► The process of setting goals helps you
choose where you want to go in life. By
knowing precisely what you want to
achieve, you know where you have to
focus your efforts..
► What do you want to achieve in your lifetime (or by
5-10 years in the future)?
Is there any knowledge you want to acquire in particular?
What information and skills will you need to achieve other
What level do you want to reach in your career?
Do you want to achieve any artistic goals? If so, what?
Is any part of your mindset holding you back? Is there any part
of the way that you behave that upsets you? If so, set a goal to
improve your behavior or find a solution to the problem.
Do you want to be a parent? If so, how are you going to be a good
parent? How do you want to be seen by a partner or by members of
your extended family?
How much do you want to earn by what stage?
Are there any athletic goals you want to achieve, or do you
want good health deep into old age? What steps are you
going to take to achieve this?
How do you want to enjoy yourself? - you should ensure
that some of your life is for you!
Do you want to make the world a better place? If so, how?
Schedule Some Brainstorming
► Spend some time brainstorming these, and then
select one goal in each category that best reflects
what you want to do. Then consider trimming
again so that you have a small number of really
significant goals on which you can focus.
As you do this, make sure that the goals that you
have set are YOUR GOALS, not ones that your
parents, family, or friends might want
Goals are set on a number of different levels:
1. Create your "big picture" of what you want to do
with your life, and what large-scale goals you
want to achieve
2. Break these down into the smaller and smaller
targets that you must hit so that you reach your
3. Once you have your plan, you start working to
Break It Down
► Starting to Achieve Your Lifetime Goals
► Once you have set your life goals, set plan of
smaller goals that you should complete if you are
to reach your lifetime plan.
► Then set a 5 year plan, 1 year plan, 6 month plan,
and 1 month plan of progressively smaller goals
that you should reach to achieve your lifetime
goals. Each of these should be based on the
Goal Setting Tips
► Make SMART goals
► For example, instead of having “to sail around the world” as
a goal, it is more powerful to say “To have completed my
trip around the world by December 31, 2015.”
► State each goal as a positive statement: Express
your goals positively – ‘Do “X” well' is a much
better goal than 'Don't make this stupid mistake.'
► Be precise: Set a precise goal, putting in dates,
times and amounts so that you can measure
achievement. If you do this, you will know exactly
when you have achieved the goal, and can take
complete satisfaction from having achieved it.
► Set priorities: When you have several goals, give each a
priority. This helps you to avoid feeling overwhelmed by too
many goals, and helps to direct your attention to the most
► Write goals down: This crystallizes them and gives them
► Keep operational goals small: Keep the low-level goals you
are working towards small and achievable. If a goal is too
large, then it can seem that you are not making progress
towards it. Keeping goals small and incremental gives
more opportunities for reward. Derive today's goals from
► Set performance goals, not outcome goals :
► You should take care to set goals over which you
have as much control as possible. There is
nothing more dispiriting than failing to achieve a
personal goal for reasons beyond your control.
► If you base your goals on personal performance,
then you can keep control over the achievement of
your goals and draw satisfaction from them.
► Set realistic goals:
It is important to set
goals that you can achieve. All sorts of
people (faculty, employers, parents, media,
society) can set unrealistic goals for you.
► You may set goals that are too high,
because you may not appreciate either the
obstacles in the way, or understand quite
how much skill you need to develop to
achieve a particular level of performance.
► When you have achieved a goal, take the time to
enjoy the satisfaction of having done so. Absorb
the implications of the goal achievement, and
observe the progress you have made towards
other goals. If the goal was a significant one,
reward yourself appropriately. All of this helps you
build the self-confidence you deserve!
With the experience of having achieved this goal,
review the rest of your goal plans:
► If you achieved the goal too easily, make your next goals harder
► If the goal took a frustrating length of time to achieve, make the next
goals a little easier
► If you learned something that would lead you to change other goals, do
► If you noticed a deficit in your skills despite achieving the goal, decide
whether to set goals to fix this.
► Failure to meet goals does not matter much, as long as you learn from
it. Feed lessons learned back into your goal setting program.
►Time = “The great equalizer”
►Everyone gets 168 per week
► Do you spend it?
► Do you use it?
► Do you invest it?
► Can you save it?
► Can you manage it?
► Can you slow it down?
► Can you make more of
Tick, tick, tick
Time moves on.
► College students often report that their
inability to manage their time is the biggest
problem they face in college. Time
management is a skill few people master,
but it is one that most people need.
► College students have many competing
demands on their time: friends, movies,
studying lectures, home, relationships and
on and on. How can you come to grips with
all of it? Time management is MANAGING
YOURSELF when following some
basic time management principles.
► Identify "Best Time" for Studying : Everyone
has high and low periods of attention and
concentration. Are you a "morning person"
or a "night person". Use your power times to
study; use the down times for routines such
as laundry and errands.
► Study Difficult Subjects First: When you are
fresh, you can process information more
quickly and save time as a result.
► Use Distributed Learning and Practice : Study
in shorter time blocks with short breaks between.
This keeps you from getting fatigued and "wasting
time." This type of studying is efficient because
while you are taking a break, the brain is still
processing the information
Make Sure the Surroundings are Conducive
to Studying: This will allow you to reduce
distractions which can "waste time." If there
are times in the residence halls or your
apartment when you know there will be
noise and commotion, use that time for
► Make Room for Entertainment and
Relaxation: College is more than studying.
You need to have a social life, yet, you need
to have a balance in your life.
