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Telangana Agriculture
Challenges in changing scenario
Ramanjaneyulu
Kisan Mukti March, 29th Nov, 2018
2nd October, 2018, National Capital Region
Mandsaur, Madhya Pradesh
Farmers March from Nasik to Mumbai
Farmers from Tamil Nadu
Farmers from Punjab and Haryana
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
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12000
14000
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20000
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007...
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
1995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Farmers...
http://kisanmitra.ekrishi.net
Mandal
Name
No. of
Suicides
Mandal
Name
No. of
Suicides Mandal Name
No. of
Suicides
Cherial ...
Farm Crisis and Farmer Suicides
Land size No. of Suicides % of total suicides
Landless 93 13.5%
0 - 1 acre 115 16.6%
1 - 2...
Percentage share of different income sources
70th Round NSSO, 2014
(ha)
Rs. 4561 Rs. 4152 Rs. 5247 Rs. 7348 Rs. 10730
63.6...
Farmers income in Telangana
Sl no Particulars (Amount in Rs) Telangana (Rs/hh/annum) All India (Rs/hh/annum)
I Farmers inc...
What characterises Indian Agriculture?
• Diverse agroclimatic conditions
• Rich Agrodiversity
• Main source of livelihood ...
Land
Labor
Inputs
Subsidies
Capital
Yield
Prices
Income
Production resources
Risks
•Pests and Diseases
•Droughts
•Floods
M...
Where the we went wrong?
• Completely ignored the agroecological conditions of farming and socio
economic conditions of fa...
Telangana: Socio Economic Status of Rural Areas
• As per the 2011 census, 69.69 per cent of the families (57,06,101 famili...
Tenant farming in Telangana
• About 35% tenant farmers
• The Andhra Pradesh (Telangana Area) Tenancy & Agriculture
Act, 19...
Direct income Support: Rytu Bandu Scheme
• Investment Support Agriculture and Horticulture crops by way of grant of Rs. 4,...
KALIA (Odisha): Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation was announced by the Odisha government with a bu...
Paradigm shift
• Shift to Agroecological Approaches: Organic/Natural farming
• Increasing access to productive resources: ...
Biovillages
• Natural/organic farming
• Adapting to climate change
• Alternate livelihoods
• Water Positive farming
• Carb...
Creating Livelihoods
Sericulture
Backyard Poultry
Honey Production
• Developing Livelihoods Plan
• Building the capacities...
www.sahajaaharam.in
• Natural/Organic Food directly from farmers
• Food/Nutritional Counselling for consumers
• Better pri...
KisanMitra
Vikarabad | Adilabad | Manchiryal
1800-120-3244
08500 98 3300
• Improving last mile delivery of public support
...
Additional challenges
Climate Change
Land use shift
• Agriculture to non agriculture
• Productive resource to asset
• Grow...
Improving Governance
• Investments on Support Systems
• Prices and procurement
• Subsidies
• Credit and debt relief
• Insu...
Awards and Recognitions
• 2017: Sakshi Excellence Award for Best Contribution to Agriculture
• 2014: Best Rural Innovation...
http://www.csa-india.org
http://www.krishi.tv
http://www.ekrishi.net
http://www.sahajaaharam.in
eKrishi : 08500 68 3300
Sa...
