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Health literacy for
the elders over 60
years old
Olivier LEDEUFF
Master of conferences Assistant
professor in ICS
Universi...
 Presentation of the first results of Informational Risks
Among Elders and Self-medication (RICSA in
French)
 Aims to st...
 Aim of our work : study elders' digital practices and
digital health literacy in order to understand the
changes it brin...
 The point :
 Understand the elders' digital skills and their ability to
evaluate information
 Prevent health risks cau...
 Close relationship between information literacy and
health literacy in self-medication
 Health Literacy = “the degree t...
 Three levels of health literacy can be described :
 basic or functional health literacy,
 communicative or interactive...
 Elders' have not been trained in the digital potential
and the risk associated to those technologies
 They deserve part...
 Digital environment = medical information facilitates
self-medication
 Elders’ have often difficulties to identify and ...
 Our study also seeks to consider what places
(libraries, hospitals, etc.) and mediations could be
devised to avoid infor...
 Our inquest methodology is based on three
dimensions :
 A national on-line questionnaire
 Fifty interviews of elders l...
 The on-line questionnaire investigates the elders‘
 level of digital practices,
 information practices,
 health behav...
 First relevant phenomenon :
 88 % use the Internet to get informed about actuality
 99 % do web searches to have infor...
 93 % do searches concerning health, for themselves
or for relatives…
 … 20 % of them do it every time they have a quest...
 11 % do health searches in order to cure themselves
or their relatives
 51 % buy drugs on the Internet in order to cure...
 The elders' digital information literacy seems to show
some paradoxes :
the majority of them declare consulting many sou...
 28 interviews
 Hypothesis about a typical profile of the elder who do
searches often about health and self-medication :...
 Analysis of a hundred French websites dedicated to
health.
 Methodology :
 we ask five doctors to give us the most com...
 Relevant results of the website analysis :
 The Internet presents testimonies, scientific
informations, hoax on the sam...
 Elders' show a paradox in their Web searches :
they get informed from many sources…
…but they also get informed on websi...
Thank you
for your
consideration
Olivier LEDEUFF
Master of conferences Assistant
professor in ICS
University of Bordeaux
M...
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Health literacy for the elders over 60 years ecil 2015 - ledeuff vigouruox-zugasti

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presentation for the ECIL Conference 2015

Olivier Le Deuff
Eloria Vigouroux-Zugasti

Publié dans : Santé
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Health literacy for the elders over 60 years ecil 2015 - ledeuff vigouruox-zugasti

  1. 1. Health literacy for the elders over 60 years old Olivier LEDEUFF Master of conferences Assistant professor in ICS University of Bordeaux Montaigne Eloria VIGOUROUX-ZUGASTI – PhD in ICS University of Bordeaux Montaigne
  2. 2.  Presentation of the first results of Informational Risks Among Elders and Self-medication (RICSA in French)  Aims to study the digital uses of French elders over sixty years old on the Internet, especially concerning health searches and self-medication  Highlight the risks associated with those web searches.
  3. 3.  Aim of our work : study elders' digital practices and digital health literacy in order to understand the changes it brings  Several studies (Baker, 2002) highlight the importance of literacy in self-medication, in order to avoid risks, especially concerning chronic disease (Al Sayah, 2013)
  4. 4.  The point :  Understand the elders' digital skills and their ability to evaluate information  Prevent health risks cause by web searches  We observe a large heterogeneity in the skills and practices among this population
  5. 5.  Close relationship between information literacy and health literacy in self-medication  Health Literacy = “the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.”
  6. 6.  Three levels of health literacy can be described :  basic or functional health literacy,  communicative or interactive health literacy (Manafo, 2012)  critical health literacy (Nutbeam, 2000). The third level is needed for understanding the information on websites about health. Critical analysis is as important as the digital skills.
  7. 7.  Elders' have not been trained in the digital potential and the risk associated to those technologies  They deserve particular attention, especially when their health conditions are problematic  = careless information practices may be a source of risky medical practices
  8. 8.  Digital environment = medical information facilitates self-medication  Elders’ have often difficulties to identify and express their need for information because a lack of knowledge  = Communicational difficulties can become dangeroux
  9. 9.  Our study also seeks to consider what places (libraries, hospitals, etc.) and mediations could be devised to avoid information risk faced by seniors  Help French health institutions prevent the risks associated with those practices
  10. 10.  Our inquest methodology is based on three dimensions :  A national on-line questionnaire  Fifty interviews of elders living in the south west of France  An analysis of the more famous French websites dedicated to health
  11. 11.  The on-line questionnaire investigates the elders‘  level of digital practices,  information practices,  health behaviors  life conditions => understanding the elders' practices, their level of information literacy, digital literacy and health literacy. Total : 393 answers
  12. 12.  First relevant phenomenon :  88 % use the Internet to get informed about actuality  99 % do web searches to have information  98 % use several sources the confirm the information they found
  13. 13.  93 % do searches concerning health, for themselves or for relatives…  … 20 % of them do it every time they have a question  Causes : prevention (77%), vocabulary (27 %), worry (13%), curiosity (71%) or other reasons such as the lack of trust in the medical institutions.  95 % chose this way of information because of the facility to access to the information
  14. 14.  11 % do health searches in order to cure themselves or their relatives  51 % buy drugs on the Internet in order to cure themselves or to cure their relatives  93 % chose websites dedicated to health with an information that is easy to understand, but not verified by professionals.
  15. 15.  The elders' digital information literacy seems to show some paradoxes : the majority of them declare consulting many sources of information in order to verify it... …But, at the same time, 93 % of them chose websites about health that cannot be trusted to get well informed.
  16. 16.  28 interviews  Hypothesis about a typical profile of the elder who do searches often about health and self-medication : urban retired woman, around 70-72 years old with a low level of study, suffer from a lack of consideration in her former job added to few hobbies
  17. 17.  Analysis of a hundred French websites dedicated to health.  Methodology :  we ask five doctors to give us the most common symptoms of theirs patients over sixty years old.  We did the web searches just as the elders, we supposed, would do with Google.  We analyzed the websites of the first page of results.
  18. 18.  Relevant results of the website analysis :  The Internet presents testimonies, scientific informations, hoax on the same level whereas they does not have the same nature neither the same quality  Advertisements are present everywhere, on Google such as the websites or in the comments  Many websites belong to companies that do pertain to medical field (cooking, medias, etc.)
  19. 19.  Elders' show a paradox in their Web searches : they get informed from many sources… …but they also get informed on websites made of questionable information.  Added to the risks we analyzed during our study, the elders' digital health literacy must be improve in order to prevent risks for their health.
  20. 20. Thank you for your consideration Olivier LEDEUFF Master of conferences Assistant professor in ICS University of Bordeaux Montaigne Eloria VIGOUROUX-ZUGASTI – PhD in ICS University of Bordeaux Montaigne

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