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Java is a general-purpose; object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems of USA in 1991. This language was initially called “Oak” by James Gosling, but was renamed “Java” in 1995. Java (with a capital J) is a high-level, third generation programming language, like C, Fortran, Smalltalk, Perl, and many others.Java was initially designed to solve on a small scale could also be applied to the Internet on a large scale. This realization caused the focus of Java to switch from consumer electronic to Internet Programming.Java was designed for the development of software for consumer electronic devices like TVs, VCRs, Toasters, Microwaves ovens and such other electronics devices.Java is a first programming language that is not tied to any particular hardware or operating system. Programs developed in Java can be executed anywhere on any system.