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Use of Reflection<br />Robin Bunnell, September 17, 2011<br />ELT 7008 – Activity 10<br />
Role of Reflection<br />Key element of constructivist learning theory and social presence<br />Learner-centered focus and ...
Reflective Activities<br />Activity Reflection<br />Self-Reflection<br />Task-based<br />Reading-based<br />Debates or rol...
Reflecting Collaboratively<br />  Enhanced learning experience<br /> Constructivist approach – exploring to learn<br />  C...
Strategies to Promote Reflection<br />Focus on learner – ask about past experiences<br />Course general discussion forum -...
Transformative Learning<br /> Garrison and Mezirow<br />From student to reflective practitioner<br />Acquire knowledge<br ...
Instructor and learner must participate<br />Electronic pedagogy<br />Holistic learning environment<br />Reality of the ra...
Questions<br />Feedback<br />
Resources<br />Curtis Bonk Presentaton<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CEjo1Bd_DSw&feature=channel_video_title<br />Un...
References<br />Chin, S., & Williams, J. (2006, March). A theoretical framework for effective online course design. Journa...
References – cont’d<br />Lehman, R., & Conceicao, S. (2010). Creating a sense of presence in online teaching: How to 'be t...
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Use of Reflection

This presentation discusses the use of reflection within the e-classroom learning environment. Narration will be added to the presentation in the near future.

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Use of Reflection

  1. 1. Use of Reflection<br />Robin Bunnell, September 17, 2011<br />ELT 7008 – Activity 10<br />
  2. 2. Role of Reflection<br />Key element of constructivist learning theory and social presence<br />Learner-centered focus and provides closure<br />Learners think about their learning<br />Reflective activities as individuals and collaboratively<br /> Self-reflection opportunities<br />Engaged learning opportunities enhanced<br />Lifelong learning<br />Transformative learning<br /> 21st century learning<br />
  3. 3. Reflective Activities<br />Activity Reflection<br />Self-Reflection<br />Task-based<br />Reading-based<br />Debates or role-play<br />Journals, blogs, wikis<br />Formative<br />Summative<br />For activities<br />Of the course<br />Field experience<br />Internship<br />Job-based <br />Self-check & portfolios<br />
  4. 4. Reflecting Collaboratively<br /> Enhanced learning experience<br /> Constructivist approach – exploring to learn<br /> Community of inquiry<br /> Different perspectives revealed<br /> Freedom to safely express views<br /> Effective learning experience: activities,<br /> peers, and technology<br />
  5. 5. Strategies to Promote Reflection<br />Focus on learner – ask about past experiences<br />Course general discussion forum - closure<br />Journal , blog or e-portfolio – track thoughts throughout activity and course<br />Small Groups – actively engage learners<br />Periodically ask learners to reflect<br />Model reflective inquiry – concrete example<br />
  6. 6. Transformative Learning<br /> Garrison and Mezirow<br />From student to reflective practitioner<br />Acquire knowledge<br /> Post work, materials, assignments<br /> Receive feedback – acknowledgement and <br /> value added<br /> Question how – conscious, critical reflection of <br /> material and self<br /> Reflect upon what has occurred <br /> Develop new ways to explain ideas and interact<br />
  7. 7. Instructor and learner must participate<br />Electronic pedagogy<br />Holistic learning environment<br />Reality of the rapid exchange of information<br />Meet the needs of the changing learner<br />Lessons Learned<br />
  8. 8. Questions<br />Feedback<br />
  9. 9. Resources<br />Curtis Bonk Presentaton<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CEjo1Bd_DSw&feature=channel_video_title<br />University New South Wales Presentation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUxM2OOPMMw&feature=channel_video_title<br />
  10. 10. References<br />Chin, S., & Williams, J. (2006, March). A theoretical framework for effective online course design. Journal of Online Teaching and Learning 2(1), 12-21. Retrieved from http://scholar.googleusercontent.com/scholar?q=cache:DBCitQmkIOYJ:scholar.google.com/+online+collaboration+and+real-life+situations&hl=en&as_sdt=0,38Conrad, R., & Donaldson, J. (2004). Engaging the online learner: Activities and resources for creative instruction. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.<br />Dabbagh, N. (2007). The online learner: Characteristics and pedagogical implications. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Educatioin, 7(3), 217-226. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.110.2248&rep=rep1&type=pdf<br />Garrison, D. R. (2006). Online collaboration principles. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks 10(1),25-34. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.96.4536&rep=rep1&type=pdf<br />Garrison, D.R. (2007). Cognitive presence for effective asynchronous online learning: The role of reflective inquiry, self-direction and metacognition. In J. Bourne & J.C. Moore (Eds), Elements of quality online education: Practice and Direction, 4, 29-38 (1-10). Sloan C Series, Needham: MA: The Sloan Consortium. Retrieved September 15, 2011, from http://oit.hostos.cuny.edu/socialnetwork/effectiveonlinelearning/files/2009/09/Learning-Effectiveness-paper-Garrison.pdfGarrison, D. R. (2007, April). Online community of inquiry review: Social, cognitive, and teaching presence issues. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks 11(1) 61-72. Retrieved from http://sites.google.com/site/galexambrose/my-log/communityofinquiryarticlereview/2007JALNOnlineCommunityofInquiryReview.pdf<br />Jones, P., Kolloff, M., & Kolloff, F. (2008). Teaching them to think: Best practices for developing critical thinking skills for online learner. Presented at the 24th Annual conference on distance teaching and learning. retrieved from http://www.uwex.edu/disted/conference/Resource_library/proceedings/08_12902.pdf<br />
  11. 11. References – cont’d<br />Lehman, R., & Conceicao, S. (2010). Creating a sense of presence in online teaching: How to 'be there' for distance learners. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.<br />Lucas, U., & Tan, P. (2006). Assessing levels of reflective thinking: the evaluation of an instrument for use within accounting and business education. Paper presented to the 1st Pedagogic Research in Higher Education Conference, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, 2nd/3rd May, 2006 Retrieved from http://www2.uwe.ac.uk/faculties/BBS/BUS/Research/DRC/prhe.pdf<br />Palloff, R., & Pratt, K. (2003). The virtual student: A profile and guide to working with online learners. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.<br />Palloff, R., & Pratt, K. (2005). Collaborateng online: Learning together in community. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.<br />Palloff, R., & Pratt, K. (2007). Building online learning communities: Effective strategies for the virtual classroom. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.<br />Pilling-Cormick, J., & Garrison, R. D. (2007). Self-directed and self-regulated learning: Conceptual links. Canadian Journal of University Continuing Education 33(2), 13-33. Retrieved from http://www.ccde.usask.ca/cjuce/articles/v33pdf/3321.pdf<br />Salen, T. (2007). Weblogs and blogging: Constructivist pedagogy and active learning in higher education. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1956/2243<br />Singh, G., Hawkins, L, & Whymark, G. (2007). An integrated model of collaborative knowledge building. In Alex Koohang (Ed.), Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects 3, 85-106. Retrieved from http://www.ijello.org/Volume3/IJKLOv3p085-105Singh385.pdf<br />Swan, K., Shen, J. & Hiltz, S. (2006). Assessment and collaboration in online learning. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks 10(1), 45-62. Retrieved from http://scholar.googleusercontent.com/scholar?q=cache:uoVpSX9ElYgJ:scholar.google.com/+assessing+collaborative+online+activities&hl=en&as_sdt=0,38<br />

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