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Makers

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Publié le

Il movimento Makers, i Fablab, Open Hardware e modelli di business, case histories, la nuova manifattura, politiche di sviluppo pubbliche e private

Publié dans : Périphériques & matériel
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Makers

  1. 1. 2 Makers e impresa L’ultimo a parlarne è stato Beppe Grillo. Anche il leader del Movimento Cinque Stelle si è accorto della forza delle stampanti 3D e dell’effetto che la loro introduzione avrà sull’e-conomia. Non tutto il suo discorso è stato preciso e coerente ma, di certo, testimonia ODFRQVDFUD]LRQHGH±QLWLYDGHOOªDUJRPHQWRLOJUDQGHSXEEOLFR±QDOPHQWHQHSDUODHVL SRQHGHJOLLQWHUURJDWLYL3URSULRSHUTXHVWRqJLXQWRLOPRPHQWRGLSUHQGHUHLPDNHUVVXO VHULRQRQXQDVHPSOLFHFXULRVLWjPDDWWRULGLLQQRYD]LRQHVRFLDOHHGHFRQRPLFDFRQFXL fare i conti. La famosa casa 3D di Beppe Grillo, in realtà solo un esperimento 6X/R6SD]LRGHOOD3ROLWLFDFLSLDFHVFRPPHWWHUHVXLWHPLHPHUJHQWLSHUDQWLFLSDUHLWHPSL SHUSURYDUHDSDUODUHRJJLGHOOª,WDOLDDOIXWXUR3HUTXHVWRDEELDPRLQL]LDWRDRFFXSDUFL GLPDNHUVHLQQRYD]LRQHFRQTXDOFKHDQQRGLDQWLFLSRHDEELDPRWDOYROWDSUHYLVWRVFHOWH VWUDWHJLFKHGHLJUDQGLSODHU*LjLOVHWWHPEUH$QGUHD'DQLHOOLVFULYHYD§/ª,WDOLD VDUj XQD 5HSXEEOLFD IRQGDWD VXL )DEODE¨ 6ROR XQR VORJDQ 1R SHUFKp §LO PRYLPHQWR GHOODSHUVRQDOIDEULFDWLRQq±JOLRGHOOªLQGXVWULDGDFXLKDSUHVRODSUHFLVLRQHHODULSURGX- FLELOLWjGHLSURGRWWLQLSRWHGHOOªDUWLJLDQDWRGDFXLKDSUHVRODSURJHWWD]LRQHVXPLVXUD IUDWHOORGHOOªRSHQVRXUFHFRQFXLFRQGLYLGHOD±ORVR±DGLVFDPELDUVLSURJHWWLOLEHUDPHQ- WH¨ (G HFFR SHUFKp TXHVWR WHPD q LPSRUWDQWH SHU Oª,WDOLD SHU LO IXWXUR GHOOªLQGXVWULD H della manifattura. /ªDWWHQ]LRQHSHULOIXWXURqXQRGHJOLDVSHWWLFHQWUDOLGL/R6SD]LRGHOOD3ROLWLFDHFLKD consentito di trasformare la teoria in pratica, ponendoci come interlocutori di rilievo nel- ODYLEUDQWHHDUWLFRODWDVFHQDGHLPDNHUVLWDOLDQL2UPDLQRQFªqULYLVWDGLLQQRYD]LRQH HYHQWRGLVWDUWXSRFRQYHJQRLVWLWX]LRQDOHFKHQRQSDUOLGLPDNHUVIDEODE§ULWRUQRDO VDSHUHPDQXDOH¨WDOYROWDDVSURSRVLWRVLULVFKLDGLPHVFRODUHDWWRULFKHVLSHUFHSLVFRQR come distinti – e pure distanti. 3ULPD GL LPPHUJHUFL QHL FRQWHQXWL GL TXHVWR HERRN SURYLDPR DOORUD D WUDWWHJJLDUH XQ ULWUDWWRGLFRPXQLWjHWHURJHQHHDQDOL]]DQGRLQFKHPRGRLORURPHPEULVLSRQJRQRLQ UDSSRUWRFROQRVWURVLVWHPDHFRQRPLFRHVLDXWRSHUFHSLVFRQR/HFDWHJRULHFKHDEELDPR LGHQWL±FDWRQHJOLDQQLVRQRTXHVWH 1. Makers:FUHGRQRQHOODFRQGLYLVLRQHGHOODFRQRVFHQ]DXVDQROHWHFQRORJLHGLSHUVRQDO IDEULFDWLRQSHUDXWRSURGXUUHRULSDUDUHFLzFKHJOLVHUYHQRQDPELVFRQRDYHQGHUHLORUR prodotti. 2. Inventori:FUHGRQRQHOODFRQGLYLVLRQHPDWDOYROWDYLSRVVRQRULQXQFLDUHSHUHVLJHQ]H
