Contenu connexe


Prcc chap 1

  1. Attitude: Meaning, Concept and Formation | Psychology • Meaning of Attitude: • Social psychologists hardly show any uniformity in giving a definition of attitude. Some behaviouristically inclined social psychologists refer to the attitudes as conforming behaviour. The behaviour is directed towards a particular standard or norm. • One cannot speak of conformity if there is no standard or norm. Attitudes are formed with respect to situations, persons or groups with which individual comes in contact in course of the growth and development of his personality.
  2. Classification of Attitude: Attitudes have been classified in several ways such as positive and negative, common or personal, reciprocal etc. Based on the existing relation between the individual of the society different categories of attitudes develop: (a) Reciprocal attitude: The attitude between employee and the employer, student and teacher is reciprocal. Such attitudes are designated as reciprocal ones. (b) Common attitude: When large number of people in the society have similar or uniform attitude towards an organisation, groups or political parties, religion etc. it is known as common attitude. If most of the people in a particular society do not like to take dowry, this is considered as a common attitude.
  3. Health benefits that positive thinking may provide include: Increased life span. Lower rates of depression. Lower levels of distress. Greater resistance to the common cold. Better psychological and physical well-being. Better cardiovascular health and reduced risk of death from cardiovascular disease.
  4. Here are some ways to maintain a positive attitude in the workplace and in general, regardless of whether it comes naturally or not: • 1. Surround yourself with positive people. • The old saying “birds of a feather flock together” can be viewed two ways. Either people who are similar naturally find each other, or people in a group become the same over time. • Surround yourself with positive people. • Who you hang around with rubs off on you. If you’re always with negative people who complain about everything, you’ll become a complainer and see the world as negative as they do. You might think you can stay positive and change them, but that’s not going to be the case. Try to connect with people who like their job, have new ideas, and are interested in lots of other things besides work. It’ll make your whole outlook better. •
  5. 2. Fill your mind with positive input. • The same way that the people you are around change you to be more like them, so is what you feed your mind. • Listen to positive music with headphones. Listen to uplifting audio books on the drive into work. Read books that are encouraging. Watch videos and listen to podcasts that are positive or help you improve skills. •
  6. Negative Attitude • We all have a bad day every now and then. Maybe you got up on the wrong side of the bed. Perhaps you notice in front of the mirror that you're all bent out of shape today. Or maybe it's just that you got your knickers in a twist. • A negative attitude is a disposition, feeling, or manner that is not constructive, cooperative, or optimistic. • In this lesson, we'll go over some examples of negative attitudes.
  7. How to improve interpersonal relationship skills • Interact with your colleagues or subordinates more often. Greet your colleagues every day you see them even if they are from a different team. Also, provide an open platform for everyone to discuss any issue at hand and encourage honest feedback. Whether you use verbal or written communication method makes little difference but you must be able to make informed decisions. Hiding things from a co-worker or ignoring him may spoil your relationship with him. • Conduct as well as attend morning meetings. Leaders should make it a habit to arrange and members should make sure to attend morning meetings. However, these meetings should not be made too formal e.g. by allowing coffee mugs as well as informal interactions between the members during the meeting. • Arrange picnics as well as off-site meetings for team members. Meeting outside the office, in an effort to change the ambience, gives team members a special opportunity to open up to each other and build strong bonds of friendship over time.
  8. How to Maintain Your Interpersonal Relationships Interpersonal relationships make up every relationship that fulfills a range of physical and emotional needs for you. These are the people who you’re closest with in your life. While romantic relationships are interpersonal, family members and intimate friends are, too. There’s also such a thing as secondary interpersonal relationships. These include acquaintances, neighbors, and others who you interact with on a regular basis. In short, you have some kind of interpersonal relationship with everyone you know. Given the importance of relationships to our emotional and physical well-being, it’s necessary to learn how to develop it
  9. Stages of relationships Relationships don’t develop suddenly. One psychologist, George Levinger, identified five stages of interpersonal relationships in a 1980 study. He called this stage theory, which includes: acquaintance buildup continuation deterioration ending (termination)
  10. The emotions he identified were happiness, sadness, disgust, fear, surprise, and anger. ... Other Types of Emotions Amusement. Contentment. Excitement. Contempt. Embarrassment. Relief. Pride in achievement. Guilt.
  11. Emotional Intelligence • 1. You think about feelings • 2. You pause. • 3. You strive to control your thoughts. • 4. You benefit from criticism. • 5. You show authenticity.
  12. How to Maintain Powerful Interpersonal Relationships Now, let’s get into the part of how to maintain strong interpersonal relationships. Once you’ve gotten a solid relationship started here’s some ways you can maintain it. 1. Be Open Any strong relationship needs to have the willingness to be open. This means the ability and desire to share what you’re thinking and your feelings about different subjects. It really makes a lot of sense if you think about it. When you are open and willing to share, it shows the other person that you care about the relationship; that you are wanting to create a close connection by being truthful and receptive to the other person’s thoughts and feelings.
  13. SHOW RESPECT - Pretty powerful stuff. One of the deepest human desires is to feel understood. When you show empathy towards someone else, you are showing that you care enough to understand how they feel. And that goes a really long way in maintaining strong relationships. Remember to show empathy whenever the opportunity presents itself in your relationships. This helps all of us feel more supported, understood, and most importantly, connected.