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Tipu sultan

  1. 1. Tipu Sultan… THE TIGER OF MYSORE Presenter: Saira Akhter BSEE-11-15 1
  5. 5. FORT OF MYSORE 5
  7. 7. TIPU’S DEATH 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. TIPU’S THRONE 9
  10. 10. 10
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  12. 12. TIPU’S CURRENCY 12
  13. 13. Introduction Ancestry Early years Childhood Early Education Invasion of Malabar First Anglo-Mysore War The Maratha-Mysore War Second Anglo-Mysore War Tipu takes the throne Third Anglo-Mysore War Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Tipu Sultan’s Inheritance 13
  14. 14. TIPU SULTAN ----known as the dreaded 'Tiger of Mysore', was a legend during his lifetime and is still regarded as an enlightened ruler in India. ----he bitterly and effectively opposed British rule in southern India. Tipu Sultan 20 November,1750–4 May 1799 ----after the struggle of 40 years, Mysore was added to the areas of Britishruled India. 14
  15. 15. Yahya Hassan FAMILY TREE Ahmad Muhammad Ibrahim Hassan Wali Muhammad Muhammad Ali Fateh Muhammad Haider Ali • Haider himself claimed descent from the Quraish tribe of Arabs, the tribe of the prophet Muhammad. • Hasan b. Ibrahim (d. 1075/1664), the sixth in descent from Yahya migrated to India in search of a livelihood. • In 1761 Haider Ali became the undisputed ruler of Mysore Tipu Sultan Haider Ali, by strong determination and courage become the undisputed ruler of Mysore. Fateh Muhammad, was killed in a conflict in Sira after migrated. Muhammad Ali, Left for Bijapur then to Kolar. Wali Muhammad, proceeded to Shahjahanabad with his son Muhammad Ali. Hassan b.Yahya, a quraish, who was the Sharif of Mecca Ahmed, proceeded to Yemen, married the daughter of its chief and after the chief’s death became its ruler. Muhammad Ibrahim, escap ed to Baghdad became a successful merchant. Hasan, migrated to India in search of livelihood. 15
  16. 16. BIRTH PLACE • 20 November 1750 (Friday, 20th Zil Hajjah, 1163 AH) at Devanahalli, in present-day Bangalore Rural district, about 33 km (21 mi) north of Bangalore city. Google map for the birth place of Tipu Sultan • Mother Fakhr-un-Nisa https://maps.google.com/maps?q=devanahalli+on+map&ie=UTF8&hq=&hnear=0x3bae1d7da942931b:0xb9537a06b542c3c0,Devanahalli,+Southegowd anahalli,+Karnataka,+India&gl=pk&ei=LuqFUqTOaGm0QWatoH4Cw&ved=0CCkQ8gEwAA 16
  17. 17. EARLY EDUCATION Haider was himself illiterate, he appointed able teachers to give his son the usual academic education of a Muslim prince. Tipu was also taught: Riding Shooting Fencing Discipline The art of war. Soldier of Tipu Sultan http://www.1st-art-gallery.com/(after)Gold,-Charles-Emilius/Soldier-Of-TipuSultan-Sultan-Of-Mysore-Armed-With-AFlintlock-Musket.html 17
  18. 18. INVASION OF MALABAR • In 1766 (when Tipu was just 15), he accompanied his father on an invasion of Malabar. • With the charge of a force of two to three thousand, he managed to capture the Malabar chief's family. • Haider Ali was so proud of his son that he gave him command of 500 cavalry, and assigned him rule of five districts within Mysore. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:India _Malabar_Coast_locator_map.svg 18
  19. 19. FIRST ANGLO-MYSORE WAR • In 1767, the British formed a coalition with the Nizam and the Marathas, and together they attacked Mysore. • Haider Ali managed to make a separate peace with the Marathas. • In June, Tipu Sultan (17-year-old) negotiated with the Nizam and gave him gifts. • Tipu Sultan directed a cavalry raid on Madras (now Chennai). • His father suffered a defeat by the British at Tiruvannamalai and did not dishearten and continued fight. • Treaty of Madras in March of 1769. Tipu designed and made a huge man size lion eating a British soldier, which would also play sounds of when the tiger would eat the British. http://khilafat-e-rashidahpakistan.blogspot.com/2013/05/tipusultan-who-chose-death-over.html
  20. 20. THE MARATHA-MYSORE WAR • In November 1769 the Marathas invaded Mysore with an army as large as 30,000 men. • Mysoreans policy was to harass the enemy and thus compel them to withdraw from the kingdom. • In February 1770, Tipu helped in resisting the Maratha advance. • The British East India Company refused to send any troops to assist him which was against the treaty. • In July 1772 Haider agreed to humiliating peace with the Marathas. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki • In between 1774 and 1778, Haider and Tipu conquered, the part of their kingdom which lay between the Tungabhadra and the Krishna. 20