► Make Sure you Have Time to Sleep and Eat
Properly: Sleep is often an activity (or lack
of activity) that students use as their time
management "bank." When they need a few
extra hours for studying or socializing, they
withdraw a few hours of sleep. Doing this
makes the time they spend studying less
effective because they will need a couple
hours of clock time to get an hour of
► Try to Combine Activities: Use the "Twofer"
concept. If you are spending time at the
Laundromat, bring your psychology notes to
study. If you are waiting in line for tickets to
the concert, bring your Spanish flashcards
7 Habits of Highly Effective People
► From: The Seven Habits Of Highly Effective People: Restoring the
Character Ethic, by Stephen R. Covey, Simon and Schuster, 1989.
► 1. BE PROACTIVE. Between stimulus and response in human beings
lies the power to choose. Productivity, then, means that we are solely
responsible for what happens in our lives. No fair blaming anyone or
2. BEGIN WITH THE END IN MIND. Imagine your funeral and listen to
what you would like the eulogists to say about you. This should reveal
exactly what matters most to you in your life. Use this frame of
reference to make all your day-to-day decisions so that you are
working toward your most meaningful life goals.
7 Habits of Highly Effective People
► 3. PUT FIRST THINGS FIRST. To manage our lives
effectively, we must keep our mission in mind, understand
what's important as well as urgent, and maintain a balance
between what we produce each day and our ability to
produce in the future. Think of the former as putting out
fires and the latter as personal development.
4. THINK WIN/WIN. Agreements or solutions among
people can be mutually beneficial if all parties cooperate
and begin with a belief in the "third alternative": a better
way that hasn't been thought of yet.
7 Habits of Highly Effective People
5. SEEK FIRST TO BE UNDERSTANDING, THEN
TO BE UNDERSTOOD. Most people don't listen.
Not really. They listen long enough to devise a
solution to the speaker's problem or a rejoinder to
what's being said. Then they dive into the
conversation. You'll be more effective in your
relationships with people if you sincerely try to
understand them fully before you try to make them
understand your point of view.
7 Habits of Highly Effective People
► 6. SYNERGIZE. Just what it sounds like. The whole is
greater than the sum of its parts. In practice, this means
you must use "creative cooperation" in social interactions.
Value differences because it is often the clash between
them that leads to creative solutions.
7. SHARPEN THE SAW. This is the habit of self-renewal,
which has four elements. The first is mental, which includes
reading, visualizing, planning and writing. The second is
spiritual, which means value clarification and commitment,
study and meditation. Third is social/emotional, which
includes service, empathy, synergy and intrinsic security.
Finally, the physical element includes exercise, nutrition
and stress management.
► Wherever you want to achieve something
significant, draw up an Action Plan. This helps you
think about what you need to do to achieve that
thing, so that you can get help where you need it
and monitor your progress.
► Simply list the tasks that you need to carry out to
achieve your goal, in the order that you need to
complete them. This is very simple, and very
► To-Do Lists are simple and powerful, both
as a method of organizing yourself and as a
way of reducing stress. Often problems may
seem overwhelming or you may have a
seemingly huge number of demands on
your time. This may leave you feeling out of
control, and overburdened with work.
► Start by writing down the tasks that face you, and if they are large, break them
down into their component elements. If these still seem large, break them down
again. Do this until you have listed everything that you have to do, and until
tasks are will take no more than 1 - 2 hours to complete.
► Once you have done this, run through these jobs allocating priorities from A
(very important) to C (least important). If too many tasks have a high priority,
run through the list again and demote the less important ones. Once you have
done this, rewrite the list in priority order.
► You will then have a precise plan that you can use to eliminate the problems
you face. You will be able to tackle these in order of importance. This allows
you to separate important jobs from the many time-consuming trivial ones.
► Create a Master list of all tasks
► Use the master list to plan your month,
week and day.
► Scheduling is then a five-step process:
1. Identify the time you have available.
2. Block in the essential tasks you must carry out to succeed in your job.
3. Schedule in high priority urgent tasks and vital "house-keeping"
4. Block in appropriate contingency time to handle unpredictable
5. In the time that remains, schedule the activities that address your
priorities and personal goals.
► If you have little or no discretionary time left by the time you reach step
five, then revisit the assumptions you have made in steps one to four.
► Scheduling is the process by which you look at the
time available to you, and plan how you will use it
to achieve the goals you have identified. By using
a schedule properly, you can:
Understand what you can realistically achieve with your
Plan to make the best use of the time available
Leave enough time for things you absolutely must do
Preserve contingency time to handle 'the unexpected'
Minimize stress by avoiding over-commitment to
yourself and others
► Why do we Procrastinate?
► You procrastinate when you put off things
that you should be focusing on right now,
usually in favor of doing something that is
more enjoyable or that you’re more
Causes of procrastination
► Not understanding the difference between urgent tasks and
► Feeling overwhelmed by the task, and not knowing where
► Waiting for the “right” mood or the “right” time to tackle the
important task at hand
► A fear of failure or success
► Underdeveloped decision making skills
► Poor organizational skills
► Perfectionism ("I don't have the right skills or resources to
do this perfectly now, so I won't do it at all.")
How to overcome procrastination
► Recognize that you're Procrastinating
► Work out WHY You're Procrastinating
►two main reasons:
You find the task unpleasant; or
You find the task overwhelming
► Get over it!
► Find ways of motivating yourself to get
If the project seems overwhelming…
► Break the project into a set of smaller, more manageable
tasks. You may find it helpful to create an action plan.
► Start with some quick, small tasks if you can, even if these
aren't the logical first actions. You'll feel that you're
achieving things, and so perhaps the whole project won't
be so overwhelming after all.
► Make up your own rewards.
► Ask someone else to check up on you. Peer
► Identify the unpleasant consequences of
NOT doing the task.
► Keep your eyes on the prize
► Learn to sweat in peacetime (Navy Seals)
“The more you sweat in peacetime the less you
bleed in war”
► Make up your own rituals
► Start keeping track and build a “winning
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