Telangana Agriculture
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Telangana Agriculture

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Telangana Agriculture

  1. 1. Telangana Agriculture Challenges in changing scenario Ramanjaneyulu
  2. 2. Kisan Mukti March, 29th Nov, 2018
  3. 3. 2nd October, 2018, National Capital Region
  4. 4. Mandsaur, Madhya Pradesh
  5. 5. Farmers March from Nasik to Mumbai
  6. 6. Farmers from Tamil Nadu
  7. 7. Farmers from Punjab and Haryana
  8. 8. 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 No. of suicides Source: NCRB 1995-2016 Farmer Suicides in India 1995-2016 Total 329,898 in 22 years http://kisanmitra.ekrishi.net
  9. 9. 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 1995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016 Farmers Suicides Source: NCRB 1995-2016 Farmer Suicides in Telangana 1995-2016 Total 28,965 in 22 years http://kisanmitra.ekrishi.net
  10. 10. http://kisanmitra.ekrishi.net Mandal Name No. of Suicides Mandal Name No. of Suicides Mandal Name No. of Suicides Cherial 37 Chityala 27 Talamadugu 21 Vikarabad 32 Regonda 26 Peddavoora 21 Gurrampode 32 Husnabad 26 Narayankhed 21 Gajwel 32 Gundala 26 Elkathurthi 21 Medak 30 Nalgonda 25 Devarakonda 21 Jainath 30 Marpalle 24 Chintapalle 21 Jagdevpur 30 Anumula 24 Adilabad 21 Dubbak 29 Narmetta 23 Saidapur 20 Kataram 28 Ramayampet 22 Kangal 20 Doultabad – Medak 28 Parkal 22 Geesugonda 20 Chevella 28 Kondapak 22 Boath 20 Atmakur 28 Thimmajipet 21 List of mandals with 20 and above farmers’ suicides since June 2014
  11. 11. Farm Crisis and Farmer Suicides Land size No. of Suicides % of total suicides Landless 93 13.5% 0 - 1 acre 115 16.6% 1 - 2.5 acres 198 28.6% 2.5 - 5 acre 236 34.1% 5 – 10 acre 40 5.8% More than 10 acres 9 1.3% Study done by CSA and Rytu Swarajya Vedhika, 2018 Out of 692 farmers, 520 are tenant farmers, i.e., farmers who had taken land on lease and cultivated it. This means that 75.14% of the farmer suicides are by tenant or lessee farmers. Out of this, 18% were totally landless. Another 46% were marginal land-holders. This means that 64% of the tenant farmers were holding less than 2.5 acres of land. Another 30% were small farmers, i.e., holding between 2.5 and 5 acres of land. Therefore, 94% of the tenant farmers committing suicide are small and marginal farmers or landless
  12. 12. Percentage share of different income sources 70th Round NSSO, 2014 (ha) Rs. 4561 Rs. 4152 Rs. 5247 Rs. 7348 Rs. 10730 63.6 57.5 38.3 23.5 15.4 10.3 3.2 32.2 0.7 16.5 40.9 57.3 68.6 77.6 86.2 47.9 25.9 15 12 11.1 10.8 7.6 6.3 11.9 9.8 11.1 8.8 8.1 5.2 4.4 4.3 8 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% <0.01 0.01-0.4 0.41-1.0 1.01-2.00 2.01-4.00 4.01-10.00 >10.00 all sizes Wage/salaries Cultivation Livestock Non farm business Rs. 19637 Rs. 41388 Rs. 6426
  13. 13. Farmers income in Telangana Sl no Particulars (Amount in Rs) Telangana (Rs/hh/annum) All India (Rs/hh/annum) I Farmers income in base year at 2015-16 prices a. Farm income 63,492 58,246 b. Non Farm income 22,799 38,457 Total 86,291 96,703 II Farmers income in terminal year 2022-23 at 2015-16 prices a. Farm income 1,11,238 1,08,045 b. Non Farm income 31,916 48,108 Total 1,43,153 1,56,154 III Farmers income in terminal year 2022-23 at current prices a. Farm income 1,56,522 1,52,031 b. Non farm income 44,909 67,693 Total 2,01,431 2,19,724 Estimation of Income (assuming the inflation @ 5% p.a. During 2015-16 to 2022-23 Source: Doubling the farmers income, Ashok Dalwai Committee http://www.agricoop.nic.in/doubling-farmers-income
  14. 14. What characterises Indian Agriculture? • Diverse agroclimatic conditions • Rich Agrodiversity • Main source of livelihood for 54% of population and 95% of them being Small and marginal farmers • Average income of farmers in India is Rs. 6426.00 • 52% of households indebted • 3,29,898 farmers committed suicide in 22 years • Between 2001-2011 about 86.10 lakh people have left farming in India which is about 2358/day
  15. 15. Land Labor Inputs Subsidies Capital Yield Prices Income Production resources Risks •Pests and Diseases •Droughts •Floods Moving away from the hands of Cultivators Yields are stagnated Prices not being remunerative Ecological risks •Groundwater depletion •Pesticide poisoning •Soil salinity etc Living costs Income sources Social security Crisis in Agriculture
