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Trade Facilitation and the Automated Single Window

Trade Facilitation and the Automated Single Window

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Trade Facilitation and the Automated Single Window

  1. 1. Dawn of the U.S. Single Window Era Donald J. Lewis Streamlining Global Trade TradePort/Monterey Bay International Trade Association Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP Palo Alto, CA July 17, 2014
  2. 2. • The US Single Window will fully launch by the end of 2016 • The Single Window will completely transform international trade ushering in the Age of Global Electronic Trade • Single Window development has involved decades of preparation by the US and IGOs, including UNECE, UN/CEFACT, WCO and WTO • Single Window is part of the larger international Trade Facilitation movement – which will further revolutionize US Customs procedures and provide a range of benefits for SMEs and Global Supply Chains
  3. 3. What is Trade Facilitation? “Simplification and harmonization of international trade procedures, including activities, practices, and formalities involved in collecting, presenting, communicating and processing data required for the movement of goods” (WTO/UNCTAD) “Trade facilitation generally refers to the simplification, harmonization, use of new technologies and other measures to address procedural and administrative impediments to trade” (APEC)
  4. 4. WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) • Adopted at the WTO Bali Ministerial (Dec. 2013) • TFA coverage:  Simplification and harmonization of import/export procedures and forms  Development of “Single Window” Paperless, Automated Systems  Rapid release of goods (e.g., pre-arrival clearance, authorized traders, posting of security)  Use of international standards (e.g., WCO Data Model, UN/EDIFACT, UN Lay-out Key (UNLK), UN/CEFACT and UNe-Docs)
  5. 5. What is the Single Window? The core feature of all TF systems The “Single Window”: "A facility that allows parties involved in trade and transport to lodge standardized information and documents with a single entry point to fulfill all import, export, and transit-related regulatory requirements. If information is electronic then individual data elements should only be submitted once.” - UN/CEFACT Recommendation No. 33 (2004)
  6. 6. President’s Executive Order Streamlining Export/Import Process for America's Businesses • WTO TFA as Impetus for Presidential Executive Order • Primary Focus: U.S. Single Window Deployment by Dec. 2016  Roll-out of International Trade Data System (ITDS) and Automated Commercial Environment (ACE)  Adoption of Paperless, e-transmission of trade transaction data and documents via U.S. Single Window to CBP and other U.S. government agencies (i.e. B2G)  Covers both Imports and Exports  Simplified/expedited cargo clearance and approvals by U.S. agencies • Advantages/benefits for SMEs and Global Supply Chains
  7. 7. The U.S. Single Window - ACE and ITDS • ACE is the U.S. Single Window • ITDS is the process by which Partner Government Agency (PGA) trade-related data requirements are incorporated into ACE architecture • ACE is a work-in-progress w/ current partial functionality • CBP is the lead agency developing/managing ACE • CBP and 47 USG agencies (PGAs) involved in ITDS and ACE deployment • Four principal components of the ACE/ITDS system
  8. 8. USG Partner Government Agencies (PGAs)
  9. 9. USG Partner Government Agencies (PGAs)
  10. 10. Implementing the Single Window - ACE/ITDS
  11. 11. ACE-Trade Interaction Two primary methods of Trade interaction w/ ACE:  Filing transactions via Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) interfaces • EDI is the only mechanism through which transactions (entries, entry summaries, ocean/rail manifests) can be filed with ACE  ACE Secure Web Portal • Web-based entry point for ACE • Online tool: Users may file electronic truck manifests and run reports • ACE reports can be used to monitor compliance and daily operations • Provides centralized on-line access point to connect to CBP, Trade representatives and government agencies involved in importing goods into U.S.
  12. 12. ACE Functionality for Trade
  13. 13. ABI and ABI Participants • The Automated Broker Interface (ABI) is the mechanism for the single e-submission of all required trade transaction data to CBP and ACE  ABI is currently part of the Automated Commercial System (ACS), but will migrate to ACE  Over 96% of all current e-filings w/ CBP are conducted via ABI  ABI permits qualified Participants to e-file import data w/ CBP  ABI is a voluntary program available to brokers, importers, carriers, port authorities, and independent service centers  ACE trade data e-filings may be conducted by qualified ABI Participants on behalf of Trade • The CBP and Trade Automated Interface Requirements (CATAIR) documentation provides information on how importers and/or their agents can become Automated Broker Interface (ABI) Participants
  14. 14. ABI Participants
  15. 15. Important ACE Deadlines
  16. 16. Beyond ACE • ACE is an impressive milestone in Trade Facilitation and Global E-Commerce, but is only part of the picture • President’s Executive Order raises some tantalizing glimpses of the future • Unsettled policy areas:  Subnational Single Windows in the U.S.  Integrated B2G/B2B Single Windows  Interoperability and integration of ALL national Single Windows globally via a common ICT platform
  17. 17. Beyond ACE • The most advanced Single Window systems involve not only B2G interactions (i.e. w/ PGAs) but also B2B linkages (involving e-logistics and e-payment platforms) • Examples: • Korea U-Trade Hub • Singapore TradeNet, TradeXchange, Crimson Logic • Hong Kong Tradelink • Large opportunities exist for Silicon Valley ICT leaders and start-ups to construct such B2B systems (and related apps) on top of the ACE ICT infrastructure
  18. 18. Beyond ACE • The Korean Advanced Single Window System
  19. 19. Beyond ACE • Interoperability/integration of ALL national Single Windows globally • Major current focus of IGOs: Draft UN/CEFACT Recommendation No. 36 • CPB is organizing a work program for post-ACE international harmonization of national Single Windows • Standards, compatible systems and a common ICT platform/mechanism:  UN/EDIFACT is the only current international standard for international trade  UN/EDIFACT is widely used in Europe and Asia  The XML Challenge  Necessity of Internet-based common platform/mechanism
  20. 20. Beyond ACE

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  • AnooshRoham

    Apr. 3, 2017

Trade Facilitation and the Automated Single Window


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