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Scaling up agroecological approaches in Nepal

presentation made at International Organic Farming Conference organised at Katmandu, Nepal from 14-15th May, 2019
Organised by High Level Task force on Organic Farming in Nepal

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Scaling up agroecological approaches in Nepal

  1. 1. ScalingupAgroecologicalApproaches Learning from Experiences Ramanjaneyulu Centre for Sustainable Agriculture
  2. 2. The current crisis in farming Land Labor Inputs Subsidies Capital Yield Prices Income Production resources Risks •Pests and Diseases •Droughts •Floods Moving away from the hands of Cultivators Yields are stagnated Prices not being remunerative Ecological risks •Groundwater depletion •Pesticide poisoning •Soil salinity etc Living costs Income sources Social security
  3. 3. Centre for Sustainable Agriculture 50,000 farmers directly and 200,000 farmers indirectly Agroecological Approaches • Organic/Natural Farming • Adapting to Climate Change • PGS Regional Council • Open Source Seed Initiative Diversifying Livelihoods • Supplementary/ complementary livelihoods • Building knowledge, skills and attitude • Individual/group enterprises • Handholding support Building Producer Organizations • Supporting FPOs, CBOs, SHGs • Food hubs • Sahaja Aharam Retail Improving Governance • Research and Analysis of policy support and regulatory systems • Monitoring performance of public support systems • Kisan Mitra Helpline Caring for those who feed the nation
  4. 4. Focus of work 2019 Sikkim Tripura Punjab Maharashtra Telangana Andhra Pradesh CSA offices and Project sites (6 states)
  5. 5. Water Harvesting Adaptive Cropping Systems Renewable sources of Nutrients Quality Seed System Non Pesticidal Management Agroecological approaches Livestock
  6. 6. Abiotic stress surveillance 6 • Weather monitoring: • The weather parameters - atmospheric temperature, humidity, rainfall light intensity, through an automatic weather station which is weather proof, solar powered and has cellular connectivity. • Daily update on weather parameters helps to monitor the abiotic stresses like drought, floods, hailstorms etc and make advisories. • This information is also useful to access the crop insurance etc. Currently localized information is not available. • Farmers will be given advisories based on the local weather and the data will also be used to build long term predictions. • Soil moisture monitoring: Soil moisture is monitored in 3-5 locations per soil type in a village. The sample size would be based on the soil types and spread. Currently we use digital/analog, manual/automatic probes to assess the soil moisture levels twice a week. • For this we use Field Sensor nodes (soil moisture probe, soil temperature probe) which are weather proof and have built in communication with local sink which can be short range (200 m) and long range (1 km) and from the data sink data can be transmitted to cloud data base • Advisories for crop choices, irrigation and other crop management practices would be given based on the data received.
  7. 7. 7 Biotic Stress Surveillance • Regular monitoring at the village level to understand the kind of pest and disease build up species wise, number wise and abiotic stresses like drought, advise farmers for necessary action. • Pest data is correlated with weather data for long term prediction Insect Pests • Insect pests are attracted to light, color and smell of pheromones. Using these characters a pest surveillance system with Light traps, sticky traps and pheromone traps can be built at the village level. • We follow fixed plot survey methods where different traps (based on the cropping pattern in the region) and the data is compiled to make assessment of the pest/disease situation and advisories are issued at the village level. • The traps are based on the insect types. For examples more sucking pests are attracted to light and sticky traps, while borers are attacted to pheromone traps. Plant Diseases • Plant disease assessment is based on the survey done in identified fields to assess the disease severity. • Incidence and severity: low (<20%), moderate (20-40%), high (40%<) • Percentage of infection is calculated based on the following formula Light trap Sticky trap Pheromone trap
  8. 8. Mapping weather, crop stage, biotic and abiotic stresses
  9. 9. Farmer Field Schools • Training every farmer • Practitioners as trainers • Knowledge based extension
  10. 10. Bio villages • Natural/organic farming • Adapting to climate change • Alternate livelihoods • Water Positive farming • Carbon neutral villages
  11. 11. Creating Livelihoods Sericulture Backyard Poultry Honey Production • Developing Livelihoods Plan • Building the capacities • Green Enterprises for Bioinputs • Providing linkages For diversifying incomes and assets Composting Azolla Sheep and Goat
  12. 12. Compost enterprise
  13. 13. FoodProcessing
  14. 14. Abhihara Organic Cotton value chain
  15. 15. Dorli, Wardha dist, Maharashtra Mulugu, Siddipet dist, Telangana Enebavi, Jangoan dist, Telangana Varanasi, Utter Pradesh
  16. 16. Rural backyard kitchen gardening
  17. 17. CSA model of vegetables production 0.5 acre Creepers Vegetables Bed size 4 ft – wide Bed, 1 ft height and 1.5 ft path Pandal in 25% area of beds and creepers over pandal, 75% area on beds for vegetables. Beds material 1. 20 % Compost/FYM 2. 20% Green biomass 3. 50% red soil 4. 5% Activated charcoal or verimi compost 5. 5% bio fertiliers – T. viride, PSB, Pseudomonas 6. Sprinkle Jeevamruth /Amurth jal 7. Dabolkar method to enrich with micronutrients annually Border crops 1 row •Jowar, bajra and Pigeon pea 1 spacing •Gorinta, karounda for live fence •Drumstick, Banana, Curry leaf- 9 ft space •Guava, papaya, lemon 18 ft space Compost pit Green biomass plants Water tank for gravitational drip Commercial Half an acre model for women livelihood
