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PPP in SWM

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Ppp in waste management
Ppp in waste management
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PPP in SWM

  1. 1. Public Private Participation in Solid Waste Management
  2. 2. The Polluter Pays! Who is the Polluter? Individual - Institutional
  3. 3. What happens when the Polluter disposes waste without having to pay for it?
  4. 4. Who Pays when the Polluter gets away without Paying? Local Government God Environment Neighbor
  5. 5. International & National legislation concerning management of wastes (MSW) Directive Principles in the Constitution Environment Protection Act, 1986 Chapter 21 of Agenda 21, UN Conference on Sustainable Development, Rio De Janeiro Kyoto Protocol Municipal Solid Waste Management and Handling Rules, 2000
  6. 6. PUBLIC DOMAIN to PRIVATE DOMAIN Other Sectors where this has happened: Oil Telecom Pharmaceuticals Engineering
  7. 7. WASTE MANAGEMENT – From being exclusively in the Public Domain to emerging Public Private Participation
  8. 8. In spite of formulation of MSW Management & Handling Rules, 2000 over a decade ago It is common to see heaps of waste being burnt in the open Wastes are not segregated at source Wastes are not being disposed in an environmentally safe manner
  9. 9. Components of a Waste Management Process: Consumption Generation Segregation Collection Storage Compaction/Reduction Transportation Resource Recovery Disposal
  10. 10. Hierarchy of Waste Management Options: Reduce Reuse Recycling of Paper, Plastic, Metal, Glass etc., Compost and Organic Manure Production Bio-mass to Energy & Soil Conditioners Waste to Energy & Incineration Landfill
  11. 11. Nature of Public Private Participation PPP: Consultancy EPC – Engineering, Procurement, Construction BOT – Build, Operate, Transfer BOOT – Build, Own, Operate, Transfer
  12. 12. Key benefit from Public Private Participation PPP: Government can avoid getting bogged down with operational issues by outsourcing operational activity to private sector while concentrating on core function of governance and be a regulatory and enforcement authority
  13. 13. Economics of Waste Management Economics when waste is segregated at source (cleaner recovery of recyclables enhancing both volume and value of recovered resources) Economics of handling waste as a single stream, when they are not segregated at source (recovery for recycling, composting etc., from mixed wastes will be lower and expensive particularly from daily receipts of large volumes at a centralized facility and increase in quantities taken up for landfill - driven to choose the last option in hierarchy without optimal reduction through resource recovery) Management of wastes as non-profit or loss making activity as a welfare measure in the interest of public health with source of funds for activity through taxes, grants etc., can only be taken up by government It is not possible for private sector to sustain in business when it does not break even or make profit from business/activity
  14. 14. Activities in which Government should seek private participation Sensitization and awareness creation Primary Collection Transportation Management of facilities such as transfer station, treatment and processing, land filling Biomass & Waste to Energy projects Recycling Turnkey Projects – end to end
  15. 15. THANK YOU

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