Women in energy sector in the mena region rcreee

RCREEE
RCREEERCREEE
Women in Energy Sector
in the MENA Region
Eng. Sara Ibrahim Elhag
Head of SE Projects Implementation & PI Promotion
IBEF 2019
2
1. Introduction : MENA Region Overview
2. Energy, Climate Change and Gender
3. Global Energy Sector Statistics
4. Challenges and Barriers
5. Potential Roles of Women in RE Sector
6. Recommendations & Actions needed
7. How can women Help each other
8. Success Story
In This Presentation
3
 Energy: The MENA region is blessed with diversified energy resources
including both conventional and renewable energy sources. It houses
57% of the world’s oil reserves and 41% natural gas resources (WBG).
On the other hand, the region is blessed with abundant solar
irradiation and is estimated to offer 45% of the world’s renewable
energy potential (REN 21).
 Although a number of countries in the region has reach a 100% energy
access rate, there is still a huge gap between countries rich in oil
resources and other countries with around 28 million people lacking
electricity access and 8 million depending on traditional biomass.
 Climate Change: The MENA region is quite vulnerable to climate
change as it suffers from water-scarcity with many of the population
and economic activities residing in the flood-prone costal zones.
1. Introduction: Overview of the MENA Region
4
1. Introduction: Contd.
• High Population Growth Rate & rapid urbanization
• High Energy Demand & Excessive Energy Use
• Implications on Climate & Natural Resources
Challenge
• Delivery of Energy Services in line with Sustainable
Development
Solution
• Use Innovative Sustainable Energy Solutions
• Incorporate all parties of the Society in  Gender Equality
How
Achievement i) Ensure Energy Security ii) Mitigate Climate Change
+
Gender Balance in Energy Sector
5
Gender
Energy
Access
Climate
Change
2. Climate Change, Energy Access & Gender Nexus
The women constitute ~ 48.3% population in
the MENA region. Hence, they are a potential
powerful taskforce for combating climate
change and achieving SDG targets via the
implementation of sustainable energy policies
in the region.
However, women only constitute 26%
of the total labor force. !!!
6
• In spite of their economic development,
modernization and advancement in field of
education, the MENA countries have the world’s
lowest participation rates of overall women
employment of only 26%.
• Although women surpass males in university
education, they fall short when it comes to their
enrollment in scientific fields (STEM) and workplace
thereafter.
• The Global contribution of women in the
renewable energy sector is 35% showing that the
sector is highly appealing to women (IRENA 2016).
Although,
Globally
WOMEN
35%
RE Sector
7
3. Global Statistics on Energy Sector
30%
Education
in STEM
fields
35%
Overall
workforce
6%
Ministerial
and
policy-
making
positions
Women across energy sector
8
Challenges to women’s enrollment in the energy sector
in the MENA region include:
Perception
of gender
roles
1) Barriers of
entry-to the
sector
Cultural
and social
norms
Work-
family
balance
2)Barriers to
stay-in the
sector
Wages
inequities
Lack of
supporting
policies
/vocational
training
3)Institutional
barriers
Lack of
childcare
facilities
4. Challenges and Barriers
9
May be the answer is NO !!!!
• WHY ??? Glass Ceiling
The lack of equal representation of women in
decision-making roles
Invisible Barriers keeping women from taking influential
positions senior executive positions through all RE value
chain.
* 15% representation  Lower threshold ( marginal & invisible )
* 30% representation  Critical mass (supportive environment )
Women in Clean Energy Companies in MENA 2017
Sky is the Limit ???
10
As a Leader
Women leaders and policy
makers :
 Businesses with women in
leading managerial positions
are more likely to invest more
in green and renewable
energy sector.
 Women leaders in rural
communities were found
more proactive to deliver RE
solutions (i.e. solar) to their
communities.
As a consumer
Studies on gender-based differences in
energy consumption behavior showed
that:
 Women are in average lower in energy
consumption than men.
 Women are more sustainable consumers
than men and highly value echo-labeled
product.
This shows that women are more ready to
take a leading role in implementation of
climate change mitigation and energy
efficiency measures.
