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Principles of Information
Systems(PIS1)
Lecturer: Rubben Nambinga
Email: rubbennambinga@gmail.com
Getting started with your first computer
Lesson Objectives
At the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Basics on windows and mac operating system
• Know how to work with files and applications in the computer
• Know where to adjust computer settings
• Know where to shutdown the computer
Getting to know your computer's OS
Now that you know the
absolute basics of using a
computer, it's time to learn
more about your computer's
operating system. We'll be
talking about the two most
common operating systems in
this lesson: Microsoft
Windows and macOS.
Getting to know the interface
Both PCs and Macs use a graphical
user interface (GUI), and they each
have their own look and feel. The
interactives below will introduce you
to the Windows and Mac interfaces.
https://youtu.be/GDKIxBr6yhI
Getting to know the interface
Both PCs and Macs use a graphical
user interface (GUI), and they each
have their own look and feel. The
interactives below will introduce you
to the Windows and Mac interfaces.
Getting to know the interface
Both PCs and Macs use a
graphical user interface
(GUI), and they each have
their own look and feel.
The interactives below will
introduce you to the
Windows and Mac
interfaces.
https://youtu.be/_RN89xA
pebs
All about your computer's file system
No matter which operating
system you use, your
computer uses folders to
organize all of the different
files and applications it
contains. Folder icons on
your computer are designed
to look like file folders full of
documents or pictures.
All about your computer's file system
Each operating system has
its own file system, which
helps you find your folders
and files. If you have a
Windows PC, you'll use the
File Explorer (also known as
Windows Explorer). If you
have a Mac, you'll use
Finder. Here, we'll talk about
the basic functions that are
common to all computer file
systems.
Opening your computer's file system
Whether you're
using a PC or a Mac,
the file system icon
will be on the
toolbar. On a PC,
the File Explorer
icon looks like a
folder, as in the
image below;
Opening your computer's file system
On a Mac, the
Finder icon looks
like a face on the
Dock, as in the
image below.
Basic navigation
Whether you're using File
Explorer or Finder, basic
navigation will work the same
way. If you see the file you
want, you can double-click it
with your mouse. Otherwise,
you can use the Navigation
pane on the left side of the
window to select a different
location.
Deleting files
macOS and Windows use a
Trash can or Recycle Bin to
prevent you from
accidentally deleting files.
When you delete a file, it is
moved to the Trash can. If
you change your mind, you
can move the file back to
its original location.
Deleting files
If you want to permanently
delete the file, you will
need to empty the Trash or
Recycle Bin. To do this,
right-click the icon and
select Empty.
Opening files and applications
Each application on your
computer has a group of file
types or formats it is able to
open. When you double-click a
file, your computer will
automatically use the correct
application to open it. In our
example, we're opening a
Microsoft Word document
(Cover Letter), which will open
in Microsoft Word.
Opening files and applications
However, there may be times you
may want to open an application
directly, instead of just opening a file.
To open an application in Windows,
click the Start button, then select the
desired application. If you don't see
the one you want, you can click All
Programs/All Apps to see a full list,
scroll through the application list in
Windows 10, or simply type the
name of the application on your
keyboard to search for it. In the
example below, we're opening
Microsoft Edge from the tiles.
Opening files and applications
To open an application on a Mac, click the application's icon on the Dock.
If you don't see the one you want, click the Spotlight icon in the top-right
corner of the screen, then type the name of the application on your
keyboard to search for it. In the example below, we're opening Safari.
Adjusting your computer's settings
When you start using a new
computer, you may want to begin by
adjusting the computer's settings.
Adjusting your settings can range
from simple tasks such as changing
your desktop background to more
advanced tasks like adjusting your
security or keyboard settings.
In Windows 10, click the Start button,
then select Settings.
Adjusting your computer's settings
In Windows 8.1 and earlier, click the
Start button, then locate and select
the Control Panel. Check out the
Adjusting Your Settings lesson in our
Windows Basics tutorial to learn more
about the Control Panel.
Adjusting your computer's settings
On a Mac, click the Apple icon, then
select System Preferences. Check out
our Adjusting Your Settings lesson in
our macOS Basics tutorial to learn
more about System Preferences.
Shutting down your computer
To shut down a Mac, click the
Apple icon, then select Shut
Down.
