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ARCHITECT 
EERO 
SAARINEN 
SUBMITTED TO 
AR. AMANJEET KAUR 
SUBMITTED BY 
11612 - 11616
ERRO SAARINEN 
•EERO SAARINEN WAS BORN IN 1910,IN 
FINLAND. 
• EERO SAARINEN WAS AN AMERICAN 
ARCHITECT AND PRODUCT DESIGN...
DULLIES AIRPORT 
•LOCATION - CHANTILLY , VARGINIA 
•DATE - 1958-1962 
• 
•BUILDING TYPE – AIRLINE TERMINAL 
•CONSTRUCTION ...
PLAN OF DULLES AIRPORT 
NOTES: 
• 1-MAIN LANDSIDE ENTRANCE 
• 2-TICKET OFFICES 
• 3-AIRSIDE CUSTOMS HALL 
• 4-DEPARTURE GA...
DULLES AIRPORT 
• THE FIRST COMMERCIAL AIRPORT EVER TO BE 
CONCEIVED FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF JET 
AIRCRAFT OPERATION- EE...
DULLES AIRPORT 
• CONCEIVING THE MAIN BUILDING AS A 
PLANE HOVERING BETWEEN EARTH AND 
SKY, SAARINEN DEVELOPED A SUSPENSIO...
DULLIES AIRPORT 
• •THERE ARE TWO SETS OF GATES IN THE MAIN 
TERMINAL 
•THE MAIN TERMINAL IS A VERY WELL 
REGARDED BUILDIN...
DULLES AIRPORT 
VIEW TOWARDS LANDSLIDE FROM PRINCIPAL 
FLOOR 
SECTION THROUGH TERMINAL BUILDING
TRANS WORLD AIRLINE 
TERMINAL 
• Location: John F. Kennedy International Airport, 
Queens, New York 
• Area: 17.6 acres (7...
TRANS WORLD AIRLINE 
TERMINAL 
SECTIONAL DRAWING OF TWA TERMINAL SHOWING 
GENERAL ARRANGEMENT BENEATH 4 MAJOR VAULTS 
CONC...
TRANS WORLD AIRLINE 
TERMINAL 
ONE OF THE CURVILINEAR SERVICE WINGS 
WHICH REACH OUT BENEATH CONCRETE 
VAULTS 
• SAARINEN’...
GATEWAY ARCH 
•LOCATION - ST. LOUIS MISSOURI 
•CONSTRUCTION - 1961-1966 
•BUILDING TYPE – MEMORIAL ARCH 
OBSERVATION TOWER...
GATEWAY ARCH 
BASE OF ARCH 
•GATEWAY ARCH IS THE 2ND TALLEST 
MONUMENT IN HE WORLD. 
•THE ARCH IS LOCATED AT THE BANKS OF ...
TRASNPORTATION 
SYSTEM(GATEWAY ARCH) 
FIGURES SHOWING TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM 
•THE INTERIOR OF THE ARCH IS HOLLOW AND 
CONT...
TRASNPORTATION 
SYSTEM(GATEWAY ARCH) 
OBSERVATION AREA 
 ENTRANCE TO THE ARCH IS FROM THE 
UNDERGROUND GEORGE B. HARTZOG,...
CONSTRUCTION 
( GATEWAY ARCH) 
FIGURES SHOWING CONSTRUCTION OF 
GATEWAY ARCH
NORTH CHRISTIAN 
CHURCH 
•LOCATION : COLUMBUS , INDIANA 
• DATE : 1959 TO 1963 
• BUILDING : CHURCHTYPE 
• CLIMATE : TEMPE...
PLAN & SECTION 
(NORTH CHRISTIAN CHURCH)
NORTH CRISTIAN CHURCH 
INTERIOR OF CHURCH 
•THE BUILDING IS HEXAGONAL IN SHAPE WITH 
CENTRAL SPIRE WHICH IS 192 FEET (59M)...
NORTH CHRISTIAN 
CHURCH 
OCULUS FOR ADMITION OF 
LIGHT IN THE CHURCH 
REAR VIEW OF CHURCH
KRESGE CHAPEL 
•LOCATION - CAMBRIDGE 
•COMPLETION DATE – 1955 
•BUILDING TYPE – CHAPEL 
•CONSTRUCTON SYSTEM – BRICK 
•STYL...
