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IREC presentation part 01

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This presentation was used in Euro Arab Training Course
“SMART GRID AND INTEGRATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY”. The course took place 25 – 29 April 2016

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IREC presentation part 01

  1. 1. Smart grids: integration of renewable energy sources and electric mobility into power system Granada, April 28th 2016 www.irec.cat Manel Sanmartí Electrical Engineering Research Group
  2. 2. 1 1. Introduction 2. Smart grid context 3. Smart grids: integration of renewable energy sources into the power system i. Advanced energy management tools for power systems ii. Cost benefit analysis of Smart Grid Projects iii. Life Cycle Assessment of Smart Grid Projects CONTENTS
  3. 3. 2 1. Introduction 2. Smart grid context 3. Smart grids: integration of renewable energy sources into the power system i. Advanced energy management tools for power systems ii. Cost benefit analysis of Smart Grid Projects iii. Life Cycle Assessment of Smart Grid Projects CONTENTS
  4. 4. 3 INTRODUCTION The Catalonia Institute for Energy Research, IREC (Institut de Recerca en Energia de Catalunya), was funded in July 2008, and began its R+D activities in January 2009. After finishing the organization of the laboratories and infrastructures in 2011-2012, in 2013 the Catalan Institute for Energy Research has achieved consolidation in both European projects and industrial. After five years, it has built a stable team of valuable individuals who are committed to the scientific and technological growth of the centre, resulting in cutting edge research and a constantly increasing flow of income. IREC is a member of the CERCA Institution, the catalan institution created by the Catalan Government to supervise, support and facilitate research to the Catalan research centers. IREC is one of the 47 research centers of Catalonia, specifically focused on energy research of Catalonia.
  5. 5. 4 IREC - PRINCIPLES Mission To contribute to the sustainable development and enhance corporate competitiveness via: • Medium and long-term research, • Scientific development and technological know-how in the field of energy, and • Innovation and development of new products Vision To become a center of excellence and an international benchmark organization through Research, Technology Development and Innovation (R+TD+i), working in coordination with the Industry, the Universities and the Administration.
  6. 6. 5 IREC - ORIENTATION The Institute works with a dual approach: • Long-term research, aimed at generating knowledge within groups and research areas of the Institute, with a mid or long-term commercial projection in mind. • Technology development, focused on collaboration with the Industry to create new products and new technical solutions, at short and mid-term. The Institute’s position is defined by the balance between these two approaches.
  7. 7. 6 GOVERNING BODY GOVERNMENT OF CATALONIA Min. Enterprise and Labour (President) Min. Economy and Knowledge (VPresident) GOVERNMENT OF SPAIN CIEMAT (Min. Economy and Competitiveness) IDAE (Min. Industry, Energy and Tourism) UNIVERSITIES Barcelona TECH (UPC) Barcelona (UB) Rovira i Virgili (URV) in Tarragona COMPANIES ENDESA GAS NATURAL FENOSA Fundación REPSOL CLH ENAGÁS ALSTOM Wind
  8. 8. 7 SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY BOARD The Scientific Advisory Council, appointed by the Governing Body, acts as advisory body of the Institute insofar as the definition of the scientific strategy, and the periodic evaluation of their researchers and results. The Scientific Advisory Council is composed by : • Prof. Dr. Esteban Chornet. President Emeritus professor of the Sherbrooke University, Quebec, Canada. • Prof. Dr. John A. Kilner. Imperial College of London, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Materials, UK. • Prof. Dr. Johan Driesen. Associate professor of K.U. Leuven, Belgium. • Prof. Dr. Matthias M. Schuler. Adjunct professor of Environmental Technologies, School of Design, Harvard University, MA, USA. • Dipl.-Ing. Jürgen Kröning. Managing Director de “EWE Offshore Service & Solutions GmbH”, DE. • Prof. Dr. Konstantinos Papamichael. Co-Director. California Lighting Technology Center, University of California, Davis, USA.
