Bilan:
Le suivi des engagements de 2012

Sanjay Wijesekera, UNICEF
Geneve, Suisse

11 Novembre 2013
Un engagement politique sans précédent pour la
Réunion de haut niveau 2012

3
Attention/Effort

Passage à un processus continu : Le Dialogue de
haut niveau sur les engagements de SWA

Suivi 2011

RHN
...
Engagements souscrits à la Réunion de haut
niveau de 2012

6
Une année plus tard : les engagements souscrits à la
Réunion de haut niveau de 2012 sont en train d’être
mis en œuvre
Principales conclusions du rapport faisant le point
de la situation pour 2013

• 1. Des progrès satisfaisants ont été réal...
Principales conclusions du rapport faisant le point de
la situation pour 2013

• 4. Les partenaires ont pris au sérieux l’...
Progrès sur la concrétisation des engagements par
catégorie – Pays en développement

10
Perspectives pour 2014: des efforts
supplémentaires sont nécessaires

Des efforts supplémentaires sont nécessaires pout at...
Pays et bailleurs de fonds font état de l’influence
du Dialogue de haut niveau sur les engagements
•

Renforcement des rap...
Les engagements souscrits attirent l’attention
des ministres des Finances sur l’assainissement

• Le Burkina Faso s’est en...
Qu’avons-nous appris ? Renforcement du Dialogue
de haut niveau sur les engagements

1. Les efforts de plaidoyer doivent êt...
La route qui mène à la Réunion de haut niveau de
2014
• Action sur trois axes au niveau national
 Campagnes de plaidoyer
...
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Jour 1.2 - Bilan - le suivi des engagements de 2012 par Sanjay W

