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“Dialogue Norm” When mixing for Broadcast and Film the first thing you need to understand is the term “Dialogue Norm,” (Dia Norm) which refers to the average dialogue level. Both Broadcast and SMPTE/Film have strict guidelines for your “Dialogue Norm.”Recordingtutorialsonline.com
Mix Calibration When mixing for either Broadcast or Film you need to make sure that you are mixing at the correct level. Film should be mixed at 85dBc Broadcast should be mixed at 79dBcRecordingtutorialsonline.com
Broadcast Levels Broadcast Levels require that you have a “Dia norm” of -27dB (or -7VU) or -20db (or 0 VU) with NO PEAKS EXCEEDING -10dB. On air promos, commercials, and TV spots require that the Dia Norm is -20dB (o VU) with no peaks exceeding -10dB. These guidelines are strictly followed and your mix will not pass quality control if you exceed + 1dB.Recordingtutorialsonline.com
SMPTE/Film Levels Film requires that your Dia norm be between -31dB to -27dB and that no peaks exceed 0dB digital. Movie Trailers are mixed at LeqM85 which is the maximum level you can mix a movie trailer at. This is set by T.A.S.A. (Trailer Audio Standards Associations).Recordingtutorialsonline.com
Mix Setup When you are setting up your mix in Protools make sure that you start your project at exactly 1 hour even (unless it requires a two pop) so that you don’t have syncing issues when you send your mix back to the video editor.Recordingtutorialsonline.com
Mixing Dialogue The first thing that you want to do in mixing for Film or Broadcast is to mix the dialogue so that the levels are consistent.Recordingtutorialsonline.com
Monitoring While you are mixing your dialogue pay specific attention to where you are hitting with your meters.Recordingtutorialsonline.com
Metering If you can’t afford the Waves Dorrough, the Dolby LM 100 or Dolby Media Meter to monitor your dialogue levels, you can use the Phasescope plug-in in Protools to mix. You will want to make sure that the mode is set on either Peak+RMS or RMS with a two or three second hold.Recordingtutorialsonline.com
Music and SFX After you have closely monitored your Dia norm mix, you can begin to mix your Music and SFX.Recordingtutorialsonline.com
The End Thanks for stopping by and be sure to check out more of our tutorials at www.recordingtutorialsonline.comRecordingtutorialsonline.com