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USIU hawi Community Policing Presentation 2014



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USIU hawi Community Policing Presentation 2014

  1. 1. Exploring Concept of Community Policing In Kisii Presented by: Rapudo Hawi Wednesday, February 05, 2014 at USIU
  2. 2. Introduction • Sanchez-Jankowski (1991) notes Gangs as "formal-rational" organizations with rules, roles, and goals, and function as purposive social organizations. • Shrouded in secrecy, sungusungu, known to recruit exclusively from the local Gusii community started in Bonchari constituency in Kisii Central in the 1990s
  3. 3. Police and Community Policing riding together to quell Pro-box Toyota Car Strike at Kisii Bus Park on March /28/2012
  4. 4. Philosophy •Threats of Violence and Crime in Kisii played a role in the origin, growth, daily activities, and belief systems of now called “CP” •It was part of the community "myth" to create protection as well as unity.
  5. 5. Case Handled By CP Kisii 1. Civil Case on refusing to Make Cement Blocks OB 55/30/4/2013 2. Agreement to Repay Stolen Money – OB/61/8/5/2013 3. Damaged Mkokoteni 4. Repayment of debts for Motor Bike
  6. 6. Usalama Kisii Safety Audit 2011 • 84% Know of vigilantes existence • 82% joined gangs for finances • 52% paid for protective services • 50% exposed to violence • 55% agree that the groups work with the chief • 32% high likelihood of victimization • Victims dissatisfied with Policing Services as they took too long
  7. 7. Dialogue with Community Policing Members and Village Elders at Kisii Nyanchwa Chief on the May /2/ 2013
  8. 8. Other Facts ………. “Sungusungu” is most prominent Reasons why youth join gangs; to get finances easily, Outstanding communal factors leading young people to join gangs were: Unemployment and alcohol & drug abuse Relationship between youths and crime: Both are perpetrators and victims of crime and violence
  9. 9.  Access to drugs and substances easy  Youth aged 18-24 years and 25-35 years responsible for drug abuse  Youth aged 25-35 years & Adult aged 36-50 years responsible for drugs trafficking  Main factors driving youths to drug abuse: peer pressure, availability of substances, self experimentation, low sense of personality & family habit to abuse drugs
  10. 10. Reengineering Our Thinking OLD The State v. the Offender Offender breaking the criminal code Solution: Punishment and Deterrence Change offenders’ disposition to commit crime Victim Offender Situation NEW Solution: Intervene in the situation/ risk factors that produces crime
  11. 11. Usalama Proposals Beyond 2014 1) Awareness on the formal justice and security system and process- Public education and Training for CP 2) Engage local community and victims of crime with formal justice and security actors- Tracking and reporting on impact of CP 3) Transformation of the local informal justice and security initiatives to be less violent and be more fair and just – Code of Conduct for CP
  12. 12. Thank You & For enquiries Tel: 0720975498 Email: rapudo.hawi@usalamaforum.org www.usalamaforum.org