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  • Intro to SWASWA has over 90 partners including 45 developing countries, 10 donors, development banks, civil society, UN Agencies, research institutions, sector experts. Most of you in this room are SWA Partners. SWA is the partnership was born to address fundamental bottlenecks which we commonly see (ie capacity, monitoring, financing, planning, etc) as well as the platform to implement agreed upon aid effectiveness principles, in the WASH sectorSWA has three key priorities :Increased political PrioritizationImproved Evidence-Based Decision-MakingRobust Country Planning Processes
  • Intro to HLCD and particularly the high-point HLMSWA’s key activity is the High Level Commitments Dialogue. Previously, we talked about the biennial High Level Meeting. But in fact, the activity is so much more. SWA intends to strengthen: 1) the on-going sector dialogue in-country; 2) political engagement and 3) accountability for actions and results.At the SWA High Level Meetings – Finance Ministers and donors -- held every two years – have an opportunity for countries to further review and discuss obstacles and address solutions based on the most up to date evidence. The HLM provides a forum for high level dialogue and for laying out concrete actions. Developing countries and donors make concrete commitmentsThere is a distinctive in-country preparatory process that leads up to the HLM.The HLCD brings either a renewed or new focus to the SWA Framework issues (targeting of resources, planning, budgeting, M&E, human resources, etc.). An opportunity to take what is often a sector issue and sometimes a working level issue, to the political level.Based on bottleneck analysis, stakeholder dialogue and political engagement of lead Ministers but also others such as the Finance Ministry (public administration, others): commitments are developed with high-level agreement and participants at the HLM submit a Statement of Commitments which summarizes the actions each will take over the coming two years. By tabling it publicly, there is an agreement to be held to account.Donors conduct a donor preparatory process and also table commitments at the global level – this creates a platform for mutual accountability.SWA provides the forum and Partners attend and ensure a productive dialogue and resulting actions. The first HLM was held in 2010, second in 2012 and third is coming up in 2014.Details OF 2012 HLM:The 2nd HLM took place in Washington DC at the WB on April 20, 2012Focus: economic impact of investing in water and sanitation 80 ministers and senior officials attended from:45 Developing countries (finance, water, sanitation ministers)10 Donors (ministers of development cooperation and heads of development agencies)3 Development banksUN Agencies and Civil society representativeOver 400 specific commitments developed and tabled on the global stageAustralia and the USA joined SWA35 developing countries committed to increase access:307 million new users of sanitation facilities224 million new users of water services. 2 donors committed to increase access:The UK will double to 60 Mil people The Netherlands will serve additional 10 Mil people
  • As mentioned, the SWA High Level Meeting – held every two years - brings Finance Ministers together with donors to discuss obstacles and address solutions together at a global level. Participants bring statements, which links the discussion back to country level and helps to ensure there are results at country level.The HLM is more than a short meeting in Washington. In the past, we referred to an extensive preparatory process in advance and follow-up and monitoring after the HLM. We are now moving to an on-going dialogueBefore: peak role of HLM and very intense , short term preparation process in country(walk audience through the previous sharp peaks and lows and the shift to an on-going dialogue with peak points)
  • Prep at country-level is based on on-going sector dialogue, builds on existing national, regional and global initiatives and commitmentsThe development of commitments builds on existing initiatives (ie bottleneck analysis: GLAAS, BAT, CSOs, etc) and commitments (AfricaSan, MDGs, national plans, etc) Donors also prepare commitments in advance. HLM is a global platform bringing together finance and donor ministers with sector ministers and agency heads.Monitoring is based on a self-reporting process which is integrated into country-level on-going sector dialogue!!!Monitoring leads into the prep of the next cycle of commitments!!!
  • Commitments are focused on the ‘SWA Framework’:Political prioritizationEvidence based decision makingNational planning processes (institutional strengthening, HR capacity, investment plans, dedicated budget lines, etc)Commitments are also key to mutual accountability as they are made both by donors and countries (by donors they are made at global level)2012:353 specific commitments were made by 37 countries59 commitments were made by 11 donors
  • Of interest:Points 1, 2, 3: Good progress is being made – see next slidePoint 4: 100% of those tabling commitments in 2012 provided updates in 2013Point 4: Reporting in most countries was not only by the lead ministry but this is still an area for improvement. Most importantly, Finance Ministries were involved in the development of the commitments and in the future will hopefully be more involved in the on-going dialogue.Point 5: see next slide
  • Of interest:Points 1, 2, 3: Good progress is being made – see next slidePoint 4: 100% of those tabling commitments in 2012 provided updates in 2013. Point 4: Reporting in most countries was not only by the lead ministry but this is still an area for improvement. Most importantly, Finance Ministries were involved in the development of the commitments and in the future will hopefully be more involved in the on-going dialogue.Point 5: see next slide
  • This is from the 2013 Progress Update on the 2012 HLM Commitments…a result of Self-reportingCountries report nearly 60% of their commitments are complete or progressing well; while donors report more than 80% are complete or progressing wellThere is a mixed picture though. There is still a lot to be done. (next…)
  • Currently only 44% of countries commitments are reported to be on track to be fulfilled by the 2014 HLM. However, countries also reported that, with extra efforts an additional 43% could be achieved. - which brings it to 87% fulfilledFor donors – similarly, 42% are on track to be achieved. However on the donor commitments, in fact 43% were not designed to be fulfilled in this period.So we continue to work to strengthen the structure of the HLCD – the developing country dialogue is different than the donor dialogue at central level – so how do we continue to build a stronger accountability mechanism while recognizing the different challenges by different stakeholders.
  • The process is proving to be an influential one.We’ll soon hear from panelists and also hopefully audience members on the influence of the HLCD
  • Elaborating on one area of influenceMaking Commitments that would be read by ministers in front of a global audience gave a chance to technical teams to bring up specific issues to the attention of high level politiciansSanitation for example, received a great deal of attentionDebrief calls with countries revealed that Burkina’s Minister of Health was really galvanised by the HLM and really put sanitation high in the agenda upon her return- When returning from the HLM the Chad Minister of Water also gave a press conference highlighting the importance of sanitation
  • Highlights from the reporting submitted by SWA Partners1. Advocacy efforts should be focused on areas that are lagging behindPartners reported that many of their commitments will not be achieved unless ‘extra effort’ is made. By moving to a more on-going dialogue, the Partners of SWA can hopefully keep building the momentum to tackle the bigger issues.Partners need to work in the coming months to advocate for acceleration in the areas where progress is slow if commitments are to be achieved by the 2014 HLM. 2. 2014 Commitments should be focused and more measurableGenerally, strong advocacy is based on a small set of clear, focused messages – either at global or national level.If commitments were fewer in numbers, efforts to gain political action would likely be more successful. Further, developing commitments which are SMART - specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound –could strengthen the drive for results and facilitate tracking of these results. The Secretariat will work to facilitate a dialogue cohesive across countries and donors that support the development of high quality commitments which are fewer in number and SMART.3. Monitoring commitments should be aligned with existing monitoring and review processesThere was recognition that involvement of multiple stakeholders increases the accuracy and credibility of reporting, however the short timeframe of the 2013 reporting exercise limited the possibility of partners to involve other stakeholders effectively. In the future, with appropriate lead time, the SWA HLM commitment review process for developing countries and donors should, where possible, align with existing processes, such as joint sector reviews, portfolio reviews and preparatory meetings for regional sanitation conferences (such as AfricaSan, SACOSAN and EASAN) or regional platforms such as AMCOW.In addition, partners have often reported that the time to prepare commitments was not long enough and that preparations by both developing countries and donors for an April SWA HLM should begin earlier – thus the Secretariat has already begun to issue guidance and refocus attentions on the commitments.
  • The Secretariat has issued the first in a series of suggested guidance notes recently: Introduction to HCLD. Suggested guidance was also issued to country-level partners on carrying out advocacy campaigns – using the recent monitoring report (especially the specific results within country) to highlight the achievements thus far and also to increase attention on the work that remains.More guidance and facilitated discussions amongst governments and the SWA Partners supporting the governments will be rolled out in the coming months.Further, the Secretariat will facilitate a series of high level letters to heads of state of both countries and donors as well as save the date letters and invitations to Finance, WASH and donor Ministers.We heard earlier from Pim Valdre about the UN Deputy SG’s passionate dedication to ending open defecation. The DSG is a strong supporter of SWA – he moderated the 2012 HLM and he is committed to putting the weight of his office towards supporting the partners of SWA in our endeavors.
  • Jour 1.2 - Bilan - le suivi des engagements de 2012 par Sanjay W