  16. 16. Where the we went wrong? • Completely ignored the agroecological conditions of farming and socio economic conditions of farmers • Science and Technology • Institutions • Markets • Support systems • Regulations • Decreasing public investment in agriculture • Lack of accountability • New initiatives • Doubling Farmers Incomes? • Loan Waivers • Price compensations • Direct Income Support Measures
  17. 17. Telangana: Socio Economic Status of Rural Areas • As per the 2011 census, 69.69 per cent of the families (57,06,101 families) live in the rural areas. • The 2014 state Government Analysis shows that the main occupation of 40 percent of the households is agriculture 12.5 percent derive their livelihood working as agricultural labour. Another 26 per cent of the families are self-employed. • 2011 Socio economic and caste survey shows that 24,17,061 (42%) have ownership of land, 32,88,938 (58%) do not own land. • In terms of sources of income, 14,94,378 (26.19 %) are cultivators (earning more than half of their income from agriculture) 28,29,348 (49.58 %) are agricultural workers (earning more than half of their income from labor work). • 2011 Socio economic and caste survey shows that households with incomes less than Rs. 5000 per month are 43,02,997 (75.41%). • The NSSO 70th report (2014) estimates that 89.1% of farming households in telangana are indebted and the average outstanding loan is Rs. 93,500.00. • The NSSO 70th round report estimates that about 60.3% of loans of the farming households are from private money lenders.
  18. 18. Tenant farming in Telangana • About 35% tenant farmers • The Andhra Pradesh (Telangana Area) Tenancy & Agriculture Act, 1950, as amended in 1951, 1954, 1956, 1961, 1969 and 1979 prohibits tenancy except for certain category of land owners • 2017-18 among more than one lakh survey numbers in Telangana, applications for loan elgibility cards came from 39,886 survey numbers and only 22,626 were given cards. 12,896 were rejected and no decision has been taken on 66,124. very few of them got institutional credit. • GPs can play a role in identifying the tenant farmers
  19. 19. Direct income Support: Rytu Bandu Scheme • Investment Support Agriculture and Horticulture crops by way of grant of Rs. 4,000/- per acre per farmer each season for purchase of inputs like Seeds, Fertilizers, Pesticides, Labour and other investments in the field operations of Farmer’s choice for the crop season. Telangana govt has allocated Rs. 12,000 crore for the scheme. Some features and issues • It is disbursed in two instalments. • Only land owners are considered as beneficiaries • No cap on the maximum land holding hence no cap on amount paid. • Problems and suggestions for Telangana model • it should be modified to support cultivators and extended only to lands under cultivation otherwise absentee land lords will increase and they would be most benefiting • Not all farmers take same amount of risk hence it cannot be uniform across board for eg dry land farmers may face more risk, small farmers may face more risk. There should be state level mechanism of accessing and indexing it to the risk each category of farmer face and to inflation. • It should be institutionalised like employees salaries and DA and not just a political dole during every election • All other support systems like access to institutional credit, crop insurance, subsidies, support prices have to be implemented properly and this is a last resort to compensate
