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Open 
By 
Default 
David Wood 
david@3roundstones.com 
http://w3id.org/3rs/openbydefault 
Licensed under a Creative Common...
“Open data is a philosophy and 
practice requiring that certain 
data be freely available to 
everyone, without restrictio...
“Open data is a philosophy and 
practice requiring that certain 
data be freely available to 
everyone over a network who ...
Open Standards 
⬇ 
Open Source 
⬇ 
Open Content 
⬋ ⬇ ⬊ 
Open 
⬌ 
Open 
⬌ 
Open 
Science 
Data 
Government
The information economy accounts for 
~10% of the GDP of most developed nations, and 
more than 50% of their economic grow...
© 
Copyright © All Rights Reserved
© 
Public Domain: No Rights Reserved
The Spectrum of Greed 
- + 
Public domain Copyright
"The reasonable man adapts himself to the world; the 
unreasonable one persists in trying to adapt the world to 
himself. ...
"People said I should accept the world. 
Bullshit! I don't accept the world." 
-- Richard Stallman
1976 1983 1986 1991 1994 1998 2001 2007
The Spectrum of Greed 
- + 
Public domain Copyright
The Spectrum of Greed 
Bill Gates 
- + 
Public domain Copyright
The Spectrum of Greed 
Richard Stallman Bill Gates 
- + 
Public domain Copyright
The Spectrum of Greed 
Richard Stallman Bill Gates 
- + 
Public domain Eric Raymond 
Larry Lessig Copyright
The Spectrum of Greed 
Richard Stallman David Wood 
Bill Gates 
- + 
Eric Raymond 
Public domain Larry Lessig Copyright
©All Rights Reserved. 
Ask Permission. 
©CC Some Rights Reserved. 
©Reproduce, adapt, 
distribute, 
but license the same. ...
Also iTunes U, MIT Open Courseware, etc.
The Creator-Endorsed Mark is a 
logo that a distributor can use to 
indicate that a work is distributed in 
a way that its...
08 Oct 2007
07 Nov 2007
10 Nov 2007
28 Feb 2008
31 Mar 2008
18 Sep 2008
27 Mar 2009
! 
Linked Data 
http://blog.ted.com/2009/03/13/tim_berners_lee_web/
14 Jul 2009
Sep 2010
Sep 2011
Governments
Licensing
transform U.S. federal spending from 
disconnected documents into open, 
standardized data, and to publish that 
data onli...
From Wikipedia 
From 
various 
EPA 
programs 
Open Street Map 
From Wikimedia Commons
Audience for EPA Data 
• Middle school student doing a science project 
• Concerned citizen worried about local pollution ...
How much mercury did 
Hanson Permanente Cement 
release in 2004?
Finding Hanson Permanente
Finding Mercury Released in 2004 
1 
2
TRI Report
Data Reuse
What should you do? 
• Only use, reuse, remix work that you have 
rights to. 
• License your work!
What should you do? 
• Familiarize yourself with legislation 
requiring government transparency 
• Help ensure your agency...
http://3roundstones.com/http://www.manning.com/dwood linking-government-data/
Open 
By 
Default 
David Wood 
david@3roundstones.com 
http://w3id.org/3rs/openbydefault 
Licensed under a Creative Common...
Credits - CC Licensed 
Triumvirate http://www.flickr.com/photos/reidab/393803339/ 
Web 
http://www.flickr.com/photos/poper...
Credits - CC Licensed 
Lawrence Lessig http://www.lessig.org/info/photos/ 
Open Source Initiative logo http://www.flickr.c...
Government, TED and cholera slides Richard Wallis, OCLC (formerly Talis) 
Credits - Fair Use of Copyright 
White Blood Cel...
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Open by Default

Open Data is the idea that "certain data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control”. Open Data follows similar “open” concepts that have proven to be valuable in the information economy such as Open Standards, Open Source Software, Open Content and has been followed more recently by variations on the theme such as Open Science and Open Government.

Open Data allows information of common value to be reused without needing to be recreated. The economic benefits of Open Data include cost reduction, organizational efficiencies and the facilitation of commonly held understanding. The costs of implementing Open Data deployment strategies tend to be iterative on top of existing information infrastructure.

This presentation will describe Open Data and its place in the ecosystem of economic and governmental discourse.