  21. 21. SECOND ANGLO-MYSORE WAR • Haider Ali led an army of 90,000 in an attack on the Carnatic. • Sir Hector Munro led the British Army against the Mysoreans. • Colonel William Baillie was to leave Guntur and meet up with the main force. • In September of 1780, Tipu and his 10,000 cavalry and infantry surrounded Baillie's. • 4,000 Anglo-Indian troops surrendered and were taken prisoner; 336 had been killed. • Colonel Munro refused to march to Baillie's aid. • Tipu made them to face worst defeat of history. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Anglo-Mysore_War
  22. 22. TIPU TAKES THE THRONE • 60 year old Haider Ali developed a serious carbuncle. • On December 7, he died. • Tipu took his father's throne on December 29, 1782. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tipu_Sultan_seated_on_his_throne.jpg 22
  23. 23. On March 11, 1784, the British East India Company formally surrendered with the signing of the Treaty of Mangalore. 23
  24. 24. THIRD ANGLO-MYSORE WAR • Between 1789 and 1792. • No aid from its usual ally, France • The British were led by Lord Cornwallis. • Unluckily, the British gained more ground. Lord Cornwallis • The Mysorean leader had to surrender. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_s eapower/images/gal_statue_of_cornwallis.jpg • In the 1793 Treaty of Seringapatam was signed. • Cornwallis held the boys imprisoned to ensure that their father would comply with the treaty terms. • Tipu quickly paid the redemption. 24 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/com mons/2/24/Surrender_of_Tipu_Sultan.jpg
  25. 25. FOURTH ANGLO-MYSORE WAR • By 1798, the British had had sufficient time to recover from the Third AngloMysore War. • Richard Wellesley held the new British command. • British-led coalition of nearly 50,000 troops in February of 1799 . • British pressed closer and closer to the Mysorean capital. • Tipu Sultan had just 30,000 defenders. • On May 4, the British broke through the city walls with the help of Mir Sadiq. flintlock blunderbuss http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Flintlock_Blunderbuss_Tipoo_Sahib_Seri ngapatam_1793_1794.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/com mons/thumb/c/c9/Tipu_death.jpg/748pxTipu_death.jpg
  26. 26. TIPU SULTAN’S INHERITANCE • Tipu Sultan rushed to the breach, and was killed defending his city. • Tipu Sultan's family was reduced to poverty as a deliberate policy, and was only restored to princely status in 2009. • Tipu Sultan fought long and hard, although ultimately unsuccessfully, to preserve his country's independence. Today, Tipu is remembered as a heroic freedom fighter in India and also in Pakistan The Gumbaz, Tipu's mausoleum, is situated outside the fort in Srirangapatna. It was built by Tipu for his parents between 17821784 and he was buried there in 1799. The doors are inlaid with ivory and there is a tiger skin pattern throughout the mausoleum. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/tige r_of_mysore_gallery_12.shtml 26
  27. 27. Quotes o It is better to die before you bend your knees before your enemy. o One day of lion is better than the hundred days of jackal. o The Fort stands as a witness to the struggle of the Mysore Emperor against the British domination. http://travellersdiary.wordpress.com/2008/05/04/ srirangapatna-tipu-sultans-capital/ Save me from friends, I will defend against my enemies. o The real joy of life is to combat difficulties and miseries with firm 27 Tipu's capital in Mysore determination. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seap ower/tiger_of_mysore_gallery_02.shtml
  28. 28. References • • • • • • • • • • Kirmani, Tarikh-e-Tipu; Sultan-ut-Tawarikh; Haider Namah Ibid, Stewart, memoirs of Hyder and Tipoo. Mly.Cons., jan 23,1798, Uthoff to Kirkpatrick,Dec 18,1797. Vol 232 "Britain's Greatest Foes: Tipu Sultan," National Army Museum, accessed Feb. 2013. Carter, Mia & Barbara Harlow. Archives of Empire: Volume I. From the East India Company to the Suez Canal, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2003. "The First Anglo-Mysore War (1767-1769)," GKBasic, July 15, 2012. Hasan, Mohibbul. History of Tipu Sultan, Delhi: Aakar Books, 2005. Website:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tipu_Sultan Website:http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/tiger_ of_mysore_gallery.shtml Website: http://khilafat-e-rashidah-pakistan.blogspot.com/2013/05/tipusultan-who-chose-death-over.html 28
  29. 29. Thank you 29