1. Applying LT findings to test SLA
How can LT findings be useful to SLA Reserchers?
Apllying the data from the exposed tests to:
Measure/test the SLA hypotheses (How can tests be
valid measurement for the aquisition of the language)
Generate (reproducing other methods of aquiring
2. Data Analysis Techniques
DIF (differential item functioning)
Group of students perform differently in some test
items ;for example (TOEFL :Test of English as a forieng
Group of learners with L1 perform differently on
tests than did group of test takers using other
languages.If testing is on English subject ,natives
will perform better than nonnative.Thus,there is
no special care about the test takers.
3. Differencial success of test
takers depends on:
o Background on the language
o Different teaching methods were applied
o The process of the language development
o The type of the language
4. Discourse features manifest in
The data and fndings obtained
from the discourse can highlight the role
And effectiveness of the latter in testing
5. Discourse type example
Effect of subject matter on reading comprehension scores
Performance and scores differ
according to the choice of the topic subject.
Familiarity and engagement with the context domain
affected performance of the respondents,nature and
fluency in communication.Thus,generalization might not
justified because each taken discourse has its peculiarity.
6. Some studies on the process of
Study The effect of some discourse styles on
Interviews (oral features) as one of the discourse
styles didn’t provide valid assessment and credible
findings in favour of SLA as other discourse styles:role
plays,variety of speech acts,and reports ( highest
Short lecture(oral and written features)
News broadcast resulted on the lowests scores
Some studies have examined the type of discourse
(interviews)depending on some features in this
The degree of planning
Predictibilty of the results
Equal distribution of rights and duties to talk
Discourse processing on both L1 and L2 :
Discourse processing on L1 reading comprehension
tests differs from that used in nontest reading
The different question types –multiple choice and
open ended questions are widely used in reading
comprehention to examin textual processing on both
L1 and L2.
9. Course placement interviews
Interviewers modify their questions during interviews
which make interviewees perplexed and doubtful.
This clearly related to what extent the interlocuter
can accommodate with changeable questions and even
the topic. Oral proficiency.
Native speakers can accommodate easily with subjet
than nonnative speakers because of their high
potentiality in oral proficiency.
10. Procedures to identify the type of
The discourse with different procedures has different
Procedures bound to human interaction (face to face)
Some contexts demand the use of the language directly
without pragmatic devices(telephone,video
recorder,and audio recorder)
Hence,The way of percieving the results and
findings from LT should be considered seriously.