  9. 9. RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGICAL AREAS 8 • Advanced Materials • Functional Nanomaterials • Catalysis • Materials for Solar Systems • Nanoionics and Fuel Cells • Energy Storage and Harvesting • Bioenergy and Biofuels • Thermochemical Conversion • Biorefinery and Microalgae Research Units • Energy Efficiency: Systems, Buildings and Communities • NZEB (Net Zero Energy Buildings and Communities) • Integration of Renewables. • Smart Grids and Microgrids • Green IT • Electric Mobility • Lighting • Economic analysis and regulation • Offshore Wind Energy • Aerodynamics and Aeroelasticity • Electric Machines and Control Systems • Grid Integration Technological Development Units
  10. 10. 9 LOCATION The IREC has two headquarters: Barcelona and Tarragona. The center in Barcelona deals with: •Thermal Energy. Lighting •Electrical Engineering. Offshore Wind Energy •Advanced Materials for Energy The center in Tarragona deals with: •Bioenergy •Laboratory for Thermal Energy and Energy Integration
  11. 11. Most relevant aspects 10 • We are working on 69 projects with a portfolio of 8,35 M€ at the beginning of 2013 • Only 24% of the annual budget comes from the board of trustees contribution • 35% of our annual income comes from industrial projects, and the rest (41%) from competitive research projects (mainly European) • We lead in Europe the research on thin-film photovoltaic materials based on Chalcopyrite CuInGa(S,Se)2 (CIGS) and Kesterites Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 (CZTS). • Leading several FP7 and H2020 research projects on Green IT, Smart Grids, Intelligent Lighting, PV • IREC has already created 2 spin-off: Ledmotive and Eolos • Funding member and partner of KIC Innoenergy and Catalonia Energy Efficiency Cluster (CEEC). Member of the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA). • Presently leading the proposal for a RIS3 CAT Energy Community in Catalonia with more than 115 entities and about 15 MiEuro budget to improve competitiveness of energy industry in Catalonia • We organize annually the Conference “Barcelona Global Energy Challenges”, in collaboration with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT.
  12. 12. 11 “KIC InnoEnergy”, the European Network for Innovation in Energy The European Institute of Technology & Innovation EIT selected the consortium KIC InnoEnergy made up by 29 companies, universities and research centers across Europe, to boost and promote research, education and innovation in the energy sector. The main objective is to try to get basic research reach the market more quickly and efficiently so that European companies are able to globally compete in better conditions with the United States and Japan. KIC InnoEnergy SE is a public limited European company. The IREC leads and defines the strategy on Renewables, and participates in the projects boosted in the period 2010-2016. IREC is stakeholder of KIC InnoEnergy S.E. http://www.kic-innoenergy.com/about/about-kic-innoenergy/
  13. 13. 12 700 M€ 2011-2015 KIC INNOENERGY, S.E.
  14. 14. 13 We at the IREC know we are part of a project for the future oriented towards generating scientific knowledge and participating in the technological development of the energy sector in an environment of excellence. We are already a 115 people team from which 37 are PhD. TEAM
  15. 15. 14 Energy Efficiency: Systems, buildings and communities (ECOS) The Energy Efficiency: Systems, Buildings and Communities (ECOS) research group is made up of a team of 36 engineers and scientists, from which 12 are post doc researchers. ECOS scientific activity focuses on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, specifically on Distributed Energy Resources and Smart Cities.
  16. 16. 15 Energy Efficiency: Systems, buildings and communities (ECOS)
  17. 17. 16 Energy Efficiency: Systems, buildings and communities
  18. 18. ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH LINES Control, Automation and Communications Energy Economics and Regulation Power System Engineering Electrical Machines & Power Electronics
  19. 19. 18 Electric networks and SmartGrids Mesurement, monitoring and communications Control and management techniques Renewable integration and proteccions Smart grids and Microgrid Tecnologies at IREC - Island mode (Static Switch) - PMU programming, location and remote control, - AMI / AMR - IEC61850 and industrial communications - Communication systems for the Smart Grids. - Power Converters - Scada - Wave quality test - Validation “Ride-Through” - Microgrid Control - Control V/f, P/Q - Loop Control - Island Mode Control - Active demand management - Microgeneration modeling - Power equipment and systems modeling - Optimization Algorithms - Grid regulation systems - Multi-agent systems - Grid stability - Storage systems (fly-wheel, Io-Liti, super-capacitors) - Electro-mobility - Affect of EV penetration in the power grid - Storage optimization placement algorithms - Efficient CHP systems - Regulatory framework for the renewable integration - Business case creation - Protection Systems
