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INDIA’S STEEL PRODUCTION (MT)
* Year indicates FY
India gains independence
•Abundant resources of iron ore
•Low cost and efficient labour force
•Strong managerial capability
•Strongly globalised industry and
emerging global competitiveness
•Modern new plants & modernised
•Strong DRI production base
•Regionally dispersed merchant
•High cost of energy
•Higher duties and taxes
•Quality of coking coal
•Dependence on imports for
equipments & technology
•Slow statutory clearances
for development of mines
•Huge Infrastructure demand
•Increasing demand for
•Untapped rural demand
•Increasing interest of foreign
steel producers in India
•Slow growth in
•Market fluctuations and
China’s export possibilities
•Global economic slow
•8th largest steel producer in the world
•Production of Finished steel in 2005-06, 42.7 mT, a growth of 11%.
•Apparent Consumption of Finished Steel in 2005-06 - 38.1mT, growth of
10.8%. Apparent consumption of Longs -16.2 mT, Flats - 21.8 mT.
•Largest producer of Sponge Iron - 12.8 mT in 2005-06 (a growth of 25%).
•India’s exports of Finished Steel in 2005-06, 4.4 mT, Imports 3.7 mT
•Huge Iron Ore reserves – 23 bn. Tonnes
•Private Steel Producers are opting for Forward as well as Backward
•Indian Steel Producers are increasingly looking for overseas acquisitions in
steel as well as raw materials.
Source : JPC, Team
All fig in million
6 MAJOR PRODUCERS ACCOUNT FOR 66% OF TOTAL FINISHED
STEEL DEMAND AND SUPPLY IN INDIA
GAP: ~ 20-25 mn T
DEMAND SIDE SUPPLY SIDE
THIS MAY LEAD TO EXCESS SUPPLY SITUATION IN THE COUNTRY
Growth in key sectors will drive the steel demandGrowth in key sectors will drive the steel demand
•Housing and urban development
•High degree of urbanizations
•High demand in the auto sector
•Capacity building in steel making
HISTORY OF TATA STEEL CO.
The Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited (Tata Steel) was registered in
Bombay on 26th August 1907.
The construction of the steel plant was then taken up in earnest with the first
stake being driven in February 1908.
Success came when the first blast furnace was blown-in on 2nd December
1911, and the first ingot rolled on 16th February 1912.
The company was originally constructed for a capacity of 160,000 tonnes of pig
iron, 100,000 tones of ingot steel, 70,000 tones of rails, beams and shapes, and
20,000 tonnes of bars, hoops and rods.
The plant initially consisted of a battery of 180 non-recovery coke ovens and 30
by-product ovens with a sulphuric acid plant, two blast furnaces (each of 350
tonnes per day capacity), one 300 tonne hot metal mixer, four open hearth
furnaces of 50 tonne capacity each, one steam engine driven 40-inch reversing
blooming mill, one 28-inch reversing combination rail and structural mill with re-
heating furnaces, and one 16- inch and two 10-inch rolling mills.
The cost of the plant as erected came to around Rs.23 million
INTRODUCTION OF TATA STEEL
Tata Steel is the world's 6th largest steel company .
It was Asia's first steel company and remains India's largest integrated private
sector steel manufacturer.
Tata Steel is the world's second most geographically diversified steel
producer, with operations in 24 countries and commercial presence in over 50
Tata Steel is the largest producer of long steel products in Thailand, with a
manufacturing capacity of 1.7 MT.
It was ranked three times as the "World's Best Steel Maker", by World Steel
Tata Steel has been conferred the Prime Minister of India's Trophy for the
Best Integrated Steel Plant five times.
It has been awarded Asia's Most Admired Knowledge Enterprise award in
2003 and 2004.
Major product produced by tata steel co.
Hot and cold rolled coils and sheets,
construction rebars, rings and bearings.
Decommoditise steel- the Company has introduced several
branded steel products, such as:-
• Tata Steelium (the world's first branded Cold Rolled Steel),
• Tata Shaktee (Galvanised Corrugated Sheets),
• Tata Tiscon (rebars),
• Tata Pipes,
• Tata Bearings,
• Tata Structura,
• Tata Agrico (hand tools and implements) and
• Tata Wiron (galvanised wire products).