  18. 18. Demo plots at Institute for Rural Development
  19. 19. Incubating community institutions and enterprises • Organising Federations of farmers groups • Farmer Producer Organisations • Farmer Cooperatives-16 in Andhra Pradesh, 4 in Telangana, 2 in Sikkim • Farmer Producer Companies: 7 in Telangana, 1 in Maharashtra, 2 in Tripura • Handholding Supporting 225 in Telangana • Hand holding support to 78 FPOs in Andhra Pradesh • Organic Retail Marketing through Consumer Cooperative, Hyderabad
  20. 20. Support Services FPOs Extension Services Business Planning Financial Mobilisation Management and Governance Quality Management Convergence with ongoing programs and schemes Market linkages Value addition
  21. 21. Kisan Business School • Participative designing and problem solving • Learning-by–doing • Arriving at Interactive and inclusive solutions • Season-long approach
  22. 22. • Natural/Organic Food directly from farmers • Food/Nutritional Counselling for consumers • Better price to farmers • FPOhub to incubate farmer producer organisations
  23. 23. Quality Management and traceability Certificate no : Q9186414570 PGSI/W(TG)-1276 Eco footprints
  24. 24. 1800 120 3244; 08500 98 3300 • Cluster level • Making public support services accessible for farmers • FPOs, Farmer Service Centres, Volunteers, Department • District Level • Coordinating with various line departments • Distress Helpline to resolve grievances and rapid response in case of extremities • State and National Level • Monitoring public support services for farmers • Policy Research and advocacy KisanMitra Improving governance of agriculture support systems
  25. 25. KisanMitra Farmer Service Centres • FPOs and Women SHGs • Departments/offices • 100 centres in AP and telangana • Provide all services to farmers – Extension support – Inputs – Custom hiring centre – Financial linkages – Procurement for market
  26. 26. v KisanMitra improving governance
  27. 27. farm support services http://www.ekrishi.net • Pestoscope • FARMetrix • FPOhub • Traceability • MARKET • HIRE • FINANCE • KisanMitra
  28. 28. Awards and Recognitions • 2017: Sakshi Excellence Award for Best Contribution to Agriculture • 2014: Best Rural Innovation Award for Non Pesticidal Management in Bihar Rural Innovation Forum • 2014: Best Rural Innovation Award for ‘Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture’ in Maharashtra Rural Innovation Forum • 2012: Best Green Enterprises award by Hivos for NPM scalingup in AP • 2010: Krishi Gourav Award for Enebavi • 2008: TV9 ‘Navya’ Award for effective campaign • 2005: World Bank Development Market Place Award
  29. 29. Going about in Nepal • HR Area - Provide Advance and Refresher Trainings, Grade and Certify Master Farmers and other HR for Organic Farming; • Develop Farmer-led Resource Centre/Diversified Models to help in this training • Support District Team(s) in Planning, Training, Trouble shooting and Monitoring • Farmers' Institutions area - Strengthening/forming of Cluster Farmers' Federations; Area Federations • Planning, Implementations and Monitoring • Establish community seed banks and seed enterprises to promote organic seed • Run kisan business school to improve managerial and entrepreneurial skill of farmers. • Identify location specific food processing units at the cluster level • Developing business plans and • Linking to markets
  30. 30. Identify resource agency(ies) • Knowledge management and Support: identifying innovations, documenting successful models, developing resource material, organising trainings for building capacities on organic farming, media engagement for visibility • Community Seed Banks and Seed Enterprises • Food processing: trainings and offering as service • Consumer Campaign • Research partnership: developing research protocols and partnership with university • Market Linkages: provide forward and backward linkages • Quality Management: setting up systems for internal control systems for PGS or third party certification, and for NPM • IT support services: crop diagnostics, FPO management, Quality management, source tracking and marketing
  31. 31. Building resource persons • Need for diploma degree courses on • Organic/Natural farming • Cooperative management • Livelihood planning and management • Good quality trainings (with a accreditation/ grading system) for practitioners and existing staff • Organic/Natural farming • Cooperative management • Livelihoods-food processing/input production/seed production etc
  32. 32. Public policy • Plan for 5 to 10 years • Change would be incremental • Identify geographical focus areas • Invest on research, extension, education, infrastructure, farmers coops, farmer markets • Improve regulatory systems-have clear plan for chemical use reduction, stop GM • Incentivise farmers for ecological benefits they provide • If tenant farmers are there ensure long term access to lands 35
  33. 33. Centreforsustainableagriculture http://www.csa-india.org http://www.krishi.tv http://www.ekrishi.net http://www.sahajaaharam.com eKrishi : 08500 68 3300 Sahaja Aharam : 08500 78 33 00 Rytu Swarajya Vedhika: 08500 98 33 00 mobile : 090 0069 9702 csa@csa-india.org, Facebook: ramoo.agripage