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PQP 1 Child Protection

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Principals Qualification Part 1 Child Protection

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PQP 1 Child Protection

  1. 1. Child Protection Issues An Overview for Principals and Vice-Principals
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Over a 20 year career 89% of teachers will suspect abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Over the last 24 hours when have you touched a child? A question from the New Zealand Elementary Teachers Physical Contact Code of Practice (2003) </li></ul><ul><li>A maximum of 3—4 hours was devoted to child protection training for new teachers in 1997; minimum 1 hour (Child Abuse Review, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Peel Children's Aid served more than 7,800 families and 16,300 children in the Region of Peel (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>More than 5,500 investigations were conducted by the Peel Children's Aid Agency (2006) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Agenda <ul><li>Definitions of child abuse & child protection </li></ul><ul><li>Child abuse: 4 components </li></ul><ul><li>Who is involved? </li></ul><ul><li>Children's Aid Society </li></ul><ul><li>Rights and Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Overview <ul><li>All children have the right to be protected. Offenders, regardless of their relationship to the child or their professional roles, must be held accountable for their actions. </li></ul>Caretaker Family Babysitter Child Teacher Principal Coach Guardian Parent
  5. 5. Definitions <ul><li>“ Child” is defined as any person under 16 years of age. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Child Abuse” refers to the violence, mistreatment or neglect that a child may experience while in the care of someone they either trust or depend on, such as a parent, sibling, other relative, care giver, guardian or teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Child Protection” refers to a child in need of protection from abuse or neglect. </li></ul>Image from www.peel.cas.org
  6. 6. Emotional & Psychological Abuse <ul><ul><li>A child has suffered emotional or psychological harm if he/she exhibits anxiety, depression, withdrawal, delayed development, self-destructive and aggressive behaviour because of chronic and persistent ridicule and rejection. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These behaviours may be the result of actions on the part of parents/guardians/caregivers or their failure to act, prevent, remedy or alleviate such actions. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Physical Abuse <ul><ul><li>Physical abuse is the intentional use of force against a child resulting in injury or causing bodily harm. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical abuse is physical force or violence that results in bodily injury, pain, or impairment including assault, battery, and inappropriate restraint. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P hysical abuse refers to the infliction of physical harm on a child by a parent or caregiver . </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Physical Abuse <ul><ul><li>The harm standard considers behaviour as abusive only if it results in visible harm or injuries . (ex. bruises, cuts, burns, fractures,…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The endangerment standard considers physical assault by a parent or caregiver that presents a substantial risk of physical injury is considered abuse . (ex. poisoning, suffocating, drowning …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Although these actions may not result in observable injuries they are still considered abusive . </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Sexual Abuse <ul><li>Child sexual abuse is the exploitation of a child or adolescent for the sexual gratification of another person. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sexual Abuse <ul><li>Abusive behaviours include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voyeurism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fondling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child prostitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child pornography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intercourse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sodomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral-genital stimulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verbal stimulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exhibitionism </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Neglect <ul><ul><li>Serious inattention or negligence on the part of the child’s care giver to the basic physical and emotional needs of the child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It occurs when person (s) responsible for the child’s care jeopardize the care or well-being through deprivation of necessities </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>What are </li></ul><ul><li>the indicators? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Emotional/Psychological Abuse <ul><li>Physical Indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The physical indicators for those who suffer emotional or psychological abuse are: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development delay. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequent headaches, nausea and abdominal pains. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different dressing from members of their family or schoolmates. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substandard living conditions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unusual appearance manifested by bizarre haircuts and decorations. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Emotional/Psychological Abuse <ul><li>Behavioural Indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The behavioural indicators for those who suffer emotional or psychological abuse are: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development lags. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prolonged unhappiness, stress, withdrawal. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regressive behaviour such as constant rocking. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over-compliance, exceptionally good mannerisms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recklessness, unexplained absences and family disruptions. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Physical Abuse <ul><li>Physical Indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprains, dislocations, fractures, broken bones, burns, abrasions, lacerations, internal injuries and bleeding, non-accidental bruises, head injuries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Injuries are inconsistent with explanation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numerous injuries in various stages of recovery or healing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presence of injuries over an extended period of time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Injuries inconsistent with child’s age and developmental phase. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Physical Abuse <ul><li>Behavioural Indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Injuries are unexplained (include implausible). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family members provide different explanations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A history of similar injuries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delay between onset of injury and seeking medical care. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wary of adults. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flinch if touched unexpectedly. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Sexual Abuse <ul><li>Physical Indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unusual or excess itching or pain in the throat, genital or anal area. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Odour or discharge from genital area. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stained or bloody underclothing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pain on urination, elimination, sitting down, walking or swallowing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood or urine in stool. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Sexual Abuse <ul><li>Behavioural Indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age-inappropriate sexual play with toys, self & others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-enactment of adult sexual activities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Age-inappropriate explicit drawings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bizarre or sophisticated sexual knowledge. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexualized behaviour with other children. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Neglect <ul><li>Physical Indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Young children display abnormal growth patterns, weight loss, sunken cheeks, paleness, lethargy, unresponsive to stimulation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inappropriate dress for weather. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor hygiene, dirty or unbathed state. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Severe, persistent diaper rash or other skin disorder (unattended). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent hunger. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of medical routine. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signs of deprivation (diaper rash, hunger). </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Neglect <ul><li>Behavioural Indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn't meet developmental milestones. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appears lethargic, undemanding, cries very little. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unresponsive to stimulation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uninterested in surroundings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrates severe lack of attachment to parent, little fear of strangers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be very demanding of affection or attention from others. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Emotional/Psychological Abuse <ul><li>Behaviours observed in the abuser </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistently rejects child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistently degrades child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blames child for problems, difficulties, disappointments </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Physical Abuse <ul><li>Behaviours observed in the abuser </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives harsh, unusual punishment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shows lack of self control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May give inconsistent explanations about child’s injury </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Sexual Abuse <ul><li>Behaviours observed in the abuser </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May be over-protective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is frequently alone with the child & is socially isolated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be jealous of the child’s relationship with other adults </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Neglect <ul><li>Behaviours observed in the abusers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintains chaotic home life with little evidence of regular healthful routines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overwhelmed with own problems & needs which are put ahead of the child </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Who is involved ? </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Pre-Report Stage </li></ul><ul><li>Report Stage </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Report Stage </li></ul>
  27. 27. A closer look… <ul><li>What happens in the Waterloo Region District School Board? </li></ul>Image from: http://www.wrdsb.on.ca/
  28. 28. Relevant Legislation <ul><li>Child and Family Services Act </li></ul><ul><li>s. 72 - Despite the provisions of any other Act, if a person, including a person who performs professional or official duties with respect to children, has reasonable grounds to suspect that a child is or may be suffering or may have suffered abuse, the person shall forthwith report the suspicion and the information which it is based to a society. </li></ul>
  29. 30. Children's Aid Society
  30. 31. Case Studies
  31. 32. Summary <ul><li>Definitions for types of abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Steps to take to inform CAS </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of training your staff about the indicators </li></ul>
  32. 33. Evaluation <ul><li>Thank-you for your feedback about today’s presentation. </li></ul>