Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.
AIR PORTS
BY
RAMKUMAR K R
GANESH ARKALGUD
INTRODUCTION

Location where airplanes take off and land
TYPES OF AIRPORTS
• Military (Example : Yelahanka air base)
• Civilian
 Domestic
 International
• Civil Military Co-ordi...
DIFFERENCES
DOMESTIC AIRPORTS
DOMESTIC AIRPORTS

INTERNATIONAL AIRPORTS

• International travel

Domestic travel

Internat...
BASIC COMPONENTS
• Runway
• Control towers
• Helipads
• Hangars
• Terminal buildings
RUNWAYS
• Runway Orientation
• Runway safety area
• Blast pads
• Pavements
• Made of Asphalt and/or Concrete
RUNWAY MARKINGS


There are runway markings and signs on most large
runways. Larger runways have a distance remaining sig...
BASIC RUNWAY LENGTH
It is the length of the runway under following assumed
conditions of the airport
1. Airport altitude i...
BASIC RUNWAY LENGTH


Normal landing case



Normal takeoff case



Engine failure case
For jet engine aircrafts, all 3...
CORRECTIONS FOR ELEVATION


As elevation increases, air density reduces.



This reduces lift on wings of Aircraft and
r...
CORRECTIONS FOR
TEMPERATURE

It is the monthly mean of average daily temperature for the hottest
month of the year(Ta) plu...
CONTROL TOWER


A tower where in Air traffic is controlled



Small and medium airports have only 1 tower, Large
Airport...
HELIPAD


Place where Helicopters land safely



Remote areas, Airports, on Roofs of
big buildings(Air-taxi services)

...
HANGARS


Closed structure to hold planes in protective
storage



Steel, Wood or Concrete is used for
construction



...
TERMINAL BUILDING
•

An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers
transfer between ground transportati...
1.
2.
3.
4.

PLANNING

Airport Requirements
Site selection
Airport Plans
The Financial Plan
REGIONAL PLANNING
• Approximate
locations of airports
in national maps
• Classification of
airports
• Location of air stri...
ICAO MASTER PLANNING
PROCESS
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Planning method
Forecasting for planning purposes
Site evaluation and select...
SITE SELECTION
Depends on Class of airport under consideration.
Factors for the site selection of a major airport are
1.
R...
LIGHTING OF AIRPORTS


First appeared in Cleveland Municipal
Airport in 1930



Guide airplanes during night.



Variou...
APRONS
• Paved area for parking of aircrafts, loading and unloading of
passengers and cargo
• Gate position
• Number of ga...
ORGANISATIONS
•
•
•
•

National Airports Authority (NAA)
International Airports Authority of India (IAAI)
Airports Authori...
REFERENCES


Airport Planning and Design, by S.K. Khanna,
M.G. Arora, S.S. Jain (6th edition)



Airport Engineering, by...
THANK YOU
Airports
Airports
Prochain SlideShare
Chargement dans…5
×

Airports

15 066 vues

Publié le

Publié dans : Industrie automobile
  • These are one of the best companies for review articles. High quality with cheap rates. ⇒⇒⇒WRITE-MY-PAPER.net ⇐⇐⇐ I highly recommend it :)
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici
  • To get professional research papers you must go for experts like ⇒ www.WritePaper.info ⇐
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici
  • Hi there! I just wanted to share a list of sites that helped me a lot during my studies: .................................................................................................................................... www.EssayWrite.best - Write an essay .................................................................................................................................... www.LitReview.xyz - Summary of books .................................................................................................................................... www.Coursework.best - Online coursework .................................................................................................................................... www.Dissertations.me - proquest dissertations .................................................................................................................................... www.ReMovie.club - Movies reviews .................................................................................................................................... www.WebSlides.vip - Best powerpoint presentations .................................................................................................................................... www.WritePaper.info - Write a research paper .................................................................................................................................... www.EddyHelp.com - Homework help online .................................................................................................................................... www.MyResumeHelp.net - Professional resume writing service .................................................................................................................................. www.HelpWriting.net - Help with writing any papers ......................................................................................................................................... Save so as not to lose
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici
  • Ted, these are awesome stuff! The plans are easy to read and understand for someone like me Plenty of detailed instructions making it easy to learn the techniques that I'm struggling with. ❤❤❤ https://url.cn/xFeBN0O4
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici
  • I can definitely recommend a website that really helped me with my essay. I found out it was due the day before I had to submit it. Went into full-on panic mode. Worst experience of my senior year by far. It’s called HelpWriting.net. The quality of the writing is passable but the completion rate is super quick. You get to pick your own writer to do your stuff and that’s also a big bonus.
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici

Airports

  1. 1. AIR PORTS BY RAMKUMAR K R GANESH ARKALGUD
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Location where airplanes take off and land
  3. 3. TYPES OF AIRPORTS • Military (Example : Yelahanka air base) • Civilian  Domestic  International • Civil Military Co-ordination
  4. 4. DIFFERENCES DOMESTIC AIRPORTS DOMESTIC AIRPORTS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORTS • International travel Domestic travel International travel Runway is about 3300ft. long Runway is greater than 6500ft.than • Runway is greater Long Presence of Duty free shops 6500ft. Long Absent • Absent
  5. 5. BASIC COMPONENTS • Runway • Control towers • Helipads • Hangars • Terminal buildings
  6. 6. RUNWAYS • Runway Orientation • Runway safety area • Blast pads • Pavements • Made of Asphalt and/or Concrete
  7. 7. RUNWAY MARKINGS  There are runway markings and signs on most large runways. Larger runways have a distance remaining sign (black box with white numbers). This sign uses a single number to indicate the thousands of feet remaining, so 7 will indicate 7,000 ft (2,134 m) remaining. The runway threshold is marked by a line of green lights.
  8. 8. BASIC RUNWAY LENGTH It is the length of the runway under following assumed conditions of the airport 1. Airport altitude is at sea level 2. Temperature at airport is standard(15°C) 3. Runway is levelled in longitudinal direction 4. No wind is blowing on runway 5. Aircraft is loaded to it’s full loading capacity 6. There is no wind blowing Enroute to the destination 7. Enroute temperature is standard
  9. 9. BASIC RUNWAY LENGTH  Normal landing case  Normal takeoff case  Engine failure case For jet engine aircrafts, all 3 cases are considered. For piston engine Aircrafts only 1st and 3rd cases are considered.
  10. 10. CORRECTIONS FOR ELEVATION  As elevation increases, air density reduces.  This reduces lift on wings of Aircraft and requires greater ground speed  Longer runway is required for greater speeds  ICAO recommends basic runway length to be increased at a rate of 7% per 1000 ft. Rise in elevation above mean sea level
  11. 11. CORRECTIONS FOR TEMPERATURE It is the monthly mean of average daily temperature for the hottest month of the year(Ta) plus one third the difference of this temperature and the monthly mean of the maximum daily temperature(Tm). •ICAO recommends that the basic runway length after having been corrected for elevation should be further increased at the rate of 1% per 1° C rise of airport reference temperature
  12. 12. CONTROL TOWER  A tower where in Air traffic is controlled  Small and medium airports have only 1 tower, Large Airports have more number of towers  Radios, telephones, light guns, flight progress strip, wind and pressure gauges etc.,
  13. 13. HELIPAD  Place where Helicopters land safely  Remote areas, Airports, on Roofs of big buildings(Air-taxi services)  World’s highest helipad is in Siachen glacier ,India.
  14. 14. HANGARS  Closed structure to hold planes in protective storage  Steel, Wood or Concrete is used for construction  Protect planes from weather and UV radiations  Also used to hold helicopters
  15. 15. TERMINAL BUILDING • An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer between ground transportation and the facilities that allow them to board and disembark from aircraft. • Purchase tickets, • Transfer their luggage, and go through security. • The buildings that provide access to the airplanes (via gates) are typically called concourses.
  16. 16. 1. 2. 3. 4. PLANNING Airport Requirements Site selection Airport Plans The Financial Plan
  17. 17. REGIONAL PLANNING • Approximate locations of airports in national maps • Classification of airports • Location of air strips • Routes of air travel • Population • Geographical features • Existing airports in vicinity • Air traffic characteristics
  18. 18. ICAO MASTER PLANNING PROCESS • • • • • • • • Planning method Forecasting for planning purposes Site evaluation and selection Airport configuration Aircraft apron Passenger building Departure and Arrivals Other facilities
  19. 19. SITE SELECTION Depends on Class of airport under consideration. Factors for the site selection of a major airport are 1. Regional plan 2. Airport use 3. Proximity to other airports 4. Ground accessibility 5. Topography 6. Obstructions 7. Visibility 8. Wind 9. Noise nuisance 10. Grading, drainage and soil characteristics 11. Future development 12. Availability of utilities from town 13. Economic considerations
  20. 20. LIGHTING OF AIRPORTS  First appeared in Cleveland Municipal Airport in 1930  Guide airplanes during night.  Various colours are used for different signals
  21. 21. APRONS • Paved area for parking of aircrafts, loading and unloading of passengers and cargo • Gate position • Number of gate positions • Aircraft parking system →Frontal, Open Apron system, Finger system, Satellite system
  22. 22. ORGANISATIONS • • • • National Airports Authority (NAA) International Airports Authority of India (IAAI) Airports Authority of India (AAI) International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) • Federal Aviation Agency (FAA) • Directorate of Civil Aviation
  23. 23. REFERENCES  Airport Planning and Design, by S.K. Khanna, M.G. Arora, S.S. Jain (6th edition)  Airport Engineering, by Ranganwala S.C.  Google images  IEEE Xplore.org
  24. 24. THANK YOU

×