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Grade R video teacher training 4 6

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Grade R video teacher training 4 6

  1. 1. Grade R Video Teacher Training 4-6 Discussion Questions
  2. 2. The video covered • What is theme based education? • What skills you can teach from themes • How to set up a theme based table • What are multiple intelligences? • Teaching using Posters • Outdoor themes
  3. 3. 4. Themes Question 1 What is meant by theme based teaching?
  4. 4. Answer to Question 1 It means teaching by topic For example: My Family Animals Seasons Transport
  5. 5. Question 2 Think of as many themes as you can that would be interesting to children
  6. 6. Question 2 answers • Here are a few you may have thought of more: • Transport • Health • Seasons :Summer, Winter Spring Autumn • Insects • Christmas • Easter • Mandela Day • Music
  7. 7. Question 2 answers • Here are a few more • Farms • Towns and cities • Night and Day
  8. 8. Question 3 • What skills can you teach through themes?
  9. 9. Answer to Question 3 • Literacy through labeling items with flash cards • Language skills – learning new words • Numeracy by counting • Size and shape • colours • Position – behind, on top, under etc. • Life skills
  10. 10. Question 4 • How can you set up a theme table?
  11. 11. Answer to Question 4 • Use a coloured table cloth which goes with the theme e.g. brown for earth, blue for ocean Put a Title Background Items like plastic animals, insects they can touch Label items
  12. 12. Question 5 • In the video they talk about “multiple intelligences”. What does that mean?
  13. 13. Answers to Question 5 • Some children learn best by touching things, • some by seeing things, • some by hearing, • some are very socially aware.
  14. 14. Question 6 • So how can a theme table help you to teach all your children even though they may learn best in different ways?
  15. 15. Answer to Question 6 • Using a theme table can encourage children to use all their different skills by observing, hearing you talk about it, share their own experiences, touching items etc.
  16. 16. Question 7 • Why are posters useful? Try to think of as many ways as possible. • The answers are taken from Page 19 of the Teachers’ Handbook.
  17. 17. Answer to Question 7 • Just as with themes, they can Introduce an idea or concept. • Reinforce a topic • Stimulate discussion • Settle learners and gain their attention
  18. 18. More Answers for Question 7 • Work on observational skills (visual discrimination) • Encourage them to share their experience • Extend the learners’ experience • Teach visual literacy (how to read a picture) • Create stories around the picture.
  19. 19. Question 8 • What sort of outdoor themes can you think of?
  20. 20. Answers to Question 8 • Lie down and look at the shapes of the clouds • Look at different types of trees, learn their names, collect bark and leaves • Build different types of houses, shops castles in sand. • Water – what floats and what doesn’t.
  21. 21. Question 9 • Can you remember some of the suggested tips for parents mentioned in the video?
  22. 22. Question 9 Answers:Tips for Parents • Encourage parents to talk about everything with their children, when they cook, when they walk, at the park, in the shops. • Count things, how heavy, how light, how much does it cost, what are the names of trees, colours etc etc. • Teach kids life skills how to cook, making beds setting tables, folding laundry etc.
  23. 23. You have learned: • What is theme based education? • What skills you can teach from themes • How to set up a theme based table • What are multiple intelligences and how to help children with different ways of learning? • Teaching using Posters • Outdoor themes
  24. 24. 5. Literacy, Stories and the Big Book
  25. 25. Question 1 What things should you think about when choosing a book? (There are 4 slides of answers to this question!)
  26. 26. Answers to Question 1 Simple language Age appropriate Clear Sequencing (the order in which the story develops) Same age characters Animal characters
  27. 27. Answers to Question 1 Mixture of information they already know and don’t know which will stretch them and increase their vocabulary and knowledge.
  28. 28. Answers to Question 1 Stories that are relevant to the themes you are teaching Stories that include counting, prepositions (words which show position), size etc Stories which include repetition of sounds or phrases.
  29. 29. Answers to Question 1 Stories which help to stretch their creativity and imagination. Life skills – crossing the road, hygiene etc.
  30. 30. Question 2 The Big Book in the Education Department ‘s Grade R kit is in how many languages?
  31. 31. Answer to Question 2 The Big Book in the Education Department ‘s Grade R kit. Is in how many languages? 4 languages
  32. 32. Question 3 The Big Book in the Education Department ‘s Grade R kit. How does it reinforce the suggested themes?
  33. 33. Answer to Question 3 The Big Book in the Education Department ‘s Grade R kit. How does it reinforce the suggested themes? Helps to introduce or reinforce the themes Makes the themes come alive, add interest and more information
  34. 34. Question 4 Why is story telling important?
  35. 35. Answer to Question 4 Stories help the children to interpret pictures, associate words on the page with meaning, develops a love of reading, improves language skills, comprehension skills
  36. 36. Question 5 • Why should there be lots of colourful pictures?
  37. 37. Answer to Question 5 • Helps the children to interpret the story before hearing the words. • Keeps their interest.
  38. 38. Question 6 • Why is it important to read the story yourself before reading it to the children?
  39. 39. Answers to Question 6 • This will help you to know and understand the content, read with more expression, make it more interesting for the children and to formulate questions which add more value to the educational experience for the children. You may also wish to retell it in your own words.
  40. 40. Question 7 • When you tell a story how can you make it more interesting for the children in the way you read it.
