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How to Package Freight 101

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R+L Carriers gives the 101 on freight packaging, including packing materials, shipping crates, pallets and how to shrink wrap freight.

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How to Package Freight 101

  1. 1. Importance of Proper Freight Packaging Proper packaging is a must! Many claims and damages arise from improper packaging. Use this guide to help you package your freight properly so it arrives in perfect condition.
  2. 2. • Internationally Recognized • Specifies minimum packaging requirements • Provides a comparison of commodities Examples: Item 680 - Packaging or Packing General Item 265 - Pallets National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) Additional information can be found at: http://www.nmfta.org/pages/NMFCPackaging
  3. 3. Proper packaging is a must! There are a variety of inner packaging materials that can be used for many different applications. (NMFC Item 680 - Packaging or Packing General) Selecting the Proper Inner Packaging
  4. 4. Bubble Wrap is ideal to protect fragile and irregularly shaped objects. It serves as good protection against shock and can also fill the voids inside the shipping container. Bubble Wrap
  5. 5. Foam Cushioning performs well in situations when your freight may need protection from vibrations and shocks. For maximum effectiveness, this material may require custom formation. Foam Cushioning
  6. 6. Paper Honeycomb is effective at many types of protection. It is regularly used in both inner and outer packaging capacities. Paper Honeycomb Paperfurniture#1,byDannyFower,https://www.flickr.com/photos/dannyfowler/
  7. 7. Loose Fill such as “packing peanuts” is a very flexible packing material that can fill the gaps around freight and offer shock protection. Loose Fill
  8. 8. Paper Pad is considered a blocking, filling, and wrapping material that is perfect for irregular shaped products and fragile parts. Paper Pad
  9. 9. Edge Boards are a very effective means to stabilize the load and reduce the risk of damage to the edge of boxes. Remember to keep the freight within the pallet dimensions. Edge Boards
  10. 10. Corrosion Protection should be used in situations where you might be transporting non- treated metals to prevent corrosion and oxidation. Corrosion Protection
  11. 11. ● Heavy, bulky items should be placed on pallets. ● Cartons should be stacked squarely with no overhang. ● To maximize carton strength, stack cartons on the pallet vertically. ● Secure cartons to a pallet with banding or shrink-wrap. ● Box flaps should always be properly sealed with packing tape. Packing your Freight on a Pallet or Skid
  12. 12. In general, freight should be shipped on a pallet or skid. Verify that the pallet is in good condition and will not risk damage to freight. • Covered with solid, undamaged deck and runner boards. • 4 way access. • Free of protruding nails, staples, or large wood splinters. • Dunnage such as cardboard between pallet and freight. Pallets or Skids (NMFC Item 265)
  13. 13. Ensure that: • Cartons are aligned in columns and not in an interlocked pattern. It is a common misconception that interlocking cartons increases strength. It can actually decrease compression strength by up to 50%. • Cartons do not overhang the pallet edge. This can reduced a carton’s strength by up to 32%. • Cartons are not stored in high humidity, which can reduce carton strength by up to 60%. Cardboard Cartons
  14. 14. Cardboard Cartons: Stacking on the Pallet Don’t: An interlocking pattern puts the strongest part of a box on top of the weakest box below it, dramatically reducing strength. Do: A column pattern places the strongest points directly on top of one another. Use slip sheets between layers and/or shrink wrap for stability. Do: A combination pattern can be used if the pallet is double height (no risk of double stacking) for added strength and stability.
  15. 15. • Use three strip “H” taping method across all seams and flaps. • Tape both top and bottom seams. • Rub entire tape surface to ensure contact adhesion. Sealing Cartons
  16. 16. ● Tuck the lead of the wrap between the pallet and the bottom box. ● Wrap in an upward direction, overlapping each layer of wrap by at least 50%. ● Twist the wrap every other time around to increase wrap strength. ● At the top, stretch the wrap diagonally over the top corners with a three inch overlap, then spiral back down to the bottom. ● Ensure the freight is secured to the pallet by finishing with a three inch overlap of the pallet base with several layers of wrap. ● If additional strength and support is needed, metal, plastic, or nylon banding can be used to secure freight to the pallet. Wrap and Secure to Pallet or Skid
  17. 17. • Each individual package must be legibly and durably marked with the name and address (including ZIP code) of the shipper and consignee. • The shipper and consignee information on the freight must match the shipper and consignee information on the bill of lading. • Address labels should be located in obvious locations as illustrated. Marking and Labeling Packaging
  18. 18. • Should be highly visible and displayed on all sides of the package. • Both pictorial and text markings should be used. • Symbols can be printed or adhered as a label. • Marking symbols should be within a border or have a contrasting background color • Ensure all relevant HAZMAT markings are included. Precautionary Handling Markings
  19. 19. Examples of Markings
  20. 20. • Another option to fulfill your packaging needs. • Can be locked and secured. • Reduces claims. • Eliminates the cost of packaging. • Peace of mind. Additional Options: Shipping Crates
  21. 21. 800-543-5589 www2.rlcarriers.com