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TheTiny Country withThe Big AmbitionsMay 29, 2013 2
Location : Middle East, peninsulabordering the Persian Gulf and SaudiArabia Emir State (Monarchy), mixed legalsystem of civil law and Islamic law. Daily communication in Arabic &English. The biggest LNG exporter in theworld. Rapid Economic growth Population : 1.7m (Qatar StatisticsAuthority January 2012) (including37,000 Indonesian) GDP - per capita (PPP): $179,000(2010 est) GDP US$150.6 Billion (2010) Area 11,435 sq km(data dari: http://www.opec.org)
4 How tiny is Qatar ? It is three time as big as Lombok island (1,435sq km) The weather is hot and humid some summer days temps upwardsof 48°C/ 118°F . The great thing is that the winters are mild and pleasant awonderful change from the ice and snowstorms of North Americaand Europe.Winter days are typically top out around 24°C/75°F .
Identification. Residents of Qatar can be divided into three groups: the Bedouin, Hadar, and Abd.All three groups identify themselves as Qatari and their right to citizenship is not challenged, butsubtle sociocultural differences among them are recognized and acknowledged. Linguistic Affiliation. The official language is Arabic. English, Farsi, and Urdu are widely spoken.While many Qataris speak more than one language, it is very rare for immigrants to learn Arabic. Classes and Castes. The primary axes of social stratification are the nationality and occupation.The practice of hiring foreign workers has created a system in which certain nationalities areconcentrated in particular jobs, and salaries differ depending on nationality. The broadest divisionis between citizens and foreigners, with subdivisions based on region of origin, genealogy, andcultural practices.5
Qatari are the minority in their own country, with1.7m population , only around 20% are the Qatarinationals (Qatar Statistics Authority January 2012) Qatar has the highest ratio of immigrant to localpeople in the world.6
02000400060008000100001200014000160001800020000Indonesian Population in QatarAround 37,000 Indonesian living in Qatarsumber : data lapor diri KBRI Doha
In 2001, Indonesian expatriates in Qatar jointly formed Indonesian CommunityAssociation in Qatar named PERMIQA (Persatuan Masyarakat Indonesia di Qatar) PERMIQA with their Area Coordinators (Korwil) and sub organization named: IMSQA (Indonesian Muslim Society in Qatar) ZisQatar (Zakat Board, Infaq and Sadaqah di Qatar) has been consistently conducting social activities both in Qatar and Indonesia: Bazaars and Community Festivals Sport Competition between Area Coordination / company Islamic Lectures for Unskilled Worker Charities, Aid for Natural Disasters, Etc. With those kind of activities, the harmonious relationship become solid between: Indonesian Embassy and Indonesian Citizen Unskilled workers and Indonesian expatriates IndonesianCommunity among International Communities
IDN Qatar has managed to evoke a sense ofkinship and togetherness amongWNI regardlessof social level / status IDN Qatar is an example of the success ofIndonesian Culture in touch with InternationalCommunities IDN Qatar is evidence that IndonesianProfessionals are capable and succeed inoccupying all levels and positions ininternational companies
IDN Qatar promote s awareness that Indonesiais a great and honorable nation IDN Qatar is an example of Diaspora who hassuccessfully corrected the adverse governmentregulation (with the removal of Rekom) IDN Qatar acts as a community that spread thesense of tolerance to the InternationalCommunity, especially to the Arab Nation
The employees of PT. ARUN NGL Co. in Lhokseumawe –Aceh Utara was the first Professional Indonesian Oil & Gasemployees that had been to Qatar to operate the firstLNG project for Qatar Gas Operating Co. in 1995. The first production of Liquefied Gas & shipping wascommence at the end of 1996. In 2006, Qatar become the largest exporter of LNG(28MTPA) to the world overcoming Indonesia – who wasthe largest LNG exporter in 2005 (24MTPA). Qatar remain the largest LNG exporter to theworld, supplying 77MTPA since 2011 and onward.
