Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Le téléchargement de votre SlideShare est en cours. ×

USU - Migas dalam konteks ketahanan energi nasional.pptx

Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité

Consultez-les par la suite

1 sur 21 Publicité

USU - Migas dalam konteks ketahanan energi nasional.pptx

Télécharger pour lire hors ligne

Empat sub topik bahasan meliputi Geopolitik Energi, Ketahanan Energi dalam Perspektif Dinamika Global, Transisi Energi - Climate Change and geoeconomy issues, serta substansi arsitektur RUU Migas

Empat sub topik bahasan meliputi Geopolitik Energi, Ketahanan Energi dalam Perspektif Dinamika Global, Transisi Energi - Climate Change and geoeconomy issues, serta substansi arsitektur RUU Migas

Publicité
Publicité

Plus De Contenu Connexe

Plus par Sampe Purba (20)

Plus récents (20)

Publicité

USU - Migas dalam konteks ketahanan energi nasional.pptx

  1. 1. 1 Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Disampaikan pada Kuliah Umum FAKULTAS HUKUM UNIVERSITAS SUMATERA UTARA Pengelolaan Migas dalam Konteks Ketahanan Energi Nasional 3 November 2022 Sampe L. Purba Staf Ahli Menteri ESDM Bidang Ekonomi Sumber Daya Alam
  2. 2. 2 Agenda 1. Geopolitik Energi 2. Ketahanan Energi dalam Perspektif Dinamika Global 3. Transisi Energi – Climate Change and Geoeconomy Issues 4. Substansi Arsitektur RUU Migas 5. Concluding Remarks
  3. 3. 3 Geopolitics Energy  It’s all about Power Adapted : The New Map, Daniel Yergin 2020 Nations Resources Policies • Economics • Military Capabilities • Geography • Oil, Gas, Coal • Wind and Solar • Minerals • World Energy System • Net Zero Carbon • Climate Change  Threat Perceived  Disruptive Factors [War, Pandemic, Deep Recession] 1
  4. 4. 4 How to measure resource resilience index Subjects Pillar Parameters measured Ref Energy Resilience Index Energy Security, Energy Equity, Environmental Sustainability World Energy Councili, Trilemma Index Food Resilience Index Affordability, availability, quality and safety, sustainability and adaptation Global Food Security Index Water Resilience Index Availability, Accessibility to water services, Safety and Quality, Managegement Global Water Security Index
  5. 5. 5 Global Power INDEX 2021 “War does not determine who is right – only who is left” – Bernard Russell  Measuring theoretical fighting capabilities  Conventional Warfare (nuclear excluded)  SIX Parameters measured : Manpower, Land power, Logistics, PETROLEUM, Airpower, Naval power, Financials, Geography  Pay attention to Military Alliances, Geopolitical Strategy, and Diplomacy Countries Overall GPF Rank Power Index Score United States 1 0.0453 Russia 2 0.0581 China 3 0.0511 Japan 5 0.1195 Indonesia 15 0.2251 Australia 17 0.2377 Ukraine 22 0.3266 North Korea 30 0.4621 Singapore 42 0.6253 New Zealand 84 1.6836 https://www.globalfirepower.com/countries-listing.php
  6. 6. 6 KETAHANAN ENERGI DALAM PERSPEKTIF DINAMIKA GLOBAL Ketahanan Energi :  Available  supply side  Affordable  varies across consumers  Accessible  to drive economy  Sustainable  Environmentally Friendly ENERGI BERKEADILAN Scope of discussion today 1. BBM 2. Gas 3. Listrik 6 Trilemma Energy Index 2021 Selected Countries Rank # Country total score Population (m) Land Area 000 KM2 GDP Per Capita USD 1 Sweden 84.2 10.4 407.3 57,978.0 9 United States 79.0 328.2 9,147.4 76,027.0 25 Malaysia 72.8 32.7 330.8 13,286.0 28 Russia 71.2 145.4 16,376.9 12,575.0 29 Argentina 70.6 47.3 2,736.7 12,187.0 51 China 64.0 1,411.8 9,388.2 14,096.0 58 Indonesia 61.1 275.7 1,904.6 4,691.0 70 Philippines 55.3 109.9 298.2 3,646.0 75 India 53.1 1,407.5 2,100.0 2,515.0 93 Nigeria 40.5 218.5 2,230.0 2,536.0 source https://trilemma.worldenergy.org/#!/energy-index IMF, World Economic Outlook, 2022 Undang-Undang Energi nr 30 thn 2007 IMF, World Energy Outlook 2022 Ketahanan-kemandirian-atau- kedaulatan-energi @Sampe Purba 2
  7. 7. 7 Ketahanan Energi Aspek Indikator Availability  Cadangan dan Produktivitas Energi  Ketergantungan Impor Energi  Cadangan Energi Nasional  Tingkat Pemenuhan Dalam Negeri (DMO) Accessibility  Penyediaan dan Layanan Listrik  Penyediaan dan Layanan BBM  Penyediaan dan Layanan Gas Bumi  Penyediaan dan Layanan LPG Affordability  Disparitas harga energi  Rasio biaya pengeluaran energi terhadap pendapatan  Subsidi Energi Sustainability  Porsi EBT dalam Bauran Energi  Intensitas Energi  Penurunan Emisi Karbon Sektor Energi