  20. 20. KALIA (Odisha): Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation was announced by the Odisha government with a budget allocation of Rs. 10,000 cr. The scheme has five different components. • Support for Cultivation: 30 lakh small and marginal farmers will be provided Rs 10,000 per family as assistance for cultivation. Each family will get Rs 5,000 separately in the kharif and rabi seasons, for five cropping seasons between 2018-19 and 2021-22 • Support for Livelihoods: 5 lakh landless households, and specifically SC and ST families will be supported with a unit cost of Rs 12,500 for activities like goat rearing, mushroom cultivation, beekeeping, poultry farming and fishery. • Financial Assistance: up to Rs. 10.00 lakhs to vulnerable agriculture households and land less labour • Life Insurance cover: of Rs. 2.00 lakhs and additional personal accident cover of Rs. 2.00 lakhs to 57 lakh households of cultivators and landless agricultural labor. • Interest free crop loans: to all farmers upto Rs. 50,000 PM Kisan (Central Government): Under this programme, vulnerable landholding farmer families, having cultivable land up to 2 hectares, will be provided direct income support at the rate of `6,000 per year. • This income support will be transferred directly into the bank accounts of beneficiary farmers, in three equal instalments of ` 2,000 each. • Around 12 crore small and marginal farmer families are expected to benefit from this. • The programme would be made effective from 1 st December 2018 and the first instalment for the period up to 31st March 2019 would be paid during this year itself. • This programme will entail an annual expenditure of ` 75,000 crore. Annadatha Sukhibava (Andhra Pradesh): AP government is proposing to pay Rs. 15,000 per year per family. This will take into account PM Kisan funds. About 96 lakh farmers are expected to benefit from the scheme. The state government is considering to distribute this amount equally between land owner and the tenant farmers.
  21. 21. Paradigm shift • Shift to Agroecological Approaches: Organic/Natural farming • Increasing access to productive resources: land, water and other resources • Strengthening existing support systems: extension, credit, insurance, etc • Reducing risk in farming: production practices, , insurance etc • Increase price realisation: FPOs, value addition, direct sales • Increase income basket: supplementary and complementary income sources, Direct Income Support
  22. 22. Biovillages • Natural/organic farming • Adapting to climate change • Alternate livelihoods • Water Positive farming • Carbon neutral villages
  23. 23. Creating Livelihoods Sericulture Backyard Poultry Honey Production • Developing Livelihoods Plan • Building the capacities • Green Enterprises for Bioinputs • Providing linkages For diversifying incomes and assets Composting Azolla Sheep and Goat
  24. 24. www.sahajaaharam.in • Natural/Organic Food directly from farmers • Food/Nutritional Counselling for consumers • Better price to farmers • FPOhub to incubate farmer producer organisations
  25. 25. KisanMitra Vikarabad | Adilabad | Manchiryal 1800-120-3244 08500 98 3300 • Improving last mile delivery of public support services • Distress Helpline to resolve grievances and rapid response in case of extremities • Monitoring public support services for farmers
  26. 26. Additional challenges Climate Change Land use shift • Agriculture to non agriculture • Productive resource to asset • Growing tenant farmers • Issues of identification and access to support services • Tenure security • Research shift • Human Resources
  27. 27. Improving Governance • Investments on Support Systems • Prices and procurement • Subsidies • Credit and debt relief • Insurance • Infrastructure • Research and Extension • Regulation • Land • Water • Seeds, pesticides etc • Market • Food quality • Define as rights and establish accountability systems
  28. 28. Awards and Recognitions • 2017: Sakshi Excellence Award for Best Contribution to Agriculture • 2014: Best Rural Innovation Award for Non Pesticidal Management in Bihar Rural Innovation Forum • 2014: Best Rural Innovation Award for ‘Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture’ in Maharashtra Rural Innovation Forum • 2012: Best Green Enterprises award by Hivos for NPM scalingup in AP • 2010: Krishi Gourav Award for Enebavi • 2008: TV9 ‘Navya’ Award for effective campaign • 2005: World Bank Development Market Place Award
  29. 29. http://www.csa-india.org http://www.krishi.tv http://www.ekrishi.net http://www.sahajaaharam.in eKrishi : 08500 68 3300 Sahaja Aharam : 08500 78 33 00 Rytu Swarajya Vedhika: 08500 98 33 00 mobile : 090 0069 9702 csa@csa-india.org, Facebook: ramoo.agripage

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