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Foundation
BTEC Diploma in Beauty Therapy Sciences
Benefits of using foundation
Foundation is thought to be the ‘canvas
for the paint’ and is a very important part
of the ma...
Choosing a foundation for the
clients skin colour
It is important that the correct colour of
foundation is chosen to match...
Foundation Formulation
When choosing the foundation it is important
that it is suitable for the client’s skin type
otherwi...
Cream Foundation
This oil based product blends easily on
application. It provides a medium
coverage, however can sometimes...
Liquid Foundation
Available in a water or oil base and provide a light to medium
coverage.
Oil-based foundations are used ...
Cake/Compact Foundation
These may have an oil, wax or powder
base. They give a heavy coverage and are
suitable for:
 Dry ...
Gel Foundation
Gels provide a sheer, non-greasy
coverage, which is excellent in
summertime. They are suitable for:
 Black...
Mousse Foundation
This usually has a base made from mineral
oils or herbal extracts and can therefore
be slightly more exp...
In your manual, complete the table to
demonstrate your knowledge foundation
formulations.
Oily Dry Mature Combination
Dehy...
The correct foundation for each
skin type/condition.
Oily Dry Mature Combination
Liquid water
based
Compact - powder
Cream...
Foundation Application Techniques
 After selecting the correct colour and consistency of
foundation you should remove the...
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Make up foundation

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Make up foundation

  1. 1. Foundation BTEC Diploma in Beauty Therapy Sciences
  2. 2. Benefits of using foundation Foundation is thought to be the ‘canvas for the paint’ and is a very important part of the make-up procedure as it:  gives a base for the rest of the make-up to be applied onto.  reduces the appearance of blemishes or uneven pigmentation.  enhances the natural skin tones.  protects the skin (many foundations now contain SPF factors).
  3. 3. Choosing a foundation for the clients skin colour It is important that the correct colour of foundation is chosen to match the clients skin tone. Do not try to darken the client’s skin tone with a foundation as it will produce a streaky effect, instead apply a bronzing powder at a later stage. Test the colour choice on the client’s cheek or jaw line to achieve the most accurate colour match. If the foundation looks darker/more orange than the skin then you need to select a different colour. Remember that you can always blend colours to achieve the perfect match.
  4. 4. Foundation Formulation When choosing the foundation it is important that it is suitable for the client’s skin type otherwise an ineffective result will be achieved i.e. the dryness of the skin may be accentuated or an oily skin would look more shinier than normal. Foundations are available in many formulations:  cream  liquid  cake/compact  gel  mousse
  5. 5. Cream Foundation This oil based product blends easily on application. It provides a medium coverage, however can sometimes settle into creases and accentuate wrinkles therefore a very fine film must be applied in these areas. Cream foundations are mainly used on:  Dry skin  Mature skin  Normal skin
  6. 6. Liquid Foundation Available in a water or oil base and provide a light to medium coverage. Oil-based foundations are used on:  Dry skin  Normal skin  Mature skin Water-based foundations are used on:  Normal skin  Oily skin  Combination skin  Dehydrated skin
  7. 7. Cake/Compact Foundation These may have an oil, wax or powder base. They give a heavy coverage and are suitable for:  Dry or mature skin (oil base)  Oily or combination skin (powder base)  Normal skin  Badly blemished or scarred skin
  8. 8. Gel Foundation Gels provide a sheer, non-greasy coverage, which is excellent in summertime. They are suitable for:  Black, unblemished skin  Tanned skin  Skin on which a natural effect is required
  9. 9. Mousse Foundation This usually has a base made from mineral oils or herbal extracts and can therefore be slightly more expensive. It will normally provide a light to medium coverage and is suitable for use on:  Combination skin. A greasy and blemished skin may require a medicated foundation.  Normal skin  Dehydrated skin
  10. 10. In your manual, complete the table to demonstrate your knowledge foundation formulations. Oily Dry Mature Combination Dehydrated Sensitive Blemished Normal
  11. 11. The correct foundation for each skin type/condition. Oily Dry Mature Combination Liquid water based Compact - powder Cream Liquid oil based Compact - oil Cream Liquid oil based Compact - oil Liquid water based Compact – powder Mousse Dehydrated Sensitive Blemished Normal Liquid water based Mousse Hypoallergenic Compact –powder Medicated Cream Liquid – oil or water based Compact Mousse
  12. 12. Foundation Application Techniques  After selecting the correct colour and consistency of foundation you should remove the required amount from the container using your sterile spatula and place it onto the make-up palette.  Start on the cheek or jaw line and apply using a sterile, damp, cosmetic make-up wedge in small upward strokes, blending each area before you move on to the next.  If you apply by dotting small patches to the face the foundation will start to dry before you have finished blending, resulting in a streaky application. Remember to check the hairline, eyebrows, jaw line and any crevices for foundation build up.  The foundation should be applied to the whole face up to the jaw line, including the eyelids and lips as this encourages the eye make-up and lipstick to stay on for longer.

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