In 2005, Indonesia wasthe world’s largestexporter, a position thecountry had held since1984.
Around 36,000 Indonesian living in Qatar. The difference with other Arabs Countries, in Qatar about 6,000IndonesianCitizens are Professionals working in the following fields: Oil & Gas Companies, PetrochemicalsCompany, BuildingConsultant, Telecommunication Airlines and Airport, Hotels, Hospitals, Government Offices, Transportation, Services Etc.
Lawyer for Oil and Gas Oil & Gas Engineer IT Engineer Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Sales and Marketing CommercialAdministrator Accounts and Audits Shipping and Logistic Human Resources Pilot and Flight Attendance Medical Doctor and Nurses Hotels Manager Government Officer Etc.
Monthly salary ranging from: USD 3,000 up to USD 15,000 tax free Free accommodation Free children education Full medical coverage and insurance.
INDONESIA 36.000 Indonesians in Qatar: 5.000 professional 20.000 maid Issues in Qatar: Less-educated/unskilled Less-paid Indonesian image in Qatar: Maid nation Low salary (QR 700) Black magicPHILIPPINES 150.000 – 200.000 Filipino inQatar 40.000 maid Why Filipino maid can be paidmuch more than us: Well-organized & work quiteefficiently Filipino maid image in Qatar: More expensive (QR 1,200)
INDONESIA Roadmap zero penempatantenaga bidang PenataLaksana RumahTangga(PLRT) – 2017 due to: Un-clearWorking hours Social guarantee cannot bemonitored Most Common Problem: Workers unprepared withworking environment.PHILIPPINES Filipino goverment will banthem coming to GCC dueto: Inadequate laws to protecttheir rights Not being covered by thebilateral labor agreementbetween Filipino and GCCgovts
Providing Un-skilled Labor overseas will createmore disadvantages to our country.The incomegenerated is far less beneficial in view ofInternational Human Rights and our Nation’sdignity. By improving the skills of our workers athome, we will increase their bargaining power tonegotiate for a better working condition andremuneration and ready to be sent abroad
Qatar has become the richest nation in theworld. Admittedly, the definition of “richestnation in the world” is based on upon GDP percapita. Despites its natural wealth from the income ofproducing oil and gas, Qatar still has a very clearview of the need from foreign investment. Economic liberalization measures have beenintroduced to encourage inward investment,particularly in the private sector, including smallto mid-scale business. This is a big opportunity for business peoplearound the world including from Indonesia toexplore this tiny small country with highpotential in future economyQatar on CID, 6-8 July 2012-20,00040,00060,00080,000100,000120,000GDP per Capita 2011 ($)
Qatar is considered as one of the mostpeaceful and secure country in the worldboth economically and politically. Indonesia and Qatar has a “good” bilateralrelationship in most sectors available. In Politics, Indonesian President and EmirofThe State of Qatar enjoying ‘good’relationship between two countries. In Economy, trading export and import iscontinuing and progressing In social and culture, Indonesia continuesto increase high-skilled people to fulfillQatar requirementsQatar on CID, 6-8 July 2012
