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Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana Ramanjaneyulu Centre for Sustainable Agriculture
Background Deceleration in agricultural growth due to decreasing public investment NDC Resolution: “Introduce a new Additional Central Assistance scheme to incentivise States to draw up plans for their agriculture sector more comprehensively, taking agro-climatic conditions, natural resource issues and technology into account, and integrating livestock, poultry and fisheries more fully...”
Basic Features of RKVY State Plan scheme Funds provided as 100% grant Eligibility criteria Allocation criteria
Objectives of the RKVY1. To incentivize the states that increase their investment in Agriculture and allied sectors2. To provide flexibility and autonomy to the States in planning and executing programmes for agriculture3. To ensure the preparation of Agriculture Plans for the districts and states4. To achieve the goal of reducing the yield gaps in important crops5. To maximize returns to the farmers6. To address the agriculture and allied sectors in an integrated manner
Basic features of the RKVY1. It is a State Plan scheme2. The eligibility of a state for the RKVY is contingent upon the state maintaining or increasing the State Plan expenditure for Agrl. & Allied Sectors3. The base line expenditure is determined based on the average expenditure incurred by the State Government during the three years prior to the previous year.4. The list of allied sectors is as indicated by the Planning Commission5. The preparation of the district and State Agriculture Plans is mandatory
Basic features.. Contd.6. Encourages convergence with other programmes such as NREGS, SGSY, BRGF, etc.7. Pattern of funding is 100% Central Government Grant.8. If the state lowers its investment in the subsequent years, and goes out of the RKVY basket, then the balance resources for completing the projects already commenced would have to be committed by them.9. It will be an incentive scheme – allocations are not automatic10. It will integrate agriculture and allied sectors comprehensively11. It will give high levels of flexibility to the states – including approvals at the level of the state governments12. Projects with definite time-lines are highly encouraged
List of allied sectors Crop Husbandry (including Horticulture) Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development and Fisheries Agricultural Research and Education Agricultural Marketing Food storage and Warehousing Soil and Water Conservation Agricultural Financial Institutions Other Agriculture Programmes and Cooperation
Three clear stages Determination of Eligibility – to be done by the Planning Commission Determination of Allocation – to be done by the Planning Commission Distribution of Funds – to be done by the DAC
Once a state becomes eligible..The allocation among the eligible states is dependant upon three parameters.. % share of net un-irrigated area to the net un-irrigated area of the eligible states – 20% The Projected growth rates in the GSDP, to be attained by the end of XI Plan – 30% Increase in the total Plan expenditure in Agrl. & Allied Sectors - 50%
The distribution of funds is in two streamsStream-1 : At least 75% of Stream-2: The balance the allocated amount amount • Funding approved by a State Level • Existing Schemes that require Sanctioning Committee (SLSC) strengthening can be covered headed by the State Chief under this – especially such Secretary schemes that have a resource • Oriented toward project based gap funding, with definite time-lines • Not more than 25% allocated • States will have to prepare DPRs funds can be used for this stream for undertaking projects consistent • Sanction procedure as in the with the SAPs and DAPs case of other plan schemes • Option to expend the entire resources under the Stream-1 exists
Planning Process A District Agriculture Plan (DAP) for each district should be formulated Planning Commission has already circulated detailed guidelines The DAP should include AH, Dairying, Fisheries, Minor Irrigation Projects, RD works, etc. A comprehensive State Agriculture Plan (SAP) should evolve out of the DAPs Finalized SAP should be placed before the DAC/Planning Commission, as a part of the State Plan Exercise.