Social organization of tata steel
‘Towards improving the quality of life of the people’
"The company shall have among its objectives the promotion and growth of the
national economy through increased productivity, effective utilisation of materials
and manpower resources and continued applications of modern scientific and
managerial techniques in keeping with the national aspirations, and the company
shall be mindful of its social and moral responsibilities to the consumers,
employees, shareholders and the local community", - is what was included by Tata
Steel in its Articles of Association .
• Tata Steel spends 5-7 per cent of its profit after tax on several CSR initiatives.
Social welfare organisation:-
The Tata Steel Rural Development Society, Tribal Cultural Society, Tata Steel
Foundation for Family Initiatives, National Association for the Blind, Shishu Niketan,
School of Hope, Centre for Hearing Impaired Children and the Indian Red Cross
Society, East Singhbhum.
Tata Steel 3.8
Market Share of Tata Steel
o “Capacity refers to an upper limit on the load that an
operating unit can handle. The operating unit can be
a plant, department, machine or a store.”
o In general, production capacity is the maximum
production rate of an organization (or maximum
conversion rate of a production system).
o Sustainable practical capacity is the greatest level of
output that a plant can maintain:
o within the framework of a realistic work schedule
o taking account of normal downtime
o assuming sufficient availability of inputs to operate the
machinery and equipment in place
Output rate capacity - for a single product or
a few homogeneous products
Aggregate capacity - using a common unit of
Input rate capacity - for service operations
Percentage utilization of capacity - relate
output measures to inputs available
•Estimate future capacity requirements
•Evaluate existing capacity and facilities and identity gap
•Identify alternatives for meeting requirements
•Conduct financial analyses of each alternative
•Assess key qualitative issues for each alternative
•Select one alternative to pursue
•Implement the selected alternative
(a)Small capacity increment -
also known as balanced
approach strategy. The
company Depending on the
economic climate they carry
either excess capacity or
(b) Large capacity increment
– it refers to the single
increment strategy. These
firms are less likely to
fluctuate there capacity on
(c) Preceding demand – this is
known as a capacity cushion
strategy - Firms that cannot create
an inventory or a demand backlog
must have excess capacity in order
to deal with the extremes of
d) Following demand – it is also
known as demand cushion strategy
First that use demand cushions end
to maintain high inventory levels or
large demand backlogs.
• A capacity cushion is an additional amount of
capacity added onto the expected demand to allow
• greater than expected demand
• demand during peak demand seasons
• lower production costs
• product and volume flexibility
• improved quality of products and services
Subcontract - The Dhamra Port Company Limited
Acquire capacity - Tata - corus deal.
Develop new sites - Ferro Chrome production in Richards
Bay, South Africa
Expand current sites- 12 million tonne in Jharkhand
Reactivate standby facilities
• Sell off existing facilities
• Mothball facilities
• Develop and phase in new
Source:- south western college
• Impacts ability to meet future demands
• Affects operating costs
• Major determinant of initial costs
• Involves long-term commitment
• Affects competitiveness
• Affects ease of management
• Globalization adds complexity
• Impacts long range planning
• Utilization is the degree to which equipment, space, or
labour is currently being used, is expressed as a
Average output rate x 100%
--The utilisation rate indicates the need for adding extra
capacity for eliminating unneeded capacity
To have modern and efficient steel industry of
world standards, catering to diversified steel
To achieve global competitiveness in cost,
quality, product-mix, efficiency and
To attain Finished Steel production of 110
mTpa by 2019-20
– Strengthening of delivery chain
– Interface between producers, designers of steel intensive
products, fabricators and ultimate user
– Creating awareness about cost-effective and technically
efficient end-use of steel
– Enhanced and easy access to critical inputs – iron ore &
– Expansion and improvement in quality of infrastructure
– Well developed financial market
– Increased focus on R&D, training of manpower and
integrated information services
•Facilitate Rural Consumption
•Increased usage in Bridges, Crash Barriers, Flyovers and
•Closer interaction between Large Producers and
Architects/ Engineers/ Students
Focus on infrastructure:
•Planned additional 75 MTPA of steel implies 300MT of additional traffic.
Participation by Steel Industry in the creation of railway infrastructure.
Road network to be expanded; national highway development
Steel producers would be encouraged to develop port and berth facilities.
Technology plays as “Mother Board” for the
By sanjay singh (vice President, Tata Steel)
Well organised distribution network throughout the country
Superior product quality
Savings through better yield
Better value for your products
Deliver superior value to your customers on a consistent
basis and by design
Opportunity to differentiate your product on the basis of raw