The total value trading in 2011 reached USD 683.6 Million which is increase about 5.2%compare in the same period in 2010. A lot of opportunity of business which have not been exercised e.g. furniture, textile, homeappliances, entertainment, recreation and culture, goods and services, garment, foot-wears, transport and communication, etc. (in Thousand US$)DESCRIPTION 2009 2010 2011Jan-Feb Changes%)2012/20112011 2012Total trade 312.607,3 649.316,9 683.692,4 75.572,5 178.585,5 136,31Oil & gas 102.198,3 359.289,0 349.577,4 37.172,4 123.354,6 231,84Non oil & gas 210.408,9 290.027,8 334.115,0 38.400,1 55.231,0 43,83Export 73.935,4 73.213,9 74.309,7 12.301,6 10.777,7 -12,39Oil & gas 132,0 334,0 596,0 0,0 0,0 0,00Non oil & gas 73.803,4 72.879,9 73.713,7 12.301,6 10.777,7 -12,39Import 238.671,9 576.103,0 609.382,6 63.270,9 167.807,9 165,22Oil & gas 102.066,3 358.955,0 348.981,4 37.172,4 123.354,6 231,84Non oil & gas 136.605,5 217.147,9 260.401,2 26.098,5 44.453,3 70,33Balance of trade -164.736,5 -502.889,1 -535.072,9 -50.969,3 -157.030,2 208,09Oil & gas -101.934,3 -358.621,0 -348.385,4 -37.172,4 -123.354,6 231,84Non oil & gas -62.802,1 -144.268,0 -186.687,5 -13.796,9 -33.675,7 144,08
In line with Qatar National Vision for 2030, thecountry is being transformed to “Knowledge-based Economy”. This provides newopportunities for the following: World-class Universities/Research Institutes Infrastructure Constructions Agriculture in extreme climate (Food SecurityProgram)
This is already the home for InternationalUniversities in Qatar (estimated investment:above USD 400M): Texas A&M (with one Indonesian Professor on PetroleumEngineering) Carnegie Mellon University Georgetown University School of Foreign Services Weill Cornell Medical College Virginia Commonwealth University School ofArts Northwestern University HEC Paris (Business School) University College London… and others to come…
2.8 per cent of Qatar’s GDP is allocated toresearch 14 Million Square Meters: size of theEducation City $7.96bn:Value of endowment
Executing applied research and deliveringcommercialized technologies in 4 themedareas: Energy, Environment, HealthSciences, and Information / CommunicationTechnologies. USD 600 Million initial investment (will beincreased) Sample of patents: Shutdown procedure for a fixed-bed FischerTropsch reactor preventing catalyst activity loss.
Source: Commercial Bank Qatar capital research
The QNFSP Master Plan will devise a holisticsolution to Food Security by expanding the fourfollowing sectors of economic activity in Qatar: Renewable Energy Desalination &Water Management Agricultural Production Food Processing
Partnership – finding a Qatari partner 51% - 49% Capital Share Article of Association Shareholder’s Agreement Company formation process Business registration
In addition to the oil and gas projects, thereare still abundant opportunities forIndonesian Diasporas who are looking for anew and exciting career or even businessinvestments and partnerships with the stateof Qatar.
Total QIA investments atbetween $65bn and$75bn, outside Qatar alonethe total around $30bn to$35bn. Indonesia and Qatar havesigned three (3) bilateral MoUagreements that would boostcooperation in the areas ofinvestments. MoU on AirTransportAgreement , MoU onTourism Cooperation, MoUon Agricultural CooperationQatar on CID, 6-8 July 2012323334353637383940Domestic AbroadINVESTED ABROAD (Billions $)
Qatar Foundation incl. QSTP(Qatar Science &TechnologyPark), Education City(including six majoruniversities). Qatar government throughAwqaf has facilitatedIndonesia community onKAIFA for specific groupstudy on Islamic, Country etc.Qatar on CID, 6-8 July 2012
Qatar on CID, 6-8 July 2012 We, Indonesian Diaspora in Qatar has a differentthing: Less is more, Small is powerful Tens of Social and Civic Organizations; Permiqa,ZisQatar, IMSQA,Tentang Qatar, INA-Q, KOMIQ, IFFDukhan, IA ITB Qatar, ITB Alumni GlobalNetwork, IATMI Qatar, Idea, Kaifa, Sanggar RumahKita, ISWI etc. Social & Civic Organization to Indonesia spreadtheir range incl.: Education Religion Charity Image building People capacity
WE LEARN FROMTHE PAST, WE DO OURPRESENT ANDWE BUILD OUR FUTURETOGETHER WE MOVE FORWARD