It is a Complexaing agent.
Synonym: cavitron, cycloamyloses, cycloglucan, cyclic oligosaccharide
It is a important for increasing the solubility of poorly water soluble drugs.
Cyclodextrines are produced from starch by means of enzymatic conversion.
They are used in food, pharmaceutical, drug delivery, and chemical industries, as well as agriculture and environmental engineering.
Cyclodextrines are composed of 5 or more α-D glucopyranoside units linked 1->4, as in amylose linkage.
Cyclodextrines contains 32 1,4-anhydroglucopyranoside units, while as a poorly characterized mixture, at least 150-membered cyclic oligosaccharides are also known. Typical cyclodextrins contain a number of glucose monomers ranging from six to eight units in a ring.
CDs, with lipophilic inner cavities & hydrophilic outer surfaces, are interacting with a guest molecule to form non covalent inclusion complexes.
Today CDs are only synthesized either by fermentation or enzymatically.
Many CGTases from different microorganisms are known, cloned, sequenced, characterized and used for production of CDs.