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emotional development.pptx

  1. EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT Infancy to childhood
  2. 2 Introduction The word emotion is a derivative of the Latin word ‘emovere’ which means ‘to stir up or agitate or excite’. The mental thinking or feeling of a person at a particular instant of time knowingly or unknowingly is called emotion. Emotions are complex psychological and biological responses consisting of subjective feelings, physiological reactions and expressive behaviors to internal and external stimuli.
  3. What is emotion? • “Emotion is the all around state of the organism marked by increased bodily activity and strong feelings directed to some subject.” Kimball Young • According to crow and crow “An emotion is an affective experience that accompanies generalized inner adjustment and, mental and physiological stirred up states in the individual and that shows itself in his overt behavior” 3
  4. Emotional development Emotional development is a process that a child develops from dependence to a fully functioning adult and applies to most life forms. Emotional development refers to the ability to recognize, express, and manage feelings at different stages of life and to have empathy for the feelings of others. 4
  5. Characteristics of emotions • The core of an emotion is feeling. • Emotional experiences are associated with some instincts or biological drives. • Emotions are the products of perception. • Every emotional experience involves several physical and physiological changes in organism. • The basic ways of expressing emotions are inborn and it develops through maturation. • Emotions rise abruptly and die slowly. • Same emotion can be aroused by a number of different stimuli. • Emotions have the quality of displacement. 5
  6. Common emotional patterns in childhood • Fear • Anger • Jealousy • Greif • Curiosity • Joy, pleasure and delight 11/2/2017 Template copyright 2005 6
  7. Kinds of emotions 7 • Positive emotions: Pleasant emotions which are helpful and essential to the normal development of individual are termed a positive emotions Eg: love, amusement, curiosity, joy,… • Negative emotions: Unpleasant emotions, which are harmful to the individual’s development are termed as negative emotions Eg: fear, anger, jealousy, guilt, …
  8. How the emotions develop? 8 As Spitz (1949) has observed, “Emotions are not present ready-made from birth. Like any other sector of the human personality they have to develop.” Emotional development is due to 1. Maturation 2. learning not to either one alone.
  9. Stages of emotional development • During infancy • During childhood • During adolescence • During adulthood 11/2/2017 Template copyright 2005 9
  10. Bridge’s chart 10 • It is a chart proposed by K.M. Bridges in 1931 • It shows the scheme of emotional development in children. • In the chart, she gives an account of the approximate age at which the different emotions appear first.
  11. Bridge’s chart D i s t r e s s D e l i g h t E x c i t e m e n t A n g e r D i s g u s t F e a r A f f e c t i o n f o r c h i l d r e n A f f e c t i o n A f f e c t i o n f o r a d u l t s E l a t i o n F e a r A n x i e t y S h a m e E n v y D i s a p p o i n t m e n t H o p e J o y J e a l o u s y 11
  12. During infancy: 12 • According to her new born infants have no differentiated emotional response but show only a generalized excitement. By this she means that specific reactions, even as responses to strong stimuli, cannot be detected during the first weeks, only very general and uncontrolled muscle reactions can be observed. This stage is over in a very short time.
  13. • At 3 months, excitement develops into distress and delight. In this distress dominates more. • At 6 months the negative emotions take the lead and distress develop into fear, disgust and anger. • At 12 months positive emotions enter in the field and delight is differentiated into elation and affection. • At 18 months jealousy develops from distress and affection differentiates into affection for adults and affection for children. 13
  14. During childhood 14 Early childhood:(2-5yrs/3-6yrs) • At 24 months, delight was further differentiated and joy appears. • At 5 years(60 month), fear is again differentiated into shame and anxiety. Anger is again differentiated into disappointment and envy. From delight, hope is again differentiated.
  15. Factors affecting childish emotionality 15 • Health and physical development: The children weak in somatic structure or suffering from illness are more emotionally upset and unstable than children having better health. • Intelligence: An intelligent person, with his reasoning and thinking powers, exercise control according to the situation and make proper use of their emotions
  16. • Family: Where the cordial atmosphere prevailed at home, children develop positive emotions; while conflicts and tensions in family relationship give birth to negative emotions. The size of the family, socioeconomic status of the family, parental attitude etc also influence the emotional development of children 16
  17. • School atmosphere: The healthy and conductive atmosphere of the school always results in the balanced emotional development of children. 17
  18. Thank you 18