  8. 8. 8 Energy Heritage : Indonesia in Global comparison 8  Natural Resources – Geological Heritage  Fiscal Terms  Regulatory – Permits – Security Issues
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. 10 Historical Portrait of Energy Consumption 10
  11. 11. 11 11 Related to Shipping, Insurance, storage, distribution and volume cost
  12. 12. 12 Electricity Imbalances and disparity @IEA, Towards NZE Indonesia, 2022 12
  13. 13. 13 FOOTPRINT OF BIG INDUSTRIAL COUNTRIES IN CO2 EMISSION 13 https://ourworldindata.or g/grapher/annual-share- of-co2-emissions?time 3
  14. 14. 14 World Electricity Production by Source 14 https://ourworldindata.org/gra pher/electricity-prod-source- stacked FOSSIL is dominant as SOURCE OF ENERGY
  15. 15. 15 Electricity, GDP per Capita and CO2 Emission per Capita, 2020 The data from Selected Countries suggest that :  Indonesia as the LOWEST CO2 emissions Per CAPITA in the WORLD  China and USA are the main producers of Electricity  Apparently Countries with high GDP per Capita tends to emit more CO2 compares with those of the Developing Countries 15
  16. 16. 16 Mineral : Geopolitics and Geostrategic Issues Nov-22 Critical Minerals natural endowments concentrated only in few countries, while processing and downstreaming are dominated by China
  17. 17. 17 Substansi Arsitektur RUU MIGAS Substansi  Ruang Lingkup : Hulu, Hilir, Infrastruktur  Players - Enterpreneuership  Kelembagaan [Pemerintah, BUMN, BUMK, Specific Assignment]  Fundamental Fiscal Terms  Link dengan UU Energi Responding to : Kepastian Hukum, Keadilan, Kemanfaatan to ALL STAKEHOLDERS 4
  18. 18. 18 18 Investment Attractiveness Indonesia Masih Rendah 1. Fiscal Terms 2. Prospect 3. Ease of Doing Business Sumber: IPA Infographic, 2016-2020 Negara-negara di seluruh dunia sedang berkompetisi dalam mengundang investasi Hulu Migas, yang jumlahnya semakin menurun. Indonesia harus memperbaiki Fiscal Terms untuk dapat menarik investasi aktivitas eksplorasi migas dan menurunkan tingkat resiko investasi dibanding dengan negara lain. Potensi Migas Indonesia dengan 128 Cekungan Sedimen masih sangat menjanjikan. Dibutuhkan investasi yang sangat besar untuk area-area yang berada di daerah frontier & laut dalam. Proses komersialisasi penemuan eksplorasi sampai dengan produksi (on stream) rata-rata 10,5 tahun, waktu yang terlalu lama untuk mengembalikan investasi. Simplifikasi birokrasi terutama untuk urusan perizinan dan procurement untuk memperpendek jangka waktu dari eksplorasi sampai masa produksi sehingga dapat memperbaiki keekonomian.
  19. 19. 19 • Energi bersama dengan Pangan dan Air adalah backbone ketahanan nasional suatu bangsa • Migas sangat penting perannya untuk mendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi, kesejahteraan masyarakat dan geostrategis dalam kancah diplomasi global • Perbaikan arsitektur perundang-undangan, peningkatan layanan serta pemeliharaan kondusivitas bisnis dilakukan secara berkesinambungan • RUU Migas hendaknya mencakup secara substantif aspek Relasi Institusional, Rules of the games serta Competitiveness Concluding remarks 5
  20. 20. 20 Terima Kasih – Thank You Sampe L. Purba Scholar : Universitas Pertahanan LEMHANNAS RI Background Knowledges EKONOMY, LAW, GEOSTRATEGY ENERGY 20
  21. 21. 21 Geopolitics – Geostrategy – Geoeconomy : Energy • Geopolitics: Application of the influence of political and economy geography international relations [economy, politics, foreign policy, power, etc] • Geostrategy : A decisive points with spatial consideration, by taking into account the driving forces of demography, culture, technology, resources and its mobility to meet national objectives • Geoeconomics : Capitalizing Economy to pursue geopolitical objectives  Territory, Resources or Influence Instruments : Trade policy, investment policy, Financial and monetary, energy and commodities, aid/ assistance and cyber Energy Policy Ecosystem: Energy Source Management, Transformation, Supporting Value Chain, Distribution and Allocation 21 @Sampe, 2022 It’s all about NATIONAL INTEREST

Notes de l'éditeur

  • 1.Intake kilang, meningkat dari impor
    2. Sebagian dipenuhi dengan import produk
    3. Impor LPG meningkat
    4.. Dengan proxy Jakarta, kesempatan ada utk motor listrik
  • Kelistrikan adalah indikator kemajuan suatu wilayah

×