    1. 1. Bilan: Le suivi des engagements de 2012 Sanjay Wijesekera, UNICEF Geneve, Suisse 11 Novembre 2013
    2. 2. Un engagement politique sans précédent pour la Réunion de haut niveau 2012 3
    3. 3. Attention/Effort Passage à un processus continu : Le Dialogue de haut niveau sur les engagements de SWA Suivi 2011 RHN 2012 RHN 2014 Suivi 2013 Auparavant et à l’avenir... Suivi2 015 4
    4. 4. Engagements souscrits à la Réunion de haut niveau de 2012 6
    5. 5. Une année plus tard : les engagements souscrits à la Réunion de haut niveau de 2012 sont en train d’être mis en œuvre
    6. 6. Principales conclusions du rapport faisant le point de la situation pour 2013 • 1. Des progrès satisfaisants ont été réalisés ; cependant, des efforts supplémentaires sont nécessaires pour concrétiser tous ces engagements d’ici 2014. • 2. Certains « succès rapides » ont été obtenus sur les augmentations de crédits budgétaires ; cependant les progrès vers des changements structurels et globaux dans les dispositifs de financement ont été plus lents. • 3. Des progrès substantiels ont été réalisés sur le problème de la défécation à l’air libre, mais des efforts supplémentaires sont requis pour aboutir à son élimination complète. 8
    7. 7. Principales conclusions du rapport faisant le point de la situation pour 2013 • 4. Les partenaires ont pris au sérieux l’idée de responsabilité mutuelle, cependant l’inclusion d’une plus grande diversité de parties prenantes dans l’examen des résultats obtenus aurait été souhaitable. • 5. La Réunion de haut niveau d’Assainissement et eau pour tous a influencé positivement les progrès réalisés en termes de visibilité et sur les questions du financement et de l’assainissement. 9
    8. 8. Progrès sur la concrétisation des engagements par catégorie – Pays en développement 10
    9. 9. Perspectives pour 2014: des efforts supplémentaires sont nécessaires Des efforts supplémentaires sont nécessaires pout atteindre les engagements avant 2014 Pays en voie de développement Bailleurs de fonds/Banques Oui, très probablement Possible, avec des efforts supplémentaires Non, improbable Pas developpé dans ce but Pas de donnees 11
    10. 10. Pays et bailleurs de fonds font état de l’influence du Dialogue de haut niveau sur les engagements • Renforcement des rapports avec les ministères des Finances Augmentation des crédits budgétaires et intérêt plus soutenu des ministères des Finances pour le processus de mise en œuvre • Priorité accrue accordée à l’assainissement Multiplication des adoptions et de la mise en œuvre à une échelle élargie de l’Approche communautaire pour un assainissement total • Renforcement de la visibilité du secteur Eau, assainissement et hygiène au sein des ministères techniques Renforcement du soutien au secteur • Renforcement du dialogue au sein du secteur Amélioration de la coordination 12
    11. 11. Les engagements souscrits attirent l’attention des ministres des Finances sur l’assainissement • Le Burkina Faso s’est engagé à mettre fin à la défécation à l’air libre d’ici 2015 • La Zambie a annoncé qu’au moins 1000 communautés auront mis fin à la défécation à l’air libre d’ici 2014 • LA RDC va introduire un processus de suivi des déboursements de crédits dans le domaine de l’assainissement • 13 pays vont introduire ou élargir l’échelle de mise en œuvre des méthodes d’assainissement pilotées par la communauté 13
    12. 12. Qu’avons-nous appris ? Renforcement du Dialogue de haut niveau sur les engagements 1. Les efforts de plaidoyer doivent être concentrés sur les domaines où du retard à été pris 2. Les engagements de 2014 devront être soigneusement ciblés et définis, basés sur les goulets d’étranglement qui persistent et viser des résultats mesurables 3. Le suivi des engagements doit être aligné sur les autres processus de suivi et d’examen déjà mis en place 14
    13. 13. La route qui mène à la Réunion de haut niveau de 2014 • Action sur trois axes au niveau national  Campagnes de plaidoyer  Dialogue sectoriel Alignement avec GLASS, les outil d’analyse des goulets d’étranglement (BAT/CSOs, les préparatifs d’AfricaSan.  Dialogue ministériel • Processus préparatoire des bailleurs de fonds  Conjoint et individuel • Soutien du Secrétariat  Directives sur le Dialogue de haut niveau sur les engagements et sur la campagne de plaidoyer (août)  Lettres aux chefs d’État et de gouvernement (novembre)  Conseils sur la mise au point des engagements (septembre-mars)  Rapports individuels sur les progrès accomplis en 2014 – site Web 15

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