PLAN OF CHAPEL 
2 
PLAN OF CHAPEL AND NARTHEX 
1 
1-MAIN ENTRANCE 
2-CIRCULAR CHAPEL 
3-NARTHEX WITH AUXILIARY ACCOMODATIO...
KRESGE CHAPEL 
INTERIORS OF CHAPEL 
A BRICK DRUM 50 FEET IN DIAMETER, THE CHAPEL HAS 
THE SEATING FOR ONLY 128 PEOPLE, AND...
KRESGE CHAPEL 
 DERIVED HIS INSPIRATION FROM A 
RECOLLECTION OF A STUDENT VISIT TO 
GREECE WHEN BRIGHT MOONLIGHT OVER A 
...
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Report on Eero saarinen

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Report on Eero saarinen

  1. 1. ARCHITECT EERO SAARINEN SUBMITTED TO AR. AMANJEET KAUR SUBMITTED BY 11612 - 11616
  2. 2. ERRO SAARINEN •EERO SAARINEN WAS BORN IN 1910,IN FINLAND. • EERO SAARINEN WAS AN AMERICAN ARCHITECT AND PRODUCT DESIGNER,20TH CENTURY. •HE WAS FAMOUS FOR HIS VARYING STYLE ACCORDING TO DEMAND OF THE PROJECT SIMPLE, SWEEPING,ARCHING STRUCTURAL CURVES. •ACCORDING TO ERRO SAARINEN- “”THE PURPOSE OF ARCHITECTURE IS TO SHELTER AND ENHANCE MAN’S LIFE ON EARTH AND TO FULFILL HIS BELIEF IN THE NOBILITY OF HIS EXISTENCE”
  3. 3. DULLIES AIRPORT •LOCATION - CHANTILLY , VARGINIA •DATE - 1958-1962 • •BUILDING TYPE – AIRLINE TERMINAL •CONSTRUCTION SYSTEM - CONCRETE •STYLE – MODERN •AREA - 11,000 ACRE
  4. 4. PLAN OF DULLES AIRPORT NOTES: • 1-MAIN LANDSIDE ENTRANCE • 2-TICKET OFFICES • 3-AIRSIDE CUSTOMS HALL • 4-DEPARTURE GATES FOR MOBILE LOUNGES • 5-AIRSIDE ADMINISTRATION BUILDINGS AND CONTROL TOWER.
  5. 5. DULLES AIRPORT • THE FIRST COMMERCIAL AIRPORT EVER TO BE CONCEIVED FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF JET AIRCRAFT OPERATION- EERO SAARINEN’S GREATEST ACHIEVEMENT AS A DESIGNER. • THE TWO PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS OF THE AIRPORT ARE THE 150 FEET SPAN SUSPENSION ROOF OVER THE CENTRALIZED AIRPORT FACILITIES, AND THE REVOLUTIONARY MOBILE LOUNGES TO TRANSPORT PASSENGERS TO AND FROM AIRCRAFT PARKED AT STRATEGIC POINTS ON THE APRON- AVOIDANCE OF MILES OF PEDESTRIAN CORRIDOR LEADING FROM THE TERMINAL TO THE AIRCRAFT.
  6. 6. DULLES AIRPORT • CONCEIVING THE MAIN BUILDING AS A PLANE HOVERING BETWEEN EARTH AND SKY, SAARINEN DEVELOPED A SUSPENSION STRUCTURE RELATED TO THAT EMPLOYED ON THE INGALLS HOCKEY RINK. • HERE HE USED THE SAME CATENARY CABLES TO CARRY THE ROOF, OUTWARD LEANING CONCRETE COLUMNS AND THE SAME UNINTERRUPTED ROOFS CAPE FROM WITHIN. MAIN FEATURES • AN UNDERGROUND TUNNEL CONSISTING OF A PASSENGER WALKWAY AND MOVING SIDEWALKS . •THE TERMINAL CEILING IS SUSPENDED IN AN ELEGANT CURVE ABOVE THE LUGGAGE CHECK-IN AREA.
