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CONTENT ACC TO DIPLOMA SYLLABUS .

Presentation1

  1. 1. HIGHWAY ENGINEERING CHP 1: IMPORTANCE AND CLASSIFICATION OF ROADS. BY: R.V. K
  2. 2. Classification of Highways National highway act ( 1956 )  Depending on weather All weather roads Fair weather roads  Depending the type of Carriage way Paved roads Unpaved roads  Depending upon the pavement surface Surfaced roads Un surfaced roads
  3. 3.  Based on the Traffic Volume Heavy Medium Light  Based on Load or Tonnage Heavy Medium Light Tonnes per day  Based on location and function ( Nagpur road plan ) NH SH MDR ODR VR Classification of Highways
  4. 4. Based on modified system of Highways classification(Third road development plan) • Primary Expressways National Highways • Secondary SH  MDR • Tertiary ODR  VR
  5. 5. NATIONAL HIGHWAYS • These highways run through the length and breadth of the country connecting capitals of states, major ports, foreign highways and places of strategic importance • It should have two lanes of atleast 8m width and atleast 2m wide shoulders on both sides • C.P.W.D and M.E.S see its maintenance and construction (central govt.) • NH1 TO NH8
  6. 6. STATE HIGHWAYS • Highways which link the capital of state to important cities within the state and connect them with national highways are known as SH. • Preferably be of two-lane width. • see its maintenance and construction (state govt.) • Total length of all SH in the country is 1,37,119 Kms.
  7. 7. Major District Roads • Important roads with in a district serving areas of production and markets , connecting those with each other or with the major highways and also carry traffic into interior areas. • India has a total of 4,70,000 kms of MDR. • Permenant land width- 25 to 30 m
  8. 8. Other District Roads • MDR having lower specifications serving areas of production, tehsil headquaters, market centres, railway stations etc are ODR • These have single lane width of atleast stabilized soil, gravel or wbm
  9. 9. Village roads • They are roads connecting villages or group of villages with each other or to the nearest road of a higher category like ODR or MDR. • India has 26,50,000 kms of ODR+VR out of the total 33,15,231 kms of all type of roads.
  10. 10. Urban Road Classification • EXPRESSWAYS • ARTERIAL ROADS • SUB ARTERIAL • COLLECTOR • LOCAL STREET
  11. 11. ARTERIAL STREETS • No frontage access, no standing vehicle, very little cross traffic. • Design Speed : 80km/hr • Land width : 50 – 60m • Spacing 1.5km in CBD & 8km or more in sparsely developed areas. • Divided roads with full or partial parking • Pedestrian allowed to walk only at intersection
  12. 12. SUB-ARTERIAL STREETS • Bus stops but no standing vehicle. • Less mobility than arterial. • Spacing for CBD : 0.5km • Sub-urban fringes : 3.5km • Design speed : 60 km/hr • Land width : 30 – 40 m
  13. 13. Collector Street • Collects and distributes traffic from local streets • Provides access to arterial roads • Located in residential, business and industrial areas. • Full access allowed. • Parking permitted. • Design speed : 50km/hr • Land Width : 20-30m
  14. 14. Local Street • Design Speed : 30km/hr. • Land Width : 10 – 20m. • Primary access to residence, business or other abutting property • Less volume of traffic at slow speed • Origin and termination of trips. • Unrestricted parking, pedestrian movements. (with frontage access, parked vehicle, bus stops and no waiting restrictions)
  15. 15. Rectangular/Block Pattern
  16. 16. Radial (Star) and Block Pattern
  17. 17. Radial (Star) and Circular Pattern
  18. 18. Radial (Star) and Grid Pattern
  19. 19. Hexagonal Pattern
  20. 20. Minimum Travel Pattern
  21. 21. END
  • HezhaSkillJabari

    Nov. 8, 2020
  • GajendraBabu8

    Apr. 16, 2019
  • FuzailAhmad10

    Mar. 1, 2019
  • dhirajdeka5

    May. 26, 2018
  • HarshvardhanSinghDul

    May. 17, 2018

CONTENT ACC TO DIPLOMA SYLLABUS .

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