5. Potential Roles of Women in RE Sector
11
6. Recommendations & Actions needed
A number of actions are needed to facilitate gender
mainstreaming in renewable energy sector such as:
 Mainstreaming gender in energy policies (54%).
(e.g. Women Quota in energy programs)
 Removing of social/ cultural barriers towards women
enrollment in STEM fields (38%).
(i.e. Via awareness raising)
 Facilitate women access to training and skills’
development programs (71%).
 Provision of finance to women entrepreneur in energy
sector (56%)
 Implementation of gender-sensitive economic and
employment policies.
(e.g. flexi-hours, work-from-home, paternal leaves)
-----------------------------------------------------------
IRENA Gender Survey 2018 (1440 participants)
12
7. How Can We Help each Other?
Awareness
Solidarity
& Support
Networking
Women
Leaders
Role Models
Lobbying for
Women
Empowerment
13
• Women leading their communities to light rural Africa
• Started by a workshop in Kigali-Rwanda on Appropriate
Technology for rural communities.
• A collaboration all way from India to Sudan, Bunker Roy
of Bare-foot college selected a pilot project in Sudan.
• Developers a partnership with community-based NGOs
in Nuba mountains in western Sudan and signed a
community/college partnership agreement.
• Trained illiterate rural women to be solar engineers
and serve their rural communities.
(Shows how far empowered women can go and do!!)
8. Success Story: Barefoot College in Sudan
14
Finally..
The benefits of unlocking the potential of women in the MENA
region
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
(OECD) published:
“The MENA region is losing an estimated $575 billion a year
due to the legal and social barriers that exist around women’s
access to jobs and careers.” (Cost of lost opportunity!!)
15
Thank you !
Eng. Sara Ibrahim Elhag
Head of SE Projects Implementation & Private Investment Promotion
Regional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
(RCREEE)
Hydro Power Building (7th Floor)
Block 11 - Piece 15, Melsa District
Ard El Golf, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
Tel: +20 2 2415 4755 (ext. 281)
Fax: +20 2 241 54661
Sara.Ibrahim@rcreee.org
www.rcreee.org
1 sur 15

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Women in energy sector in the mena region rcreee

  • 1. Women in Energy Sector in the MENA Region Eng. Sara Ibrahim Elhag Head of SE Projects Implementation & PI Promotion IBEF 2019
  • 2. 2 1. Introduction : MENA Region Overview 2. Energy, Climate Change and Gender 3. Global Energy Sector Statistics 4. Challenges and Barriers 5. Potential Roles of Women in RE Sector 6. Recommendations & Actions needed 7. How can women Help each other 8. Success Story In This Presentation
  • 3. 3  Energy: The MENA region is blessed with diversified energy resources including both conventional and renewable energy sources. It houses 57% of the world’s oil reserves and 41% natural gas resources (WBG). On the other hand, the region is blessed with abundant solar irradiation and is estimated to offer 45% of the world’s renewable energy potential (REN 21).  Although a number of countries in the region has reach a 100% energy access rate, there is still a huge gap between countries rich in oil resources and other countries with around 28 million people lacking electricity access and 8 million depending on traditional biomass.  Climate Change: The MENA region is quite vulnerable to climate change as it suffers from water-scarcity with many of the population and economic activities residing in the flood-prone costal zones. 1. Introduction: Overview of the MENA Region
  • 4. 4 1. Introduction: Contd. • High Population Growth Rate & rapid urbanization • High Energy Demand & Excessive Energy Use • Implications on Climate & Natural Resources Challenge • Delivery of Energy Services in line with Sustainable Development Solution • Use Innovative Sustainable Energy Solutions • Incorporate all parties of the Society in  Gender Equality How Achievement i) Ensure Energy Security ii) Mitigate Climate Change + Gender Balance in Energy Sector
  • 5. 5 Gender Energy Access Climate Change 2. Climate Change, Energy Access & Gender Nexus The women constitute ~ 48.3% population in the MENA region. Hence, they are a potential powerful taskforce for combating climate change and achieving SDG targets via the implementation of sustainable energy policies in the region. However, women only constitute 26% of the total labor force. !!!