END

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Lesson 3- Get Started With Your First Computer 2.pptx

  • 1. Principles of Information Systems(PIS1) Lecturer: Rubben Nambinga Email: rubbennambinga@gmail.com
  • 2. Getting started with your first computer Lesson Objectives At the end of this lesson you will be able to: • Basics on windows and mac operating system • Know how to work with files and applications in the computer • Know where to adjust computer settings • Know where to shutdown the computer
  • 3. Getting to know your computer's OS Now that you know the absolute basics of using a computer, it's time to learn more about your computer's operating system. We'll be talking about the two most common operating systems in this lesson: Microsoft Windows and macOS.
  • 4. Getting to know the interface Both PCs and Macs use a graphical user interface (GUI), and they each have their own look and feel. The interactives below will introduce you to the Windows and Mac interfaces. https://youtu.be/GDKIxBr6yhI
  • 5. Getting to know the interface Both PCs and Macs use a graphical user interface (GUI), and they each have their own look and feel. The interactives below will introduce you to the Windows and Mac interfaces.
  • 6. Getting to know the interface Both PCs and Macs use a graphical user interface (GUI), and they each have their own look and feel. The interactives below will introduce you to the Windows and Mac interfaces. https://youtu.be/_RN89xA pebs
  • 7. All about your computer's file system No matter which operating system you use, your computer uses folders to organize all of the different files and applications it contains. Folder icons on your computer are designed to look like file folders full of documents or pictures.
  • 8. All about your computer's file system Each operating system has its own file system, which helps you find your folders and files. If you have a Windows PC, you'll use the File Explorer (also known as Windows Explorer). If you have a Mac, you'll use Finder. Here, we'll talk about the basic functions that are common to all computer file systems.
  • 9. Opening your computer's file system Whether you're using a PC or a Mac, the file system icon will be on the toolbar. On a PC, the File Explorer icon looks like a folder, as in the image below;
  • 10. Opening your computer's file system On a Mac, the Finder icon looks like a face on the Dock, as in the image below.
  • 11. Basic navigation Whether you're using File Explorer or Finder, basic navigation will work the same way. If you see the file you want, you can double-click it with your mouse. Otherwise, you can use the Navigation pane on the left side of the window to select a different location.
  • 12. Deleting files macOS and Windows use a Trash can or Recycle Bin to prevent you from accidentally deleting files. When you delete a file, it is moved to the Trash can. If you change your mind, you can move the file back to its original location.
  • 13. Deleting files If you want to permanently delete the file, you will need to empty the Trash or Recycle Bin. To do this, right-click the icon and select Empty.
  • 14. Opening files and applications Each application on your computer has a group of file types or formats it is able to open. When you double-click a file, your computer will automatically use the correct application to open it. In our example, we're opening a Microsoft Word document (Cover Letter), which will open in Microsoft Word.
  • 15. Opening files and applications However, there may be times you may want to open an application directly, instead of just opening a file. To open an application in Windows, click the Start button, then select the desired application. If you don't see the one you want, you can click All Programs/All Apps to see a full list, scroll through the application list in Windows 10, or simply type the name of the application on your keyboard to search for it. In the example below, we're opening Microsoft Edge from the tiles.
  • 16. Opening files and applications To open an application on a Mac, click the application's icon on the Dock. If you don't see the one you want, click the Spotlight icon in the top-right corner of the screen, then type the name of the application on your keyboard to search for it. In the example below, we're opening Safari.
  • 17. Adjusting your computer's settings When you start using a new computer, you may want to begin by adjusting the computer's settings. Adjusting your settings can range from simple tasks such as changing your desktop background to more advanced tasks like adjusting your security or keyboard settings. In Windows 10, click the Start button, then select Settings.
  • 18. Adjusting your computer's settings In Windows 8.1 and earlier, click the Start button, then locate and select the Control Panel. Check out the Adjusting Your Settings lesson in our Windows Basics tutorial to learn more about the Control Panel.
  • 19. Adjusting your computer's settings On a Mac, click the Apple icon, then select System Preferences. Check out our Adjusting Your Settings lesson in our macOS Basics tutorial to learn more about System Preferences.
  • 20. Shutting down your computer To shut down a Mac, click the Apple icon, then select Shut Down.
  • 21. END