  41. 41. Answer to Question 7 • Tell the story with expression, change the pace (speed) to build excitement, use high and low voice pitch. Use different voices for different characters. • Stop at intervals to ask questions.
  42. 42. Practice what we just learned in Question 7 • Tell the story with expression, change the pace (speed) to build excitement, use high and low voice pitch. Use different voices for different characters. • Let’s read a book – read a page and pass it round!
  43. 43. Question 8 • What is the difference between open and closed questions?
  44. 44. Answer to Question 8 • An answer to a closed question will always be a simple answer or yes or no. • For example: What colour is the sky? • Do you like dogs?
  45. 45. Answer to question 8 • An open question will lead to a longer answer which makes the child think more deeply about the subject or bring out how they feel. • For example • What was the boy doing? • How does that make you feel?
  46. 46. Question 9 • What skills can you assess through using questions?
  47. 47. Answers to Question 9 • Listening skills • Auditory, memory and critical thinking • Ability to sequence a story (understand the order of events) • Comprehension • Ability to predict what is going to happen next.
  48. 48. Question 10 • In children’s books there is often a lot of repetition of phrases. • Why is this important?
  49. 49. Answer to Question 10 • Repetition helps the children to learn new phrases (It can be good idea to get everyone to say them together.) • Children love repetition – it makes them enjoy the story more, adds interest and helps with comprehension.
  50. 50. Question 11 • What other ways can you develop on the story?
  51. 51. Answer to Question 11 • Children can draw pictures of the story. • Play “I spy” with words in the pictures • Learn words to do with the story • Dramatise the story. (Act it out)
  52. 52. Remember • That if you encourage the children to love reading they will develop reading and comprehension skills and numeracy skills more quickly and be successful at school. • Also get parents involved and encourage them to read with their children every day before bed or whenever they have time.
  53. 53. Section 6 Literacy and Phonics
  54. 54. The video covered: • What is Phonics? • Mnemonic devices ( ways to help you to remember the sound) • Phonics table • Best phonic lessons in practice
  55. 55. Question 1 • When we teach phonics are we teaching the name of the letter or the sound of the letter?
  56. 56. Answer to Question 1 • The sound
  57. 57. Question 2 • When we introduce a new sound how can we make the sound easier for the child to learn?
  58. 58. Answer to Question 2 • Put letters into a context. • Make meaningful visual, auditory associations • Visual means what the child sees should mean something to the child e.g. l lion with a picture of a lion • Auditory – what the child hears – make the sound clearly and give lots of practice.
  59. 59. Question 3 • Why should you tell a story associated with the new sound?
  60. 60. Answer to Question 3 • It makes the sound easier to remember, makes it more meaningful, it is lots of fun for the child.
  61. 61. Question 4 • Please give some examples of a story you could tell about a sound.
  62. 62. Answer to Question 4 • There could be many but here is one mentioned in the video • Harry the helpful happy handyman likes everything beginning with h. • ham, honey, hammers etc. • Can you think of more things Harry would like?
  63. 63. Question 5 • Why is it important to emphasize and exaggerate the first sound of the word when introducing sounds?
  64. 64. Answer to Question 5 • It is not easy for the child at first to hear and isolate the first sound – it takes practice. • It also helps the child to remember the sound.
  65. 65. Answer to Question 6 • How do you prepare a phonics table?
  66. 66. Answer to Question 6 • Low table easy to access for the children • Coloured table cloth associated with sound if possible( red for r) • Objects starting with sound • Flash cards with words with first sound highlighted.
  67. 67. Question 7 • What other activities can you use to help the children learn the sounds?
  68. 68. Answer to Question 7 • Put up a mirror so the children can see themselves making the sound • Sandpaper letter • Trace on the back of another child • Trace the sounds in the air • Or use salt or sand
  69. 69. Answers to Question 7 • Use play dough to make the sounds • I spy games • Write in Chalk the sound outside • Play sound hop skotch • Twist and turn the body into the shape of the sound • Worksheets with sound
  70. 70. Question 8 • Let’s run through a perfect phonics lesson.
  71. 71. Answers to Question 8 • Introduce a new sound or letter every week • Introduce the sound with a picture • Introduce sound on its own • Repeat
  72. 72. Answers to Question 8 • Tell a story about the sound • Ask questions like “What else starts with this sound?” • Then continue with some of the activities listed in previous question.
  73. 73. Question 9 • What is one of the biggest challenges to teaching phonics in South Africa?
  74. 74. Answer to Question 9 • There are 11 official languages and many more and the pronunciation of sounds may be different
  75. 75. Question 10 • How can we help children to overcome this challenge?
  76. 76. Answer to Question 10 • By making we say the sound carefully (don’t say t like tea but like tuh) and also in an exaggerated way
  77. 77. Please note… Please note Alphabetti Spaghetti series on the resource kit is really great for this!
  78. 78. Question 11 • How can we get parents involved? • Can you suggest some activities they can do with their child at home?
  79. 79. Answer to Question 11 • When cooking the can say the name of a food and ask the child to think of other words starting with the same sound • Make a match Say a word and ask the child to point to something or find something with same sound • Play “I spy” at home or when out.
  80. 80. You have learned: • What is Phonics? • Mnemonic devices ( ways to help you to remember the sound) • How to set up a Phonics table • Best phonic lessons in practice
  81. 81. Congratulations !!!! You have completed Sections 4-6