  • 6. 6 • In spite of their economic development, modernization and advancement in field of education, the MENA countries have the world’s lowest participation rates of overall women employment of only 26%. • Although women surpass males in university education, they fall short when it comes to their enrollment in scientific fields (STEM) and workplace thereafter. • The Global contribution of women in the renewable energy sector is 35% showing that the sector is highly appealing to women (IRENA 2016). Although, Globally WOMEN 35% RE Sector
  • 7. 7 3. Global Statistics on Energy Sector 30% Education in STEM fields 35% Overall workforce 6% Ministerial and policy- making positions Women across energy sector
  • 8. 8 Challenges to women’s enrollment in the energy sector in the MENA region include: Perception of gender roles 1) Barriers of entry-to the sector Cultural and social norms Work- family balance 2)Barriers to stay-in the sector Wages inequities Lack of supporting policies /vocational training 3)Institutional barriers Lack of childcare facilities 4. Challenges and Barriers
  • 9. 9 May be the answer is NO !!!! • WHY ??? Glass Ceiling The lack of equal representation of women in decision-making roles Invisible Barriers keeping women from taking influential positions senior executive positions through all RE value chain. * 15% representation  Lower threshold ( marginal & invisible ) * 30% representation  Critical mass (supportive environment ) Women in Clean Energy Companies in MENA 2017 Sky is the Limit ???
  • 10. 10 As a Leader Women leaders and policy makers :  Businesses with women in leading managerial positions are more likely to invest more in green and renewable energy sector.  Women leaders in rural communities were found more proactive to deliver RE solutions (i.e. solar) to their communities. As a consumer Studies on gender-based differences in energy consumption behavior showed that:  Women are in average lower in energy consumption than men.  Women are more sustainable consumers than men and highly value echo-labeled product. This shows that women are more ready to take a leading role in implementation of climate change mitigation and energy efficiency measures. 5. Potential Roles of Women in RE Sector
  • 11. 11 6. Recommendations & Actions needed A number of actions are needed to facilitate gender mainstreaming in renewable energy sector such as:  Mainstreaming gender in energy policies (54%). (e.g. Women Quota in energy programs)  Removing of social/ cultural barriers towards women enrollment in STEM fields (38%). (i.e. Via awareness raising)  Facilitate women access to training and skills’ development programs (71%).  Provision of finance to women entrepreneur in energy sector (56%)  Implementation of gender-sensitive economic and employment policies. (e.g. flexi-hours, work-from-home, paternal leaves) ----------------------------------------------------------- IRENA Gender Survey 2018 (1440 participants)
  • 12. 12 7. How Can We Help each Other? Awareness Solidarity & Support Networking Women Leaders Role Models Lobbying for Women Empowerment
  • 13. 13 • Women leading their communities to light rural Africa • Started by a workshop in Kigali-Rwanda on Appropriate Technology for rural communities. • A collaboration all way from India to Sudan, Bunker Roy of Bare-foot college selected a pilot project in Sudan. • Developers a partnership with community-based NGOs in Nuba mountains in western Sudan and signed a community/college partnership agreement. • Trained illiterate rural women to be solar engineers and serve their rural communities. (Shows how far empowered women can go and do!!) 8. Success Story: Barefoot College in Sudan
  • 14. 14 Finally.. The benefits of unlocking the potential of women in the MENA region The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) published: “The MENA region is losing an estimated $575 billion a year due to the legal and social barriers that exist around women’s access to jobs and careers.” (Cost of lost opportunity!!)
  • 15. 15 Thank you ! Eng. Sara Ibrahim Elhag Head of SE Projects Implementation & Private Investment Promotion Regional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE) Hydro Power Building (7th Floor) Block 11 - Piece 15, Melsa District Ard El Golf, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt Tel: +20 2 2415 4755 (ext. 281) Fax: +20 2 241 54661 Sara.Ibrahim@rcreee.org www.rcreee.org