at maximizing the potential of its pool of managers. This is done by encouraging their cross-functional exposure and by making cross-company mobility an integral aspect of all leadership development efforts.
The Tata groups commitment to enhance theknowledge and leadership quotient of itspeople has resulted in the establishment ofvarious Development and Training Programssuch as TAS and TMTC.
Tata Management Training Centre-Set up by JRD Tata in 1959 with the mission ofcreating and grooming leaders for the future.-It aims to provide training to high performerswithin the group and act as a catalyst of changefor Tata executives.
TMTC objectives include :• Improvement of organizational performance through dissemination of the latest knowledge and skills among practicing managers.• Facilitation of attitudinal and behavioral changes.• Facilitation of solutions for organizational issues• Development of learning organizations• Training methodology
o Offering around 250 programmes a year, conducted by in house senior faculty from academics and business, supported by experts from the best of Indian and international B schools.o It uses over 120 external faculty, from the world’s premier institutions and universities, including IIMs, Harvard, Michigan, Wharton, Kellogg, NUS and Centre for Creative Leadership.o TMTC started its e-learning programs in 2009.Every year, more than 4000 Tata Managers and Leaders go through the training programs.
Major practice areas include: Finance, Ethics Leadership and Organization Markets and Customers Strategy and InnovationLeadership development programmes include: Tata Group Strategic Leadership seminar Tata Group Executive Leadership seminar Tata Group e-Merging Leaders seminar
A Unique self-paced program is conducted namedTATA - Harvard Manage Mentor self-paced e-learningprogram by Harvard Manage Mentor, in associationwith Harvard Business School Publishing, providing 44different programmes for Tata employees.E-learning programmes include: Live e-classroom Live video broadcast and Self-paced e-learning programmes
TAS(Tata Administrative Services)This managerial development program was conceived byJRD Tata, the late chairman of the Tata group, in the 1950s.The idea was to select and groom young managers, providethem opportunities for professional growth, and makethem part of a talent pool that could be tapped bycompanies across the Tata organization.
• TAS, essentially a training program, is perhaps the only employment brand in Indian business that consciously recruits for lifelong mobility across companies, industries and functions, in order to impart that macro view of business which is critical in preparing young professionals for general management.• To grow and renew the Tata talent pool continuously, TAS recruits young postgraduates from leading business schools each year and puts them through an intensive 12-month program.• The TAS manager has Indias largest business house, with the widest range of industries and functions around which to plan and build a lifetime career of professional and personal growth.
TATA VALUES• The TAS recruitment process at campuses strives to associate the Tata brand with values such as integrity, excellence and nation building, while highlighting the groups entrepreneurial spirit.• TAS has been recast in recent years, with an increased focus on facilitating mobility across group companies. Over the past three years, concentrated communication, consistent engagement and competitive compensation packages have helped TAS regain and strengthen its position as an attractive employment destination for top talent.
Training Module• The training module consists of four cross-functional, cross-business and cross-located assignments. --These include three business shifts of 15 weeksduration in sales and marketing, manufacturing andoperations, corporate strategy, finance and humanresources.• A seven-week rural assignment exposes the trainees to community work and rural India, helping instill in them a true picture of the life of ordinary Indians.
• Another facet of the module is the mentorship programme for TAS managers placed within group companies. This was initiated to create a platform for the personal and professional development of TAS managers post placement. Additionally, TAS managers are then taken through a development plan that lasts five years.• The programs one-year training module, renamed group orientation and learning (GOAL), emphasizes on structured orientation through classroom inputs and field visits. It builds TAS trainees perspective on the seven core sectors of the Tata group, its current and future challenges, and its drive to become a truly global organization.
The Second Career Internship Program (SCIP) is aimed atprofessional women who have taken a career break andare looking to return to the job market.This pioneering program was launched on InternationalWomens Day in March 2008. In 2012, the applicationprocess was taken online, making it more convenient andaccessible. Using this facility, Tata companies can postprojects throughout the year and aspirants can log ontowww.tatasecondcareer.com to view, select and apply forlive business projects online, just like any other jobportal.
The criteria for women seeking to sign up for the program are:• professional qualification in management / accountancy / law / IT / design or engineering• a minimum of four years of work experience;• a career break of one year (minimum) to eight years (maximum) due to personal commitments.A dedicated SCIP team has been put in place to ensure a timely andtransparent appointment process. SCIP projects are allotted based onthe area of expertise of the applicant, following a rigorous selectionprocess.
The Human Resource Development Program (HRDP) was initiated in2006 in recognition of the corporate leadership and specialist rolesthat HR managers are required to fulfill.• Each year HRDP recruits the best talent from premier Indian business schools and Tata companies, based on their performance, interest and capabilities, and trains them for a year with rotations through sub-functions such as recruitment and sourcing, performance management system, training and development, etc. The program ensures accelerated long-term growth through customized as well as certified training and development during this period.
HRDP Process….• All HRDP managers are selected by senior HR and business executives in Tata companies after undergoing a rigorous three- stage process of filtering, post which they are placed on a project-basis at Tata companies for three-month periods.• Managers undergo three rotational shifts in core HR functions. They also undergo a community development period, where they work with the Tata trusts on assignments in the domain of corporate sustainability for eight weeks.• Managers are then placed with a Tata company on a full-time basis after completion of the four rotational stints.
The Tata Business Leadership Award (TBLA), initiated in 2004, is an annual business school event organized by the Tata group. It offers students from selected business schools a unique opportunity to compete with the brightest and display their business acumen. The award underlines the commitment of the Tata group to promote and encourage future leaders. It is also an endeavor to create awareness among management students about the Tata brand.
The students (in teams of three to four) are given a strategic problem or situation relevant to the group. They have to make a presentation to senior managers in the group and defend their case study. The defense is evaluated on parameters such as creativity, clarity, relevance and business value. Preliminary rounds are held on campus and chaired by a panel consisting of a cross section of senior Tata managers. The final defense presentation, held at the Tata Management Training Centre in Pune, is seen by Tata leaders and others.