DISTRICT AGRICULTURAL PLAN OTHER DAP DEPTL RD ACTIVIT IES AH, DAIRYING FISHERIES Areas of Convergence
Areas of Focus under the RKVY Integrated Development of Food crops, including coarse cereals, minor millets and pulses Agriculture Mechanization Soil Health and Productivity Development of Rainfed Farming Systems IPM Market Infrastructure Horticulture AH, Dairying & Fisheries Concept to Completion Projects that have definite time-lines Support to Institutions that promote Agriculture and Horticulture, etc. Organic and Bio-fertilizers Innovative Schemes
Operationalising the RKVY State Agriculture Department is the Nodal Department For fast-track implementation states may notify or create an Agency to implement the RKVY Funds may be released directly to the Agency to facilitate faster flow Administrative expenses of the Agency can be borne under the RKVY but within the overall ceiling of 1% of the total allocation under the RKVY
RKVY main and sub-missionsSub Schemes Allocation (Rs. In Crores)Normal RKVY 5310.87Green Revolution in Eastern India 400Pulses Villages 300Oil Palm 300Vegetable Clusters 300Nutri-Cereals 300Accelerated Fodder Development 300ProgramNational Mission for Protein 300SupplementationRainfed Areas Development Mission 250Saffron Mission 50Total Sub Schemes 2500Total 7810
But what is happening? Spending on seed-related projects in RKVY: 730.7 cr in 2010-11 : Nearly 27% went into hybrid maize promotion Organic farming spending in RKVY: 3.82% in 2009-10; Came down to 1.77% in 2010-11
Green Revolution in Eastern India(From the PIB Press Release, 1st June 2010) Green revolution envisages adoption of new seed varieties, farm machines, nutrients, pesticides and knowledge based intervention as developed for different agro climatic zones. Essentially, the objective is to increase the crop productivity by intensive cultivation through promotion of recommended agriculture technologies and package of practices. Rs. 400-crore in the Union Budget for 2010, for ‘extending the Green Revolution to the eastern region under RKVY
“Potential of Eastern Region” “The region is endowed with climatic conditions particularly congenial temperature regime suitable for year round cropping Vast unexploited agricultural potential increasing cropping intensity Increasing crop productivity The region witnesses high annual rainfall and is rich in utilizable surface and ground-water resources Groundwater Availability & Utilisation - mostly classified as Underdeveloped”
Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India Allocation (Rs. In Crore)States 2010 2011Assam 33.32Bihar 63.94 55.33Chhattisgarh 67.15 55.21Jharkand 29.60 31.68Odisha 79.67 62.62Uttar Pradesh 57.27 85.66West Bengal 102.37 72.20DAPs +NIRD 3.98Total States 400.00 400.00
Key Interventions Developing additional water sources through tube wells, dug wells and farm ponds Promotion of Hybrid Rice Promotion of Flood, Drought, Cold and Salinity tolerant rice varieties Use of Drum seeders for timely planting of direct seeded rice Promotion of SRI Site specific nutrient management Liming treatment in acidic soils Pest monitoring and Surveillance Bringing additional area under Summer/Boro Rice Pulses and oilseeds crops through relay cropping in rice fallows Promoting pigeon pea as intercrop
Main Focus 2011-12: Focus on medium term strategies; water management; institution building. Will focus on 97 out of 183 districts, the non-NFSM ones Approach based on compact blocks of 1000 Ha each in cluster of villages; ‘handholding’ Funding for: Block demonstration for Rice & Wheat: 63% (2% of non-NFSM area for intensive tech promotion - 4 lac ha; to improve seed replacement rate, line sowing, promotion of plant nutrients & plant protection technologies….. Asset Building: 17% (tube wells, dug wells, pumpsets, drum seeders, zero till seed drills etc.) Site specific activities: 19% (Institution building for input supply)
Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) As part of National Rural Livelihood Mission
Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) MKSP is a sub component of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) MKSP to improve the present status of women in Agriculture, and to enhance the opportunities for her empowerment The primary objective of the MKSP is to empower women in agriculture by strengthening community institutions of poor women farmers and leverage their strength to promote sustainable agriculture
Specific objectives of MKSPTo enhance the productive participation of women in agriculture;To create sustainable agricultural livelihood opportunities for women in agriculture;To improve the skills and capabilities of women in agriculture to support farm and non- farm-based activities;To ensure food and nutrition security at the household and the community level;
Specific objectives of MKSPTo enable women to have better access to inputs and services of the government and other agencies;To enhance the managerial capacities of women in agriculture for better management of bio- diversity;To improve the capacities of women in agriculture to access the resources of other institutions and schemes within a convergence framework.
MKSP Non-Negotiables Strong Community institutions of Women farmers Sustainable Agriculture Low cost sustainable practices such as NPM/ IPM/ Integrated Nutrient Management Mitigation of risk of exposure to hazardous farm practices Soil Health improvement Soil & water conservation and ground water recharging Use of indigenous knowledge Resource Management Suitability of technology to the local agro-ecology Resilience to climate change – Integrated Natural
MKSP Non-Negotiables Promoting and enhancing food and nutritional security at Household and Community level Drudgery reduction for women farmers Focus on landless, small and marginal farmers as project participants.
Process State level proposals Rural Development Department in the State 75% project support and 25 % from state govt or the implementing agency It takes about one year for the process Multistate Proposals Directly to RD department in the Centre 75% project support and 25% the implementing agency/network/consortium Yet to begin