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Philosophy of progressivism

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Philosophy of progressivism

  1. 1. Philosophy OF Progressivism PRESENTEDBY:- Ms. RUCHITAJAISWAL M.Sc. Nursingprevious year
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION It is an American philosophy, which is a revolt against the ‘formal/conventional/traditional’ system of education. It become popular, in 1929 the economic depression of USA adversely affected the educational system of the country. the principles underlying progressive education have influenced the modern educational theories and practices to a very great extent all over the world.
  3. 3. Meaning Education is centered around for the present life itself. The development of an individual and the society is only possible, when education facilitates the growth of every phase of the child.
  4. 4. Definition Progressivism is a theory of education that is concerned with “learning by doing “that children learn best when pursuing their own interests and satisfying their own needs. Progressivists believe that people learn best from what they consider most relevant to their lives. Progressivists center curriculum on their needs, experience, interest and abilities of student. Provoke curiosity in students.
  5. 5. Exponents John Dewey ; William James; G Thomas Lawrence; William Kilpatric. A large number of schools in Europe and USA were started.
  6. 6. John Dewey (1859-1952) An American philosopher, psychologist and educational reformer. His philosophy based on pragmatism. He established “Laboratory School” in 1896. He was the father of educational psychology. He introduce progressive method of teaching. he believed that book learning was no substitute for actually doing things.
  7. 7. What is progressivism? Progressivism is the educational philosophy which is grounded in the “pure” philosophy of pragmatism. Pragmatic ontology holds that reality is in the area of everyday life, personal experience. Its view is that ideas should be tested for their utility. Progressivism focuses on real-world problem solving and individual development.
  8. 8. CHARACTERISTICS of progressivism  Emphasis on learning by doing  hands-on projects  experiential learning  Integrated curriculum focused on thematic units  Strong emphasis on problem solving and critical thinking  Group work and development of social skills  Understanding and action as the goals of learning as opposed to rote knowledge  Collaborative and cooperative learning projects  Education for social responsibility and democracy
  9. 9. Concept of progressivism Contemporary reform movement in educational, social and political affairs. Dewey viewed the school as a miniature democratic society in which students could learn and practice the skill and tools necessary for democratic living.
  10. 10. Educational progressivism Educational progressivism is the belief that education must be based on the principle that humans are social animals who learn best in real-life activities with other people. The skills and tools of learning include problem solving methods and scientific inquiry. Learning experience include cooperative behaviors and self-discipline. Schools can transmit the culture of society while it prepares students in the changing world.
  11. 11. This philosophy places emphasis on how to think and nor what to think. Progressive education focused on the child as the learner rather than on subject, emphasized activities and experiences rather than verbal and literary skills and encouraged cooperative group learning activities rather than competitive individualized lesson plan.
  12. 12. Aims of education To develop the personality of an individual through providing a democratic environment in the educational institutions. An all-round development of child.  co-operative behavior and social participation. Education of the whole man, or whole personality, which includes the physical, emotional, social and intellectual aspects of the individual.
  13. 13. Progressivism and curriculum It should be based on the actual giving environment to the child. It must reflect his daily life. The curriculum is interdisciplinary in nature. Books and subject matter were part of the learning process rather than sources of ultimate knowledge. Curriculum is based on students' interests, involves the application of human problems and affairs. It uses the life experience approach to fit the student for future social action. Curriculum is based on a specific group of students.
  14. 14. Curriculum includes Political; moral; social; vocational ; intellectual; mathematics; general science, languages; integration of experiences.
  15. 15. Progressivism and method of teaching  Project method- active participation of the pupils in learning.  Socialized method- to bring all the individual into a group system of interaction.  Conferences.  Demonstration  Group work  Role play  Debates  Inquiry  Discussion  Planning and participation in the activities.
  16. 16. Progressivism and the Teacher  The human elements, human beings are given more importance. The teacher has to meet the needs of pupil as good human being.  As a facilitator or guide.  Determine student interest.  Involve students in curriculum development.  Stimulate direct learning process. The teacher, who is vital in education process and having richer, superior experience and can analyse the present situation. Teacher will act as a stage setter, guide and coordinator but he is not total authority, just he guides the situation.
  17. 17. Progressivism and the School School is a cooperative enterprise, it provide conductive environment for democratic growth of the child.
  18. 18. Assessment by evaluation of child’s project and productions. Assessment by the class presentation or workshop organized by group of learner. Quizzes or oral questioning. Feedback Performance based assessment. Observation Multiple choice question
  19. 19. Self evaluation Progressivists believe that the education should focus on the child rather than the subject matter. The student’s interests are important, as is integration of thinking, feeling, and doing. Learners should be active and learn to solve problems by experimenting and reflecting on their experience. School should help the students develop personal and social values so that they can become thoughtful, productive, citizen. because society is always changing, new ideas are important to make the future better than the past.
  20. 20. criticism The critics of progressive method of teaching say that the pupils the progressive classroom lack in the discipline. Progressivism system of education required more funding or budget. Countries are not that much strong financially or have budget to provide material for practical work. The role of teacher is only to facilitate or guide means not required to expert in their subject.
  21. 21. conclusion By understanding this philosophy of education, as a teacher, we have to know which approach can suit well to our learners’ needs. Despite of the good points of process approach underlying this philosophy. It is provide with the passage of time that his philosophy and concept of education and curriculum is very useful and effective to till date and helping to prepare skilled and useful citizens for a society.
  22. 22. References 1. Pramilaa R. Progressivism, Nursing Communication And Education Technology. 1st Edition. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd; 2010. Page No : 150-151 2. Neeraja KP. Progressivism, Textbook of Nursing Education.1st Edition. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd; 2003. Page No: 32-33 3. Clement Dr. I. Progressivism, Textbook on Communication And Education Technology. 3rd Edition. Bangalore: EMMESS Medical Publishers; 2016. Page No: 171-172 4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophy_of_education#John_Dewey_2

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