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Open by Default

  1. 1. Open By Default David Wood david@3roundstones.com http://w3id.org/3rs/openbydefault Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.
  2. 2. “Open data is a philosophy and practice requiring that certain data be freely available to everyone, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control.”
  3. 3. “Open data is a philosophy and practice requiring that certain data be freely available to everyone over a network who complies with well-defined and liberal license terms.”
  4. 4. Open Standards ⬇ Open Source ⬇ Open Content ⬋ ⬇ ⬊ Open ⬌ Open ⬌ Open Science Data Government
  5. 5. The information economy accounts for ~10% of the GDP of most developed nations, and more than 50% of their economic growth. Source: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/ict/policy/doc/2006-11-20-flossimpact.pdf
  6. 6. © Copyright © All Rights Reserved
  7. 7. © Public Domain: No Rights Reserved
  8. 8. The Spectrum of Greed - + Public domain Copyright
  9. 9. "The reasonable man adapts himself to the world; the unreasonable one persists in trying to adapt the world to himself. Therefore all progress depends on the unreasonable man. " -- George Bernard Shaw
  10. 10. "People said I should accept the world. Bullshit! I don't accept the world." -- Richard Stallman
  11. 11. 1976 1983 1986 1991 1994 1998 2001 2007
  12. 12. The Spectrum of Greed - + Public domain Copyright
  13. 13. The Spectrum of Greed Bill Gates - + Public domain Copyright
  14. 14. The Spectrum of Greed Richard Stallman Bill Gates - + Public domain Copyright
  15. 15. The Spectrum of Greed Richard Stallman Bill Gates - + Public domain Eric Raymond Larry Lessig Copyright
  16. 16. The Spectrum of Greed Richard Stallman David Wood Bill Gates - + Eric Raymond Public domain Larry Lessig Copyright
  17. 17. ©All Rights Reserved. Ask Permission. ©CC Some Rights Reserved. ©Reproduce, adapt, distribute, but license the same. Some permissions granted.
  18. 18. Also iTunes U, MIT Open Courseware, etc.
  19. 19. The Creator-Endorsed Mark is a logo that a distributor can use to indicate that a work is distributed in a way that its creator endorses — typically, by the distributor sharing some of the profits with the creator. The mark is not an alternative to a free license; rather, it's meant to be used in conjunction with free licensing.
  20. 20. 08 Oct 2007
  21. 21. 07 Nov 2007
  22. 22. 10 Nov 2007
  23. 23. 28 Feb 2008
  24. 24. 31 Mar 2008
  25. 25. 18 Sep 2008
  26. 26. 27 Mar 2009
  27. 27. ! Linked Data http://blog.ted.com/2009/03/13/tim_berners_lee_web/
  28. 28. 14 Jul 2009
  29. 29. Sep 2010
  30. 30. Sep 2011
  31. 31. Governments
  32. 32. Licensing
  33. 33. transform U.S. federal spending from disconnected documents into open, standardized data, and to publish that data online.
  34. 34. From Wikipedia From various EPA programs Open Street Map From Wikimedia Commons
  35. 35. Audience for EPA Data • Middle school student doing a science project • Concerned citizen worried about local pollution • Environmental Science PhD from EPA • Doctor from NIH writing a research paper
  36. 36. How much mercury did Hanson Permanente Cement release in 2004?
  37. 37. Finding Hanson Permanente
  38. 38. Finding Mercury Released in 2004 1 2
  39. 39. TRI Report
  40. 40. Data Reuse
  41. 41. What should you do? • Only use, reuse, remix work that you have rights to. • License your work!
  42. 42. What should you do? • Familiarize yourself with legislation requiring government transparency • Help ensure your agency leverages open materials for cost reduction • Foster openness for economic benefit
  43. 43. http://3roundstones.com/http://www.manning.com/dwood linking-government-data/
  44. 44. Open By Default David Wood david@3roundstones.com http://w3id.org/3rs/openbydefault Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.
  45. 45. Credits - CC Licensed Triumvirate http://www.flickr.com/photos/reidab/393803339/ Web http://www.flickr.com/photos/poper/179970823/ and http://www.flickr.com/photos/iguanajo/ 277209483/ Roman bust http://www.flickr.com/photos/angerboy/532691310/ Policeman http://www.flickr.com/photos/kk/12722162/ Beer http://www.flickr.com/photos/marui/460581081/ Bill of Rights http://www.flickr.com/photos/anselor/67025021/in/set-1457202/ Copyright extensions http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Copyright_term.svg Richard Stallman http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/File:Richard_Stallman_speaking_at_Wikimania_2005-08-07.jpg and http://www.flickr.com/photos/nicolasrolland/3063010427/sizes/s/ GNU Logo http://johnbokma.com/gnulogo.html Mapa Open Source 2009 (Red Hat) http://www.flickr.com/photos/arrayexception/3500434664/sizes/o/ Eric Raymond http://www.flickr.com/photos/docsearls/224766598/ Tim Berners-Lee http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tim_Berners-Lee.jpg Linus Torvalds http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Linus_Torvalds.jpeg
  46. 46. Credits - CC Licensed Lawrence Lessig http://www.lessig.org/info/photos/ Open Source Initiative logo http://www.flickr.com/photos/27316226@N02/3000888100/sizes/o/ Street crowd http://www.flickr.com/photos/rayan_jeroen/207239822/ Wii Play packaging http://www.flickr.com/photos/20179579@N00/461808859/ Reach http://www.flickr.com/photos/kharied/486001659/ Creative Commons options http://www.lessig.org/blog/archives/freedoms_license.jpg Creative Commons logo http://www.flickr.com/photos/10243775@N05/3482370143/ FLOSS used in MS Windows http://www.flickr.com/photos/martinbekkelund/2397647179/sizes/l/ GPL street sign http://www.flickr.com/photos/svensson/45394401/ License your tweets? http://za.creativecommons.org/blog/archives/2009/09/13/cc-license-your-tweets/ GNU and FLOSS differences http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/open-source-misses-the-point.html Open Content examples http://www.archive.org/details/opensource_movies Open Course logo http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcwathieu/2412755417/
  47. 47. Government, TED and cholera slides Richard Wallis, OCLC (formerly Talis) Credits - Fair Use of Copyright White Blood Cells album cover by The White Stripes http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_White_Stripes_-_White_Blood_Cells.jpg Redd Blood Cells album cover by Stephen Banes http://www.reddkross.com/features/RBC/ Nine Inch Nails Web page for Ghosts I-IV http://ghosts.nin.com/main/home ITU logo http://www.itu.int/PublishingImages/logos/ITU-official-logo_75.gif Credits - By Permission Linux logo by Larry Ewing <lewing@isc.tamu.edu>

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