  7. 7. DULLIES AIRPORT • •THERE ARE TWO SETS OF GATES IN THE MAIN TERMINAL •THE MAIN TERMINAL IS A VERY WELL REGARDED BUILDING; ITS ROOF IS A SUSPENDED CATENARY PROVIDING A WIDE ENCLOSED AREA UNIMPEDED BY COLUMNS. CURVED ROOF SUPPORTED UPON COLUMN
  8. 8. DULLES AIRPORT VIEW TOWARDS LANDSLIDE FROM PRINCIPAL FLOOR SECTION THROUGH TERMINAL BUILDING
  9. 9. TRANS WORLD AIRLINE TERMINAL • Location: John F. Kennedy International Airport, Queens, New York • Area: 17.6 acres (7.1 ha) • Architectural style: Modern Movement, Expressionistic
  10. 10. TRANS WORLD AIRLINE TERMINAL SECTIONAL DRAWING OF TWA TERMINAL SHOWING GENERAL ARRANGEMENT BENEATH 4 MAJOR VAULTS CONCEPT THE BUILDING DESIGNED TO BE THE EMBODIMENT OF FLIGHT . SAARINEN DEVELOPED THE FORM WITH REINFORCED CONCRETE . ITS EXPRESSIVE FORMS ALLOW THE BUILDING TO STAND OUT AGAINST ITS CONTEMPORARIES. THE FLUID NATURE OF CONCRETE WAS PUSHED TO THE EXTREME IN CREATING THE BIRD-LIKE FORMS. THE CONCRETE ALSO MADE A SOLID CHOICE SINCE THE BUILDING WOULD BE SUBJECT TO MILLIONS OF TRAVELLERS A YEAR. THE MATERIALS HAD TO BE DURABLE.
  11. 11. TRANS WORLD AIRLINE TERMINAL ONE OF THE CURVILINEAR SERVICE WINGS WHICH REACH OUT BENEATH CONCRETE VAULTS • SAARINEN’S MOST FAMOUS DESIGN, THE TWA TERMINAL WAS INTENDED TO EXPRESS THE DRAMA AND EXCITEMENT OF AIR TRAVEL THROUGH A STRUCTURE WHICH APPEARED AT ALL TIMES TO BE IN MOTION, CONSTANTLY CHANGING AND TRANSPORTING THE AIRLINE PASSENGER. • THE BASIC STRUCTURE ITSELF CONSISTS OF FOUR INTERCONNECTED BARREL VAULTS OF SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT SHAPES SUPPORTED ON FOUR Y-SHAPED COLUMNS. • THESE VAULTS FORM A VAST CONCRETE SHELL, 50 FEET HIGH AND 315 FEET LONG, ENCLOSING THE WHOLE PASSENGER AREA OF THE TERMINAL.
  12. 12. GATEWAY ARCH •LOCATION - ST. LOUIS MISSOURI •CONSTRUCTION - 1961-1966 •BUILDING TYPE – MEMORIAL ARCH OBSERVATION TOWER •CONSTRUCTION SYSYTEM -STAINLESS STEEL •STYLE - STRUCTURAL EXPRESSIONIST MODERN
  13. 13. GATEWAY ARCH BASE OF ARCH •GATEWAY ARCH IS THE 2ND TALLEST MONUMENT IN HE WORLD. •THE ARCH IS LOCATED AT THE BANKS OF MISSISSIPPI RIVER. •IT STANDS 630 FEET (192 M) TALL, AND IS 630 FEET (192 M) AT ITS WIDEST POINT. •.THE CROSS-SECTIONS OF ITS LEGS ARE EQUILATERAL TRIANGLES, NARROWING FROM 54 FEET 16.5 M PER SIDE AT THE BASE TO 17 FEET (5.2 M) AT THE TOP.