  20. 20. -Q4 MICROGRID 3 DITRIB. PM 710 400/400V MICROGRID 2 DITRIB. MICROGRID 1 DITRIB. -Q10 -Q9 -Q7 -Q13 -Q8-Q11 -Q12 CVM K2 -Q15 -Q17-Q20 -Q16 -Q18 -Q22 -Q21 -Q1 -P1 PM710 -P4 Fast disturbance emulator (50 kVA) Power grid emulator (200 kVA) Variable inductance -P10 Static switch BYPASS-2 BYPASS-3 -Q14 BYPASS-1 MICROGRID MICROGRD2 MICROGRD3 MICROGRD1 Research lines about MICROGRIDS •Protection: Isolating faulty systems without stopping energizing the grid. •Communications: Slow latencies and allowing com’s among islands. •Quality: Test microgrids devices in front of power quality issues, and ensurance of power quality deliver by regulation •Wide area measurements: applied to multiple microgrids in regional power grids •Protection of microgrids: early detection of power grid faults, allowing future isolation of microgrids •Control of multiple microgrids: integration of measurements and microgrid central controllers • Cibersecurity and Resilience: design of smart grids including cibersecurity and resilience functionalities
  21. 21. 20 IREC Energy Smart Lab Services Development, demonstration and testing of prototypes, control and management methods in electrical applications: - Connection and grid support of generation/ storage/ load units. - Immunity to grid disturbances. - Emissions of current harmonics and flicker. - Endurance and performance tests (batteries, motors…). Pre- certification Grid code validation Proof of concept
  22. 22. 21 Microgrid Emulation power source Microgrid Renewable power source DC 400V AC 400V AC 400V AC 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1 152 303 454 605 756 907 1058 1209 1360 1511 1662 1813 1964 2115 2266 2417 2568 2719 2870 3021 3172 3323 3474 3625 3776 3927 4078 4229 4380 4531 4682 4833 4984 5135 5286 Solar irradiation Data table Measurements 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1 152 303 454 605 756 907 1058 1209 1360 1511 1662 1813 1964 2115 2266 2417 2568 2719 2870 3021 3172 3323 3474 3625 3776 3927 4078 4229 4380 4531 4682 4833 4984 5135 5286 Generated power Power to the microgrid EMULATION CONCEPT
  23. 23. 22 IREC Energy Smart Lab Renewable Energy Sources (RES) • Wind power test benches • RES emulators Microgrids (MGs) and Smart Grids (SGs) • Management algorithms • Services from MGs to SGs • Grid emulator Energy Storage Systems • Battery system • Supercapacitors • Flywheel • Storage emulators Electric Vehicle (EV) chargers and other Loads • EV batteries • EV charger emulator • Load emulators Power converters: AC/DC – DC/AC, control of active and reactive power, control of voltage, speed drives Rotating machines: squirrel cage, doubly-fed induction, permanent magnet Control, automation and communications: control boards with digital signal processors, industrial PCs, communication protocols (CAN, ModBus, Ethernet, EtherCAT) Software platforms: Microgrid Energy Management System, Power Hardware In the Loop platform http://vimeo.com/user34260577/energysmartlab
  24. 24. Our Microgrid DC AC AC DC DC AC AC DC DC AC AC DC - + AC DC AC DC Grid emulator (200kVA) LV Grid By pass Emulation cabinets Point of common coupling. Grid and disturbances emulators Grid busbar V2G 10kW Bidirectional charging point Real elements EV charging spots Microgrid busbar mG-3 mG-2 EV AC fast charge 22kW EV battery Second life storage system DC AC - + 630A DC AC AC DC mG-1 Wind power I Wind power II 630A 630A 630A 5kW5kW5kW5kW5kW5kW 50kW630A 400A 630A 400V / 50Hz Reserve 630A 400A V2G DC AC AC DC 5kW 2nd life battery 23 200 KVA GRID Emulator Frequency control, amplitude, harmonics, unbalances, voltage dropps, flicker AC/DC operation Islanded/Grid connected 5 kVA Storage /Generation/ Load - Emulator Ultracaps 5 kVA & 55 Wh @ 400V Io-Li Batery 5 kW & 20 kWh http://vimeo.com/user342605 77/energysmartlab
  25. 25. 24 DEVICES and DER CONTROL & MANAGEMENT METERING & COMMUNICATIONS KIC – Active Sub-stations SMART GRIDS Projects at IREC KIC – Instinct, SG Communications KIC – Smart Power Systems DER IREC 22@ Microgrids VERDE – EV integration PREEMPTIVE Cibersecurity in Smart grids IDEAL – renewable integration Charge&Ride Bi-directional Power Converter SmartGrid ZFB Industrial Area GrowSmarter Smart City INCITE – renewable, flexible build., DERs ePEMS – renewable & EV integration, EMS HELIS – Energy Storage Systems V2G – design & services Sunbatt – 2nd life batteries
  26. 26. 25 • Green eMotion • FP7 Programme • REVE • Spanish Government • IVECAT • Catalan Government • FASTPLAN/CAT • Optimal location of fast charging stations in BCN and Catalunya Power system • VERDE • CENIT Programme • V2M (Vehicle 2 Microgrid) • ENDESA • SURTIDOR • AVANZA 2 Programme • UltraFast Charging eBUS • COFAST (KIC Innoenergy) • V2G Charger/services Charging facilities • Retrofit HYBRID – TMB • NUCLIS Programme • Life cycle analysis • Internal Project • SAPIENS/SAFARI • FP7 • HELIS • H2020 • Sunbatt • Nuclis, Endesa/Seat Electric vehicles Electromobility projects As one of the most promising alternatives for increasing transport energy efficiency and reducing its environmental impact, electromobility has become one of the main strategic research activities within IREC with several projects along the entire value chain.