  2. 2. 3 GLEXVLQHVVXVDQROHWHFQRORJLHGLSHUVRQDOIDEULFDWLRQSHUSURWRWLSDUHOHORURLQYHQ]LRQL DPELVFRQRDYHQGHUHOHSURSULHFUHD]LRQL 3. Artigiani digitali:LOSRVVHVVRGLFRPSHWHQ]H§VHJUHWH¨qDOOªRULJLQHGHOORURVXFFHVVR SURIHVVLRQDOHGLI±FLOHFKHOHFRQGLYLGDQRDOORVWHVVRWHPSRULVROYRQRVHPSUHSLVSHV- VRSUREOHPLLQPDQLHUDFROODERUDWLYDVLVHUYRQRGHJOLVWUXPHQWLGLSHUVRQDOIDEULFDWLRQ SHUDJJLRUQDUHLORURSURGRWWLHFUHDUHSH]]LVHPSUHPLJOLRUL 4. Designers: PROWL KDQQR DEEUDFFLDWR OªDXWRSURGX]LRQH DOWUL OD FRQGLYLVLRQH DOWUL OD SDVVLRQH SHU JOL VPDUW REMHFW FROODERUDQR XQ SRª FRQ WXWWL FRQ XQD ORJLFD RYYLDPHQWH commerciale. 5. Service providers:SHUPHWWRQRDWXWWLGLODYRUDUHIRUQHQGRVWDPSDWDJOLRODYRUD]LRQL TXDVLLQGXVWULDOLVRQRWHFQLFLHVSHUWLGLPDFFKLQDULGLSHUVRQDOIDEULFDWLRQFRQGLYLGRQR LOORURNQRZKRZKDQQRXQDORJLFDFRPPHUFLDOH ,QTXHVWRHERRNFHUFKLDPRGLDQDOL]]DUHOHUHOD]LRQLWUDPDNHUVHLPSUHVHFRQXQRELHW- WLYRGLFKLDUDWRSUHVHQWDUHLPDNHUVFRPHLQWHUORFXWRULSULYLOHJLDWLSHUOHLPSUHVHPDQL- fatturiere che intendono innovare i loro prodotti. Naturalmente puntiamo a ridurre le di- VWDQ]HWUDPDNHUVLQYHQWRULDUWLJLDQLHGHVLJQHUVSRQHQGROHEDVLSHUXQDORURPDJJLRUH LQWHJUD]LRQH ,OWHVWRqSHQVDWRVHFRQGRXQDVWUXWWXUDGLGDWWLFDODSULPDSDUWHqGHGLFDWDDVSLHJDUH LQFKHFRVDFRQVLVWRQRL)DE/DEHOHOLFHQ]HGHOOªRSHQVRXUFHKDUGZDUHFRQFOXGHQGRVL FRQXQUDVVHJQDGLSURGRWWLVYLOXSSDWLJUD]LHDOODFUHDWLYLWjGLIIXVD/DSDUWHFHQWUDOHq GHGLFDWDDLOOXVWUDUHSRVVLELOLPRGHOOLGLEXVLQHVVLQJUDGRGLFRQLXJDUHOHFDUDWWHULVWLFKH GLDSHUWXUDHFROODERUD]LRQHWLSLFKHGHL)DE/DEFRQOHHVLJHQ]HFRPPHUFLDOLGHOOHLPSUH- VH/DSDUWH±QDOHWHQWDGLULVSRQGHUHDOOHRELH]LRQLSLFRPXQLHSURSRQHGHOOHSRVVLELOL SROLWLFKHGLVYLOXSSRSXEEOLFKHHSULYDWHDO±QHGLSHUVHJXLUHXQDFRQWDPLQD]LRQHGHO PRQGRLPSUHQGLWRULDOHVRSUDWWXWWRGHOOH30,TXHOORGHLPDNHUV,Q±QHGHGLFKLDPRXQD GRYHURVDDQDOLVLDOOHSUHRFFXSD]LRQLHDOOHGLI±FROWjGLFROODERUD]LRQHWUDPDNHUVHLP- SUHVHLQFHQWUDWDLQWRUQRDLEUHYHWWLHDOODFXOWXUDGHOODFRQGLYLVLRQH 3HUFKpQDVFDXQªHI±FDFHHSUR±FXDFROODERUD]LRQHqQHFHVVDULRGDHQWUDPEHOHSDUWLXQ DWWHJJLDPHQWRGLPDJJLRUHDSHUWXUDHVSHULPHQWD]LRQH,OQRVWURFRQWULEXWRLQSDUWHDQ- FKH GLYXOJDWLYR DPELVFH D FUHDUH PDJJLRU FRQVDSHYROH]]D GD SDUWH GHL GHFLVRUL VLDQR HVVLSXEEOLFLRSULYDWLFRVuGDSRWHUVLDWWLYDUHSHUIDYRULUHOªLQFRQWURWUDGRPDQGDGªLQQR- vazione e offerta di competenze. ,O WHVWR DWWLQJH DQFKH D PDWHULDOL JLj GLYXOJDWL ULDGDWWDWL H FRQWHVWXDOL]]DWL DOOR VFRSR /ª$VVRFLD]LRQH0DNHLQ,WDOKDFRQWULEXLWRDWWLYDPHQWHDOODVXDVWHVXUDQDWXUDOPHQWH FRQLOLPLWLWLSLFLGLXQJUXSSRGLYRORQWDULFKHqLPSHJQDWRFRQWHPSRUDQHDPHQWHVX GLYHUVHV±GH 4XHVWRqXQSURJHWWR§RSHQ¨FKHFRQWLQXHUjVX/R6SD]LRGHOOD3ROLWLFDHVXWXWWLJOLDOWUL FDQDOLGHOODQRVWUDDWWLYLWj¼XQSURJHWWRFKHVLIRQGDVXOYRVWURIHHGEDFN3HULQIRUPD- ]LRQLSUHVHQWD]LRQLHLQWHJUD]LRQLVFULYHWHDandreka207@yahoo.it e a r.vurchio1289@ gmail.com . /R6SD]LRGHOOD3ROLWLFD
  3. 3. 4 INDICE 1. Che cosa sono i Fab Lab (Vurchio, Menichinelli) 2. L'hardware dei Fab Lab: la digital fabrication (Re) 3. Open hardware: DEFINIZIONI ED esempi (Danielli, Vurchio) 4. Modelli di business esistenti (Menichinelli) 5. Modelli di business possibili (Danielli) 6. Fab Lab Reggio Emilia: Idea Challenge 7. MioCugino: un Fab Lab ''privato''

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