  14. 14. TRASNPORTATION SYSTEM(GATEWAY ARCH) FIGURES SHOWING TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM •THE INTERIOR OF THE ARCH IS HOLLOW AND CONTAINS A UNIQUE TRANSPORT SYSTEM LEADING TO AN OBSERVATION DECK AT THE TOP. •THE INTERIOR OF THE ARCH ALSO CONTAINS TWO EMERGENCY STAIRWELLS OF 1076 STEPS EACH, IN THE EVENT OF A NEED TO EVACUATE THE ARCH OR IF A PROBLEM DEVELOPS WITH THE TRAM SYSTEM •.UNDERNEATH THE ARCH IS A VISITOR CENTER, ENTERED FROM A DESCENDING OUTDOOR
  15. 15. TRASNPORTATION SYSTEM(GATEWAY ARCH) OBSERVATION AREA  ENTRANCE TO THE ARCH IS FROM THE UNDERGROUND GEORGE B. HARTZOG, JR. VISITOR CENTER, LOCATED DIRECTLY BENEATH IT.  PLATFORM AT THE TOP OF THE ARCH REACHED BY UNIQUE CONVEYANCE SYSTEM - A 40-PASSENGER TRAIN MADE UP OF EIGHT FIVE-PASSENGER CAPSULES IN EACH LEG.  THE OBSERVATION PLATFORM IS 65 FEET BY 7 FEET, WITH PLATE-GLASS WINDOWS  THERE IS ALSO A CONVENTIONAL MAINTENANCE ELEVATOR IN EACH LEG AS FAR AS THE 372-FOOT LEVEL, AND STAIRWAYS WITH 1,076 STEPS IN EACH LEG RISE FROM THE BASE TO THE TOP OF THE ARCH. THE ELEVATORS AND STAIRWAYS ARE FOR MAINTENANCE AND EMERGENCY USE ONLY.
  16. 16. CONSTRUCTION ( GATEWAY ARCH) FIGURES SHOWING CONSTRUCTION OF GATEWAY ARCH
  17. 17. NORTH CHRISTIAN CHURCH •LOCATION : COLUMBUS , INDIANA • DATE : 1959 TO 1963 • BUILDING : CHURCHTYPE • CLIMATE : TEMPERATE • CONTEXT : SUBURBAN • STYLE : MODERN
  18. 18. PLAN & SECTION (NORTH CHRISTIAN CHURCH)
  19. 19. NORTH CRISTIAN CHURCH INTERIOR OF CHURCH •THE BUILDING IS HEXAGONAL IN SHAPE WITH CENTRAL SPIRE WHICH IS 192 FEET (59M) HIGH BELOW THE SPIRE THERE IS OCULUS THAT ADMITS LIGHT INTO MAIN LEVEL . • THE SANCTURY IS LOCATED AT THE CENTRE OF THE BUILDING ,WITH A ALTAR LOCATED AT THE CENTRE OF THE SANCTURY . •ROWS OF PEWS SURROUND THE ALTAR IN THE CICULAR PATTERN , REFLECTING THE IDEA THAT WORSHIP SHOULD BE” CENTRAL”ASPECT OF THE LIFE OFCONGREGATION .
  20. 20. NORTH CHRISTIAN CHURCH OCULUS FOR ADMITION OF LIGHT IN THE CHURCH REAR VIEW OF CHURCH
  21. 21. KRESGE CHAPEL •LOCATION - CAMBRIDGE •COMPLETION DATE – 1955 •BUILDING TYPE – CHAPEL •CONSTRUCTON SYSTEM – BRICK •STYLE- MODERN
  22. 22. PLAN OF CHAPEL 2 PLAN OF CHAPEL AND NARTHEX 1 1-MAIN ENTRANCE 2-CIRCULAR CHAPEL 3-NARTHEX WITH AUXILIARY ACCOMODATION
  23. 23. KRESGE CHAPEL INTERIORS OF CHAPEL A BRICK DRUM 50 FEET IN DIAMETER, THE CHAPEL HAS THE SEATING FOR ONLY 128 PEOPLE, AND STANDS IN A SMALL POOL ALSO OF CIRCULAR FORM.
  24. 24. KRESGE CHAPEL  DERIVED HIS INSPIRATION FROM A RECOLLECTION OF A STUDENT VISIT TO GREECE WHEN BRIGHT MOONLIGHT OVER A MOUNTAIN VILLAGE IN SPARTA HAD CREATED AN EFFECT SIMILAR TO THE ONE HE TRIED TO ACHIEVE BY THE INGENIOUS COMBINATION OF TOP AND BOTTOM LIGHTING HERE.  LOW ARCHES SET INTO THE BASE OF THE WALL ALLOW DAYLIGHT TO ILLUMINATE THE INTERIOR OF THE REFLECTION FROM THE POOL, WHILST THE UNDULATING INTERIOR SKIN OF BRICKWORK MODULATES THE REFLECTIONS THUS FORMED SO THAT THEY DO NOT DETRACT FROM THE ARTFUL TOP LIGHTING OF THE ALTAR VIA A SHIMMERING SUSPENDED SCREEN DESIGNED BY THE FORMER CRANBROOK TEACHER, ARRY BERTOIA.

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