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Women's land rights in Africa

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By Hosaena Ghebru IFPRI

Publié dans : Économie & finance
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Women's land rights in Africa

  1. 1. Women’s land rights in Africa Hosaena Ghebru (PhD) International food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
  2. 2. Introduction • The last two decades has seen a wave of gender-friendly land reforms and initiatives across the Sub-Saharan Africa including: • Recognition of customary land tenure system - legal and institutions frameworks • Land rights formalization: - individual land titling - Joint titling/registration - collective (community) land titling • Recognition of customary (informal) dispute management and dispute resolutions • Legal literacy on land governance/policies • Land administrative reform/decentralization
  3. 3. Motivation • Despite these encouraging gender-friendly regulatory, administrative and institutional land reforms in Africa, the status of women’s land rights remain in a dire situation • The study, hence, scrutinizes the role (in eroding women’s land rights) of: 1. Changing landscape: on-going social and economic transformations  Using national representative household surveys from four African countries 2. Implementation and enforcement mechanism/capacity  Using a diagnostic analysis on selected African countries using the land governance assessment framework tool (LGAF) focusing on:  Legal and regulatory frameworks  Administrative and institutional frameworks  Local financing and sustainability
  4. 4. Changing landscape: Role of on-going social and economic transformations
  5. 5. Data
  6. 6. Conditioning Factors
  7. 7. Women & access to land
  8. 8. Role of social dynamics
  9. 9. Role of Economic & land market vibrancy
  10. 10. Role of policy reforms & tenure security
  11. 11. Implementation/enforcement mechanisms/capacity
  12. 12. Land Rights Recognition
  13. 13. Implementation Issues
  14. 14. Accessibility & Sustainability of Interventions
  15. 15. Policy implications  Despite recent encouraging regulatory, administrative and institutional land reforms in Africa, women’s land rights remain in a dire situation  Lack of proper implementation and enforcement mechanisms undermine potential social and economic outcomes of such reforms.  Other factors (eroding women land rights) include increasing population pressure, commodification of land, and commercialization of agriculture, which ultimately result in increasing land values  Such on-going social, demographic, and economic changes within Africa coupled with emerging land markets reveal the fresh scrutiny over the status quo as legitimate and timely and demand government interventions to be contextualized and gender-tailored.  Innovative interventions such as the recent wave of systematic land tenure regularization programs should prioritize hot spot areas  Packaging such innovative interventions with explicit provisions for women’s land rights and legal literacy programs will: o Not only to maximize the potential gender parity outcomes of such programs (intra-household dimensions) but also o Help maintain the sustainability of the interventions.
  16. 16. Thank you!