2. What is a robot?
A robot is a mechanical or virtual artificial agent, usually an electro-
mechanical machine that is guided by a computer program or electronic
A machine that can do the work of a person and that either works
automatically or controlled by a computer.
3. So what is robotics?
The branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation,
and application of robots.
Simply , robotics may be defined as “Study of Robots”
The aim of robotics is to design an efficient robot.
Why is robotics needed?
Robotics is needed because:-
• Can work in hazardous/dangerous temperature
• Can do repetitive tasks
• Can do work with accuracy
4. First use of word robotics
The acclaimed Czech playwright
Karel Capek made the first use of
the word ‘robot’, from the Czech
word for forced labor or serf.
The word 'robotics' was first used
in Runaround, a short story
published in 1942, by Isaac Asimov.
But it was not until 1956 that a
real robot came into existence.
7. The first robot-Unimate
After the technology explosion
during World War II, in 1956,
George C. Devol, Norman
Schafler and Joseph F.
Engelberger and made a serious
and commercial effort to
produce a robot.
They started a firm named
Unimation and succeeded in
building the 1st robot named
Joseph F. Engelberger is known
as the ‘Father of Robotics’
8. Types of robots
Domestic or household robots
Hobby and competition robots
9. Industrial robots
Industrial robots are robots used in an industrial manufacturing environment.
Usually these are articulated arms specifically developed for such applications
as welding, material handling, painting and others. If we judge purely by
application this type could also include some automated guided vehicles and
10. Domestic or household robots
Robots used at home. This type of
robots includes many quite
different devices such as robotic
vacuum cleaners, robotic pool
cleaners, sweepers, gutter
cleaners and other robots that can
do different chores. Also, some
surveillance and telepresence
robots could be regarded as
household robots if used in that
11. Medical robots
Robots used in medicine and
medical institutions. First and
foremost - surgery robots. Also,
some automated guided vehicles
and maybe lifting aides.
Nowadays, there are two fields
where surgical robots are being
developed and tested. One is
telerobotics which enables a
doctor to do a surgery at a
distance. The other field is
minimally invasive surgery -
surgery done without making large
12. Service robots
Service robots assist human
beings, typically by performing a
job that is dirty, dull, distant,
dangerous or repetitive,
including household. They typically
are autonomous and/or operated
by a built-in control system, with
manual override options.
13. Military robots
Robots used in military. This type
of robots includes bomb disposal
robots, different transportation
robots, reconnaissance drones.
Often robots initially created for
military purposes can be used in
law enforcement, search and
rescue and other related fields.
14. Entertainment robots
These are robots used for
entertainment. This is a very broad
category. It starts with toy robots
such as robosapien or the running
alarm clock and ends with real
heavyweights such as articulated
robot arms used as motion
15. Space robots
I would like to single out robots
used in space as a separate type.
This type would include robots
used on the International Space
Station, Canadarm that was used in
Shuttles, as well as Mars rovers and
other robots used in space.
16. Hobby and competition robots
Robots that you create. Line followers, sumo-bots, robots made just
for fun and robots made for competition.
17. ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES
Going to far away planets.
Going far down into the unknown waters
and mines where humans would be
Giving us information that humans can't
Working at places 24/7 without any
salary and food. Plus they don't get
They can perform tasks faster than
humans and much more consistently and
Most of them are automatic so they can
go around by themselves without any
People can lose jobs in factories
It needs a supply of power
It needs maintenance to keep it
It costs money to make or buy a robot