  27. 27. 26 1. Introduction 2. Smart grid context 3. Smart grids: integration of renewable energy sources into the power system i. Advanced energy management tools for power systems ii. Cost benefit analysis of Smart Grid Projects iii. Life Cycle Assessment of Smart Grid Projects CONTENTS
  28. 28. EU energy goals Security of Supply Competitiveness Sustainability Energy policy has been a cornerstone of European integration since its very beginning through the European Coal and Steel Community. In its daily activities, the EU contributes to delivering competitive, secure and sustainable energy for Europe. For detailed information, see: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/strategies/2010/2020_en.htm
  29. 29. Meeting our “20-20-20 by 2020” goals Reduce greenhouse gas levels by 20% Increase share of renewables to 20% 100% Reduce energy consumption by 20% -10% Current trend to 2020 -20% 20% Current trend to 2020 Current trend to 2020
  30. 30. The EU is not on track to meet its target In spite of progress, significant additional efforts are needed to achieve the - 20% energy consumption target. Most recent projections show that with current policies we will only achieve a 10% cut. Source: European Commission * Gross inland consumption minus non-energy uses - 20% by 2020 objective - 368 Mtoe Most recent projection - 166 Mtoe Business as usual 2007 projection Primaryenergyconsumption*,Mtoe 1400 1450 1500 1550 1600 1650 1700 1750 1800 1850 1900 2005 2010 2015 2020 1676 Mtoe 1842 Mtoe 1474 Mtoe Projections from 2007 Projections from 2009 20% energy saving objective
  31. 31. Target value: 368,0 National intentions will not be sufficient Source: European Commission As part of the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, Member States are committed to setting national targets for energy efficiency. First indications show that the degree of precision and levels of ambition are insufficient. Estimated absolute contribution to EU target by targets defined by 20 Member States so far Mtoe 0,0 50,0 100,0 150,0 200,0 250,0 300,0 350,0 400,0 Slovak Republic Sweden Romania Poland Malta Latvia Lithuania Italy Ireland Hungary France Finland Spain Greece Estonia Denmark Germany Cyprus Bulgaria Austria
  32. 32. Energy savings potential can be tapped Source: European Commission Transport and households, in particular buildings, are two sectors with great potential for energy efficiency gains. Measures to save energy in transport and accelerate the renovation rate of buildings are crucial. Final energy in 2020 (in Mtoe) 17% 24% 21% 13% 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 Industry Transport Households Tertiary Savings potential Energy consumption
  33. 33. What improving energy efficiency means for a single family house built in the 70s (150 m²) Annual CO2 emissions in tonnes Consumption of heating oil per year Renovation to low energy house standard ÷ 2,5 ÷ 2 No renovation Renovation to new build standard 4500 litre 1800 litre 900 litre
  34. 34. What the EU renewable target means Share of renewable energy in total energy mix (in %) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Belgium Bulgaria CzechRepublic Denmark Germany Estonia Ireland Greece Spain France Italy Cyprus Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Hungary Malta Netherlands Austria Poland Portugal Romania Slovenia Slovakia Finland Sweden UnitedKingdom EU27 60% EU 2020 EU 2005 2005 levels Additional step to meet the 2020 target Each Member State has a binding target - set as a combination of renewable potential and GDP - to increase its share of renewable energy by 2020.
  35. 35. European Union 20-20-20 targets by 2020 The climate and energy package is a set of binding legislation which aims to ensure the European Union meets its ambitious climate and energy targets for 2020.
  36. 36. Challenges around renewable energy integration into the power system Daily electricity demand profile 24 hours MW Rest of renewable resources and convenctional power plants Necessary for maintaining the control of the system During off-peak periods the risk of wind energy disconnection is hight Rest of generation Wind Energy Minimum technical requirement
  37. 37. Challenges around renewable energy integration into the power system Amount of disconnected windgeneration: ~ 2.000 MW Offer bids Purchase bids Nuclear Power Plants Wind Power Plants Rest of conventional generation Market Price Amountof disconnected wind generation
  38. 38. Challenges around renewable energy integration into the power system NUCLEAR SHUT DOWN WIND ENERGY SOLAR ENERGY
  39. 39. Challenges around renewable energy integration into the power system
  40. 40. Significant change of energy systems Clip